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HARVARD COLLEGE 
LIBRARY 




FROM THE FUND OF 

CHARLES MINOT 

GLASS OF 1828 



APOOBYPHAL ACTS 



OF 



THE APOSTLES. 



VOL n. 

THE ENGLISH TRANSLATION. 



APOGBYPHAL ACTS 



ov 



THE APOSTLES, 



EDITED FROM STBUC MANUSCRIPTS IN TIIE BRITISn 
MUSEUM AND OTHER LIBRARIES 

BT 

'/f.fftuit-rpv> 

W. WRIGHT, LL.D., Ph. D. ; 

PBOFSSSOB OF ARABIC IH THB UiriTBBSITr OV OAMBBtDaB, AHD ntLLOW OV 

QUBBirs' COLLBaS; OOBBSSPONDIVa MBMBBB OV TUB BBBLIK 

AOAOBMT OV 80IBN0B8, BTa, BTC^ BTO. 



VOL. II. 
THE ENGLISH TRANSLATION. 



* ~ WILLIAMS AND NORGATE, 

H HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN, LONDON 
AND aa SOUTH FREDERICK STREET, EDINBURGH. 

1871. 










HRiNa JUN 19 1911 



LONDON : 

FBINTBD BT GILBSBT AND BIYINQTON, 

WHITBFBUBS 8TBBBT, B.O.9 AND RT. JOHN'S 8QUABB, OLBBKBNWBLL^ B.a 



.r% 



THE HISTOEIES 



OF THE 



HOLY APOSTLES. 



/ 






THE HISTORY OP 

JOHN, THE SON OF ZEBEDEE, 

THE APOSTLE AND EVANGELIST. 



The history of John, the son of Zebedee, who lay upon 
the breast of our Lord Jesus at the supper, and 
said, " Lord, who betrayeth Thee?" ■ This history 
was composed by Eusebius of Oeesarea concerning 
S. John, who found it in a Greek book, and it was 
translated into Syriac, when he had learned concern- 
ing his way of life and his birth and his dwelling 
in the city of Ephesus, after the ascension of our 
Lord to Heaven.** 

After the ascension of our Lord *" to Heaven^ when the 
days of Pentecost were fulfilled, and the Paraclete hadcome 
to the upper chamber, and all the Apostles were filled 
with the Spirit of holiness, and were speaking each one of 
them with a separate tongue,* — then after (some) days 
there was the wish to each one of them/ being full of 
the Spirit of holiness, that they should go forth to pro- 

* S. John, oh. xiii. 25. ^ See the Syriao text, p. ?l • In 
6. the title is : ^* The history of the holy and beloved Mar John the 
Evangelist, who spoke and taught and baptized, by the help of our 
Lord Jesus the Messiah, in the city of Ephesus." ^ B. adds Jesus. 

* Acts, cli. ii. 1 — 4. ® The words to each one of tJiem are 
wanting in B. • 

B 2 



4 THE HISTORY OF JOHN 

claim and preach the truth of the Only-(begotten), the 
Word God,* for the great hearing of the faith, to all 
nations that are under the heavens. After, then, that 
Simon Peter had finished his words, they said (co) all 
of them one to another : " Now that our Lord Jesus has 
fulfilled all things that are necessary for our- feeble race, 
it is necessary for us too that wo should do with diligence 
all that He commanded us. For ** He said to us, when 
He was going up unto Heaven from beside us, as He was 
blessing us : * Go forth, teach, and baptize in the name 
of the Father and the Son and the Spirit of holiness ;"" 
every one that believes and is baptized shall live.* ** For 
us too, then, my brethren, it is necessary to toil and 
labour throughout the whole world, and to go about in 
the countries, and to preach, and to teach all those who, 
in the worshipping of idols and with libations to devils, 
have kneeled before images, and fallen down (and) wor- 
shipped ^ the accursed demons, the children of the lefk 
hand / and let us bestow our labour, and let light shine 
in the ear ^ which the evil one has blinded, and let the 
father of lying be crushed beneath the feet of us all." 

When these words had been spoken among the blessed 
assembly of the Apostleship, they parted from one another 
in the body, each of them being full of the Spirit of holi- 
ness^ who proceeded from the Father and came unto them, 
as the beloved Son had promised them. 

• B. the Wbrdo/Ood. ^ For is wanting in A. « S. Matthew^ 
ch. xxviii. 19. ** S. Mark, ch. xvi. 16. « B. meroly luive 

kneeled and worsJiipped, ' S. Matthew, ch. xxv. 33. s We 

should naturally expect eye^ but both MSS. have r^i 



THE SON OF ZEBBDEE, 6, 

Each of them then went to such country and region as 
he was charged by the grace (of God). And it happened 
that when this holy virgin, namely John, the son of 
Zebedee, went forth, the grace (of God) accompanied 
him/ through the Spirit (o) of holiness,^ that it might 
lead him to the country of the Ephesians, where the 
head and power of idolatry was dominant. And when 
he had parted and gone forth from Jerusalem, he set 
his face to go to Ephesus. And on the third day after he 
had set out to proceed upon the journey, he took a cross 
of wood, and put it up towards the east, and kneeled, 
and was praying and saying : ^^ Lord Jesus, now that 
Thy promise is fulfilled, and we have all *" received of 
Thy fulness, grant to the garland of Thy disciples, that 
wherever. Lord, they make mention of Thy birth from 
the Virgin, and Thy abiding among men, and Thy 
passion on the Cross, and Thy death and Thy entering 
within the grave, and Thy resurrection on the third day, 
and Thy ascension unto Thy Father to Heaven, the 
feeble race of mankind ^ may be strengthened, which in 
its infancy the evil one deceived, and took captive, and 
led them * astray to worship idols, and sacrifice to devils, 
and bow down to senseless stones. Tea, Lord ! hear and 
answer me. Let the devils and the legions of Satan 
wail, wherever one of us proclaims Thy Gospel ; and let 
the whole assembly of the Apostleship be enriched with 
the sound of Thy praise, (\ ) thundering in every place. 



« B. ims given him, ^ This clause is w^tntiiig in B. « B, 

acldg now, ** B. o^ oitr humanity, « B. tfiein all astray. 



6 THB HISIORT OF JOHN 

Let the demons tremble at the voices that thunder ' in 
the midst of Thy Church ; and remember Thy Churcli, 
which Thou hast bought with Thy precious blood, which 
Thy Father hath given that through Her all creation 
might be atoned for. Thou,'' Lord, art Light of Light ; 
and because it seemed good luito Thee, in the love of 
Thy Father, Thou didst walk on earth, and didst humble 
Thy majesty, that Thou mightest raise us up from the 
degradation into which the slayer of man had cast us 
down through his envy. And Thou ^ hast said, and we 
have heard with our ears of flesh, * I and My Father are 
one,''' and ^ he that hath seen Me, hath seen the Father ;"" 
and in this confidence^ Lord, my youth beseeches Thee to 
hear my prayer. For I too trust that I have received 
the Spirit of holiness with my companions, and of it, 
lo, have obtained and am full. And whatsoever I ask 
of Thy Father in Thy name. He will give to me ;' and 
nothing shall be too difficult for one of those who believe 
in Thee,* but whatsoever they ask, they shall receive.*" 
Yea, Lord ! grant me that I may abide in Thy Qospel, 
and may prosper in all the truth ; because I speak the 
truth, that Thou art from the beginning, the Word that 
proceeded from the Father; and Thou didst appear to 
the world in the body (derived) from Adam, fix)m the Vir- 
gin Mary,* who was preserved in her virginity; and there 
was not (a time) (a») when the Father was without Thee, 

• B. flrf ikevoiceofThy thunderings. ^ B. For Thou. « B. 

adds Lord. * S. John, ch. x. 30. « S. John, di. xiv. 9. 

' S. John, ch. XV. 16. t S. Mark, ch. ix. 23. >» S. Matthew, 
ch. vii. 7, xxi. 22. > B. to ih4i toorUl in t/ieJkJi from the V, M. 



TUB SON OF ZEBJSDSiB. « 7 

or Thou without Him ; and Thou before us hast laid the 
foundations of the earth ; and Thy mercy made Thee bow, 
tod Thou didst enter by the ear of the Virgin^ and didst 
dwell in her nine months^ and didst come forth from her, 
and wast in the world, in contempt and littleness ; and 
Thou didst choose us from the world, that the world 
might live through our preaching. Now then, Lord, 
I will go • to that place to which Thy heavenly grace 
hath made me look; and may they be turned,** and 
become (my) disciples, and be baptized in Thy name and 
in the name of tho Father who sent Thee, and receive 
Thy Spirit of holiness, which has proceeded from Thy 
Father, and, lo, dwells in us; and may the graven 
images of error be destroyed ; and do Thou build for 
Thyself in the city of priests churches for Thy glori^^ 
fication, and, in place of the house of altars for the 
libations of demons, altars for Thy dwelling-places ;* 
and may these, who through our means are to take the 
road and paths ** to turn unto Thee, make praise ascend ^ 
unto Thee at all times. Amen." 

And when S. John had finished his prayer, our Lord 
Jesus spake with him from heaven, and said unto him : 
" My peace I have given unto thee,' and have not left 
thee bereaved. Lo, I am with you {\) unto the end of 
tho world.* Be not afraid, son of Zebedee 1 Go and 
preach, and take no heed what thou shalt say or what 

• B. Now, Lord, Tom gatnff. •> B. fall down. • B./or Thy 

dmeUing. ^ B. omits afid paths. • Read with B. 

' S. John, xiv. 27, « S. Matthew, ch. xxriii. 20. 



8 q!HB mSTOBT OF JOHN 

.r 

thou shalt speak/ But when thou hast converted this 
pity and this country from error, another hand too of the 
disciples^ which is lahouring in the Gospel, is destined to 
come and see all that I shall do hy thy hands. Go, and 
tarry not." 

And when He had done speaking with him, John arose, 
and was going on the way confidently, rejoicing in the 
joy of the Spirit of holiness.** Ho was clothed then after 
the fashion of the raiment of Palestine, and was walking 
barefooted, and was going along and preaching ^ in the 
cities and in the villages concerning our Lord Jesus 
tho Messiah, forty-eight days. Some were saying, ^^ He 
is a madman ;" and others were saying, ^^ No ;'' let him 
alone ; for this (man) has come from a far country, and 
knows not our mighty gods. But* when he has entered 
in and learned, then he will love them and sacrifice unto 
them." But many people of Asia' heard him gladly, 
and believed, and thought his preaching true ; and he 
baptized of them in three days about two hundred souls, 
and made them lay hold on tho path of truth. 

Then 8. John went forth and journeyed to come to the 
city of («^) the priesthood. And his sustenance was, from 
the ninth to the ninth hour once, when he had finished 
his prayer, bread and herbs with a mess of boiled lentils^ 
which he bought for himself' (as he went) from town to 
town, eating, and drinking water only. And he kept 

• S. Luke, ch. xii. 11. ^ B. refaicing nrith joy in the Spirit of 

holine9s, * B. proclaiming and preaching. * B. omits No, 

« B. omits But. ' I.e., the province of Ephesus. < B. omits 
/or hiniseff. 



THE SON OF ZEBEDEE. 9 

himself aloof, that he might not associate with thd 
heathens. 

This great and chosen (man), then — as we have found 
in the books, which are written on paper, in the arohires 
of Nero, the wicked emperor — 8. John, then, came and 
arrived at the city of Ephosus ; and he lifted up his eyes 
and saw, and, lo, a smoke was going up from the midst of 
the city of Ephesus, for it was a festival of the heathens, 
and they were sacrificing to the devils. And he stood still 
and was astonished, saying : ^^ What is this conflagration, 
which, lo, veils the sun so that it does not shine upon the 
buildings of the city ?" And with terror taking hold on 
him, he came and reached the southern gate, and lifted 
up his eyes and saw ; and lo, the image of the idol 
Artemis was standing over the gate, painted by them 
with paints, with gold laid upon her lips, and a veil of 
fine linen hanging over her face, and a lamp burning 
before her. And when S. John looked and saw her, he 
contemplated her, and sighed, and wept over the city j 
and he left (the spot), and departed thence to another 
gate, (ft!*) and saw there* the same thing ; and^ he went 
round and saw thus at all the gates."" And at last he 
came near to the eastern (gate),"* and said to an old 
woman, who was standing and worshipping her — he 
spoke and said to her* in the language of the country : 
^^ Woman, I see thee, that thou art a woman advanced in 
years; whatMs this image that thou art worshipping?** 

• B adds aUo. ^ B adds again. ^ B. its gates. 

* B. toils eastern (side). • B. omits he spoke — her. 

f .1 before dXsn seems to be superiluoiis. 



10 THB HISTORY OP JOHN 

She then said to him : " Dost thou not know, my son, 
what thou seest ? This is our lady, and her image de- 
scended from heaven, and she nourishes all flesh.'' lie 
then, a youth in his body, but exalted above the whole 
garland of his brethren, the holy virgin John, broke out 
into anger with her and said: "Hold thy peace, old 
woman 1 for thy mind has become enfeebled by sacrifices 
of unclean things. Talk not to me of the daughter of 
Satan." But she stooped down, and filled her fists with 
dust and gravel, and scattered it in his eyes; and he 
left (her) and departed thence. And he went a little 
(way) off, and knelt down, and was praying and suppli- 
cating. And he placed his face between his knees from 
the sixth hour to the ninth, and was weeping, groaning 
and saying : " Lord God, strong and mighty, longsuffer- 
ing and abounding in grace. Thou art He who from the 
first didst show Thy longsuffering, (•au) for a hundred 
years, on those (who were) called to repentance of the 
generation of Koah ; but they did not repent, until the 
flood came and swept away that whole generation. And 
Thou art He who didst send Thy only-(begotten and) 
dear Son, that the world might have life through Him ;* 
and He came and did good deeds like Thee, because He 
proceeded from Thee. And Thou art He who, when tho 
people of Israel worshipped the calf, didst find out a 
reason and didst say to Moses,*" ^Suffer me to destroy 
this people,' since it did not honour Thee; for Thou 
didst wish that it should pray to Thee, because Thou 

• S. John iiL 17. »» Exodus, oh. xxxii. 10. 



THB SON OF ZEBEDEE. 11 

takest groat pleasure in the life of men. So also Thy dear 
Son our Lord Jesus the Messiah, when the Jews took 
Hira to slay Him, prayed and said, * Forgive them, for 
they know not what they do/* This mercy, then, which 
is eternally in Thee, is also found in Thy Son, for Ye are 
one. Turn, Lord ! the heart of these erring ones, who, 
lo, are shouting and crying out before devils. Thou didst 
come and slay the evil one ; let not his head be lifted up** 
in the assembly of this city ; let not be heard the sound 
of the roaring^ of the falsehood of the devils. Thou didst 
die once, and didst raise us to life with Thyself. Dash 
down Satan, for, lo, he has cast down and brought low 
the image, that was created in Thy likeness, before the 
legions of his demons. Let the doomed images be brought 
into contempt, not of this place only, but (•^) of every 
region through which our preaching runs. Yea, Lord I 
Thou hast taught us that wo should walk in tho world 
humbly and lowlily.** Hear the prayer of Thy servant 
John, and let me enter this city, bearing the sign of Thy 
Cross ; and direct my path to the right hand ; and where 
Thou pleasest, there let be found for me a place in which 
I can earn my living as a hireling,* until. Lord, this city 
follows (Thee) and confesses Thy' name." 

And when he had entered by the gate of Ephesus, he 
looked' to the right hand, and saw there a bath, which 
was built for the washing of the body. And he turned 

* S. Luke, cli. xxiii. 34. ^ B. let him not agcdn lift up. 

• B. roarings. ** S. Matthew, ch. xi. 29. • Lit. a home 
of wages or /wVc, in wMch I can hire {niyself) out, ' B. adds holy. 

s Eead with B. Tm . 



12 THE HISTOBT OF JOHN 

aside thither, and lo, (there was) the man who kept the 
bath, whose name was Secundus. And S. John spake 
with him, and said to him in the language of the country : 
^^To theel say, O man! art thou perchance willing that 
a stranger should work with thee?" And Secundus, the 
keeper of the bath, said to him : ^^ How much dost thou 
require of me by the day?" But S. John said to him : 
"Whatever thou art willing to give, give." And he 
fixed for him a hundred ahamune by the day, and accepted 
him (as a servant) ; and he let him come in to work at 
his trade with him, and he fetched (.t») faggots* for those 
who kindled the bath ; and he was with him forty days, 
receiving his wages day by day. 

And Secundus the bath-keeper answered and said 
to the holy man : " I wish to know what thou dost 
with thy wages ; for, lo, all these days thou hast not 
bought for thyself either shoe or coat. Tell me, if it 
be enough; and if not, deposit thy wages in my 
hands, and I will buy for thee whatsoever thou re- 
quirest; for^ thou art a stranger, and hast no kindred 
here." But S. John said to Secundus the bath-keeper : 
" I have a Master, and He has ordered me and the disci- 
ples my fellows, that none (of us) should possess gold or 
silver or brass in a purse, or two coats f and I cannot 
despise his command, otherwise He would be wroth with 
me." Secundus says to him: "Who is this master of 

A « Faggots" or '^ bundles of firewood" seems to be the meaning of 

ftLMAfld (B), but I cannot quote any authority for this signification. 

Perhaps the word may be corrupt {f^Luun ?). * B./or, lo, Hum. 
« S. Matthew, ch. x. 9, 10 ; S. Mark, ch. vi. 8, 9. 



XHfi SON OF ZEBEDEE. 13 

thine? and what is his name? It is fitting* that thou 
shouldst let me know, lest he come and assail me, and, if 
he be a hard man, give me up (to the magistrates)^ and 
put me to great losses ; for it is an odious thing, (ai*) 
and abominable in the eye of the law,^ for a man to 
accept (one as) a servant without his master's consent/' 
And S. John answered and said to Secundus the bath- 
keeper : ^^ Fear not, Secundus, thou son of free parents I 
for my Master will not be angry with thee, because He 
sent me and directed me to thee." Secundus says : ^^But 
why didst thou not tell me until to-day that thou wast a 
slave and hadst a master ? " And S. John said to him : 
^^My Master is in Heaven, and all that He wills, He 
does, on earth and in the seas and in all the deeps ; and 
at His beck eyerything was made, which is visible and 
which is invisible ; and He established all created things, 
and made the lights in the firmament of heaven; and 
then He made man in His image. And when Satan came 
with his envy, and counselled Eve, and she hearkened to 
his words and made Adam sin"" and he transgressed His 
command,'' they went forth* from Paradise, and became 
fugitives, and tilled the ground, and multiplied and in- 
creased and filled the earth. And Satan went about and 
plotted, and filled^ all mankind with the love of idols and 
(made them) sacrifice to devils, and bow down to the 
work of their hands, and caused them to forget the 

* B. adds /or Ihet. ^ A. laws, ^ B. and Adam too finned 

through his coumeL ** B. tlie command. • Reading, with B, 

' ReadinfiT. with B. cbls^o* 



14 THE QISTORT OF JOHN 

CreatoFi and to reyerenco those who ore not gods. But 
(fiu) the good Lord had patience with them until (the 
time of) his lover Noah ; and lie made him a preacher 
for Him for a hundred years^ whilst he was making for 
himself the ark^ that they might see and repent and be 
turned away from the wickedness of their deeds. And 
when they despised our Creator, Ilis wrath went up, and 
lie sent the waters of the flood and swept them all away. 
And after the waters of the flood were restrained, the 
world was established through Koah, and the generations 
came in succession, and the world was populated at the 
beck of the Creator ; and the minds of men were inclined 
to do evil and wickedness^ and to turn from the living 
God ; but tlie mercy of the Creator of men w.os made 
manifest, and lie had compassion upon all the degrada- 
tion of this feeble race of ours, and He sent the prophets 
to proclaim His truth, but they did not choose to hear 
them, and some they beat and some they stoned. But in 
this time, which is the last, the one beloved Son, His 
only- (begotten), who was to Him from the time that He 
was, — Him He sent, and He entered by the ear of the 
woman, and dwelt in her nine months, without quitting 
Him who sent Him ; and the heights and depths were 
full of Him, and were ruled by Him by the will of His 
Father. And when the nine months were fulfilled. He 
came forth from the woman, the Word that became flesh, 
and her virginity remained immaculate for ever. And 
He grew up in the body among men, and walked among 
inen as (v-») a man, He the Word God, apart from sin/ 

* B. rins. 



THE SON OF ZEBEDEB. 15 

'And He grew up to the full age of thirty years, and chose 
for Himself disciples, and they clave unto Him whilst 
he sojourned* in the desert. And He made wine out of 
water at Cana^ at the feast ; and bread was wanting, and 
he satisfied four thousand*" men, besides women and chil- 
dren, with five loaves of barleymeal, and they ate and 
left (some) over, and carried and conveyed to their 
homes as much as they were able. And again, another 
time. He satisfied thousands in the desert^ after He had 
healed their lame and sick, and opened (the eyes of) the 
blind, and some of them are abiding until now ; and He 
made the deaf hear, and cleansed the lepers, and raised 
the daughter of Jairus, the chief of the synagogue, after 
she was dead, and, lo, she abideth, with her father^ 
in Decapolis, and if thou choosest to go, thou mayest 
learn (it) from her. And (He delivered from death)** the 
son of the widow of Nain, as they were going to bury 
him, and Lazarus, after they had laid him in the grave 
four day,. M.,.; »uch tli4 m.y«t thou hear. if^„ 
wilt give me thine ear, and believe, and become His ser- 
vant, Secundus. And (jju) after thirty i-two years, after 
the thirty-third had commenced, the people of the Jews 
hated Him and detested His good works, as they had 
rejected His Father and niade for themselves a calf at 
Horeb. And they delivered Him unto Pilate the h^ge- 
m6n, and scourged Him, and stripped Him of His gar- 
ments, and mocked Him, and spat in His face, and wove 



» B. wandered about *> B. adds.o^ GalUee. * B. Jive thousand. 
*• These words are from B. » . . 



16 THE HISTOBT OF JOHN 

a crown of thorns^ and placed it on His head^ and cruci- 
fied Him upon the tree, and gave Him vinegar and gall 
to drink, and smote Him with a spear in His side/ and 
He cried out with a loud voice on the Cross, (^My 
Father^ forgive them').** And when the preaching of the 
prophets was accomplished, the sun"" was darkened from 
the sixth to the ninth hour, and there was darkness over 
the whole earth on the Friday ; and the veil of the 
temple was rent ; and the boulders ^ and rocks, which 
blocked up the entrances of the tombs around Jerusalem^ 
were split, and the dead came forth and entered into the 
city, crying out aloud i* and they came and worshipped 
Him as He hung on the tree, and many of them are 
(still) alive. And they took Him down from the tree, and 
a man Ml of the truth, Joseph the councillor, wrapped 
Him in a swathe of linen, (\») and laid Him in the 
tomb ; and on the third day He rose from the grave, and 
we saw Him, and He spake with us, and we ate bread 
with Him,' and we felt Him, and believed and declared 
(it) true, that He is the Word which became flesh and 
dwelt among us.' And He ascended into Heaven, and is 
seated at the right hand of His Father, and He has given 
us power to give life and blessings to every one who 
believes in His name. And He said to us : ^ Go forth, 

* B. adds and there ran/ram it Hood and water. ^ S. Luke, 

cb. xxiii. 34. These words are from B. * B. And- the preaching 

of the prophets toae accompluhed^ and the sun. ** I do not know 

what the word t^V\V^ can signify here, if it be not '' roUers'' or 

<<bouldenu" * Lit. with their voices. ^ B.He ate bread with n$. 
< S. John, oh. L 14. 



THE SON OF ZBfiBDEBr 17 

and .teach, and baptize them in the name of the Father 
and the Son and the Spirit of holiness ; everyone who 
believes and is baptized, shall live.^* And now I beseech 
thee, Secundos, — ^for I have proved thee during these 
days, that thou art not a blasphemer, but art full of good 
deeds and love of strangers,^ — ^receive what I have spoken 
before thee, and count me not a deceiver, but, if thou 
wilt, come with me to the country of Galilee, and I will 
show thee (some) of the dead and the blind and the hunch* 
backed and the palsied and the lepers, whom He cleansed 
and healed and raised, for they are alive. But if thou 
dost not choose to come and (yet) believest, thou art 
greater than I, who have seen Him and have been with 
Him, for thou wilt believe in Him that He is God who 
did these things^ and He will convert thee and make thee 
white and pure from the stench of unclean sacrifices. 
Yea, my brother ! set my mind at ease, and thy dwelling 
shall be blessed (vek); and thou shalt be recognized 

before Him in the new world." 

And Secundus the bath-keeper was sitting (still), and 
astonished and wondering at what he was hearing from 
John ; and he began to say to him : " Wonderful is what 
thou hast spoken unto mo and verging on marvel ; for 
oven though He bo not God atid did not descend from 
Heaven, it is fitting that He should be believed in and 
should be called God, because He came forth from the 
womb and did not delstroy (His mother's) virginity when 

• S. Matthew, ch. xxviii. 19 ; S. Mark, ch. xvi. 1 6. ^ Or, 

with B, mul lovest sirafu/ers^ for ou'»*»i may be == ovJi^ >ia>1 * 



18 THE HISIORT OF JOHK 

He came forth; and it is 'a very deplorable thing, if one 
does not hold it true that He is God, who raised the 
dead, and He is the Creator, who made wine ont of 
water ; and He has power over onr frame, and because of 
this He opened and healed and cleansed. This one, then, 
is fitting to be called God, and not yon one, to whom, lo, 
for sixty years, more or loss, I have been paying vows 
and libations, and she has not opened the eye of my son 
which was blind. But now, my son John, let this secret 
be kept which we have spoken, and let it not be revealed 
iintil the time that its Lord wishes to reveal it, especially 
as thou art a stranger, lest it be heard regarding thee 
that, thou dost not worship Artemis, and they bum thee. 
Kow, then, I have assented to, and believed,* and hold 
tp be true, all that thou hast said; and do thou be 
persuaded Iby me, and take upon thee the management of 
this bath, and let thine eyes be upon the servants, and 
do thou have control oyer (r^) the income and over all 
the outlay.^' But John said to him : " It becometh me 
not to eat without working;" and Secundus said to him : 
"Thy labour is harder than that of him who works.^' 
Then the holy (man) yielded to him, and took upon him to 
receive the inoomings of the bath and to give a reckoning 
from morning to morning. 

Secundus, then, was amazed, he and his household, 
how much the receipts of the bath increased during these 
days, which were twenty-two days (in number) ; and he 
used to get up very early, and go down and speak to 

• B. believed^ and assented to. 



THE SON OF ZBBSDBB. 19 

the holy (man) and ask him : '^ How is it possible to inake 
me thy associate ?^' But John said:* "After He has 
opened thy son's eye,** that he may be baptized.'^ 

And on the twenty-fifth day, (when) the time of an 
hour of the day (was past), a procurator's son, whose 
name was Mcnclaus, and his father's Tyrannus, came 
and constrained the holy (man) that the bath should be 
closed and got ready. But it was not known to the holy 
(man) that any one was going into the bath with him. 
And the holy (man) gave orders, uid the bath was got 
ready; and this Menelaus came to bathe, and took with 
him into the bath a harlot, and was with her in the 
bath. And when he came out from his bath, John arose 
and said to him : " Hither come not thou again, because 
thou hast done a great disgrace (^a^) to this person of 
thine,'' which is created in the image of Qod, in that 
thou hast gone in with a harlot, and not been ashamed 
that thou hast seen her shame (alSota) and she thine." 
And Menelaus was enraged with the holy (man) and 
struck him. And S. John said to him : ^^ If thou cemest 
hither, thou shalt not depart hence." 

And aft;er two days, he sent two of his servants to get 
ready the bath. And when the bath was ready, he came 
to bathe, and brought the former harlot along with him* 
But S. John, by the agency of God our Lord, had gone 
out to look after those who kindled (the bath). And when 
he came, he asked: "Why is the door of the bath 
qlosed?" They say unto him: "Menelaus, the procu- 

• B. adds (0 him. *» B. eyes, * B. omiia of tlnru. 

C 2 



20 fCHB HISIOBT OF JOHN 

rator'a don, is within.*' But: when the holy (man) heard 
that he was within, and that the harlot was with him, he 
was grieVed, and sighed, and was troubled. And he 
waited till both of them came out; and he did not 
look at them till they had put on their clothes. And 
when they were dressed after their bath, he turned and 
looked at them, and said to the youth : ^^ To thee I say, 
may Jesus rebuke thee, whom the Jews crucified on the 
tree, and He died, and rose after three days, and He is 
God, and He ascended to Heaven, and is at the right 
hand of His Father ; but thou shalt drop down and die 
on the spot." C-^) And straightway the Angel of the 
Lord smote him, and he died on the spot. And ho was 
lying (there), and S. John was sitting beside him ; and 
straightway the harlot went forth with a great outcry, 
with her hands placed on her head. And when they 
heard it around the bath, they came and saw with fear 
that the young man was dead and lying (there), and the 
holy (man) sitting beside him. And they looked on his 
face and perceived that it was Menelaus, the procurator's 
son; and lamentation and wailing ran through that 
whole street. And it was dinner-time, and his father 
was seated (at table), and expecting him to come up and 
dine with him. And they came in and said to him : 
"Lo, thy only son is dead and lying in the bath." 

And Tyrannus arose in haste, and cast ashes on his head, 
and rent his garments; and he made great haste coming 
io the bath to his son, and a great multitude with him. 
And he came, and went in, and saw his son dead and 
lying (there), and S. John sitting beside him ; and they 



THB SON OF . zbbedeb; 21 

seized hold on John, and laid fetters on his hands and 
feet, and thiek* eoUars on his neek. But the father of 
the youth was erying with a great outory ; and hid 
eommandedy and they stripped John, that they might 
see what he had on. And when they had taken off his 
coat and the worn-out shirt (x^) which he had on, they 
found on him a cross, which was suspended to his 
neck, and it was of wood. And the propurs^tor, the 
father of the young man, commanded that they should 

• 

take it away ; and when they stretched out their hands 
to take it away, it had four tongues of fire, and they 
burned the hands of those who came near it. And the 
whole midtitude cried out : ^^ This man is a wizard ; let 
this man be kept to-day in custody and be examined,^ 
(to see) how many companions he has." And the pro- 
curator commanded that 8. John shoidd be dragged away 
till he entered the prison house, whilst the youth his son 
was being buried. But S. John cried out, ^^ The youth 
is'' not dead;" and his father gave orders, and they 
lifted him up and turned him over, and he placed "^ his 
mouth ^ against his, and he was like a stone without 
sensation. But the holy (man) said, " He is not dead," 
solely that they might see that he was already dead. 
And the holy (man) said unto them : " If he be dead, I 
will bring him to life." And whilst they were dragging 
away S. John that he might go to prison, Seciindus the 
bath-keeper was standing by and weeping passionately 

• B. heavy. •» Road Ar^-kdo ? « B. iSfo «. ** B. and 

his father fdaced4 • Literally, 6r«a«A. 



;22 THB HIGRTOBT OF JOHN 

with sobs among the crowd. And S. John was begging 
of Tyrannns that they might call Secundus the bath- 
keeper ; and the procurator ordered, and they laid hold 
of Secundus and brought him in (oi^) to him.*" And 
Secundus was weeping for John's sake^ for he imagined 
that John would be put to death ; but the father of the 
youth thought that he was weeping for the youth. And 
the holy (man), being bound, answered and said to 
Secundus: '^Fear not, Secundus I and be not grieved; 
to^y it is the will of the Spirit of holiness to make 
manifest the truth.'' 

And the crowd was great and agitated. And S. John 
begged the procurator to order the crowd to bo silent ; 
and he ordered and the crowd was quiet. And S. John 
•stood upland cried with a loud voice and said:^ ^^ To thee 
I say, (thou) youth Menelaus, in the name of Jesus the 
Messiah,'' (who is) God, whom the Jews crucified and killed 
in Jerusalem, and He died and was buried and rose after 
three days, and, lo, is above in Heaven at the right hand 
of His Father,— rise." And straightway he sprang up 
and arose ; and the whole populace of the city marvelled. 
And the youth fell on his face before S. John, and saw 
.the collars that were laid on his neck and the cord that 
bound his hands and feet ; and the youth loosened them, 
and kissed S. John's toes.'' And the youth drew nigh, 
and stood on a place that was elevated, and beckoned 
^th his Imnd^ and began to tell from the commence- 

* B. and broughi Secundus in to S. John. ^ B. omits and mid. 

* B. omita the Memcth. ^ B. lused the feet o/S^ John. 



THE SON OF ZEdbDEE; 23 

mcnt, how he had oome to the bath, and all that had 
happened ; and he told (cx&) with a loud voice before 
the people, how he had oommitted fornication with the 
harlot, and how the holy (man) had bidden him not to 
come (again). And they began to cry out, " What did 
he do to thee that thou didst die ?" He says to them: 
^^Thus he said to me : * May the Lord Jesus rebuke thee, 
whom the Jews crucified in Jerusalem, and He died and 
was buried, and rose after three days, and ascended to 
Heaven, and sat down at the right hand of His Father ; ' 
and straightway the angel smote me and I fell down. 
And he took out and carried away my soul, and brought 
me nigh, and I saw the glory (of God) and a dreadful 
sight, which one of mankind is not able to narrate, such 
as I have seen ; yet a little out of much, if this (man) 
who is standing before you bids me, will I tell.'' 

And straightway the father of the youth fell upon his 
face before John, and sidd to him : ^^ I beg of thee, sir, 
permit the youth to speak, and be not angry with him.'' 
And the holy (man) made a sign to the youth to speak ; 
and the youth answered and said : ^^ I saw the chariot of 
the cherubim, (and) seraphim without number, who had 
wings, and they were covering their faces that they 
might not look upon the Creator, and were crying^ 
*Holy, holy, holy (is) the Lord Almighty, of whose 
praises Heaven and earth are full.' And I saw twelve 
men in one band, and in another seventy4wo, and I 
counted thorn ; and tlioy were standing with their heads 
uplifted to heaven. And a right hand was stretched out 
from between the cherubim, like fire, and it commanded 



24 THE mSTORY OP JOHN 

them in a low and gentle voice : ^ Go forth, teach, (va.) 
and baptize in the name of the Father and the Son and 
tho Spirit of holiness; every one who believes and is 
baptized, shall live/ * And I trembled ; and being 
afraid, I drew near to the great troop of seventy-two, 
jand was also ^ entreating them to tell mo, who this is ; 
and they answered and said to me : ^ This is the Son of 
Qod, whom the Jews cmcified in Jerusalem; all this, 
my son, whatever thou seest, is dependent upon and 
subsists by His nod,"" and He upholds all the arrange- 
ments of the upper world, and by His power subsist all 
the creatures of the lower worlds; because He is the 
Power and the Wisdom of the Father, and He sent Him 
to deliver all those who cleave unto and take refuge with 
Him ; and He draws and brings unto His Father all who 
believe in Him ; and He it is who acknowledged, whilst 
walking on the earth, ' I am the living bread,'' who am 
come down from Heaven, and every one who eats of my 
body, shall live.'' * And when I had observed His true 
aspect, I looked upon the band of twelve, and saw this 
man there, who, lo, is standing before you, clad in 
glorious white robes,' and standing at the head of the 
band of twelve, beside an old man ; and the eyes of those 
eleven were looking upon liim lovingly, as if ho wore 
offering some petition on their behalf, but his eyes were 
raised aloft, and he was weeping. And the old man drew 
near {skSk) and asked him, ^ My son, why weepest thou 

* S. Matthew, ch. xxviii. 19 ; S. Mark, ch. xvi. IG, ^ B. omits 
dso. * I. e., will. *• B. the bread of life, • S. John, 

ch. vi. 61. ' B. clad in a splendid role. 



THB SON OF ZEBBDEE. ^6 

and pray est thus ?' And I had learned, when I asked 
the band of seventy, that Simon was the name of the old 
man. And S. John complied with the wish of Simon 
and said to him : ' Because of the error of the city ^ of 
Ephesus I am weeping, for lo, it is bound down, and its 
children, and worships the devils who dwell in the 
doomed images.' And I saw a gentle voice, which made 
a sign to him with the finger, (saying:) ^Gto; all that 
thou hast prayed before me, shall happen/ And whilst 
trembling, I noticed him, that it was this man against 
whom I rose up to kill him in the bath, because he 
hindered me from fornication. And whilst I was mar- 
velling at these many evidences^ my soid heard his voice 
and came and lived ; and lo, I stand before you. And 
now therefore, lo, I beseech him to let me draw nigh to 
the living sign, and to make me his disciple. And ye 
who ^ have seen this wonder, do ye turn from error, and 
despise the images, and let us become disciples of His, 
and let us save our souls alive^ and not destroy them 
with our own hands ; and when He has consecrated us^ 
then let us confess and worship Him, believing in the 
Father and the Son and the Spirit of holiness, now, and 
at all times, and for over and ever, Amen.^' (-V^) 

And a great multitude had come and was assembled 
there ; and they went forth *^ unto them outside of the 
bath, the father of the youth holding (the hand of) the 
holy (man). And the youth was coming, with his hands 

• B. omits oftlie cUy, ^ B. adds lo, * Beading 



26 THB HISrORT OF JOHN 

lifted up to Heaven. And theiy came and arrived at 
the great square in the midst of the city, and the whole 
city was assembled ; and it was the ninth hour. And 
the whole city was agitated, men and women and chil- 
dren. And the priests, when they saw the sign that had 
taken place, and the youth standing up and become a 
preacher of the Gospel, said: ^^This is one of the race 
of our lady Artemis." But S. John was crying out : " I 
am a man subject to passions, and the Lord Jesus hath 
chosen me, the Son of Ood, who came down from Heaven, 
and entered by the ear of the Virgin, and dwelt in her 
womb nine months, and came forth from her without 
destroying her virginity, and lived in the world as a 
man, apart from sin, whilst He was God like His Father ; 
and the Jews took Him, and crucified Him upon the tree 
in Jerusalem ; and He died, and was buried, and rose 
after three days, and ascended to Heaven, and is seated 
at the right hand of His Father." 

And when the procurator, the father of the youth, 
heard these things, he fell down on his face before the 
feet of the holy (man), and all the chief men of the city, 
from the ninth to the eleventh hour. And they were 
astonished, men and women, at these things; and the 
half (A) of the crowd woro crying out : " Vorily, groat 
is this mystery, and Jesus ought to be worshipped^ for 
He is God.'* Others were saying, ** Artemis ought to 
be worshipped.*' These, then, who were held worthy 
to believe, with their daughters and sons,*" were about 

* B. with their bom and with their da\u)hten. 



THE SON OF ZBBEBEE. 27 

36,706 souls, on that afternoon^ who were numbered in 
the eyening and their number was given to the procura- 
tor. And when there was a great crush and tumult, and 
the day was on the wane, John encouraged the procurator 
to stand up, saying to him : ^^ Arise, thou pleasant tree, 
that jrields early fruit, whose smell is sweet and its odour 
diffused by the Qospel. Arise, my brother ! and bid thy 
nobles arise with thee. Arise, and thy head shall be 
lifted up, and not sink again. Do not worship me, who 
am a slave, made and created ; but worship and praise 
Him, who formed us and created us." And all the nobles 
lifted up their heads, kneeling upon their knees, and 
looked on the holy (man), and saw his face like light ; 
and they bowed down their faces to the ground^ being 
afraid^ for they thought that at that time their lives 
would perish from among the sons of men. And being 
afraid, they lifted up their voices, crying out : " Verily, 
great is (r<d) this God, who is newly preached* in this 
our city ; and these are (things) made and are not gods > 
and we are the servants of This (One), and will not again> 
be perverted so as to bow down our head before idols, 
which have not profited us and will not profit us. We 
beg of thee, thou who art Ilis servant, bring us near 
before Him, and let us know His ways, and make us 
look on His paths^ for the good servant, who loves his( 
master, knows to work his pleasure, and his master too 
hears him.** 

And the holy (man), when he heard these things, was 

* B. adds to tis» 



98 THE HISTORY OF JOHN 

rejoicing in the Spirit of holiness. And he stretched out 
his hands to them^ and made them rise, and said to them : 
^^ Peace be unto you, little flock, for * your Father ^ has 
willed to give unto you the kingdom which is reserved 
for His friends. Arise, new congregation, which has 
assembled to-day to hear the Gospel of Jesus, the Son of 
God. I beg of you, my brethren, salute one another 
with a holy kiss, because the time is short, and the sun 
im S^li U^ course, which he ^ commanded by 
This (One), whom I preach unto you, to run; and 
especially too, because there are here persons, who have 
not yet tasted bread or water." But they were crying 
with a loud voice : " Sweeter far (•rA) are Thy words to 
the roof of my palate than honey to the mouth ;^ for ** 
verily we are hungry and thirsty, and we receive nourish* 
ment from thy pleasant word." But S. John besought 
the procurator that the crowd should be dismissed, pray* 
ing in his heart with sighs and saying : ^^ Lord Jesus, 
grant concord to our congregation; and let Satan be 
driven out, that he may not cast discord or sedition into 
this city, and people die (thereby)." 

And the procurator arose and beckoned with his hand 
that they should be quiet* And when they were still, 
he began to speak with them, and answered and said : 
'^ My brethren and children and friends, if it be pleasing 
unto you, let us depart at this time from one another ; 
and to-morrow morning I wish that you should assemble 



* B. adds our Lard. ^ B. adds who is in Heavm^ 

« Pflalm cxix. 103. •» B. omits/or. 



'tTHB 80N OF ZEBEBES. 29 

at the theatre ; and whatever is the will of the Spirit,' 
which we have heard from the mouth of this man, we 
will do. For this is fitting for lis, that all night each 
man in his house should offer up prayer and entreaty 
before our Lord, who is in Heaven and brings us nigh 
unto nis Father, on account ^ of our sins, because we 
have let our feet go astray from His way. If He willeth 
to mingle us with the bands of those that praise Him, 
(it is well) ; and if not, he will (yet) deliver us from the 
fire that is laid up for the worshippers of idols.'' 

And when the clerk "" had finished this proclamation, 
the whole multitude cried out with a loud voice (•i^) : 
^^ Peace be unto thee, thou wise ruler I peace be unto 
thee, thou wise chief 1 '' Peace be unto thee, thou goat, 
that hast entered (into the fold) and become a lamb I 
Thou hast shown to-day thy lov6 to us; to-day thou 
hast become a true chief unto us, and hast given us 
coimsel that we might live and not die." ^ 

And when they had finished their outcry, after the 
nobles had quieted them, the multitude dispersed, and 
began to go away rejoicing. And the priests of Artemis 
assembled, and blew horns and lighted lamps ; and the 

• B. adds ofholinus. ^ Delete o before .\\^ ? « The 

t t^ fti ■■ ! I y^ I . ^A . n is evidently a different person from the 

r^^V&OCD , Tiz. the reader of his proclamation, the notary or 

clerk of the court. See Perles, Etymologische Studien, p. 133, and 
compare Du Cango, Gl: medio) et iniimco Latinitatis, ed. Henschel, 
t. ii., p. 477, Commentnrienmy and Stephanus, Thesaurus Linguse 
GnecsB, ed. Hase et Dindorf, Ko/teirapi^ios. ** This clause is 

wanting in B. 



80 THE HISTORY OF JOHN 

gates of the temple were opened ; and all the people of 
Ephesus ran to the temple, as was their custom. And 
the procurator was enraged, and wished, he and the 
nobles/ to send and massacre the priests^ because they 
had made an assembly without their order. But S. John 
threw himself upon his fiice and besought them, (saying): 
f' Whosoever keeps my word and loves our Lord Jesus, 
let him not go and injure them there, because they too, 
through your prayers, shall draw nigh unto the mystery 
of life, and become brethren of ours." And then they 
obeyed the holy (man). 

: And some of the nobles, whose names were Antoninus, 
Marcellus, Epiphanius, and Fortunatus, gave orders, and 
their slaves ran (.i\) and brought a hundred and fifty 
lamps of papyrus to give light, and said by way of peti- 
tion to the procurator : ^^ It beseems us not to go away 
this whole night, lest the city be set on fire by the hands 
of the worshippers of idols, and they be saying, ^ Because 
they forsook the fear of Artemis, fire has fallen in their 
houses,' and they blame Artemis, whilst she (really) can 
do nothing; and especially, that there may be no 
murders." 

And when the multitude heard these things, they took 
S. John upon their shoulders, and ran ; and from their 
joy they did not know what they were crying out. And 
the foremost ran (and) opened the doors of the theatre ; 
and the procurator and his nobles went in with great 
pomp. And they ran to spread (carpets) and arrange 

V . - ■ • . 

* B. and hU nolUi. 



JTBE SON OF ZEBEDEB. 81 

(a seat) for him, according to custom. And the procura- 
tor said : *^ It is not fitting for me any longer to sit upon 
the throne ; take (it) away from here.^' And the whole 
multitude came into the theatre and there was a great 
tumult And the sun was set about two hours. And 
some of the councillors of the procurator besought of him 
that a thousand men might go out, and perambulate the 
city, and keep watch till dawn, that no harm might 
happen, since S. John had begged that no one shoidd 
be killed ; ^^ and if they catch any man, let them say to 
him : * ' There are two watches in the city, one (oA) 
made by Satan in the temple of Artemis, and one made 
by our Lord Jesus in the theatre ; to whichsoever thou 
choosest to go^ go.' " And when the multitude heard 
these things, they were glad, and stretched out their 
hands to Heaven, saying : " Glory to Thee, Creator of 
Heaven and earth, and of night and day." And the 
procurator commanded, beckoning to them with his 
hand, that they should be quiet, and said to them: 
^^Let not our assembly become uproarious and tumult- 
tuous^ but let us be still, and hear the word of life, and 
see by what we live." And he commanded, and they 
brought 8. John to the highest row (of scats), and tho 
nobles sat beneath his feet. And the procurator was 
standing, and did not wish to sit down, saying: ^^I beg 
of you that I may stand, that, if there be a man who is 
weak in his body, I may go over and awaken him, that 
he slumber not." And he could hardly be persuaded to 

. * Hero a leaf is wanting in A. 



32 THB HISTORY OF JOHN 

sit down. And when ho had sat down, ' there was d 
great silence. 

And when they, were quiet, S. John sprang up, and 
stood, and beckoned to them with his hand to keep 
silence; and brought out the cross that was on his 
neck, and looked upon it, and laid it on his eyes, and 
kissed it. And after he had wept, he stretched out his 
right hand, and signed with it the whole assembly, 
and placed it on the highest row (of seats), which was 
the most eastern of all, and had lamps placed before it. 
And they cried with a loud voice and said : " Thou ser- 
vant of Jesus, declare imto us, what this is that thou 
hast done unto us." And the holy (man) beckoned unto 
them, and they were silent; and he began to speak and 
said : ^^ Beloved children, whom the Gospel hath won, 
this is the Cross of the Son of God, who was eternally 
with His Father, (o\) and He made these heavens and 
these stars that are arrayed in them, and on Him depend 
all His creatures. And I have made this Cross a bul- 
wark for you, that Satan may not come, and assemble his 
demons, and make sleep enter into you or heedlessness of 
mind." And they cried out : " To us this night is day, 
for now life is come nigh unto us." And they quieted 
one another. And when they wore quiet, all the people 
ran ; and when they had run, they turned their backs to 
the west, and fell down on their faces before the cross '^ 
to the east, and were weeping and saying : " We worship 
Thee, Son of God, who wast suspended on the tree." 
And the procurator was lying prostrate before the cross ; 

* Horo the toxt of A. rocommeucos. 



THE SON OF ZEBEDEE. $3 

wd he went (and) stood in front, and said : ^^ We wor- 
ship Thee, Father and Son and Spirit of Holiness, for 
ever, Amen/' And they all answered, "Amen." 

And they were saying to John : " By our Lord Jesus 
(we conjure thee), inform us how the Son of God came, 
and lot us know, if we arc drawing nigh unto Him^ and 
if Ue will forgive us all the sacrifices and libations with 
which we have polluted ourselves/' And the holy (man) 
stood up on the highest row (of seats), and began td 
speak with them, being full of the Spirit of holiness, and 
he made known unto them all the ordering of creation, 
and that the Son of God was with the Father from the 
beginning, and was not parted nor far away from Him^ 
and that without Him nothing came into being (\i) (of) 
all that is in heaven and in earth, (of) all things visibly 
and invisible. And being full of the Spirit of holiness, 
ho was narrating before them from tho Torah and tho 
Prophets, and how God had compassion upon the body of 
tho human race, which was taken in sin, and sent His 
only Son, and He came, and entered by the ear of th0 
Virgin Mary, and dwelt in her womb nine months, and 
from her was clothed with the body,* whilst the height 
and depth were full of Him, and there was no place in 
which He was not ; and whilst forming children in the 
wombs (of their mothers). He was with His Father ; and 
when the nine months were fulfilled. He came forth 
from the womb of the woman, whilst she remained a 
virgin, and her virginity was not destroyed but remains 

• B. and became Jie^h, 



34 THE mSTORY OP JOflN 

for ever ; and He grew up as a man, He the Groat One, 
who beeame small beoause He willed (it so) ; and when 
thirty years were fulfilled, He eame to the Jordan for bap- 
tism, and was baptized by John, the son of Zacharias^ 
who was His servant ; and when this Jesus was baptized 
and multitudes surrounded Him, the Heavens were rent, 
and His Father cried out over Him, and pointed Him 
out with the finger, (saying :) * This is my beloved Son, 
in whom I take pleasure ; hear ye Him.* * And 
straightway He came up out of the water, and mul- 
titudes (were) around Him ; and He, the Hidden One, 
who came into the world,** began to perform those mira- 
cles, which He used to do secretly, so as to do them 
openly; for He was invited (jjA) to a wedding-feast, 
and the wine ran short, and the bridegroom had none ; 
and he commanded the groomsmen and the attendants to 
draw water and pour it into large jars, which were 
there. And when the attendants had filled out the 
water, He made a sign and looked upon the water, and 
it was blessed and transformed and became pleasant and 
sweet wine. And they all drank and were pleased ; and 
I drank of it. And when He was teaching in the desert, 
and the day inclined to its close, after the sick had been 
healed, and the lepers cleansed, and the lamed walked, 
and (the eyes of) the blind were opened^ those who had 
been healed were hungry ; and the time was short, and 
there was no bread but three cakes of barleymeal. And 



* S. Matthew, ch. iii. 17 (ch. xvii. 5). ^ B. was revealed 

utUo the world. 



- THE SON OF ZEBEDEE. ' 35 

He commanded the multitude to sit down ; and Hega^e 
orders, and they brought to Him these cakes ; and Ho 
looked up to heaven, and blessed, and brake, and gave 
to them, and they ate^ and left (some) over, and were 
satisfied. And those who ate and were satisfied, and 
carried (some) away,* and went to their homes, were 
four thousand^ (men), besides women and children. 
And He sent us away, that we might go into a ship and 
sail on the sea, and He stayed behind on the dry land. 
And when the sun had set and it was dark, the sea 
arose against us, and we were tossed about all night 
And in the fourth watch of the night, this Jesus,'' whom 
I preach unto you, came unto us walking on the sea, 
and we were afraid ; and when (J\^) one of the disciples, 
my companions, saw (this), he said to Him : ^ Lord, if 
it be Thou, command me to come unto Thee upon the 
water.' And Josus said unto him, * Come.* ** And 
he walked and came ^ unto Him. And our Lord Jesus 
came and entered into the ship, and there was a great 
calm. And these multitudes were astonished and said : 
*Who is this, pray, that He commands the winds 
and the sea and they obey Him ? ^ ' And when Jesus 
came to the land of the Gadarenes, they brought 
unto Him all those who were grievously afflicted with 
various * diseases, and madmen, and paralytics, and luna* 
tics, and the lame ; and He healed them all. And now, 

• Or perhaps, and departed, ^^^Ag = ^^ . *> B. Jive 

tlwiuand, ^ B. our Lard Jesus, ** S. Matthew, 

ch. xiv. 28, 29. « B. went ' S. Matthew, ch. viii. 27. 

» B. severe. 

d2 



S6 I'HE raSTORY OP JOHK 

my brethren, there eannot he mimhered or eoimtod the 
' cures arid the miracles which this Jesus did, who is the 
Bon of God, For just as He was seen bodily in this 
world, He was doing these works also when He was 
concealed in His Father eternally. He appeared in the 
flesh from the Virgin, and wrought these signs openly, 
" that by them Ho might convict Satan, the father of false- 
hood, and condemn him, and show the whole race of 

• mankind, that every one who is drawn and comes unto 
Hina, He brings him near unto the Father who sent 

•Him, and He does works like these. For He and His 

• Father are one ; and because the Father loved the world. 
He gave Him to the Cross, and He died for us and gave 
us life, and we live with Him,* and every one who be- 
lieves in Him, abides in Him. And as to what ye have 
asked of me and said unto me, ^ if our iniquity will be 
forgiven us (50), and our saiorifices and our libations, and 
our impurity and our uncleanness, if we draw nigh unto 
Him/ — ^lo, I say unto you, if ye believe in Jesus, and 

^ resolve in your minds that ye will not again be mixed 
up with libations and the impurity of idols, and no man 
of you change (his mind), and ye do not worship the 
work of men's hands, but believe in the Father and in 
the Son and in the Spirit of holiness, I will do what He 
said unto us and commanded us, when He was ascending 

< to Heaven to His Father ; and I will cry unto Him, and 
He will blot out your sins, and forgive your faults, and 
make white your 'stains ; and I will anoint and soften 

'••■.'• • ■ • • ' . 

* S. John, ch. iii. 10. 



TOB SON OF ZBBEBEB^ g^ 

with oil your kliees, ^^hidh you. hi^ve' bettt, ' and thet 
evil one, oiir enemy^ has lacerated them, making them 
bend before his idols, which have been made by him a^ 
dwelling place for his devils ; and I will sign for you * 
with His Cross^ which is the sign of life, the head which 
He has bowed down to the ground, and (which) is glad, 
that it is bowed down) because it is creatisd in the like- 
ness of Him who created it ; ^d I will place a seal upon; 
your foreheaids,*' that when he sees that ye are the asylum, 
of this Lord, he may flee and say : ^ These were iny kids, 
and were joined unto me that they ;night become big he-, 
goats, and might butt with their horns all armies ; but 
now the Son of the Father, who bowed Himself down 
and became flesh (kI^o) from the Virgin, has taken them 
and made white their colour, which was (the colour of ) 
the darkness in which I am shut up ; and He has madoi 
them new lambs, and lo, they dwell with Him.', And 
this mouth of yours, which was fed fa,t at the table of 
bitter herbs, — and lo, the deceiver is proiid, because hej 
thinks that he has made you food for the serpent, — I^ 
will open it, and place in it the living bread,*" which is 
the body of God, and gives life to every one who believes 
in Him ; and I will make you swallow the blood of the 
Son of God, which was rent** on Golgotha with the spear, 
of this Jesus, whom, lo, I preach unto you, who, even 
when ye are dead, is buried with you, and His body and 
His blood remain in your flesh, and He will raise you up 

a B. omiiH for you. *» Literally, upon (what is) between your eyes. 
*• B. the bread of life. ^ The writer thought of the side of 

oiu* Lord rather than of the blood that issued from it. 



38 THE HlffTORT OF JOHN 

and ye shall arise. Through this body ye s^iall come 
without corruption, and not to the fire or the torment, 
and ye shall not see the worm that dies not, because yo 
Save believed in the name of the Only(-begotten), that 
He is the Son of God, and in truth He is the Life-giver 
of the worldr ' 

* And after these things, the whole assembly in the 
theatre cried out and said : ^* We beg of Thee, servant 
of the living God, do what thou pleasest, and let us par- 
ticipate in the living Mystery, that we may live and not 
die ; and this in haste.'' 

And the holy (man) commanded the procurator that he 
should have a place (made) in one of the comers of the 
theatre; (*a:^) and the stone-cutters came, and set to 
work in that very hour, and made (a place) like a cis- 
tern, and turned the water-pipe, which went into the 
theatre, into the cistern, and the water came and the 
cistern was filled. And it was spacious on every side, 
twelve cubits in length and twelve cubits in breadth, and 
it was two and a half cubits deep. 

And the holy (man) besought the procurator to com* 
mand and let fine^ scented oil come, seventy pints. And 
he 'commanded, and it came, and a vat was filled with 
it. And the holy (man) drew nigh, and kneeled down, and 
looked up to heaven, and cried out in the midst of the 
theatre : ^^ Holy is the Father and the Son and the Spirit 
of holiness for ever. Amen.'' And the whole assembly 
answered,* " Amen." Then John made the sign of the 

* B, cried out. 



THB SON OF ZEBEBEE. 39 

Cross over the oil, and said with a loud yoicd : ^^ Glory 
be to the Father and to the Son and to the Spirit of 
holiness for ever, Amen." And again the third time he 
said : ^^ Holy is the Father and the Son and the Spirit of 
holiness, Amen.'' And straightway fire blazed forth 
over the oil, and the oil did not take fire, for two angels 
had their wings spread over the oil and were crying, 
" Holy, holy, holy. Lord Almighty." 

And the people, when they saw these things, were 
afiuid with a great fear, and fell on their faces, and were 
worshipping to the east. And when the oil was con- 
secrated, then the holy (man) drew near to the water, and 
signed it, (>Vy) and said : ^^ In the name of the Father 
and of the Son and of the Spirit of holiness, for ever. 
Amen.'* And the whole people cried, "Amen.'' And 
straightway these two angels came and hovered oyer the 
water, and wore crying, " Holy, holy, holy. Father and 
Son and Spirit of holiness," after him."^ And S. John 
cried after them, " Amen." 

And John answered and said to the whole assembly : 
" Arise in the power of God 1 " And they all arose with 
fear, and their hands were stretched out to Heaven, and 
thoy wore crying out, saying : " Great is this mystery I 
We believe in the Father and in the Son and in the 
Spirit of holiness." And it was about the eighth hour 
of the night. Then the procurator drew near, and fell 
on his fitce before John, and said to him : " What is it 

* CDi^r<^ pa = !/' 4^ ^^^ ' suspeot that the words are 
corrupt 



40 TttB mSTOBT OF JOHK 

Aecessaty- for us to do?'^ And S. John said to him: 
^* Strip oflf thy garments from thee." And when he had 
stripped, the holy (man) drew nigh, and took oil in his 
hand, and made him a oross on his forehead^* and 
anointed his whole body, and brought him nigh to the 
distem, and said to him : ^^ Descend^ my brother I who 
ai*t become a new firstling, which enters in at the head 
of the flock into the fold of the owner. of the sheep.' 
Descend, my brother I for the lambs ai*e looking at thee, 
and running that they may go down, and become white, 
and get a new fair fleece, instead of that which is rent 
by ravening wolves.*' (.v-^). The procurator says: 
•^ What must I say, and then descend?" John says to 
him : ^^ According as thou hast seen, and found true, and 
believed." And the crowd was silent, as if there \vas not 
a man there, that they might see what the procurator 
and John would say. And the procurator stretched out 
his hands to Heaven, and cried out, weeping and say- 
ing: ^^I believe in the Father and in the Son and in 
the Spirit of holiness ; *' and he leapt down into the font. 
Then the holy man drew near, and placed his hand on 
the head of the procurator, and dipped him once, crying 
out, ^^ In the name of the Father ;" and the second time, 
" In the name of the Son f and the third time, " In the 
name of the Spirit of holiaess." And when he had 
come up out of the water, then he clothed him in white 
garments, and gave him the (kiss of) peace, and said to 
him : " Peace be unto thee, thou new bridegroom, who 

" * Litemlly, on (the space) between his eyes, B. merely between his 
eyes. 



tllB SON OF ZBBEBEE. 41 

hadst grown old and effete in sin, and^ lo, to-day ilrt 
become a youth, and thy name has been written in 
Heaven." 

Then the whole multitude was agitated, and hastened 
eagerly (to try) which should run down into the font. 
And all the chiefs were standing around the font ; and 
they signed to the crowd with their hands to be silent. And 
the whole crowd were crying out, saying with simplicity: 
^^ Brethren and fathers, let us run and anoint ourselves 
with this holy oil, and bathe in this water/ and become 
white, lest perchance either the water become exhausted, 
or the oil (cnjsn) run short." 

Then the holy (man) cried out to them and said: ^^Be 
quiety blessed flock, for your Father, who is in Heaven, 
has willed to give unto you His kingdom, because ye 
have believed in His beloved Son/* They then straight- 
way were quiet. Then the holy (man) drew near and said 
to the procurator : " Come, sit down on the fair upper 
row (of seats) ; for to-day it is fitting that thou shouldst 
be honoured, for there is joy in Heaven on thy account.'* 
And they spread cushions for him and he sat down. 

Then he made a sign unto them with his hand to be 
silent And when they were silent, then he began to 
speak with them, saying:* "Verily to-day life has pome 
nigh unto us. Now then, if this holy (man) gives me 
leave, I will speak.** Then the whole crowd cried out to 
John and said: "In the name of JiBsud, bid him speak." 
And John said to him : " Speak, my lord, whatever thou 
pleasest.'* 

» Saying is from B. 



42 THB HmOBT OF JOHH 

Then flie procurator aaid: ^'Hearken, my hrcOuron! 
Wben I was (first) dij^ied, I op^ied my eyes and aaw, 
not that I was going down, but that I was going np to 
HeaTen* And the aeocmd time, I hx>ked and op^ied my 
erea, and flaw a right hand holding a reed and writing. 



third time, I heard 



sheep 



And 8. John straightway chisped his hands tightly 
behind him, and tiirew himself on his &oe before the 
crofls^ and med out: (oso) '^ Glory be unto Thee, Maker 
of all creatures, who hast sent Thy beloTed Son, and He 
walked upon earth, and gaye us power to go forth (and) 
preach His gospel in ihe world, and turn ihe erring to 
repentance.'^ Then he spoke to the nobles, and they 
took off their garments, and he drew nigh (and) anointed 
them, and baptized them^ in the name of tiie Father and 
of the Son and of the Spirit of holiness. And when 
they were baptized, then he baptized the whole crowd, 
from the eighth hour (of ihe nig^t) until ihe sun rose. 
And a great multitude assembled and came ; and when 
it was morning, they ran and brought their children, 
and the holy (man) was giving them baptism till the fifth 
hour. And those who receiyed baptism were 39,205 
souls. Then the whole multitude departed for that 
day. 

And the procurator took ihe holy (man) to his house, 
and they were rejoicing and glad; and he was in 



• B. Lei ihe sinner, ike sheep whieh woe lost, come in. ^ B. 

omiU UiO wonU and baptized them. 



rSE SON OF ZEBEDS]^. 43 

house thred days. But ou. the third day the holy (man) 
begged that they * would let him go (and) dwell in one 
of the mountains. And he sent and assembled all his 
free men, and they were beseeching John to remain in 
the palace ; but he was unwilling to be persuaded, for he 
said : " I must wander about through all Asia, and also 
in the country of Phrygia." And when he saw that 
they were distressed and were weeping, he said to them : 
^^ If (vm) it were the will of the Spirit of holiness that I 
should go, ye should not be distressed ; but now I will 
remain and abide with you. Let us go out then, and go 
about through the whole city, and I will look where it is 
fitting for me to dwell, for the Apostles my fellows are 
coming unto me.'' And these words seemed good unto 
then^ ; and the procurator took his seat with pomp, and 
all his nobles were going before him. And whilst they 
were going round, the holy (man) said : " I beseech you, 
my brethren, to show me the temple of these erring 
ones.'' And the procurator came with his retinue to the 
temple of Artemis, and they were wishing to slay the 
priests and to bum her temple with fire. But John was 
beseeching (them) that no man should be slain, saying : 
"These will come and turn to the knowledge of the 
truth ; let us not destroy them with the sword." And 
when the holy (man) came and saw them and the temple 
of folly, there was there a place which was elevated; 
and he saw that place, and said: "I wish to dwell here." 
And the procurator and the nobles commanded (them) to 

<" B. thai he. 



44 THB BJBSOUY OF JOHN 

make a palace for him there. But he. said: ^^No, by 
the Lord Jesus ; if ye build anything^ I will not dwell 
in it ; and I wish for nothing but a hut alone." And 
straightway they brought (materials) * and made for him 
a hut/ which was above the temple, {^^^ ^^^ he was 
sitting under it. And when he had sat there a long 
time, there were assembling unto him all those who 
believed in Jesus the Messiah our Lord, and were being 
baptized; and he was communicating unto them the 
body and blood of Jesus."" And there was a hut above 
the temple of Artemis ; and the holy (man) was sitting 
and beholding the imcleanness which took place there. 
( And after three months and ten days, the priests were 
assembled, and went round (and) informed the congre- 
gation of the heathens, (saying) : ^^ We must celebrate a 
festival to our goddess ; but let every man prepare what- 
ever he can, both oxen and sheep, and let us sacrifice 
(them), and see why our goddess is angry with us.*' 
Then the heathens were assembled, and prepared and 
made a feast, and sacrificed unclean sacrifices. And 
when they were assembled, John was standing above in 
the hut and looking at everything that took place. And 
kneeling before her, they said to the priests : ^^ Ask her 
for what reason, and learn of her why she has neglected 
and is angry with us men." And there was dissension 
in the city. Then came Legion,— the sister of her who 
fell into the sea, she and the swine,— and spoke in the 



V 



* B. they sat down, ^ B. adds in a tower. ^ B. of 

otfr Lord Jeitwt, 



THE SQN OF ZEBEDEE. ;4<5 

doomed image ; and the priests listened and Were hear- 
ing from the mouth of the image the sound of a 
humming like that of bees ; ( J^) and they made the 
heathens keep silence, and drew near, and laid their ear 
on the mouth of the image, and the deyils gave forth a 
voice and said: "Tliat hut will destroy this templo; 
fight not with him.' For as said that master of ours, he 
fought with the Master of this (man), and the Master of 
this (man) overcame him. See then ^nd be ye also afraid 
of him. And we are afiaid lest his Master come to the 
lielp of tliis (man), and be enraged, and cast us into the 
deep, and our master be deprived of two Legions. We 
then, lo, are fighting that we may not be conquered; 
and if he conquers us, we shall be reckoned as if his 
Master had conquered our master." And the priests 
were trembling (with fear), and answered and said: 
" Wo ask of you, my lords, who is this man's Master ? '' 
The devils say : " He is the Son of God, who came down 
from Heaven ; and our master did not perceive when He 
came down. And He became man, and died on the 
Oross; and our master imagined that he was a mere 
(man). And He rose on the third day from the grave, 
and, lo, Ho is in Heaven, and is assailing us/' And the 
priests, when they heard these things, were amazed and 
astonished. And the multitudes say unto them : ^^ Why 
are ye aniazed?'' And the priests answered and say: 
^^ Artemis has said that this hut will destroy this temple, 
and all who are initiated into her mysteries are afraid 

* B. ioUh U, 



46 THB HISTOBT OF JOHN 

(^) of this; and accordingly thoy are besoecliing us to 
be afraid of this man, who dwells in this hut, who, if he 
will and command, will destroy us in the abyss.^' 

And the multitudes were straightway crying out: 
" We renoimce this Artemis, in whom there is no use ; 
for if of this (man), who is a slave or a disciple, the 
strength is so groat, (that of) his teacher or his master 
(must be) as much again." And they were beating 
their faces and saying: ^^Alas, what has befallen us? 
for our possessions have been consumed in libations, and 
we have gained loss for our souls." And the priests said : 
" Ye are men of sense ; whatever is good in your eyes, 
do ; but we will worship and honour Him who is able to 
make alive and to destroy." And they ran down from 
the altar, and with speed went up to the holy (man), and 
cast themselves upon their faces before the holy (man). 
And the whole crowd cast cords about the image of 
Artemis, and pulled it down^ and dragged it along, 
whilst bands were crying out before it and behind it: 
"Thou destroyer of our lives, arise^ deliver thyself I 
Not from heaven didst thou descend ; artisans made thee 
in a furnace.** 

And S. John saw that the priests were lying on their 
faces, but ho spoke not with them, nor thoy with him ; 
and he kneeled down among them, and made them look 
to the east, and was praying and entreating. And 
whilst the crowd were crying out and dragging along 
(rdli) the image of Artemis, the multitude, who had 
before received baptism within the theatre, were ap- 
plauding them in stoles and robes, and were saying: 



THB SON OF ZEBEDBB. 47 

• 

"Come in peace, our brethren and children; let us all have 
one spirit. Come in peace, congregation that was 
estranged from its Master, and lo, to-day has repented and 
heen united with the number (of the chosen). Come in 
peace, flock, that was led captive by Satan, and which 
its Master has brought back that the ravening wolves 
might not rend it.'' 

And when the procurator heard the tumult and great 
outcry of the whole city, he was afraid, and arose (and) 
came from his palace, and went up to S. John, and found 
him kneeling. And the procurator made a sign with his 
hand that they should desist from (their) outcry. And 
he commanded and strong men arose to restrain the 
crowd from going up* to John. Then the procurator 
said to S. John: *^ Arise, my lord, and sign this new 
congregation; for if not, their lives will perish for crying 
out. For lo, I see aged men whoso garments aro wet 
with tears and sweat.'' Then the holy (man) lifted up his 
head from prayer, and said to the procurator: ^^I was 
interceding for them before t)ur Lord Jesus the Messiah, 
that He would bring them in and bring them nigh 
before His Father, and pray on their behalf; for He is 
the door, and through Him a man goes in, and finds 
pasturage ; and without Him, a man is not able to draw 
nigh unto the Father ; (•sa) and He gave the law from 
mount Sinai." 

Then the holy (man) arose and looked on them from 
above, and signed them with the sign of the Crossj and 

« Reading with B. JiQfU Kill • 



48 THB HISTORY OF JOHN 

they all fell upon their faces before him, crying out with 
grief and sobbing : " We have sinned and done wrong 
and committed evil, and we knew it not until to-day. 
Have mercy on us, Lord! Lord of Heaven and earth! 
for henceforth we abjure all idols." 

Then the holy (man) cried unto them from above : 
** Arise in the might of our God!* Arise in the name of our 
Lord Jesus the Messiah, His beloved Son !" And straight- 
way they arose, and were lifting up their hands to Heaven 
and crying out : ^^ Glory unto Thee, God, the Maker of 
Heaven and of earth I Our Lord hath appeared imto us ; 
and we know that Thou art the true God,^ and that by 
Thee this youth was sent to the city of Bphesus." And 
a cloud was ovei*shadowing the city; and straightway 
there was a low thundering. And the whole crowd fell 
upon their faces for fear and say: "We praise Thee, 
Thou hidden God, who ai*t invisible, and lo, hast been 
revealed unto us because we sought Thee. We confess 
Thee,'' and there is no other God ** but Thee." 

Then S. John spake with them, and was expounding 
(•^) imto them from the Law and from ^ the prophets, 
and was teaching them concerning our Lord Jesus,^ 
proving and showing unto them concerning our Lord 
Jesus, that He is the Son of God. And they, after they 
had received the faith,' were beseeching that they might 
receive the sign of baptism^ crying out and glorifying 
God. And the procurator besought the holy (man), say- 

- *Kof God. ^ B. the God of truth. « B. we praise Thee. 

*> B. adda/br us. • B. adds all. ' B. adds the Messiah. 

8 B. And those who had reoeived baptism. 



THE SON OF ZEBEDEE. 49 

ing: " If thou pleasest, my lord, let criers go forth in the 
city and proclaim, * Whosoever believes in the Son of 
GK>d, let him come (and) bathe, and be cleansed of pol- 
lution '; and as for us, let us go to the place where the 
font is, and every one who comes, give him the sign, 
and let him live and not perish." S. John said to the 
procurator : " Well hast thou spoken, my lord ; thus will 
we do, according to thy command." And straightway 
both of them arose, and the procurator made a sign with 
his hand that they should be quiet. And when they 
were quiet, he said to them: "To you we speak,* ye 
new children, whom the Gospel of God hath won. To-day, 
we being all assembled without tumult* go to the theatre, 
and there ye shall receive the sign of life." They then, 
being assembled, drew up bands in order, whilst they 
were crying out and saying to the procurator: "How 
must we chant and sing?" The procurator says unto 
them : " Thus say and sing, until ye enter in, ^ Glory to 
the Father and to the Son and to the Spirit of holiness ! 
[.u] Lord have mercy upon iis.' " ^ And the sound of 
their -outcry was going outside of the city more than 
five miles. 

And they came and entered into the theatre. Then 
came the procurator and John, and entered into the 
theatre. Then the holy (man) answered and made a sign 
with his hand that the crowd should be quiet. And when 
they were quiet, the holy (man) stood up on the steps and 

A ^iM has been accidentally omitted in A. ^ B. adds : and 

the first three hands were crying thus, and the last nine were respond* 
ing, " Lord have mercy upon tw." 

E 



60 THB HISTOBT OF JOHN 

said : *^ Arise in prayer." And they looked to the east, 
and fell on their faces, and were saying : ^^ Lord, have 
pity upon ns." Then the priests, when the whole people 
were lying on their faces,* came (and) entered last of all, 
and were walking barefooted and girded with sackcloth, 
with dust cast on their heads and their faces coyered 
with soot, and were lamenting and crying out : ^^ Thou 
God, who dwellest in Heaven, have pity upon us ; we 
have sinned before Thee, and have caused many souls 
without number to sin ; it is not hard for Thee to forgive 
us, if Thou wilt." 

And when they had said these things, John arose from 
his prayer and said : ^^ Arise in the might of God." And 
when they had arisen, he concluded the prayer, and they 
all answered ^^Amen." And he turned, and looked upon 
the seven priests, who were standing in vile attire, with 
their heads inclined to the east and their hands raised to 
Heaven, (ciu) and tears without end were running from 
their eyes and dripping down upon their blackened 
cheeks. And when the holy (man) saw (them), he was 
grieved and wept, and the procurator with him; and 
the whole crowd waa weeping. And the holy (man) 
kneeled down, and prayed, and said: '^Merciful God, the 
Father and Sender of our Lord Jesus the Messiah, Thou, 
Lord, hast said, ^ If the sinner turns from his sin and 
does righteousness before me, through that righteousness, 
which he hath done, he shall live.'^ I ask of thee. Lord, 



» Reading with B^ rC&AJk. ooco ^^x^ • ^ E^ekiel, oh. 

xxxiiL 14 — 16. 



THE SON OF ZEBEDBB. 61 

have pity upon the work of thy hands, and be not dis- 
gusted with it Let these be received, who were perish-^ 
ing like sheep which have no shepherd, and let them praise 
Thy great and terrible name and Thy dear Son our 
Lord Jesus the Messiah, for to Thee and to Him and to 
Thy holy Spirit is glory and honour for ever, Amen.'* 
And the whole congregation answered ^^ Amen." 

Then he arose and called them, but they were not 
able to speak for weeping and sobbing. And he drew 
near unto them, holding the prociirator by his hand, and 
spake with them, and they did not speak. And the holy 
(man) made the sign of the cross upon the forehead of 
each one of them. Then there was an outcry from the 
whole crowd, and the tears of S. John were running 
over. And he said unto them: ^^Take courage; there 
is no cutting off of hope. Hope was given to men by the 
birth of the Son of God from the Virgin, (oi) Open 
your mouths and speak with us. We are your members, 
and are formed of the same material of which ye are 
formed. We are created by one God, and are one soul. 
Fear not ; He • will not cast you off; He will not reject 
you ; He will not be disgusted with you. I have learned 
of Him, that if ye believe in Him, ye shall rejoice at the 
table of His kingdom.'' Then those priests answered 
and said before the crowd : ^^ How can our deceitful 
mouth speak? What can we say? for the face of our 
heart is blackened more than our external face. We 
cannot open our mouth to speak. But this we know, and 

• B. God. 
e2 



52 THE HISTORY OP JOHN 

believe, and declare tri^e, that there is one God, who 
created the world by His gi*ace, and His only (and) 
beloyed Son^ our Lord Jesus the Messiah, who put on 
the body* from the holy •* Virgin ; and whether we die, 
or whether we live, we know no other man. Woe to us 
then, if He has not mercy upon us and does not for- 
give us ; because we have much property and gold that 
passeth away, and with these souls we have acquired 
it" 

And the procurator had a wish that they should draw 
near to him, because they were &r^ from the/ crowd 
(wi) and were standing alone. And when they went to 
bring them near and make them stand in the midst, the 
priests say : "We beg of you, do not defile your hands 
with our stench. We will not draw nearer than here, 
until He wills it in whose name we have believed.'' 
And it wai5 about the third hour of that day. , . 

And the holy (man) answered and said to the procurator: 
" Command, sir, that water come into the font. We 
must baptize this assemblage, and speak to them the word 
of life. And command that tables be (laid oui^ through 
the whole city, and whosoever wants food, our Lord 
Jesus, who satisfied thousands in the desert, will pre-* 
pare (a feast) before him." Then the procurator called 
Menelaus his son, who became alive, and said to him : 
" Take unto thee ten men, and let each of them go and 
provide for thee"" a hundred men of those who have 
received the sign of baptism, and let them lay the tables, 

* B. who leoame man* ^ B. omits hofy. *" B. adds my son. 



TUB SON OF ZBBBBBB. 63 

and make ready a great banqtiet/' And they went and 
did according to the command of the procurator. 

And S. John arose firom the bench on which he was 
sitting, and came to the priests, and took hold of the 
hand of their chief, whose name was Apollo^ an& of the 
hand of another, whose name was Dionysius, and drew 
them near to him, and was speaking * to them the word of 
God, JEUid was interpreting (it),^ (jjj) and exhorting them. 
And Apollo and Dionysius the priests were saying aloud : 
^' Have pity upon us. Son of God, and bring us nigh 
imto Thy Father, we beg of Thee. If we are to. be 
punished for our wickedness, let not these be punished, 
for we have led them astray from Thy path. We beg 
of Thee, merciful Lord,*" have mercy. Lord, upon our 
wickedness. If Thy righteousness judge us, let not these 
be judged, for ours. Lord,"* is their corruption.'' And the 
whole i)ooplo was weeping. 

And when the font was prepared, the procurator com- 
manded, and oil was brought. Then 8. John arose, 
and prayed, and said : '^ Glory to Thee, Father^ and Son 
and Spirit of holiness, for ever. Amen.'' ' And they 
answered after him, ^^Amen.^' And hJo said: ^^Lord 
God Almighty, let Thy Spirit of holiness come, and rest 
and dwell upon the oil and upon the water ; and let them 
be bathed and purified from imdeanness^ and let them 
receive the Spirit of holiness through baptism; and 
henceforth let them call Thee ^ Our Father who art in 



^ B. mid ^ake. ^ Q. adds to them. *^ B. omits Lord. 

* B. omits Lord. « B. to the JEiUher. 



64 TUB HISTORY OF JOHN 

Heaven.^ Yea, Lord, sanctify this water with Thy voice, 
which resounded oyer the Jordan and pointed out our Liord 
Jesus (as) with the finger, (saying,) * This is my beloved 
Son, in whom I am well pleased, hear ye Him/^ Thou 
(J^) art here who wast on the Jordan. Yea, I beseech 
Thee, Lord, manifest Thyself here before this assemblage 
who have believed on Thee with simplicity, and let the 
nations of the earth hear that the city of Ephesus ^ was 
the first to receive Thy Gospel before all cities, and 
became a second sister to Urhai (Edessa) of the Par- 
thians." And in that hour fire blazed forth over the oil, 
and the wings of the angels were spread over the oil ; "" 
and the whole assemblage was crying out, men and 
women and children, ^^ Holy, holy, holy. Lord Almighty, 
of whose praises Heaven and earth are full.'' And 
straightway the vision was taken away. 

And the priests fell down on their faces and wept. 
And S. John drew nigh and raised them up, and they said : 
^^ We believe in the name of the Father and the Son and 
the Spirit of holiness, and we will never know aught 
else." And John drew near, and washed them (clean) 
of the soot, and anointed them with oil, and baptized 
them in the name of the Father and the Son and the 
Spirit of holiness, for the forgiveness of debts and tho 
pardon of sins. And S. John said to the procurator: 
^^ Command that they go and fetch fijie white bread 
and wine, whilst the whole multitude is being baptized.'' 



• S. Matthew, ch. iii. 17 (ch. xvii. 5). ^ B. thai Thy eUy 

JEj^heaui. *^ 1\, water* 



THB SON OF ZEBEDBS. 66 

And ihey went, (and) prepared, and made ready every^ 
thing. And when the whole multitude was baptized, 
the priests say : ^^ Brothers and &thers * and sons, ( ji») 
to-day we bear the Cross of our Lord Jesus the Messiah. 
Why stand over the gates of our oity the images of the 
daughter of Satan ? Let us go (and) pull them down and 
burn them, and plaoe over all ^ the gates the Cross of our 
Lord Jesus the Messiah." And the whole multitude 
were crying out, *• Where ought We to make a church ?" 
And S. John was glad and rejoicing; and he said 
to the procurator : ^^ Look, sir, where it pleaseth thee." 
And they chose a place which was fitting, and bore the 
cross and came "" thither, and set up there the cross, and 
oyer the gates of the whole city crosses. And the holy 
(man) prayed, and offered the (eucharistic) sacrifice, and 
let them partake of the body and blood of the Messiah ; 
and thither they were assembling every Sunday, and 
were breaking (bread) together, and were partaking of 
the body and blood of our Lifegiver. 

After these things, when the Gospel was increasing by 
the hands of the Apostles, Nero, the unclean and impure 
and wicked king, heard all that had happened at Ephesus. 
And he sent (and) took all that the procurator had, and 
imprisoned him; and laid hold of S. John and drove 
him into exile; and passed sentence on the city that 
it should be laid waste. 

And after three days, believing men of the city 
assembled, (f^J») and counselled one another and said : 

^ B. masiers. ^ B. omits all. ^ B. ioeni. 



56 TH£ HISTORY OF JOHN 

^Jjbt US assomble at the ohuroh, and see what each 
man is willing to giye, and take a bribe, and offer it to 
this wicked ruler," and he will give up to us this (man), 
who turned us away from error unto our Lord." And 
when they had taken counsel thus, they collected three 
hundred pounds of gold, and took ten men, and they 
went on board a ship to go to Nero^ the wicked king, 
and give the bribe, and bring back the holy (man). 

And when they had gone and entered into Rome, at 
midnight, when the impure Nero was asleep, the Lord 
sent to him an angel ; and he appeared to him in a flame 
and bearing a sword, and awakened him. And when he 
had opened his eyes and looked upon him, he cried out 
and said : " I pray thee, what I have to do with thee ?'* 
The angel says to him : ^[ Send back the man whom thou 
hast taken from Ephesus and cast into exile ; and if not, 
this sword shall enter into thy unclean heart before the 
sun rises." And the angel smote him ** and took away his 
speech, and he was howling like a dog. And his slaves 
camQ in when they heard his lamentation, and said to 
him : " What is the matter with thee, my lord the 
king ?" And he made a sign, and they brought him 
ink and a sheet of paper, and he wrote : " Straightway, 
— if it be possible, to-day, — ^let John, the son of Zebedee, 
the Galilean, whom I took away from Ephesus, pass the 
night in it." And he wrote also, and sent (word) to 
Ephesus quickly, that every one (^auto) who was in 
prison, should come out and do as he pleased. 

nl^m = rayos ? *» B. into thy unclean heart. And at 

the time when the nun rottCj the angel trmote him. 



THB SON OF ZEBEDBB^ 67 

And there oaine sailors aoid men clad in arms/ and 
took the letters written by the king's hand, and went on 
board ship, and went (and) found John at midday kneel- 
ing and praying. They say to him : ^^ The king has 
commanded that we should convey thee to the place 
where thou wast.'' And they took him^ and went on 
board ship, and sailed on the sea in peace, and brought 
him to the gate ^ of Ephesus, and returned to Rome. 

And those men who had brought the bribe, when they 
heard that the holy (man) had returned to Ephesus, said : 
" Wo worship Thoo, Father and Son and Spirit of holi- 
ness, who hast done what Thy fearers wished." And 
they wont on board ship, and brought those three him- 
dred pounds (of gold with them), and came. And when 
they had entered Ephesus, they showed ^ the gold and 
narrated all that had happened, and there was joy 
through the whole city ; and they took counsel one with 
another, and deposited the gold in a house, and hired 
artificers, and built with it two churches for the worship 
of our Lord Jesus the Miessiah. 

And S. John went up (and) sat in the hut; and 
all the free men of the province of Asia gathered together 
unto him, and he was teaching and preaching concerning 
our Lord Jesus ; and the word of Nero was established 
over his own place, but (*^) he did not dare again to 
give orders regarding the province of Asia. It was this 
wicked man, who slew Paul and Peter. 

And after a long interval, when the Apostles 

A B. omits the gate of. ^ B. and thatoed eUy^ they took 

counsel. 



58 THE mSIOBT OF JOHN 

heard all that had happened in the whole country of the 
Ephesians, they were amazed^ and said : ^^ This thing is 
not great for our Lord Jesus, but to us it is wondrous/' 
And Paul was asking and inquiring of the Apostles, that 
he might hear the history of S. John ; and every day 
and every hour he was supplicating before God, that he 
might be doomed worthy to see him. 

And when the Gospel rose upon the world, the Spirit 
of holiness willed, and Matthew was moved and com- 
pose^ the Evangel ; and after him, Mark ; and after him, 
Luke. And they wrote, and sent (word) to the holy 
John that he too should write, and informed him con-> 
cerning Paul, who had entered into the number of the 
Apostles. But the holy (man) did not wish to write (a 
Gospel), saying that they should not say ^^ He is a 
youth," if Satan cast dissension into the world. 

And when the Apostles had travelled about in the 
countries, and had planted the Cross, and it had spread 
abroad * over the four quarters of the world, then Simon 
Cephas (Peter) arose, and took Paul with him, and 
they came to Ephesus imto John. And they rejoiced 
with a great joy, and were preachmg concemmg our 
Lord Jesus'* without hindrance. And they went up 
to (.v») the holy (man),"" and found him praying. And 
they saluted one another, and rejoiced with a great joy, 



* Reading with B. X-^ Kb , the subject being K^nii^ • On the 

word ftlSAl (more usually r^!23QCU ^ also KlSQOK^ and »Mai)) 

see Payne Smith's Thesaurus Syriaous, fasc. i^ col. 114, art. :u»r^ . 
^ B. adds the Mesnah. « B. S. John, 



THS SON OF ZBBBDBB. 69 

and narrated to one another all that our Lord Jesod had 
done, and appointed (as) priests believing men. 

Peter and Paul entered Ephesns on a Monday^ and for 
five days they were persuading him, whilst rejoicing, to 
compose an Evangel, but he was not willing, saying to 
them, "When the Spirit of holiness wills it, I will 
write." And on the Sunday, at night, at the time 
when our Lord arose from the grave^ the Apostles slum- 
bered and slept. And at that glorious time of the Be- 
surrection, the Spirit of holiness descended, and the 
whole place, in which they were dwelling, was in a 
flame ; and those men who were awake, awakened their 
fellows, and they were amazed. And John took paper, 
and wrote his Evangel in one hour^ and gave it to Paul 
and to Peter.* And when the sun rose, they went 
down to the house of prayer, and read it before the 
whole city, and prayed, and partook of the body and 
blood of our Lord Jesus. And they came to the holy 
(man), and remained with him thirty days; and then 
they came to Jerusalem, to Jacob (James), the brother 
of our Lord, and thence they came to Antioch. 

And the holy (man) sat in the hut summer and winter, 
(cQito) until ho was a hundred and twenty years of ago, 
and there his Master buried ^ him in that place, as Moses 
was buried on Mount Nebo. 

Every one who believes, and gives credence to the 
signs, which our Lord did by the hands of the Apostles, 
shall find mercy at the day of judgment. And to the 

* B. to Feter and to PauL ^ B. adds atid concealed. 



60 THE HISrOBY OF JOHN, THE SON OF ZEBEDEE. 

Spirit of holiness, who' is in the Father and the Sdn^ 
everything is easy. And let the children of the Churchy 
without division, offer up praise, without investigation, 
to the Father and to the Son and to the Spirit of holi- 
ness, for ever. Amen; 

Here ends the Doctrinid of John the son of Zebedee, 
who leaned on the breast of our Lord Jesus at the 
supper," and instructed and taught and baptized in the 
city of Ephesus. 

1^ B. omits this clause. 



. ■). 



AN ACCOUNT OP THE 

DECEASE OF SAINT JOHN, 

THE APOSTLE AND EVANGELIST .• 



And S. John was with the blessed brethren, rejoicing 
and being glad in the Lord. ^ 

And on the next day, which was Sunday, when the 
brethren were assembled, he began to say : " My bre- 
thren and fellows, and heirs and sharers of the kingdom of 
the Messiah, ye know how much God hath given to you 
through me, — how many signs, how many wonders, how 
many gifts, reste, services, teachings, rulings, graces, 
honoiu*s, — ^how many things ye see before your eyes, 
which are given to you, which are not seen by these 
eyes and are not heard by these ears. Be strong in 
Him, therefore, remembering Him in your every deed, 
and knowing well the mystery of the dispensation that 
is (come) unto men, why it was wrought. The Lord 
beseeches you — the Lord through me beseeches, my 
brethren, and implores — ^who beseeches us that we 
should remain not insulting, not injured, not defiled.*' 

* See the Syriac text, p. dso ; and compare Clark's Ante-Nicene' 
Christian Library, vol. xvi., p. 449. *» The Gr. text requires 

118 to read : Who heseechea us that He may remain not insulted 

{atvvPpurro^ in its passive sense, f<l> l\\y^ ^^r^)f ^^ plotted 



62 THB DECEASE OF SAINT JOUK. 

For He knows insult which (comes) from you, He knows 
contempt, He knows degradation^ He knows torture, when 
ye do not obey His holy commandments. Let not, {u^) 
therefore, your good God be grieved, the gracious, the 
mercifid, the holy, the undefiled, the only one, the im- 
mutable, the true, the guileless, the slow to anger, who 
is exalted above every appellation that is spoken or 
thought by you — the God Jesus. Let Him be glad, 
therefore, whilst ye conduct yourselves well and live 
purely; let Him glory, whilst ye conduct yourselves 
chastely ; let Him not be anxious,* whilst ye live con- 
tinently in the world ; let it be pleasant to Him that ye 
are in fellowship ; let Him glory in your chastity ; let 
Uim rejoice, whilst ye love Ilim. These things I speak 
unto you, my brethren, whilst I hasten to the work which 
is appointed, which is already perfected in the Lord. For 
what is there to say to you ? Ye have the surety of 
God ; ye have the pledge of His grace ; ye have His 
coming, which cannot be. deprecated.^ If, therefore, ye 
sin not again, those things which ye have done without 
knowledge He will forgive you ; but if, when ye have 
known Him, and have obtained mercy from Him, ye 

against or injured (dvorijSovXciiros, KllaAidtSa *^)i f^ot chastised 
or punished (dKoXaoro?, which the translator sooms to have taken hi 
the meanmg, undiseiplined^ licentious^ Klu»^). 

<^ I venture to read K^iJ f^ , let Him not he anxious, or con- 
eemed^ since K^vi i^ppeara to be destitute of memiing. The Greek 
text hcu9 d,va7rav4<r0<a (.M i ld\dl-j) q-tyLvSm ^ftJuw ai^a€n'p€<lH}fi€ytav. 

^ Or arrested by prayers. These words correspond with the Greek 
^CTf r^ ivawiXr/wTov avrov wapovaiav. 



THE DECEASE OF SADTT JOHN. 63 

walk in courses which (are) like (unto those), both those 
former (sins) will be imputed unto you, and ye shall not 
have part in Him or mercy." 

And when he had said these things unto them, he 
prayed thus : ^* Jesus, who didst twine this garland with 
Thy twining; who hast attached these many flowers 
to Thy flower which fSedleth not ; who hast sown these 
words of Thine; (suso) (who) alone hast compassion on 
Thy servants ; physician that healest for nought ; (who) 
alone art a minister and not haughty ; Jesus, who alone 
art gracious and merciful ; do Thou with Thy grace cover 
all those who hope in Thee, Thou who knowest well the 
artifices and the plundering of the adversary/' 

And when he had asked for bread, he prayed thus : 
^^ What praise, or what offering, or what thanksgiving, 
when we break the bread, shall we render unto Thee ? 
But Thyself alone, Thee Jesus the Messiah, we praise, 
the Name of the Father which was spoken.* We glorify 
Thy entrance by the door ; we glorify the resurrection, 
which through Thee has been announced unto us ; we 
glorify Thy word. Thy glory. Thy ineffable pearl, Thy 
ti'easury, Thy net, Thy greatness, Him who for our sake 
was called the Son of Man, the truth, the knowledge, the 
rest, the strength, the command, the freedom of speech, 

* Our Gr. text has ; Tim atvov ^ iroCav irpwr^oplav ^ rCva cv;^ur- 
ruiv KXttiKrcs rdv ofnov iirovofJLouraifiev dAA* ^ a-l /lovov; hoiaXpiiw cov 
TO viro Tov Trarpos Xcx^^ Svofia, " What praise, etc.f shall we name^ 
hut Thee only. We glorify Thy name which was spoken hy the. 
Father:' 



64 THE DECEASE OF SAINT JOHN; 

the liberty which (is) in Thee as in the truth.* For 
Thou art the Lord, who wast called the root of immor- 
tality, and the fountain of incorruption, and the founda^ 
tion of the universe.** Because of this we acknowledge 
Thy majesty, which is now invisible." 

And when he had broken the bread, and stretched out 
his hand to them, and prayed for every man, that he 
might be worthy of the grace which (is) in the Lord and 
of the holy Eucharist, he too did eat, and said : ^^ And 
to me in the same manner (let there be) a portion with 
you, and peace, and love/' i\^) 

Then he said to Birrus (Byrrhus) : " Take with thee 
two brethren, who have with them baskets and spades,^ 
and come after me.'' And Birrus^ without neglect, did 
what was ordered him by John, the servant of God. 

The blessed John, therefore, went forth from the house, 
and was walking before the gate, and said to many that 
they, should depart from him. And when he came to 
the grave of a brother of ours, he said to the youths, " Dig, 
my sons." And they were digging ; but he was urging 
them exceedingly, and saying : ^^ Let the trench be deep.^' 
And whilst they were digging, he was conversing with 
them, and was exhorting them, with himself and with those 
who had come forth from the house^ edifying (them) and 



I have here taken a slight liberty with the punctuation of the 



MS,| which connects the words f^ll t -i^ %A^f^ with the follow- 
ing clauso, » Literally, the world. ^ crxo^ here = <rKa^ia, 
^pade9. 



tDE DE0EA8B OF SAINT JOtlN: 65 

bpeakiDg to them of the majesty of the M^diah/ aiid 
praying over each of them. 

And tiirhen these young men had finished the trench; 
as he wished, without our knowing anything/ he stripped 
off the garments which he wore, and cast them like bed- 
ding into the bottom of the trench. And standing in 
his mantlo** only, he lifted up his hands, and prayed thus : 
^^ Qod, who hast chosen us for the apostleship of thd 
nations ; who hast sent us to the world ; who hast shown 
Thyself through Thy Apostles ; who hast never been at 
rest from the foundations of the' world, but who con- 
stantly hast saved those who were able (to be saved) ; 
who hast made Thyself known through all nature, and 
hast proclaimed Thyself even among the beasts; who 
hast made the desolate soul, that had become savage, 
bo peaceable (j^) and quiet ; who, when it was thirsting 
for Thy word, hast given Thyself to it ; who, when it 
was dead, hast quickly appeared uiito it ; who, when it 
was plunged in sin, hast alone shown Thyself unto 
it ; who, when it was overcome by Satan, hast already 
manifested Thyself imto it ; who hast not left it to be 
agitated like the body ; who hast shown it its enemy ; 
who hast made a clean union ; God Jesus, Father of those 
that are above the heavens, and Lord of the celestials, 
and God of the celestials, and law of those that are in 



» I. e., suddenly. coTAJkS^ja I Q ^ ' *^ > ^v fiovi^ 

ri StypoKrt<^ (var. Stypocrup). ' The Greek word is unknown to me. 
Mr. Cowper suggests that it is a corruption of Bucpoaxn^ or 8cr 
Kpofra-uf^. 

F 



66 THE DECEASE OF SAINT JOHK; 

the ether ; oourse of the aerials, and guardian of those 
that are on the earth ; fear of the terrestrials, and peace 
of Thine own ; receive the soul of Thy John, which 
perhaps may be worthy before Thee, Jesus, who hast thus 
preserved me to Thyself pure imtil this hoiu*, and free 
from intercourse with woman ; who didst appear to me 
in my youth, when I wished to take to myself a wife, 
and didst say to me, ^ Thcu art needful to mo, John ;' 
who didst choose for me infertility of body, when three 
times, being disobedient, I wished to marry ; who didst 
say to me on the sea, * Thou art needM to me^ John, and 
if not, I would let thee take a wife, to mourn and weep ;' 
who in the third year didst open for me the eyes of my 
understanding, and didst present me with my visible 
eyes ; who didst make it hard for me to see and gaze 
upon a woman ; who didst deliver me from temporal 
show (or fancy), and preserve me for that which pro- 
duceth fruit always ; (r^^) who didst deliver me from 
the madness of undeanness that is in the flesh ; who 
didst separate mo from bitter death, and didst raise mo up 
who had need of Thee; who didst restrain the hidden 
disease of the soul, and didst cut off its evil action ; who 
didst afflict and expel from the boundary him who caused 
disturbance in me; who didst preserve my affection to 
Thee without spot ; who hast established my course to- 
wards Thee without slipping ; who hast given my faith 
in Thee (to be) without doubting ; who hast traced out 
for me the pure knowledge which is in Thee ; who givest 
to every work the due reward; who hast placed it in 
my soul that I should not have any possession save 



THE DECEASE OF SAINT JOHN. 67 

purity ; for what can I find that is better than Thou?* 
Now, Lord, I have accomplished the stewardship ^ith 
which I was entrusted ; make me worthy of Thy rest, 
presenting me with the perfection that is in Thee, which 
is salvation unutterable and ineffable. And when I am 
going to Thee, let the fire depart, let the darkness be 
overcome, lot the pit be enfeebled; lot the furnaco bo 
slackened, let Gehenna bo extinguished ; lot the angels 
accompany, let the demons be afraid; let the princes 
be cast down,** let the powers of darkness fall ; let the 
places on the right stand, but those on the left not 
stand; let the Slanderer be muzzled, let Satan be 
laughed to scorn ; let his work be undone, let his glory 
be put to shame, let his anger be rendered vain; let 
his children be beaten, let his whole root be crushed* 
But my path unto Thee do Thou render for me free 
from insult (.a:^) and from spoliation, and (grant) that 
I may receive the things which Thou hast promised 
to those who have lived purely and have loved Thee 
alone." 

And he turned to the east and glorified (God), standing 
fiill in the light, and said : ** Be Thou with me, Jesus 
the Messiah our Lord." Then ho wont down into tho 
trench, where he had spread his clothes, and saying to 



* Here again I have altered the punctuation of the MS., reading 
r^^co • vOM liuAJSiS.i • ^ The reading of the MS., 

,^^^^^liu , seems destitute of meaning ; the Gr. has OpawrOrjfrwray, 

I have ventured to read, mth the Dean of Canterbury, ^..^^mIOU • 

f2 



\ 



68 



THB DECEASE OF SAINT JOHN. 



US, ^^Coiioord and peace be with you, my brethren," he 
'rendered up his spirit, rejoicing.: May his prayer be 
with us. Amen. 

Here ends the account of John the Evangelist. May 
hiB prayer be with UB. Amen. 



f ■ 



l; 



THE 



HISTORY OF PHILIP, 



rilE APOSTLE AND EVANOKLIST.* 



- - - • • - • • 

In the name of the nnbegotten ** natiire of the . im-^^ 
mortal God, I write the wondrous and marvellous history, 
of the glorious acts of Philip the Apostle and Evangelist. 
Our Lord, help me with grace. Amen. 

And our Lord Jesus the Messiah spake with Fhilip- 
the Apostle in a vision of the night at Jerusalem, and 
said to him : ^^ Bise, go to the city of Carthage, which is 
in Azotus,"^ and drive out thence the ruler of Satan, for 
lo, he rejoices there like a destroying wolf, which rejoices 
in the flock that has no shepherd ; and after thou hast 
driven him out, preach there the kingdom of Heaven." 
And Philip said to our Lord : "I beseech Thee, the 
Paiser to life of all souls, — Thou knowest me, that I am 
a man of Palestine, and I do not know Latin or Greek, 
and the people of Carthage are not acquainted with 



* See the Sjriac text, p, :i:^ . ** Or perhaps rather the unde- 

jUled, ofiCavTov* » Though the name is written r /l \Vi ii , 

^J^'?97P > y®* Cfarthikfe is intended^ and not Cartagena in Spain. 

What is meant here by J^Cu^axt^ (usually Jzotus, or Ashdod, in 

Palestine, where Philip was, Acts, ch, viii. 40), I do not know. 



70 TIIB HISTORY OF PHILIP 

Aramaic, — and how shall I go (and) preach to them the 
Qospel of Thy kingdom?** Our Lord said to Philip: 
^^Who made Adam in His imago and His likeness? 
Who formed for him a mouth, and eyes, and a tongue to 
speak? Was it not I the Lord?" And Philip said to 
our Lord : (02:^.) ^^ Thou art the chosen Son, who didst 
make Heaven by Thy might, and didst establish the 
world by Thy wisdom.'* And our Lord said to him: 
" Now go in my name, and doubt not. I shall be with 
thy mouth, and thou shalt speak every tongue that thou 
wilt." And Philip said to our Lord : " I go. Lord j but 
let not Thy grace be far from me." 

And Philip went down from Jerusalem to Samaria, 
and from Samaria to Ciesarea of Palestine, and went 
down to the harbour, to look for a ship that was going 
to the city of Carthage. And he found a ship that was 
lying ready, and waiting for a wind to blow for it, that 
it might sail. And Philip came near to the captain, and 
spake with him, that he might go with them to the city 
of Carthage. The captain answered and said to Philip : 
*' Pr'y thee, do not annoy me ; for lo, it is twenty days 
that we have been waiting for a wind to blow for us, 
that we might sail, and it has not blown. ISfow go, fetch 
thy baggage, and como; for perchance, by the help of 
tdy prayers, God may send us a favourable wind, and we 
may go on our journey in peace ; for I see that thou hast 
the appearance of a servant of God." Philip says to the 
captain: ^^Thou seest me and my baggage; I have 

• 

nothing else in this world save Jesus the Messiah, (a^) 
and Him crucified. But because I see that there are in 



THE APOSTLB AND SYANOBUfiTr. 71 

thee the fruits of faith, order the people who are going 
with us to come on board (and) sit down in the ship." 
And the captain ordered them, and they all came on 
board and sat down in it. And when the Apostle and 
the captain had come on board, Philip said to the people 
who were in the ship : " Lot us rise (and) pray, and ask of 
the Messiah to send us a fietvourable wind, that we may go 
on our journey in peace and joy." And they all stood 
up for the prayer ; and Philip prayed and said : ^^ Our 
Lord Jesus the Messiah, come to our help, for I cry unto 
Thee at this time, that these people, who are here in this 
ship, may believe that Thou hast sent me.'' And he 
turned again to the west, and was strengthened by the 
Spirit of holiness, and said with a loud voice : ^^ To thee 
I say, angel of peace, who hast charge of all favourable 
winds that serve this great sea, — ^in the name of our 
Lord Jesus the Messiah, send me a favourablo wind, 
which may come and convey me to the city of Carthage, 
not in fifty days, nor in twenty days, nor even in ten 
days, but to-day let us be there, that all these people, 
who are here, may know that He who sent me, Jesus, is 
the Son of the living God." 

There was in the ship a Jew, whose name was Hanan- 
ya (Ananias), (who) did not pray, but blasphemed and 
said: ^^May Adonai recompense thee and the Messiah 
on whom thou callest, (v-^) who, lo, has become dust 
and lies in Jerusalem, whilst thou livest and leadest 
astray ignorant men by His name/' 

And when the Apostle had prayed, there came a breeze, 
and an Angel with it, and entered into {i.e. filled) the 



72 TIIE HISTORY OP PHILIP 

sail of the ship^ and she began to roll hither and thither 
from* the yiolence of the wind. Then the sailors arose 
to loose the cables of the ship fron^ the shoro. And the 
Jew got up to help them to hoist the sail of the ship ; 
and the Angel of the Lord bound him by the great toes 
and suspended him head downwards aloft on the top of 
the sail. And the ship was flying and going oyer the 
water like an eagle in the air ; and the Jew was sus- 
pended head downwards. And he was cr3ning out and 
laying : ^^ Apostle of Jesus the Messiah, who knows 
the secrets of men I '' And Philip said to him : *' No, by 
the life of thy friend Ilaman, thou shalt not come down 
thence, until thou confessest, how thou hast blasphemed 
Jesus the Messiah, and thy wicked thoughts against His 
worshippers. He has bound and suspended thee head 
downwards." 

And the Jew cried out and said : ^^ I confess, Sir, whilst 
I worship, that when ye arose and prayed in the ship, I did 
not pray, but blasphemed in my heart and said to thee, 
^ May Adonai recompense thee and the Messiah on whom 
thou callest, who, lo, has become dust and lies in Jeru- 
salem, whilst thou livest and leadest astray (jjl^) ignorant 
men.' And straightway a breeze came, and its Angel 
with it, and filled the sail, and the ship began to roll 
hither and thither from the violence of the wind. And 
when the sailors arose to loose the cables and hoist the 
sail, I too got up to help them. Then the Angel of thy 
God bound me by the great toes, and suspended me 
head downwards, as thy eyes behold me. And lo, his 



^ The O in »S«o soems 8iijK)i*fluoiui. See p. jjl^ , lino 3. 



THB APOSTLE AND EYANOELIST. 73 

sword is drawn, and he is standing by me and lashing me 
with scourges of fire. But I beg of thee, Sir, order him 
to let me loose^ for, lo, my soul is going forth from my 
nostrils." 

Philip says to the Jew : " Now how dost thou view 
this matter ? Dost thou believe in the Messiah that He 
is the Son of God ? Yes or no?'' 

And the Jew cried out, weeping, and saying with a 
loud voice:* "Yes, Sir, I believe in the Messiah thy 
God, that He is I am that I am,** El Shaddai, Adonai, 
the Lord (of) Sabaoth, the Strong, the Glorious in His 
holiness, who made heaven and earth by His word ; and 
He made Adam in His image and His likeness ; and He 
accepted the offering of Abel, and He rejected the offer- 
ing of Cain the murderer ; and He removed Enoch with- 
out his tasting death ; and He delivered Noah from the 
flood ; and Ho spako with Abmham His friend ; and He 
saved Lot from the midst of the overturned (city, i. e. 
Sodom);'' and He preserved Isaac from the knife; and 
He {\^ } revealed Himself to Jacob at Beth-el ; and He 
expounded His secrets to Joseph ; and He led Israel out 
of Egypt ; and He spake with Moses in the thorn-bush ; 
and He divided the sea before the people ; and He sent 
down the manna from Heaven ; and He brought up the 
quails from the sea ; and He dashed to pieces Pharaoh 

• Read ^rC. K^sai r^aa OJMKb . ■> Exodus, oh. iii. 14, 

n^w nt^« rrn« « K-AwL^aco , Arab. i^Jj' (*« ^ortn, 

ch. liii. 54), o\OLJjJJt (ch. ix. 71, ch. kix. 9), 3bj,V,i >J J>Ji\ . 



74 THE HISTORY OF PHILIP 

and his host in the sea of Suph, the Bed Sea ; and IIo 
delivered Joshna the son of ISfun in the wars ; and He 
revealed His mystery to Gideon ; and He strengthened 
Barak and Deborah in Israel ; and He spake with Samuel 
in the interior of the temple ; and He destroyed Goliath 
before David ; and He gave wisdom to Solomon ; and He 
took up Elijah to Heaven ; and He delivered Elisha from 
the armies ;* and He took Jonah out of the fish ; and He 
brought Daniel out of the pit ; and He extinguished the 
bla2dng fire of Ananias and his companions; and He 
rescued the wronged Susanna; and this is Emmanuel, 
the mighty God, in whose name the sea and land, and 
the winds and Angels^ are subject unto thee.'' 

And Philip rejoiced at the belief of the Jew, and 
glorified God, and said : ^^ Praise be to Thee, our Lord 
Jesus the Messiah, who changest rebellious minds and 
blasphemous tongues, and suddenly makest them harps 
praising Thy glory. Yea, Lord, pardon Thy servant 
Hananya, who has believed in Thee." And in that very 
hour the Angel of the Lord, who was standing (a) 
beside him at his right hand, took him and brought him 
down and placed him in the midst of the ship. 

Then Hananya fell at the feet of Philip, and wept, and 
said : ^* Have mercy on me, Apostle of the Messiali, 
and beg for me of the Preserver of all, that He will par- 
don my blasphemies, with which I have blasphemed 
against thee and against thy gods." ^ And the Apostle 
lifted him up and said to him: ^^If the Messiah has 

» 9 Kings, ch. vi. 13, Boqq. ^ So tho MS., v^oolr^ . 



THE APOSTLE AND ETANGELIST. 75 

absolved thee and pardoned thee, who shall eondemn 
thee ? Else, and fear not Jesus the Messiah will make 
thee worthy of His true baptism.'' And fear laid hold 
on the 496 men who were in the ship, and they were 
amazed and said : ^^ It never was thus among men." 

And whilst they were wondering at what had hap- 
pened to the Jew, they lifted up their eyes and looked, 
and lo, the lighthouse (Pharos) of Carthage was visible. 
And then they began whispering one to another and say- 
ing : ^^ Either this is a vision, or it is a dream, or a 
demon has deceived us, or of a truth God is with this 
man. Who has seen a wonder like this ? or who has 
heard a marvel like this ? that we have come seventy- 
five masyune ■ in one day." But when Hananya saw 
them whispering one to another, he began biting ^ (one 
end of) his cloak,*' and said : " blind, who see not I 
and wicked fools, who believe not 1 Have ye not seen 
what befel me, because I blasphemed in my heart against 
the Messiah ? Be silent, (r^Sb) and plot nothing against 
this chosen one, because at this moment ye are not all 
suspended head downwards. Will ye not believe in the 
God of this just man ? for, if he commands that city in 
the name of the Messiah, it will take all its inhabitants 
and go (and) stop in Gibtusan." * 

» r^OjLfii^. is explained iu Add. 7203 by ^U J».]^ , ataget^ 
paraaangs. ^ Or« perhaps, tearing with his fingers. 

' « r^ai an , explained by the lexicographers by c)j^) and 

^ji\ , is derived from the Gr. pippo^, Pippiov, Prjplov, Lat. hirruSf 
bifTum. See Du Cango's Gloss, and Payne Smith's Thesanrus. 
* Egypt 1 [Atjywrros, whence Vilil , laisH , the Copts. 



76 THE mSTORY OF PHILIP 

And while the Jew was speaking thus, (the ship) was 
found to stop in the harbour of Carthage. And all those 
men cried out and say : " Glory to Thee, the God of 
Mar Philip, in whose name the sea and land, and the 
wind and the Angels, are made subject to Thee.'' And 
Philip blessed them in the name of the Lord, and let 
them go to their homes In peace. But he remained at 
the harbour that he might confirm the captain in the 
faith of God. 

^ And on the Sunday Philip went up from the shij) to 
enter the city of Carthage, and to drive out thence the 
ruler of Satan, as the Lord had commanded him. And 
as he was entering the gates of the city, he signed him- 
self with the sign of the Cross, and sighed before the 
Messiah. And he saw an Indian man (i. e.y a black 
man), who was sitting on a throne, with two serpents 
twined round his loins, and a wreath of vipers placed on 
his head ; and his eyes were like coals of fire, (^a^) and 
blazing flames issued from his mouth; and from the 
place where he was sitting a smell of smoke went up, 
and troops of Indians (blacks) were standing on his 
right hand and on his left. And when he saw that the 
Apostle had entered the gate and crossed himself, the 
ruler was overturned and fell backwards, and all his 
troops upon him. The Apostle says to the ruler : " Pall 
and rise not, thou portion of the fire and child of 
Gehenna, accursed from of old ; (thou) bitter (one), who 
in (all) thy days didst never sweeten ; (thou) hater of the 
just and enemy of all righteousness ; deceiver of Adam, 
bringer of death upon Eve and upon all her children." 



THE APOSTLE AND EVANGELIST. • 77 

The ruler said to the Apostle : " Why eursest thoii me, 
(thou) chosen of the Most High ? Tell me, what have I 
done wrong ? or wherein have I sinned against thee ? 
Bebuke me, because I do not abide in this city, but my 
troops wander about on the whole earth, and come to me 
till the third hour of i;he day ; but to a single one of the 
disciples of Jesus they do not come near, because I have 
warned them, and commanded them, and said to them: 

* Wherever the name of Jesus is mentioned, abide not there, 
lest ye bring judgment upon me before my time is come.' 
Woe is me, if perchance one of my troops has deceived mo, 
and transgressed (•^) my command, and afflicted one of 
His disciples ; for lo, the effacer of our footsteps is angry 
with me, and has sent this chosen one to drive me away 
from this city. Woe is me 1 what has become of me ? 
Woe is me ! what has happened to me ? Alas, what 
has come upon me ? Ala^, what has befallen mo ? Alas, 
what has reached me ? Alas, what has overtaken me ? 
Whither shall I go and be delivered ? Whither shall I 
flee and escape? Where shall I hide myself and be 
saved ? Where shall I conceal myself and be delivered ? 
Whither shall I go from this Mighty (One) ? Whither 
sliall I fly from this Stiong (One) ? Whether I say 

* Woe is me,' or whether I am silent, I shall burn in the 
fire. If I cast myself into the sea, I shall be drowned, 
because the fire is prepared for me, 'and torment for all 
my troops. If I ascend unto Heaven, He will cast me 
down thence ; and if I go down to Hell, there He will 
breathe upon me. In the east His Star has made me 
ashamed ; in the west they preach His Gtospel ; in the 



78 . THE HISTORY OF PHILIP 

north they praise His right hand ; in the south they 
worship HJB Cross. This Jesus has slain me by His 
iloath ; lie has humbled me by His exaltation ; He has 
brought me to abjectness by His necessity. He has de- 
ceived me by His similitudes {or likenesses) ; He has 
shamed me by His resurrection; He has dazzled mo 
with His humiliation; He has befooled me with His 
quiehide ; He has maddened me with His visions. My 
snares He has broken ; my gins He has disclosed ; my 
nets He has cut to pieces. My crown He has taken 
away from my head ; my throne He has oyertumed be- 
hind Him ; my power He has taken from me^ and my 
glory He has given to others. He has made me a tread- 
ing under foot (ja) for children, and offscourings and 
* filth unto infants and the simple. He has made me a 
reproach unto the little, and a mockery and a scorn to 
the poor and sinners. He has taken everything from 
me, and given to me nothing at all, save the weeping 
and wailing and groans of the darkness, to me and to my 
ministers and to all my troops.'* 

And the whole city was standing and hearing what the 
ruler was saying, but no man saw him, save that the 
Apostle saw him through the Spirit of holiness. Philip 
says to the ruler: "I bid thee in the name of our 
Lord Jesus the Messiah, the Mighty God, who sent me 
against thee, arise; take thy throne, and*" lead away 
all thy troops, and ye shall go forth from this city, for 
lo, 3795 years ye have enjoyed yourselves in it." And 

* Read l-s>10 (compare line H of tlio Syriac text). 



HIE APOSTLE AND EYAKGELIST. 79 

in that hour the ruler arose, and took his throne, and led 
away all his troops, and they went forth thence, flying in 
the air, and wailing as they went, and saying : "Woe is to 
us for thee, our ruler ; woe is to us for thee, our king ; 
woe is to us for thee, our monarch." And they ceased 
not from weeping, all of them, whilst they were going, 
till they entered the city of Babel, and there established 
the throne of their ruler. 

And there was fear in the whole city, and they were 
praising God and saying: "Glory to Thee, Jesus the 
Messiah, the God of Philip, who hast not (ca&) recom- 
pensed us according to our wickedness, nor dealt with us 
according to our sins ; for we did not know Thee, Lord, 
and Thou in Thy mercy hast sent us a deliverer. Glory 
to Thy grace, which has been abundant upon us, for ever 
and ever. Amen." Philip says to the people of the 
city of Carthage: "Ye have seen, my brethren, what 
the ruler said, whilst burning and being scorched' by 
the power of the Son of God, that is, Jesus the Mes- 
siah, the Power and Wisdom of His Father. And by 
this Power was (created) the heaven and the earth and 
all that is in them ; and by this Wisdom was established 
the world and all its inhabitants. Now therefore, my 
brethren, leave that former opinion of idolatry, and go 
not after the mind of painters, and (after) images of 
wood and stone and gold and silver and brass and iron 
and tin and lead and clay, which men have made, which 
have eyes and see not, and have ears and hear not, and 

* For ^ajjyT *^o read ^jjuoi T ^o , i. e. ^4iL*iiJB-sao. 



80 THS HISTORY OF PHILIP 

there is no breath in their mouth, and they feel not with . 
their hands, and walk not with their feet^ and smell not 
with their nostrils, and speak not with their throats ;' 
and with nails and spikes they fasten them, that they may 
not be broken in pieces; and they carry them about, 
because they cannot walk; and they are set up like 
masts, because they cannot speak. Be not afraid of 
them, (a&) because they can do neither harm nor good, 
and it is said concerning them by Gt)d, that their makers 
shall be like them and all who trust in them ^ Turn, 
therefore, to the Son of the living God, in whose hand 
your souls and spirits are placed. This is the first God, 
and there is none beside Him. Renounce Satan, my 
brethren, and believe in the Messiah. Flee from the 
darkness, and come to the celestial light Quit the 
destroying left hand, and the unconquered'' right hand 
shall receive you. Be delivered from the fiery Ge- 
henna, and ye shall rejoice and be glad in the Para- 
dise of Eden. Strip off the old man, who is corrupted 
by the lusts of error, and put on the new man, Jesus the 
Messiah, who is renewed by knowledge in the likeness 
of His Creator. Avoid and flee from the desire of 
women, which bums like fire, and destroys those who 
are inflamed'' with it; and trust in God and be glad. 
Who has believed in Him, and He has forsaken him ? 
Or who has trusted in Him, and He has cast him off? 

* Psalm cxv. 4—7. •• Psalm cxv. 8. « The word r<!\ 

seems to be wanting in the MS. * MS. |.a.i %A\ r ^sni or 

I a M , i l^ T ^n :% • Read liimi^iT *m^ or f ai %A\ y^m • 



THB APOSTLE AND EYANQELIST. 81 

« 

Or who has called upon Him, and He has not answered 
him ? Because the Lord is gracious and merciful, and 
forgiving sins, and hearkening to the yoice of those that 
do His will. Believe, my dear (friends), for He will 
forgive you your sins when ye turn to Him with all 
your heart, with a pure mind free from doubf 

And when the Apostle had spoken these words to the 
citizens, (xb,) they cried out and say : ^^ Glory to God, 
who has sent us a deliverer.'' And Philip blessed them, 
and went down to the ship, to the harbour, where the 
ship was lying, in which he came from Csdsarea of 
Palestine. 

And on the Sabbath day (Saturday) all the Jews, who 
were in Carthage, were assembled unto their synagogues. 
And they sent and called Hananya the Jew, who had 
believed in the Messiah. And the Jews answered and 
say to him : ^^Our brother Hananya, are the things true 
which the sorcerer Philip did to thee in the ship?" 
And Hananya signed himself with the sign of the Cross, 
and answered and said to them: ^^All that ye have 
heard «mcemiag me ia Iruo , «.! fer b. it frem me ever 
to renounce our Lord Jesus the Messiah.'' The Jews 
say to him : " Do not renounce Moses and believe in the 
Messiah, because the Messiah was an impostor, and his 
disciples go about with sorcery." Hananya answered, 
rejoicing in the faith, and said to the Jews : ^^ The 
deception of the Messiah be upon me and upon my wife 
and upon my children; and the sorcery that His dis- 
ciples practise, be upon the bones of my parents in 
Sheol. But as for you, well did Isaiah the prophet 

a 



82 THB HISTOBT OF PHILIP 

prophesy concerning you, to whom God said : * * Go, say 
to this people of Israel that they shall see a sight and 
shall not see, and shall hear a report and shall not 
believe ; for their eyes they have closed, and their ears 
they have stopped, (jjifik) that they may not hear with 
their ears, and understand with their hearts, and repent, 
and I forgive them their sins/ Bulers of Sodom and 
people of Gomorrah,** an evil and a provoking seed, a 
generation that has not set fast its heart and has not 
believed in the God of its spirit ; children of crime, an 
evil and adulterous race, and generations of sinners ; a 
race doomed to woe, a vine of Sodom and a plant of 
Gomorrha;' foolish chUdren and unwise; wise in evil 
things, but not knowing good things ;** a people uprooted 
and flayed ;• rejected silver ; ' scattered millet ; worn-out 
water-skins ; a rent garment ; a cloth ^ that is of no use ; 
a menstruous rag ; ^ an accursed fig-tree ; an evil vine- 
yard, the husbandmen of which are murderers ; a restive 
heifer;' broken cisterns in which they cannot collect 
water ;^ perforated money of a cursed merchant ; a dry 
fleece, the dew of which is sprinkled among the Gen- 
tiles ; proclaimed sons, whom they do not reckon equal 
to slaves; bitter roots, which in their days have never 
yielded sweetness; exchanging their God for a calf; 
sacrificing their sons and their daughters to devils; 

* Isaiah, ch. vi. 9, 10. ^ Isaiah, ch. L 10. ^ Deuteronomy, 

ch. xxxii. 32. ^ Jeremiah, ch. iv. 22. « Isaiah, ch. xviii. 2. 

' Jeremiah, ch. vi. 30. s For rt^:iiafl9 (so MS.) read r^l.iafl9 • 
^ Isaiah, ch. xxx. 22. < Hosea^ oL iv. 16. i Jeremiali, 

oh. ii, 13, 



THE APOSIIiE AND EYANQELIST. 83 

haters of tho Son, enemies of Qod, provokers of the 
Spu*it of holiness; worshippers of the sun, offerers of 
sacrifice to Tamuz, servants of Baal, priests of idols;? 
sons of Ahab, fosterlings of Jezebel ; dumb dogs, which 
are unable to bark;** stiff (J^) of neck and uncircum- 
cised in heart.*^ For in whom of the prophets have ye 
believed, that ye should believe in the feeble Hananya ? 
Moses and Aaron led forth your fathers from Egypt, and 
how often did ye stone them with stones ? There arose 
Joshua the son of Nun, and ye sought to kill him with 
deadly poison. There arose Samson, and Gideon, and 
Barak, and Jephthah, and Deborah, and ye provoked 
them all their lives and all their days. There arose Eli 
your priest, and through your greed he was rejected 
from his priestly office. There arose Samuel the prophet, 
and ye rejected him and his God. There arose David the 
propliot, and with reproach ^ ye drove him out of Jeru- 
salem. There arose Solomon the king, and he worshipped 
Ashtaroth, the goddess of the Sidonians. There arose 
Isaiah the prophet, and ye sawed him with a saw of 
boxwood.^ There arose Ezekiel the prophet, and ye 
dragged him by his feet until his brains were dashed 
out. There arose Jeremiah the prophet, and ye cast him 
into a pit of mire. There arose Micah the prophet, and 
ye smote his cheeks as if (he had been) a child. There 
arose Amos (the prophet), and ye hindered him from. 



. -^ •• 



* ft^n^^M = Ki:^cu» . b Isaiah, ch. Ivi. 10. « Acts, 

ch. vii. 51. ** f<lKfks» = f^i^Klfka . • ^^iifn\i«k 

a2 



84 . THB HISTOET OP PHILIP 

prophesying. There arose Habakkuk the prophet, and 
through your sins he went astray from his prophetic 
office. There arose Zechariah the prophet, and him ye 
slew like a lamb before the altar of the Lord. There 
arose Malachi the prophet, and ye wearied his God with 
your words. There arose Elijah the prophet, and ye 
made him flee (^) to Horeb. There arose Elisha the 
prophet, and ye wished to kill him. There arose too 
John the Baptist, a shining light, and ye cut off his 
head, and sat in darkness ; and he began proclaiming the 
resurrection to the dead. And again, as the consumma- 
tion of your sins, ye children of crime, ye crucified the 
Lord of the prophets on the tree. And lo, ye persecuto 
these His disciples, who are about to sit at the day of 
judgment on twelve thrones of glory and to judge the 
twelve tribes of Jacob.'' 

And all those Jews were looking on Hananya, and 
were seeing that his face was like to the Angel of the 
Lord, and were gnashing their teeth like destroying 
wolves. And one of the priests arose and kicked 
Hananya, and he died. And they dug a place there in 
their synagogue and buried him. And they swore one 
to another that none of them would disclose in his house 
what they had done. 

And on the next day Philip arose to pray in the ship 
at the ninth hour, he and the citizens with him, and he 
made mention of Hananya in his prayer and said : " Our 
Lord Jesus the Messiah, do Thou deliver Thy servant 
Hananya from the perfidy of the Jews, and bring him to 
us that we may see and be gladdened by him." And 



THE APOSXLE AND BYAITGFBIiIBr. 86 

God heard the prayer of Philip^ and commanded ihe 
oarth, and it gave a passage Uke a water-pipe, and (this) 
conveyed (r^) Hananya down to the bottom of the sea. 
And the Lord prepared a large dolphin, and it carried 
Hananya. And while the Apostle was praying in the 
ship, he Ufted up bis eyes and looked upon the water ; 
and lo, the dolphin was swimming on the surface of the 
sea, with the corpse of Hananya upon him. And when 
the peofde who were there, saw (this), they feared with 
a great fear, and were imagining that a demon had 
appeared to them. Then the Apostle answered and said 
to them : " Fear not, my bretluren ; for by means of this 
corpse many are about to believe in the Messiah." And 
Philip cried with a loud voice and said: "Glory ta The^ 
Lord, the Eestorer to life ; for every one wha believed 
in Thee, although he dies, shall live through Thee ; and 
every one who does not believe in Thee, although he is 
alive and walking on the earth, is dead before Thee." 
And Philip said to the dolphin : '^I bid thee in the name 
of the Messiah, the Lord of all creatures, go, convey 
Hananya the martyr to the place from which thou didst 
take him, until I go up to the city and put his mur- 
derers to open shame/' An^ the dolphin passed through 
the sea^ and carried Hananya to the place from which he 
had taken him ; and the deeps conveyed Hananya to the 
place in which he was killed ; and the Lord commanded 
the earthy and it closed its barriers^ that the deeps might 
not come up and sweep away the city. 
. And on the next day Philip the Apostle went up (^^) 
from the ship, and went into the city to the judge, and 



86 . THE mSIOBY OF FHIUP 

said to him: ^^One favour I ask of thee that thou 
wouldest do for me.'' The judge answered and said to 
him: "Command mo, sir, and whatsoovor thou wishcst, 
I will do for thee." And Philip said to the judge: 
" Send (and) ooUeot for me all the Jews that there are in 
this city, because I have a cause to plead with them 
before thee.'' And straightway the judge sent his 
officers, and collected unto him all the chiefs of the Jews. 
And Philip said to the hSgemdn : " Sit thou upon the 
tribunal of the town-hall, and hear the cause between me 
and them." 

And when the king (sic) had seated himself on his 
tribunal, Philip said to tho Jews : " Whore is Hananya, 
who came with me in the ship from the city of Cicsarea 
of Palestine, and became a Christian of the Messiah? 
For I know and am sure, through our Lord Jesus the 
Messiah, that ye have counselled him to confess Moses 
and renounce the Messiah." The Jews answered and 
said to Philip : " Are we the keepers of Hananya, (who 
is) alienated from the Law ?'' And Philip said to the 
Jews : " Well did our Lord ciall you the children of Cain 
the murderer; for Cain^ (when) he killed his brother 
Abel, thought that no man saw him ; and God said to 
Cain, * Whore is thy brother Abel?' And Cain denied 
(it) (A^) lil^o you, and said, ^ I know not, because I 
am not his keeper/ And God said to Cain, " What hast 
thou done ? Lo, the blood of thy brother Abel cries unto 
mo from the ground. Cursed is the ground for thy sake. 
A wanderer and a vagabond shalt thou be on tho earth, 
>^hich has opened its mouth and reoeiyod tho blood of 



THB AJ^OSILE AND EVANGELIST. 87 

ikj brother from thy hands/ "" And now, murdereJrS| 

disclose to me where Hananya the martyr is, and I will 

ask of the Messiah for you that He would forgive you 

your iniquities.'^ The Jews answered and said : " Once 

we have said to thee, that Hananya has not been seen by 

us, and we do not know what has become of him/' And 

Philip said to the Jews : " Tell me, where is Hananya, 

the confessor of the Messiah, who has given his life for 

his Master, and do not lie and deny (it) before me, for 

ye do not lie unto me, but to the Spirit of holiness which 

dwells in me/' The Jews say to him : " If the Spirit 

were with thee, it would be clear to thee that we know 

nothing of Hananya ; but because thou art a liar and an 

impostor, and the truth is not in thee, lo, thou standest 

up and doest us wrong/' And again the Apostle said to 

them : ^^ And if it be that Hananya is found with you, 

what do yo dosorvo to have done to you ?*' And the Jews 

said to Philip : ^^ If it be that he is found with us, we 

all deserve death from God (.1^) and Caasar/' And the 

Apostle said to them : <^ And if it be that ye rely upon 

yourselves, do not your consciences convict you of being 

conscious of the blood of Hananya the confessor? 

Swear to me, for as the Paraclete who is with me 

commands me, will we do unto you/' Then the Jews 

cried out and said : " No, by the God of Abraham, who 

spake with Moses from the midst of the thorn-bush, (we 

swear) that Hananya has not been seen by us ; and we 

do not know what has befallen him/' 

* Genesis, cL iv. 9 — 11. 



88 THE HiSIOEY OlP PHILIP 

Then the Apostle was strengthened by the Spint of 
holiness^ and said to the assemblage who were standing 
there : " Give ine a little room." And when they had 
given him room, the Apostle of God lifted np his eyes, 
and saw a man from the country^ who was leading an 
ox which was sick^ and had brought it to town that he 
might sell it to the butchers. And the Apostle called 
him, and said to the ox : ^^ To thee I speak, ox, beast 
Mrithout speech. I command thee, in the name of our 
Lord Jesus the Messiah, at whose word all creatures are 
afraid, be strong, and go to the sjrnagogue of these mur- 
derous Jews, and call out there and say: ^Hananya, 
Hananya, Philip, the disciple of our Lord, calls thee ; 
rise, come, put to shame the murderous Jews.' " And 
straightway the ox dragged along his owner, and threw 
him down on the ground, and ran and went to the syna- 
gogue of the Jews, and called out and said, like a man : 
^^ Hananya, Hananya, Philip, the Apostle (oo^) of the 
Messiah, calls thee. Eise^ come, put to shame the Jews 
thy murderers.'^ And at the word the dead (man) rose, 
and laid hold of the ox with his right hand ; and they both 
ran and came to the Apostle of the Messiah, and the 
owner of the ox was running after them. And the three 
of them came and prostrated themselves before Philip. 
And the Apostle cried out and said to Hananya : ^^ Whence 
comest thou, my friend ?'' And Hananya said to Philip : 
^^ From the synagogue of these murderous Jews, who are 
standing before thee ; for they killed me and buried me 
in their synagogue, because I believed in the Lord Jesus 
the Messiah, who gave mo life, and became a Ohristiun. 



THB APOSTLE AND EYANQELIST. 



89 



And now I ask of thee. Sir, do me justice upon these 
murdering Jews.'' And the Apostle said to Hananya : 
'' Listen, my son and friend Hananya. It is written for 
us : ^ If thou do not judgment for thyself I will do (it), 
saith God ;' and : ^ If thy enemy be hungry, give him to 
eat, and if he be thirsty, give him to drink, and when 
thou docst those things unto him, thou heapest coals of 
fire upon his head.' And again He has said : ^ Let not 
evil overcome you, but overcome evil with good.'* And 
again it is written : ^ Is there a man who envies thee or 
hates thce^ thou shalt not pray for his harm^ lest it be 
displeasing in the eyes of the Lord, and He turn away 
the calamity from him, and bring it upon thee and upon 
thy dwelling/ ** And our Lifegiver has commanded us : 
^ Fray (o^) for your enemies, and bless them that curse 
you, and do good to him who persecutes you and hates 
you, that ye may bo the children of your Father who is 
in Heaven, who lets His sun shine upon the good and 
upon the bad, and lets His rain descend upon the 
righteous and upon the wicked.' "" And again our Lord 
commanded us : ^ If ye do not forgive men their offences, 
neither will your Father, who is in Heaven, forgive you 
your offences.' ^ And again Ho said : ^ Blessed are the 
merciful, for upon them shall mercy be (shown).' *" And 
now draw nigh unto the Jews thy murderers, and as the 
Spirit of holiness gives unto thee, speak with them." 
And when the Apostle had said these things to Ha- 



• Romans, ch. xii. 19 — 21. 
« S. Matthew, ch. v. 44, 45. 
« S. Matthew, ch. v. 7. 



*» Proverbs, ch. xxiv. 17, 181 
^ S. Matthew, ch. vi. 14, 16. 



9Q THE mSTOBY OP PHILIP 

nanya, the ox spake again, and said to Philip : ^^ Order 
me, Sir, that at this moment I may kill and knock down 
all thoso murderers, the enemies of the Messiah, with my 
horns/' And the Apostle said to the ox : ^^ Hurt no man, 
but go with thy master, and serve him, and the Lord 
will heal thee and him (with such) a healing that thou 
shalt never have a pain." Then the ox and his master 
bowed down before the Apostle of God, and went to their 
village in peace. 

The hSgemon says to the Apostle : " These Jews, there- 
fore, are deserving of death/' (i^) The Apostle says : 
^^ The Lord has not sent me to slay but to give life, and 
to raise up those who, whilst alive, were slain by Satan 
through sin.'' And the murderers were standing before 
the Apostle and before the Judge, with their faces 
ashamed, and what answer they should give them they 
did not know. Their mouth was closed, when they saw 
the miracle that was (wrought) through the ox, which 
spake like a man, and Hananya, who had been killed, 
who stood before them. 

And Hananya drew nigh to the Jews who slew him, 
and said to them : ^^ To-day is fulfilled regarding you the 
prophecy of Jeremiah the prophet, who said : * Like the 
shame of the thief, when he is found out, so are ashamed 
the children of Israel, they and their kings and their 
priests and their nobles, who say to wood^ Our father art 
thou^ and to stone, Thou art our mother.' ' And now ye 
shall go in peace, ye children of Cain the murderer. Our 

* Joromiab, ch. il 26, 27. 



. THE APOSTLE AND EVANGELIST. 91 

Lord Jesus the Messiah, in whom I have believed, shall 
do mo justioe upon you, and shall demand my innocent 
blood of your hands/' And the Apostle said to the Jews : 
" Hear, ye who are guilty of death for (shedding) inno- 
cent blood, thus has Solomon your king written : ' He 
who is conscious of (shedding) a man's blood, shall flee 
to the chosen, and he will not deliver him.'* And it is 
written in your Law : * Whoso slays a man (m^), he too 
shall be slain and shall not be atoned for, and it shall 
not be forgiven him before the Lord, until the blood of 
him be shed, who shed innocent blood.' ^ But us, follow- 
ers of the Messiah, Christians, disciples of Jesus the 
Messiah, He has thus commanded : ^ It was said to the 
ancients. Cheek for cheek, tooth for tooth ; but I say imto 
you. Stand not up against evil, but whoso smites thee on 
thy right cheek, turn unto him the other too.'"*" And 
when the Apostle had spoken vehemently, and they did 
not repent, and did not ask pardon, the Apostle said to 
the judge : " Turn them out." And the judge ordered 
his young men, and they turned the Jews out from 
before him by tribes. 

And afterwards fear seized all the Jews who were 
dwelling in the city of Carthago ; and thoy wore crying 
out and glorifying God and saying : ** The God of Philip 
the Apostle is One, whom the sea and the winds and the 
Angels obey, and the dead rise to His glory, and beasts 

* Proverbs, ch. xxviii. 17. Instead of tCPAiy^l we would natu- 
rally expect cQinyyiM . * Numbers, cL xxxv. 30 — 33. 
« S. Matthew, ch. v. 38, 39. 



92 THB HISIOBT OF PHILIP THB APOSTLE. 

and dolphins praise the majesty of Jesus the Messiah^ the 
God who (is) oyer all/' And there became disciples on that 
day about three thousand souls of the Gentiles, and of 
the Jews fifteen hundred; and they received the sign 
(baptism) of the Messiah, and rejoiced in the love of 
Jesus the Messiah, who had held them worthy of His 
grace. But the Jews who did not {\^) believe in the 
word of the Apostle, went away from the city and set- 
tled in other cities ; and ere the sun had set, the Angel 
of the Lord smote and slew forty {»iests of the Jews, 
because they had shed the innocent blood of a just and 
righteous man. And all who heard and saw, confessed 
and worshipped and bowed down and said: ^^The true 
God is One, our Lord Jesus the Messiah,^ and with Ilim 
His Father and His holy Spirit, to whom be glory and 
honour and praise and worship in aU generations, for 
ever and ever. Amen and Amen." 
r Here ends the history of Philip, the Apostle and Evan- 
gelist, and to God be the glory for ever. Amen. 



THE HISTORY OP 

MAR MATTHEW AND MlR ANDREW^ 

THE BLESSED APOSTLES, 

WHEN THET OONTBRTED THE OITT OF DOOS, THE INHABITANTS 

OF WHICH WERE CANNIBALS.* ' 



Aftbr the days of the ascension of our Lord Jesus the 
Messiah to Heaven, when the days of Pentecost were 
fulfilled, and the Paraclete had come to the upper chamber 
of Zion, and the holy Apostles were filled with the gift 
of the Spirit of holiness, each of them had the wish to go 
forth and preach the Gospel of the Messiah. And they 
bogan to cast lots and to distribute the countries among 
them. And it happened that, when they had cast lots, it 
fell to Matthew the Apostle to go to the city of which the 
inhabitants were cannibals. And the inhabitants of that 
city neither ate bread nor drank water, but their food was 
the flesh of men, and their drink too the blood of men. 
And every man who entered into that city, its inhabi- 
tants seized, and dug and put out his eyes, and gave him 
to drink a cup, which was mingled with sorcery ; and as 
soon as he drank that cup, his heart was changed, and 
his understanding perished, and he got the heart of a 
boast. 



* Soo tho Syrioo tdxt, p. •an , and Clark's Anto-NioenQ Library, 
vol. xvi., p. 348. 



94 THE HISTOBT OF MAB MATTHEW AND 

And it happoned that, when S. Matthew entered 
within the gate of the eity, (•^) the inhabitants of the 
city seized him, and dug and put out his eyes, and gave 
him to drink the cup which was mingled with sorcery, 
and conveyed him to the prison where every one was 
imprisoned who fell into their hands ; .and they threw 
down for him grass to eat. 

And when the blessed Apostle had drunk the cup which 
they gave him, his heart was not changed ; but he was 
always in urgent prayer and tears, saying : " Our Lord 
Jesus the Messiah, for whose sake we have left every- 
thing and follow Thee, because we know that Thou art 
the true God, and the Helper and the Deliverer of all 
those who trust in Thee, — look. Lord, and see what this 
hard-hearted people are doing to Thy servant Matthew, 
how they have made me like unto the beast in which 
there is no sense ; for Thou art the Knower of everything. 
If thus be Thy will, Lord, that I should become food 
for the inhabitants of this city, let Thy will be accom- 
plished ; I will not flee from Thy command. Give me 
the light of my eyes, that I may see what the people of 
this city do with me. Do not. Lord, forsake me, and do 
not give me up to this bitter death.'^ 

And whilst the blessed Matthew was praying thus, a 
mighty light shone through the whole place where he 
was imprisoned, and a voice was heard from the light, 
saying: "Matthew, my Apostle, lift up thine eyes." And 
straightway he lifted up his eyes and saw. And again 
the voice came unto him the second time and said: 
"MattheWjbe firm, and be strong, (.m) and foor not; 



MAB ANDREW, THE BLESSED APOSTLES. 06 

for I will not abandon thee/ nor forsake thee ; for t will 
deliver thee from all temptations, and not thee alone but 
all thy companions, for I am with thee at all times. And 
now endure in this thy prison-house twenty-five days,* 
for the help of the souls of many. And after these things 
I will send unto thee Andrew, and he shall bring thee out 
of this prison and all those who are with thee here." And 
when our Saviour had said these things. He was lifted up 
to Heaven. 

Then Matthew said : " Thy grace be with ud, our 
Lord Jesus the Messiah." And he was within in the 
prison and was singing. And it happened that, when 
the executioners came into the prison to take out men 
for slaughter, Matthew shut his eyes, that they might 
not perceive that he saw the light. And it happened one 
day, when the executioners came and reached him, they 
read the ticket which was attached to his hand, and said 
among themselves, ^^ In three days more we shall take 
out this one too and slaughter him j'* for they used to write 
upon a ticket of wood the day on which a man was taken, 
and to tie it to his hand, that they might know the com- 
pletion of his days. 

And it happened that, when the twenty-seven days were 
completed, from (the time) that the blessed Matthew had 
been seized, our Lord Jesus the Messiah appeared unto 
Andrew in the country in which he was teaching, and 
said to him: "Andrew, rise, go with thy disciples (can) 
to the city of which the inhabitants are cannibals, and take 

* Margin, twentj/'Seven, as in the Greek and below. 



96 THE HISTOBY OF MAR MATTHEW AND 

Matthew out of the prison in whicli lie is ; for after three 
days those wretches are going to take him out and kill 
him for their food." And Andrew answered and said : 
^^ My Lord, I am not able within three days to go to that 
city, because the way is long ; but send an Angel to take 
him out thence, for Thou, my Lord, knowest that I am 
clothed with flesh, and am not able to arrive there 
quickly, neither do I know the way/' And our Lord 
answered and said to him: ^^ Andrew, listen, and obey 
Him who made thee and brought thee into being; for 
He is able in the twinkling of an eye to command,'' and 
that city would be lifted up and brought hither. For I 
will command the wind, and it shall convey thee thither. 
But arise in the morning, and go down to the sea-shoro 
with thy disciples, and lo, thou shalt find a ship. Go on 
board of it, thou and thy disciples." And when our 
Lord had said these things. He gave him (the salutation 
of) peace, and was lifted up into Heaven. 

Then Andrew arose in the morning, as he had been 
ordered, and went to the sea-shore with his disciples, and 
saw a small vessel, and in the vessel three men were sitting; 
for our Lord by His command had prepared a vessel, 
and He appeared in it in the likeness of a sailor, and 
there were with Him two Angels in the likeness of men.) 
And Andrew, when he saw the vessel and the three men 
who were in it, rejoiced (with) a great joy, and drew nigh 
unto the vessel, and said (oo) to them : ^^ Whither are ye 
going, my brethren ?" And our Lord said to him : " We 

. . * The. ;i before 1<M^ seems superfluous. 



MAR ANDREW, THE BLESSED APOSTTLES. 97 

are going to the country of the Cannibals.'' Now Andrew 
did not perceive that it was Jesus, but our Lord con- 
cealed the might and power of His Godhead, and appeared 
like a steersman. And Andrew answered and said : ^^ We 
too wish to go to that city." Then our Lord said to him : 
"Every man flees from that city, and ye wish to go 
thither I " Andrew answered and said : " We have some- 
thing to do there, and we must go thither ; and now, if 
ye are going to do a kindness unto us^ show (it) to us." 
And Jesus answered and said to them : " Come on board 
in peace." 

And Andrew answered and said: "I wish thee to 
know, my brother^ before we go on board the vessel, that 
we have no ship-hire to give thee, nor have we bread 
for food with us." And our Lord said to him : " And 
how do ye come on board the vessel, when ye have no 
ship-hire ? " Andrew says to Him : " Listen, my brother ; 
do not suppose that from stiff-neckedness we do not give 
thee the ship-hire ; but we are the disciples of our Lord 
Jesus the Messiah^ who loved us, and chose us twelve^ 
and gave us commandment and said : ^ When ye go forth 
to preach, do not take with you purses nor bags, nor 
copper (coin) in your purses, nor bread, nor a staff, nor 
shoes; neither have ye two coats." (vo) If then thou 
wilt have compassion upon us, tell us quickly ; and if not, 
we will look for another vessel." Jesus answered and said 
unto them: "If this be the commandment which ye have 
received, and ye keep it, come on board ; for I say unto 

* S. Matthew, ch. x. 9, 10 ; S. Mark, ch. vi. 8, 9. 

H 



98 THB HI8I0BY OF HAB MATTHEW AKB 

you, that it is more pleasing to me that the disciples of the 
Messiah should come on board my vessel than those who 
give me gold and silver. But this I say unto you, that 
perhaps I am worthy that the disciple of the Messiah 
should come on board my vessel." And Andrew an- 
swered and said: *^ Permit me, my brother; may the 
Lord give thee a reward and pardon." 

Then Andrew went on board the vessel/ and answered 
and said to his disciples : ^^ My children, if ye choose, 
stay on shore, until I finish what was commanded me by 
our Lord, and return unto you.'' But his disciples said 
to him : ^^ Far be it from us to do this I For if we remain 
behind thee, we shall become strangers to the grace 
which was given us; and now we will be with thee 
whithersoever thou goest." 

Then Jesus answered and said to Andrew : ^^ If thou art 
in truth the disciple of the Messiah, remind thy disciples 
of the miracles which thy Lord wrought, that thou mayest 
strengthen their minds, that they may forget (their) con- 
cern about this sea ; for lo» we are making ready to loosen 
the vessel from the land and to sail." Then Jesus made 
a sign to one of the Angels, and he loosened the vessel 
from the land ; and Jesus came and sat in the midst of 
the vessel. And Andrew was encouraging his disciples, 
and saying : " My children, ye have given up (jjlo) your 
lives for the Messiah ; fear not; for He did not forsake us ** 

* Here the Syriac text omits a considerable portion of the Greek, 

^ from p. 138, 1. 13, in Tischendorf s edition, to p. 139, 1. 18. See 

Clark's Ante-Nicene Library, vol. xvi., pp. 361, 352. * Read 



MAR ANDREW, TH£ BLESSED APOSTLES. 09 

at the time when we were with Him in the vessel, and He 
had lain down to sleep in the vessel, trying ns, for He was* 
not asleep ; and when there was a great wind^ and the 
sea reared its waves so that they rose above the mast of 
the vessel, and great fear took hold of us, our Saviour 
arose and rebuked the wind^ and the waves were as- 
suaged, and there was a great calm on the sea ; for every* 
thing obeys His command, because they are His creation. 
And now, my children, fear not.^' And when Andrew 
had said these things, he prayed that his disciples might 
remain at rest. 

And when they had fallen asleep, Andrew turned and 
said to Jesus, not knowing that it was Jesus : ^^ Tell me, 
man, and truly show me this art of thy steering ; for I 
have never seen a steersman who managed a vessel as I 
now see thee. For sixteen times have I sailed on the 
sea, and this is the seventeenth, and I have never seen 
skill like this ; for verily this vessel is in the midst of 
the sea just as if it were on land. Show me then thy 
art, youth." Then our Lord said to Andrew : ** We 
too have sailed many times on the sea, and a violent 
storm has risen against us ; but because thou art the dis- 
ciple of the Messiah, the sea has recognized thee and has 
not uplifted its waves against us." Then Andrew cried 
with a loud voice and said : ^^ I bless {\b) Thy name, 
my Lord Jesus the Messiah, that Thou hast let me meet 
with a man who glorifies Thy name." And Jesus ian- 
swered and said to him : ^* Tell me, disciple of Jesus, 
why the wicked Jews did not believe on thy Lord that 
He is the true God. iShow me; for we have heard 

h2 



100 THB HISTORY OF HAR HATTHSW AND 

that He showed His power to His disciples.'' And 
Andrew answered and said: ^^Yes, my brother, Ho 
showed us that He is the true God ; and now do not 
suppose that Jesus is not God, for He made man/'' And 
Jesus answered and said : ^^ And why did the Jews not 
believe on Him?" Andrew answered and said: "O 
man, who hast the spirit of knowledge and all under* 
standing, why temptest thou me?" Our Lord says to 
him : ^^ I tempt thee not with these things, but my soul 
rejoices and exults in them." Andrew says: ^^My 
brother, the Lord shall fill thy soul with great joy and 
grace." Our Lord answered and said : ^^ Narrate to me 
then." And Andrew answered and said: "Hast thou 
not heard of the miracles which He did before them? 
To the blind He gave light, and to the lame to walk, 
and to the deaf and dumb to hear and speak ; and He 
cast out devils; the lepers He cleansed, the dead He 
raised to life; He changed water into wine; and He 
took five loaves and two fishes, and ordered the people to 
recline upon the grass, and blessed, and satisfied them ; 
and five thousand did eat and were satisfied, and left 
(something) over. And again He spake a blessing (^o) 
over seven loaves, and satisfied four thousand. And He 
did many signs and wonders and miracles, which, if 
I narrate them before thee, thou wilt not be able to 
bear." Jesus says to him : " I shall be able ; but to a 

* Here again the Syriao text is shorter than the Greek, and some 
sentences are transposed. See Tischendorf's edition, p. 142, line 1, to 
p. 146, ]ine 16 j and Clark's Anto-Nicono Library, vol. xvi., pp. 
363—6. 



MiJt ANDREW, THE BLESSED APOSTLES. 101 

wise man one word is enough, though a fool not even 
many (words) can persuade/' 

And when our Lord knew that the yessel had arrived 
near the land, He leaned His head against one of the 
Angels, and ceased to converse with Andrew. And 
when Andrew saw (this), he leaned himself against his 
disciples, and sank into a heavy sleep. And our Lord 
said to the Angels : ^^ Spread out your hands, and carry 
Andrew and his disciples, and go, place them at the gate 
of that city, the inhabitants of which eat the flesh of 
men.'' And the Angels did as they were commanded^ 
and took up Andrew and his disciples, and carried (and) 
placed them at the gate of that city, the inhabitants of 
which eat men. 

And when Andrew awoke from his sleep and opened 
his eyes, he saw that he was sitting at the gate of that 
city, and his disciples beside him, who were asleep. 
And being astonished at what had happened, he 
awakened them and said to them : ^^ Bise, my children, 
and see the grace that has been with us, and know that 
our Lord was with us in the vessel, proving us, and we 
did not recognise Him." And his disciples answered 
and said to him: ^^Do not suppose, our father, (rd^a) 
that we knew that we were sailing on the sea, because 
we were simk in a deep sleep ; and we saw that Angels 
came and took our souls and carried them to Paradise ; 
and we saw there great wonders, for we saw our Lord 
Jesus the Messiah sitting on a glorious throne, and all 
the Angels beholding Him ; and we saw there Abraham 
and Isaac and Jacob and all the Fathers and the holy 



102 THE HISTORY OF MAR MATTHEW ASJ> 

Prophets, and you too the twelve Apostles, standing 
beside our Lord Jesus the Messiah; and we heard our 
XiOrd commanding His holy Angels : ^ Be obedient to the 
Apostles in everything which they say unto you.' This 
is the vision which we saw, our father/' 

Then the blessed Andrew, when he had heard these 
things from his disciples, rejoiced (with) a great joy, that 
his disciples were worthy to see the great things of God« 
And he lifted up his eyes to heaven and said : ^^ Pardon 
me, my Lord, and forgive me what I have done ; for as 
a man I saw Thee in the vessel, and as a man I spake 
with Thee. Wherein have I sinned, my Lord? (for) 
Thou didst not show to me Thy majesty." And our 
Lord said unto him : ^^ Thou hast not sinned, Andrew ; 
but I did these things unto thee, because thou saidst, 
' I cannot go to the City of Dogs in three days.^ Lo, 
now have I shown thee that I am able to do everything 
by (my) power. But arise, and go into the city unto 
Matthew thy brother, and bring him forth from prison, 
him (*aAa) and all those who are imprisoned with him* 
And lo, I make known unto thee, before thou enterest 
into their city, that they will show thee cruel tortures^ 
and thy body shall be torn, and thy blood shall be 
poured out upon the earth like water; for death they 
cannot give unto thee, but great tortures they are about 
to let pass over thee« But bear up, and harden not 
thyself against their wickedness. Bemember the tor- 
tures which I endured, when the Jews smote me with 
their fists and spat in my face. Was I not able in the 
ty^inkling of an eye to move heaven and earth, and to 



HIr ANDREW, THE BLESSED APOSTLES. 103 

bring chastisement upon those who beat me? But I bore 
(it), and forgave them, that I might set you an example." 

And Andrew straightway arose, and entered into that 
city with his disciples. And he went to the prison, and 
saw the seven keepers, who were standing at the gates 
of the prison and guarding it. And Andrew prayed, 
and these keepers fell down and died. And when he 
came nigh to the gate of the prison, he made upon the 
gate the sign of the Oross; and straightway the gate 
became open. 

And when Andrew had entered the prison with his 
disciples, Matthew saw Andrew, and straightway he 
arose, and they asked after each other's welfare. And 
Andrew said to Matthew : " My brother, how hast ihou 
got in here ? For lo, after three days, the men of this 
city are going to take thee out and kill thee for their 
food. Where are the holy mysteries which thou hast 
learned ? For if thou didst utter them, heaven and earth 
would tremble/^ And Matthew answered (-^o) and 
said: "My brother Andrew, thou hast heard* our Lord 
say: ^Lo, I send you like lambs among wolves."" For as 
soon as I entered into this prison, I prayed before the 
Lord, and Ho appeared unto mc, saying : ^ Bear up for 
twenty-seven days, and afterwards I will send unto thee 
Andrew, and he will take thee out of this prison and also 
all those who are with thee.' And as our Lord promised 
.to me, lo, I see thee to-day ; and now, what shall we do?" . 

Then Andrew looked in the midst of the prison, and 



« I read a^\^T. , instead of duLMC* , which is " I have heard.'^ 
^ S. Matthew,. ch. x. 16. 



104 THE HISTOBT OF MIR MATTHEW AKB 

saw those men who were bound there, stripped (naked) 
and eating grass like cattle. And Andrew beat his 
breast and said : ^^ Our Lord Jesus the Messiah, look and 
see what they have given to men, who are made in Thy 
image and in Thy likeness, to eat." And the blessed 
(one) began to rebuke Satan and to say : ^^Out upon thee, 
Satan, thou enemy of our Qod and of Ilis Angels I Uow 
long Mrilt thou fight with the human race ?'' 

And Andrew and Matthew kneeled and prayed ; and 

afterwards Andrew laid his hands upon the eyes of those 

men who had been blinded, and straightway they all saw 

the light. And again he placed his hand upon their 

heart, and their understanding was changed and became 

like that of men. And he said to. them : ^^ Depart (.t*a) 

now to the lower part of the city. Lo, ye shall find on 

the road a large fig-tree ; sit down under it, and eat of 

its fruit, till I come to you. And if I delay, ye will 

find for yourselves on it as much food as sufficeth for 

you/' And those men answered and said to the blessed 

Andrew: ^^Come with us^ sir, lest perchance the heathen 

men of this city see us again, and take us, and put us to 

tortures * which are worse than the former ones." And 

he said to them : " Go in peace ; verily I say unto you, 

that, whilst ye are going, not even a dog sliall bark at 

you." And those men went^ as the blessed Andrew had 

said to them ; and they were in number forty-nine. But 

to Matthew he said that he should go with his disciples 

to the east side of the city. And Andrew prayed, and a 

* Literally, and diow mjudgmeiiU. 



MiR ANDREW, THB BLESSED APOSTLES. 105 

cloud descended, and took away Matthew and his dis- 
ciples, and set them on a mountain, where Peter the 
Apostle was sitting and teaching; and they remained 
with him. 

But Andrew, after he had gone out of the prison, was 
walking about in the city. And he saw a pillar, and 
upon it was standing a statue of brass ; and he sat down 
by the side of that pillar, that he might see what would 
take place. And it happened that, when the execu- 
tioners went (oi&d) to the prison to fetch out men for 
their food, as was the custom of every day, they found 
the gates of the prison open and the keepers dead and 
lying on the ground.* And they returned to the chief 
men, and said to them: ^^We went to the prison, and 
found it open and the keepers dead and lying on the 
ground ;* and when we went in, we found no man there.*' 
And when the chief men heard (this), they said among 
themselves: ^^What is this thing that has happened? 
llave men perchance gone into the prison and killed the 
keepers, and taken those who were boimd there, and 
departed?" Then the chiefs said to the executioners: 
^^ Go to the prison, and bring those seven keepers, that 
we may eat them to day ; and straightway collect for us 
all the old men of the city, and let them cast lots among 
themselves, and those on whom the lot falls we shall go 
on kiUing every day, seven by seven, for our food, until 
we choose young men and put them on board ship, and 

* Reading r^^ir^ instead of r^!:k.idi . In the Greek, kcc/acvovs 



106 THB mSTORT OF HAR MATTHEW AND 

they go to the countries around us, and put men on 
board their ships and bring (them) hither, that they may 
be to us for food.^^ 

And when the executioners had gone to the prison, 
they brought those seven keepers dead« And there was 
there a large furnace^ which was built in the midst of 
the city; and by the side of the furnace there was a 
large trough of stone, in which (cuo) they used to kill 
the men, and their blood ran down and was collected in 
that trough, and they used to draw up the blood and 
drink it. And it happened that, when they had brought 
those seven, who were dead, they placed them beside the 
trough, that they might lay their hands upon them and 
lift them up. And the blessed Andrew* heard a voice say- 
ing to him : ^^ Andrew, look and see what is being done 
in this city.'' And it happened that, when he saw (it), 
he prayed and said : ^^ Our Lord Jesus the Messiah, who 
hast brought me to this city, do not permit that there take 
place in it anything hateful, but let the knives fall from 
the hands of these executioners." And straightway their 
hands were paralysed, and they were not able to lift them 
up or let them down. And when the nobles saw what 
had happened, they wept bitterly, saying: "Woe imto 
us, for there are magicians here, and they have gone into 
the prison, and slain the keepers, and brought out those 
who were imprisoned there ; and lo, they have bewitched 
the executioners too. What then shall we do ?'' 



» Perhaps we should read : who were dead^ and placed (oiDOirtb) 
Hem eta and lift ihem up^ the blessed Andrew etc. 



HAR ANDREW, THE BLESSED APOSTLES. 107 

Then they said to the executioners : " Go, collect for 
us the old men of the city, because we are hungry/' 
And they went and collected them, and found two hun- 
dred and sixteen * in number, and brought them to their 
nobles ; and they commanded them to cast lots, and the 
lot of seven old men came forth. And one of the old 
men, upon whom the lot had fallen, answered and said 
to the executioners: ^^I beg (ua) of you, I have a 
little son, take him and kill him in my stead, and let 
me go/' And they said to him : " We cannot do this, 
unless the nobles bid us." And the executioners went 
and told their nobles these things. And the nobles an- 
swered and said to them : ^^ If he gives a substi- 
tute, let him go"; and the executioners made this 
known to the old man. And the old man answered and 
said to them : ^^ I have a daughter too ; take her also 
with her brother for slaughter, and let mo go/' And 
he gave them up for slaughter, and the executioners took 
these children to kill them. And they were weeping and 
saying: ^^Do not kill us in this youth (of ours), but 
allow us to come to full growth, and then ye may kill 
(us)." And this also was the custom in that city, that 
they did not bury those who died, but ate them. And 
the executioners did not heed these children, but took 
them and went to the trough, in which they used to kill 
men, to kill them." 

And when the holy Andrew saw (this), he wept bit- 
terly, and said : ^^ Our Lord Jesus the Messiah, as Thou 

* The Greek text has two hundred and $eVefUeeny ifVi\nT .a 4 



108 THB HISIORT OF hIr HATIHBW AND 

didst hear me sinfiil * concerning these dead, and Thy 
Divinity did not suffer them to be eaten, so (jjlao) now 
too do not suffer them to be brought nigh to the death 
of these children, but let their hands be paralysed, and 
let the knives fall and melt like wax before the fire." 
And the moment that the blessed Andrew had prayed, 
the knives were loosened, and fell from the hands of 
the executioners. And when 8. Andrew saw what had 
happened, he glorified God who had answered him in 
everything. 

And when the rulers saw what had happened, they 
wept bitterly and said : ^^ Woe unto us ! what is there 
now for us to do ?" And Satan took the likeness of an 
old man,** and stood in their midst, and said : ^^ Woe to 
you 1 What can ye do ? For ye have no food. And now 
arise, and seize in this oily a stranger, whose name is 
Andrew, and kill him ; for he has let out these men who 
were shut up in the prison." 

And 8. Andrew looked upon Satan, how he was 
talking among the crowd; but Satan did not see the 
blessed (one). And the Apostle of the Messiah answered 
and said to Satan : ^^ thou enemy of all mankind, who 
art constantly warring against them, our Lord Jesus the 
Messiah will humble thee and cast thee into the deep 
abyss of destruction.'' And when Satan heard this, he 
said, ^^ Fie, fie upon thee I Thy voice I hear, but where 
thou art I know not." And the blessed (one) answered 
and said to Satan: ^^Yerily thou art blind, and thou 
canst not (\ub) see the saints.'' And when Satan 

* Liierallyi my tinjidneis. ^ Tho old man of Najd, gpi^' >^l i 



hIb anbbew, the blessed apostles. 109 

heard this, he said to the multitude : ^^ See now, seize 
him with whom I am speaking, because he is the dis- 
turber of your affairs." And those wicked (ones) ran 
and shut the gates of the city; and they were going 
about and seeking for the blessed Andrew through the 
whole city, and did not see him. Then our Lord Jesus 
the Messiah appeared to him and said to him: ^^ Andrew, 
arise, show them thy power, that they may learn that the 
power of Satan, who dwells in them, is nought/' 

Then the blessed Andrew arose in the sight of the 
whole multitude, and said : " I am Andrew, whom ye 
seek.'' Then the whole people ran and seized him, and 
said to him : ^^ As thou hast done unto us, we will do 
unto thee." And they began taking counsel together 
and saying : ^^ With what death shall we kill him ? If 
indeed we take off his head^ it is not a bitter death ; and 
if wo burn him with firo, neither is this anything." 
Then one of them, after Satan had entered into him, 
answered and said to them: ^^As he made us suffer, 
so we too will make him suffer. This let us do unto 
him. Let us put ropes round his neck, and drag him 
through the streets and lanes of this city ; and when he 
is dead, then wo will divide his body among all of us." 
And this seemed good before the whole (vua) people; 
and they cast ropes upon his neck, and were dragging 
him through all the streets and lanes of the city, until 
his body was torn by the stones over which he was 
dragged, and his blood was flowing like water. And 
when it was evening, they cast him into prison, with his 
hands bound behind him. 



110 THB mSXOBY OF MAR MATTHEW AND 

And again, when it was morning, they brought him 
out, and cast cords upon his neck, and dragged him 
through the whole city, and his whole body was torn 
by the ground. And the blessed (one) prayed with sighs 
and said: ^^Our Lord Jesus the Messiah, behold what 
they do with me, and I bear it because of Thy command, 
« — for if it wero not because of Thy mercy, Thou wouldost 
have sent them into the deep abyss, with their city, — ^but 
only. Lord, do not permit the enemy to mock me.'' And 
when the blessed (one) had said these things, Satan an- 
swered from behind him and said to the people : ^^ Be 
smiting him upon his mouth, that he may not speak." 

And when evening came, they cast him into the 
prison. Then Satan took with him seven demons, and went 
into the prison. And they stood before S. Andrew, 
and were mocking him, saying : ^^ Now art thou caught 
in our hands. Who then shall deliver thee? For lo, 
thou destroyest our works out of every city, and hast 
desolated our temples and shrines, which were built for 
us." And Satan commanded those seven demons which 
were with him to slay the blessed (one). Then (r^llfiuo), 
when these demons drew near, and saw the seal of the 
Messiah between his eyes, they were afraid and fled from 
him. And Satan answered and said to them : ^^ Why flee 
ye from him ? What is it?'' And they say to him: 
^^ We cannot come near to him because of the seal which 
is upon him ; but do thou go, slay him, if thou art able.'' 
And Satan said to them : ^^Come then, let us mock him." 
Then those demons came with Satan their master, and 
were mocking the blessed (one) and isaying : ^^ Thou^ O 



IflE ANBBEWy THB BLESSED APOSTLES. Ill 

Andrew, lo, art come to great disgrace and to hard 
judgment." Then, when the blessed Andrew heard 
these things, he said : " If ye kill me outright, I will 
not do your pleasure, but the pleasure of my Lord ; for 
if my Lord visits me in this city, I will chastise you as 
ye dcsoryc." And when the demons heard these things, 
Ihoy yanishod from before him like smoke. 

And when it was morning, they brought the blessed 
Andrew out of the prison, and tied ropes round his neck, 
and were dragging him. And again his body (waa 
lacerated) and all the hair of his head was pulled out. 
And the blessed (one) cried with a loud voice, with sighs 
and tears, and said : ^^ Our Lord Jesus the Messiah, 
these tortures are enough for me, these three days, by 
day and by night, of Satan and of the demons and of 
these heathens. Command, Lord, and receiye my spirit^ 
or show me Thy grace that I may be strengthened." 
And when he had said these things, a voice came to him 
in Hebrew, saying: ^^ Andrew, (•::is^) heaven and earth 
shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.* 
And do thou now turn and see thy flesh, which has been 
plucked from thee, what has become of it." And he 
looked and saw large trees, which had grown up and bore 
fruit. And S. Andrew said : " Now, Lord, I know that 
Thou hast not forsaken me." 

And when it was evening, they cast him into the 
prison, saying : ** His body is destroyed, and during this 
night he will die." Then our Lord Jesus the Messiah 

* S. Matthew^ ch. xxiv. 35. 



112 THE HISrORT OF MAR MATTHEW AND 

appeared to him in the prison, and said to him : ^^Andrew» 
give me thy hand." And He took him by his hand, and 
straightway he rose up whole. And the blessed (one) fell 
down and worshipped Him. And afterwards he looked 
into the midst of the pit in whioh he was imprisonedy 
and saw a pillar (statue) which was called in Greek 
Alabastros.* And Andrew stretched out his hand and 
said : ^^ Thou dumb stone, fear the sign of the Cross, at 
which heaven and earth tremble ; and straightway let 
there flow from thy mouth much water, that it may sub- 
merge this city." And straightway that pillar (stateu) 
let much water flow out like a mighty stream ; and the 
water prevailed exceedingly, and killed their children 
and their cattle; and they were wishing to flee from 
the city. 

Then the blessed Andrew prayed, and a flery cloud 
descended, (.^a) and surrounded the city like a wall, 
and they were unable to flee. And when Andrew knew 
what had happened, he glorified God and said : ^^ I bless 
Thee, our Lord Jesus the Messiah !" And all the inhabi- 
tants of the city trembled^ and were weeping and saying: 
^^Woe to us! for all these things have come upon us 
because of the stranger who is in the prison; but let us 
go and release him, that we may not die wi*otchodly by 
these waters of the flood and by this fire." 

And they all came to the prison, crying out with a 
mournful voice. And when the blessed Andrew saw 



* The Greek text reads : he saw a pillar Btandingy and upon the 
pillar an alabaster statue was placed. 



MAR ANDREW, THE BLESSED APOSTLES. 113 

that their spirit was humbled to him, he said to the 
pillar (statue) : " Enough now ; do not emit water any 
more. Lo^ I will go out and preach the word of God ; 
and I say unto thee, that, if the people of this city be- 
lieve, I will build in it a church, and I will remove thee 
hence, and convey thee and set thee up in it, in recom- 
pense for thy having answered mo and done that which 
was commanded thee." And at that moment the statue 
ceased from its flowing. And Andrew went forth from 
the prison, and the water was running before his feet. 

Then the old man, who had given up his children to 
slaughter in his stead, came nigh before him, and said to 
him : " Have mercy upon us, our lord." Ajad Andrew 
answered and said to him : " I ask of thee, how canst 
thou say to me that I should have mercy upon thee^ 
when thou didst not have mercy (.i&ji) upon thy children. 
Dut I say unto thee, that in a little while those waters 
shall go and be swallowed up in the midst of the abyss, 
and these executioners, who wore killing the men, and 
thou too shalt be swallowed up with them." And he 
turned and said to the assembly : ^^ Come after me, all 
of you." And whilst they were going after him, the 
waters were divided hither and thither before the feet 
of the holy (one), until he came to the place of the 
trough. And the blessed Andrew lifted up his face to 
heaven, and prayed, and the earth opened, and swallowed 
up the water and the executioners and the old man. And 
when the people of the city saw what had happened, they 
began to say among themselves : ^^ Woe to us I for this 
man has been sent hither by God, and he will kill us 

I 



114 T^B mSTORT OF hIR MATTHEW AND 

because of the tortures which we made him bear ; for lo, 
as it has been with the executioners and with that old 
man, (so) it will be with us." And the blessed Andrew, 
when he heard (this), said to them: ^^Fear not^ my 
children, for not even these will God leave in Sheol ; 
these have been snatched away to the lower earth, that 
ye might believe." 

Then Andrew ordered them to bring all those who had 
been drowned by the water ; and they were not able to 
bring them^ because those who had died by the water 
were many, men and women, and children and animals. 
Then the blessed (one) prayed before God, and they were 
resuscitated and all arose. And after these things he 
baptised them in the name of the Father and the Son 
and the Spirit of holiness, (oofko) And he marked out 
for them the likeness of a church, and it was built 
quickly. And they brought the pillar (statue) which 
had made the water flow, and set it up in the church. 
And he sketched out for them rules and laws by which 
they might subsist, and delivered to them the mysteries 
of our Lord Jesus the Messiah, and bade them sow and be 
nourished by the sweat of their faces. And he made 
haste to depart from them ; and they were beseeching 
him, from the youngest to the oldest, and were saying to 
him : " We beg of thee, tarry with us a few days, (for) 
we are yet children in the faith, that we may receive of 
thy blessed fountain and of thy divine words." But he 
did not consent to abide with them, but went his way. 

Then our Lord assumed unto him the likeness of a 
comely child, and said to him : ^^ Why art thou going. 



HAR ANDREW, THE BLESSED APOSTLES. 116 

and leaving them without fruit, and not taking pity 
upon the children who are coming after thee and crying 
out ? Now therefore return to the city, and abide with 
them seven days ; and when thou enterest into the city, 
bring up those who were swallowed up in the abyss." 

Then Andrew glorified God and said : ** Blessed art 
Thou, our Lord Jesus the Messiah, for Thou dost not wish 
that a man should perish, but that he should live." And 
he returned, and entered into the city. And when the 
people of the city saw that he had returned, they rejoiced 
(with) a great joy. And he spent there seven days, (02^0) 
teaching and confirming them in the faith of our Lord. 
Then the blessed Andrew prayed, and the men, who had 
been swallowed up in the abyss, were resuscitated. And 
after seven days all the people of the city went out, and 
were accompanying him on his way," from the yoimgest 
oven to the oldest, and wore crying out and saying: "Ono 
is the God of the blessed Andrew, our Lord Jesus the Mes- 
siah, the Son of the living God ;" to whom is befitting glory 
and worship and thanksgiving, with His blessed Father 
and His living and holy Spirit, for ever and ever. Amen. 

Here ends the history of Matthew and Andrew, when 
they converted the City of Dogs, which is ^rka. 

* literallj, and were showing Mm {the way). So at least I venture 
to translate cnuA 00 CD ^Qu *WO as equivalent to kox vpoarefiirov 
a^ov. T]iis seems preferable to reading ^CXjjOVMO , and presented 
themselves to 1dm, 



i2 



THE HISTORY OF THECLA, 



THE DISCIPLE OF PAUL THE APOSTLE.* 



When Paul had gone up to the city of Iconium after his 
persecution, there accompanied him Demas and Hermo- 
genes^ the coppersmiths, who were full of sedition and 
spake hig words. And they were conversing with Paul 
as though with their friend ; but Paul was looking to the 
dwelling-place ^ of the grace of the Messiah,*" and wixs 
not doing unto them any harm, but was loving them 
truly. And he was so loving them, that he was making 
all the words (^^a) of the Lord, and of the teaching 
and preaching and the birth and the resurrection of the 
Beloved, sink into their souls through the great (doings)"* 
of the Messiah. And he showed them how they were 
revealed to him, and was narrating (them) unto them by 
word (of mouth).* 

And a man^ whose name was Onesiphorus, heard that 
Paul had come to the city of Iconium, and went out,' 

* See the Syriao text^ p. mAm, and Clark's Ante-Nicene Christian 
Library, vol. xvi., p. 279. »> dvofikhrtav cis fton^v rrfv dya0o(rvw/y 

Tov xp^rrov. The translator seems to have confounded fi6v^v with 
liovrjv, and to have read cis r^v fuiv^v t§s dyafloowj/s t. x» * D. 

of Qod. ** B. C. D. through the might. • B. C. revealed to 

him hy wordy and was narrating (them) unto them. ' Here the 

text of B. ends. 



THE HISTORY OF THEOLA. 117 

with the sons of Simon, and with Zeno, and with hifll 
wife, to meet Paul, that they might receive him; for 
Titus had told him * what was the aspect of Paul ; for 
Onesiphorus did not know him in the body, but in the 
spirit. And he went (and) stood where the roads meet, 
on the highway which goes (Aa) to Lystra;^ and was 
standing and waiting for him, and looking upon those 
who were passing and returning, according to the marks 
which' Titus had given him.*' And he saw Paul coming, 
and in his stature he was a man of middling size^ and his 
hair was scanty, and his legs were a little crooked,'^ and 
his knees were projecting (or far apart) ;* and he had 
large eyes/ and his eyebrows met, and his nose was 
somewhat long; and he was full of grace and mercy; 
at one time he seemed like a man, and at another time 
he seemed like an Angel. And when Paul saw Onesi- 
phorus, he was glad ; and Onesiphorus said to him : 
" Peace be to thee, thou apostle of the Blessed (One).^' 
Paul saith to him : " Peace be to thee, (rtdLo) Onesi- 
phorus, and to all thy houshold." And Demas and 
Hermogenes were * filled with envy, and their jealousy 
was great ; and they said to Paul : " Are we not of the 
Blessed (One),** that thou hast never saluted us thus ? " 



• 0. them. ^ J), to Lytia. ** 0. them. * According 

to the Gr., ayicvXov nus Kin/jfuus* • ft ^*iA n T-3W. = ^'p J? 

(in Arabic ^^yi\ is the tendo AchiUis) ; ^5-1 from f<3-l j eminuitf 
prominuit. The Apostle was bandy-logged. ' ^ii\ ,= ]X*V. 

s D. adds 9traightv>ay. ^ 0. Are we not bleeped. 



118 THE HISTORY OF THECLA. 

He '• answered and said to them : ^^ Because I do not see 
in you the works ^ of righteousness." Onesiphorus saith 
to them : " If ye be aught, come ye too to my house ^ 
and rest." ** 

And when Paul had entered into the house of Onesi- 
phorus^ there was great joy there, and they kneeled down 
on their knees, and prayed, and brake bread. And Paul 
came nigh and spake unto him ^ tho words of God con- 
cerning the controUing of the flesh and concerning the 
resurrection^ and was saying: ^^ Blessed are they who 
are pure in their heart, for they shall see God.' Blessed 
are they who have kept (.n\n) their flesh ^ in purity, for 
they shall be called temples ^ of God. Blessed are they 
who control themselves, for God shall speak ' with them. 
Blessed are they who have despised this world,^ for they 
shall be pleasing unto God. Blessed are they who have 
wives as though they had them not, for they shall inherit 
the earth.'' Blessed are they in whose heart is the fear 
of God, for they shall be called Angels.' Blessed are they 
who tremble at the words of God which they hear," for 
them shall God call. Blessed are they who have received 
the wisdom of Jesus the Messiah, for they shall be called 
sons of God. Blessed are they who have kept the bap- 



• D. And Paul, ^ C. thejruit. « D. unto me. 

^ 0. adds with me, " C. D. omit tmto him4 ' S. Matthew, 

ch, Y. 8. s D« their bodies. Compare 1 Corinthians, oh. ill. 

16, 17 ; ch. Yi. 18, 19. ^ D. the temple. * C. D. speaheth. 

J D. the world, ^ D. shall he heirs of Qod. > D. in 

wham is the fear of Qod^for they shall he as angels, ^ D. omita 

which they hear* 



THB HISTORY OF THSCLA. 119 

tism, for they shall rest with the Father, who is in 
Heaven,* and with His beloved Son.** Blessed are they 
who have received the exhortation of the Messiah, for 
they shall be in great light."" Blessed are they (•^^o) 
who for the love of God ** have gone out of this body,* 
for Uioy shall inherit eternal life, and shall stand at tho 
right hand of the Son of God/ Blessed are the merciful, 
for mercy shall be upon them from God, and on the Day 
of Judgment they shall receive the kingdom.' Blessed 
are the bodies and souls of virgins, for they shall be 
pleasing unto God^ and the reward *" of their holiness 
shall not be lost, for, according to the word of the Father, 
there shall be found for them works * unto life at the day 
of His Son/' 

And whilst Paul was speaking these great things of 
God^ in the midst of the Church/ in the house of Onesi- 
phorus, one Thecla, a virgin, the daughter of Theocleia, 
who was betrothed unto Thamyris,' came and sat at a 
window, which was close to their roof, (.iLi) and was 
listening to the words of Paul, which he was speaking 
concerning purity ; and she did not depart from that 
window, and by night and day was hearkening*" to 

* C. D. omit who is in heaven, ^ C. D. the beloved Son, 
« C. omits this sentence. * C. of the Messiah. • D, 

the body, ^Catthe right hand of Ood; J), for they shall 

judge the angels^ and shall he found at the right hand of the Father. 

' D. for Ood shall have mercy upon them, and they shall not see the 

hitter day. S. Matthew, oh. v. 7. ^ D, adds and labour^ 

* D. good works. J D. these divine words. ^ D. omits 
these words. ' D. adds a hinges son. » Q,from that 
window either by night or day, and was hearkening. 



120 THB HISTORY OF THECLA. 

the prayer of Paul, and was wondering at^ the faith.'' 
Moreover too she was seeing many women, who were 
going in imto Paul that they might hear his words, for 
he was teaching ^ the oommandments of God ; and she 
was longing to hear the words of Paul, for his figure 
had not been seen by her, but it was his words only 
which she was hearing ; and she did not stir at all from 
that window. 

Then her mother sent for Thamyris her betrothed; 
and when Thamyris her betrothed' heard that his mother- 
in-law had called him, he ran and came to her, as if, lo, 
she was already granting* to him to take her to wife/ 
And Thamyris answered and said (oAo) to his mother- 
in-law : " Where is Theola* my betrothed, that I may see 
her?'^ Theocleia answered and said to him: "I have 
something new to tell thee, Thamyris ! Thecla thy be- 
trothed, lo, for three days and three nights has not got 
up from that window, neither to eat nor to drink ; but 
her eyes are intently fixed and she is looking at a strange 
man, who speaks vain and foolish words as if for a 
pastime ; and accordingly I am surprised how** discreet 
young women are quickly (and) evilly led away* after 
him, I say unto thee, Thamyris, that he has perverted 



* D. was profiting by. ^ C. hi* faith. * D. omits 

his tDordSffor he was teaching. * C. the betrothed ofTheela. 

^ Q. asifyloy she was being given. ' D. Then^ when her 

mother learned (this)^ she sent for Thamyris^ and his mother-in-law 
called him; and he ran and came^for he imagined that she was surelg 
granting tQ him that he might take her to w\fe, > C. omits 

Thecla. ^ D. that. < D. thus led astray. 



THE HISXOBT OF THEGLA. 121 

the whole city of the loohians, and Thecla thy betrothed 
too, and many (other) women ; and the young men* go 
in to him, and he teaches them to worship^ one God and 
to live purely. And moreover Thecla is bound ^ like a 
spider on its web/ and is seized with a new desire 
(oifi) and with an evil corruption, and ^ her eyes are in- 
tently fixed on whatsoever comes out of that chamber/ 
and she does not quit that window either to eat or to 
drink, and the virgin is quite absorbed (in thought).*^ 
But do thou, Thamyris, go near to her and speak with 
her, for she is betrothed to thee/' 

And Thamyris her betrothed drew nigh unto her, 
firstly, because he loved her, and secondly, because he 
had respect for her modesty ; and he answered and said 
to her : " Thecla, thou ** art my betrothed ; why is it that 
thou doest thus ? And what is the evil corruption that 
has taken hold of thee? Turn to Thamyris thy be- 
trothed, and be ashamed before him.^' And her mother 
answered and saith to her : " Why is it that thou thus 
lookest down,* and givest no answer/ but art become*' 
like a mad woman?''' And when the people of their 
houshold saw her," they wept ; (iln) and Thamyris was 
weeping because" his betrothed had parted from him;"* 

• CD. and many women and young men. ^ C. D. to fear. 

« D. adds to him. ^ G. on the window. • C. D.Jbr, 

' D. on the words that are heard from the chamber. s C. 

corrupted. Here C. adds : and the parents of Thecla answered and 
said to Thamyris. ^ C. and said to Thecla ; " Thou." « D. 

adds on the ground. ^ D. odds to us. ^ D. hut aetest. 

1 D. adds and she gave them no answer. ™ D. omits her. " D. 
adds lie saw that. ^ D. because he was parted from his betrothed. 



122 THE BISTORT OF THECLA. 

and the mother beoause she was parted from her daugh- 
ter ; and the women-servants because they were parted 
from their mistress/ And great was the grief and the 
mourning in their house. And Thecla paid no attention 
to all these things^ but her mind was bent to hear the 
words of Paul. 

Then Thamyris her betrothed became angry,*" and 
sprang up (and) went out into the street, and was looking 
at those who were going in and out to FauL And sud- 
denly he saw two men who were quarrelling bitterly with 
one another. And Thamyris drew nigh unto them and 
said to them : " What are ye ? Tell me. And who is this 
man, who (is) within, who is with you, who leads astray 
the souls of young women*" and of virgins, and com- 
mands that there should be no marriage-feasts, but that 
they should live thus (as they are) 5" I am willing to 
give you much money, if ye will tell me about him, 
who he is; for I am the chief (man) of this city." 
(jAo) And Demas and Hermogenes, when they saw 
him,^ came to him, and answered and say to him : ^^ This 
man of whom thou hast spoken, we do not know him, 
who he is/ but he separates the young men from the 
virgins, and the virgins from the young men, and says 
to them, * Yo cannot rise from tho grave, unless yo keep 
yourselves purely.'" Thamyris answered and said to 
them : " Come, my friends, with me to my house, and 

* This clause is wanting in D. Here there is a lacuna in A. ^ D. 
Then Thamyris was filled with great anger. ' D. of young men- 

^ D. that men should live purely, ^ D, omits him. ' D. 

who he is, we know not. 



THE HISTORY OF THEGLA. 123 

rest yourselves with me." ■ And they went with him to 
a great repast, and much meat, and immense luxury, and 
splendid tables.^ And Thamyris entertained them, be- 
cause he loved Thecla his betrothed,"" that he might get 
her as a wife on the day which his mother-in-law had 
fixed for him/ Thamyris answered and said to them as 
they were reclining (at table) :* " Tell me, my friends, 
what are the doctrines which he ' teaches, that I too may 
know ; for they*^ are not few, who complain against him, 
and I too am** grieved for my betrothed, who loves a 
strange man, and I am parted from her." * («V^) 

And Demas and Hermogenes answered and said to him 
with one consent^: "Thamyris,^ bring him' before Cas- 
telus the h6gem6n," and say/ * This (fellow)** teaches the 
new doctrine, and is a Christian '; and lo,^ straightway 
he will destroy him, and thou shalt take Thecla thy be- 
trothed (to wife), and wo will teach thoo tho rosurroction 
of tho dead, which he teaches.^' 

And when Thamyris heard these words, ho was filled 
with envy and jealousy, and rose early in the morning, 
and went to the house of Onesiphorus with the chief men 
of the city"* and many people with staves. And he an- 



* D. omits this last clause. ^ D. wUh him to his house; and 
he made for them a great repast ; and they saw in his house great 
wealth. * D. adds and wished, * D. omits the words 
on the dag, etc, * Here the text of A. recommences. ' C. 
Paul. ^ D, the people, ^ D.ndd&much, ' D. 
and for his sake parts from me. ^ Literally, yrom one mouth, 

* D. omits Thamyris, * C. Paul. " D. omits the 
hSgemon. " CD. add of him, ® C. 2%w man, p D. 
and when the hSgemon has learned (this). ^ C. with the priests. 



124 THB HI8I0RT OF THEOLA. 

swered and said: ^^Paul, thou'' hast destroyed the^ city 
of the Iconians (>a) and/" my betrothed, so that she will 
not be mine. Come to Castelus the h^gemdn." And the 
whole city said :^ ^^ Brag him along, he is a magician ; 
for he has corrupted all our wives/' And the whole 
people let themselves be persuaded. And when Paul 
had gone, they holding him, and stood before the h^ge- 
mdn,* Thamyris answered and said with a loud voice to 
the hfigemdn : " This man— we do not know who he is ; 
but he does not suffer virgins to become (the wives) of 
men/ Let him tell thee, why he teaches this doctrine/' 
And Demas and Hermogenes the smiths,' who were full 
of sedition,'' drew near to Thamyris and said to him : 
^^ Say that' he is a Christian, and lo, (r^sAo) at that 
moment he will destroy him/' And when^ the hegemdn 
had heard the words of Thamyris'' and of the whole 
people, who were holding Faiil, they saw that the hege- 
mdn called Paul and said to him : ' ^^ Tell me, Paul, who 
art thou? And what teachest thou? For they" are not 
few who accuse thee/' Then Paul lifted up his voice and 



• C. D. Theif answered and said to Fauli " Thou.*' * D. 

adds whole. ^ D. looniam. Thamyris says to him: ** And my 

betrothed,** etc. ^ D. omits these words. * D. '* Draff 

along this magician; he has corrupted all our wives.** And the whole 
people took Paul and brought him before the hSgemSn, Thamyris, etc. 

' D. adds : and he has not done here what is pleasing. ^ D. 

omits the smiths. ^ D. being fidl of envy and sedition. ' D. 

Inform the hSgemSn that. ^ D. and qfter. ^ D. omits 

the words of Thamyris. > D. had Jieard that Paul was a Chris- 

tian, whilst the whole people, who were holding Paul, were standing 
(there) f the hSgemSn said to Paul ^ D. the persons. 



THE HISTORY OF THEOLA. 125 

said: "I will relate to-day what I teach; listen, 
hSgemdn.* I teach a living God ; a God who does not 
requite retributions'* unto men; a God who does not 
require anything, but to whom the life of men is useful. 
And"" he has sent me that I might rescue them from 
destruction, and from uncleanness,'' and from all deadly 
lusts, that they might sin no more. On this account God 
has sent me, whom I preach, (,n^n) and I proclaim'' 
that in Him shall be the hope of all men ; who has taken 
providential care and delivered the nations' from error, 
that they might sin no more, and might not walk in 
sedition, but that fear might bQ in them through 
belief in God, ^ and (that) they might know fear and love in 
truth.'* And if I teach whatever Crod hath revealed unto 
me, what wrong do I do, hSgemon?^ And when the 
h6gem6n heard these words, he commanded that Paul 
should go to prison, being bound, until ho could havo an 
opportunity of hearing him weU. 

And Theda in that night ' took off her bracelets and 
gave (them) to the doorkeeper of their house, and he 
opened the door for her ; and she went out, and went to 
the jailor, who was guarding Paul, and gave him her 
mirror^ of goW that he might bring her in to Paul. And 
he brought her in,' and she came and sat by the feet of 

* D. J will make known to you to-day what 1 teach, omitting listen, 
O hSyemSn. ^ D. evil retributions, ^ C. D. omit And. 

* C error, • D. and in whom I trust, * D. the world, 
s D. but that the fear of Qod and belief in Him might be in them. 
^ D. omits in truth. ' D. adds when she heard what had 

happened, J C; a mirror. ^ D. a ring of geld from 

her finger, ' D. omits this clause. 



126 THB HISIOBY OF THEOLA. 

Paul/ (•^oo) and was listening to the great things of 
God. And Paul was not distressed, but was teaching 
the commandments of God openly to every one who was 
with him (in the prison).** And Thecla with great joy 
was kissing the bonds and chains which were laid on the 
hands and feet of Paul."" 

And when her family and her betrothed sought for 
Thecla^ as if she had been lost, they arose/ going about 
and searching for her in the streets. And the companion 
of the doorkeeper came, and informed against him/ and 
said : ^^ I saw Thecla by night give her bracelets to the 
doorkeeper, and he opened the door for her, and she 
went out." And when they had scourged the door- 
keeper, he confessed and said to them : ^^ She wont out, 
and said to me, ^ Lo, I am going to the stranger, where 
he is ' imprisoned.' '^ And they went, as the doorkeeper 
told them, and found her' sitting at Paul's feet,^ she 
and many persons, and they were listening to the great 
things of the Most High.' (•vao) And Thamyris went 
forth thence with many persons, and they went in a 
great rage, and informed the h^gemdn of what had hap- 
pened. Then the hfegemdn said : " Fetch Paul.'' And 
the young men ran and unbound Paul, and were dragging 
him ^ from the prison until (they came) before the hSge- 
mdn. And Thecla was prostrating herself and weeping 

* D. merely by his feet, ^ D. to every one who uhu 

coming unto him. * D. the bonds qfFaul, and chains were 

laid etc. Here a leaf is wanting in D. ^ 0. drew nigh. ^ 0. 

against her. ' C. who is. s C. Thecla. ^ C. his feet. 

» 0. of God. 0. Faul. 



0^ HISTORT OF THEOLA. 127 

on the spot where Paul had been sitting bound and 
teaching the commandments of God. And again of a 
sudden the hSgemdn commanded and said: '^ Bring 
Thecla, the betrothed of Thamyris.'' And Thamyiis ran 
with many men, and they laid hold of Thecla, and were 
dragging her up to the h^gemon. And when the hege* 
mon saw her, he was very sony for her ; but Thecla was 
standing before him • with great joy, and was not sorry. 
Then of a sudden the whole people cried out and say : 
^^ Destroy this magician"; but he (the h^gemdn) did not 
say anything concerning Paul. Then the hegemdn sat 
in couDcU, and he arose, he and his companions, and they 
called Thecla, and say to her : " Why art thou not to 
thy betrothed (ciums) according to the law of the 
Iconians ?'' And Thecla was standing and looking on 
Paul, and she answered not a word to the hSgemdn. 
Then her mother cried out and saith : " Bum the fool in 
the midst of the theatre, that all the women who see her, 
those whose doctrine this is, may be afraid." 

And when the hfigemdn heard (this), he was very sorry 
for her. Then he commanded, and they scourged Paul, 
and cast him out of the city ; and he condemned Thecla 
to be burned with fire in the midst of the theatre. And 
the hegemon arose and went to the theatre, he and the 
whole people, that they might see Thecla being burned 
with fire. And as a sheep on the mountain seeks its 
shepherd,^ so Thecla too was seeking that she might see "^ 



* 0. omits hefore Mm. ^ C. the shepherd. ^ C. omits 

that she might see. 



128 THE HISTORY OP THEOLA^ 

where Paul was. And whilst she was looking among all 
that crowd, she saw « the Lord Jesus the Messiah, who 
was sitting beside her in the likeness of Paul. And 
Thecla answered and saith: ^^Thus indeed hath Paul 
come and seated himself opposite me, as if I were not 
able to bear whatever may come** upon me/' And 
she was looking upon him, and her eyes were gazing 
intently at him; and the Lord*' rose up tlionco and 
ascended unto Heaven, (o^od) And the youths and 
maidens brought faggots and placed (them) in the 
theatre, that they might bum Thecla ; and they brought 
her into the theatre naked. And when the hSgemdn 
saw her, he wept, and was astonished at the strength 
that was in her. And they piled up the faggots, and 
the youths laid hold of her ^ that she might ascend the 
pile. And as soon as Thecla ascended (it)^, she stretched 
out her hands in the form of the Cross, and ascended the 
pile. And when the flames of fire rose, not even an 
atom of her hair was singed, because the Spirit of God 
had compassion upon her ;' and the sound of its roaring 
went up from the earthy and a raincloud overshadowed 
(them),' and hailstones and water were poured out abun-r 
dantly, and many of those people, who were sitting and 
looking on, perished ; and the fire was extinguished^ and 
Thecla preserved alive. 



« C. Thecla iaw. •» Reading r^d^rc*.! with C. « C. adds 

Jesus. ^ 0. qf Thecla. « C. ascended the pile. ' I read, 

with A, AuSttJ^l , not, with C, ^L^ni.^ . Compare, in particu- 
lar, the Samaritan SSSVS • s C. seems to have the con^t 

reading, iuS4gi<. 



THE niSTORT OP THECLA. 129 

And Paul was fasting, he and Onesiphorus/ with his 
wife and children," in a sepulchre which was open by 
the roadside of the loonians. And when they had been 
many days fasting, the youths say to Paul, "We are 
hungry ;" and they had not wherewith to buy for them- 
selves bread, for Onesiphorus had left his house and his 
property, (vmo) and ho and his houshold had gone forth 
with Paul. Then Paul stripped off his tunic, and gavo 
(it) to a boy, and said to him : " Go, sell (it), my son, 
and buy bread ** in abundance, and come (back)." And 
the boy went to buy bread ; and he saw Thecla their 
neighbour, and was astonished, and said to her : ^^ Thecla, 
whither art thou going ?" She saith to him : " After Paul 
I am going, for I have escaped from the fire." And 
the boy said to her : " Come with me, and I will lead 
thee to him ; for he is supplicating "" and weeping and 
fasting, lo, thoso six days, and begging of God concern- 
ing thee." And Thecla came with him to the sepulchre, 
and entered and stood over Paul, and found him kneeling 
on his knees and praying and saying : " Our Father, who 
art in Heaven, I beg of Thee, let not the fire touch Thecla, 
but extinguish it from her, because she is Thine." And 
Thecla, whilst she was standing beside him, opened her 
mouth and saith : " Father, who hast made Heaven and 
earth. Thou Father of the Holy (One), I praise Thee, who 
hast made me, and hast preserved me alive that I might 
see Paul." And Paul arose and saw her. And Paul 



* C. adds and his houshold, ** C. Oo, my son, buy. bread, 

* C groaning. 



130 THE HlffTOBY OF THECLA. 

answered and said : ^^ God, (jamo) the Bearcher of hearts, 
the Father of our Lord*" Jesus the Messiah, I praise Thee 
beoause what I asked of Thee Thou hast resoued from 
the fire, and hast granted me to see Thecla,** me and 
these persons who are with me ; and in Thy hands ^ it 
is an easy thing to deliver from all distress one who 
praises Thy name for ever.'' 

And Paul was glad and rejoicing with those persons 
who were with him. And the boy had brought them five 
loaves of bread, and herbs and water and salt f and they 
were rejoicing in the pure works of the Messiah. And ^ 
Thecla saith to Paul : ^^ I will cut off my hair, and go 
after thee, whither thou goest." He ' answered and said 
to her : ^^ It is a hard struggle, and thou art beautifaL 
(Take care) lest yet another trial come upon thee, 
which is worse than the first, and thou bear it not/' 
And Thecla said to Paul: ^^Give me only the sign of 
God,' and temptation shall not come nigh unto me." 
Paul saith unto Thecla : ^^ Be patient, and thou shalt 
receive thy water (of baptism)." 

And Paul sent away Onesiphorus with his family, and 
he went to his home. And Paul took hold (\^") of 
Thecla's hand, and those persons who were with him, 
and they entered into Antioch. And as they were enter- 
ing and going along, one of the chief men of Antioch, — 
Alexander was his name, and he had great influence ^ 

* C. omits our Lord. ^ A, merely to see her (or it). ^ C. 

adds alone. ^ C. and salt and water. ^ C. Then. ^ C. 

FauL ^ G. of the Messiah. ^ Literally, and numy works 

were done hy him. 



THB HI8I0RT OF THECLA; 131 

in Antioch, — saw Theola and was enamoured of her, and 
was trjring to seduce Paul, and was counselling him that 
he should give him much silver and gold and he should 
give him Theola. And Paul answered and said to him : 
'^ I do not know this woman of whom thou speakest, if 
she be a woman as thou sayest, nor is she mine." And 
because Alexander was powerful, he came and embraced 
Thecla in the middle of the street; and she did not 
endure (it), but was seeking for Paul, and cried out 
bitterly and said to him : ^^ Do not force the stranger I 
Do not force the handmaid of God I * I am a noble's 
daughter of the city ^ of Iconium ; and because I did not 
wish to belong*' to Thamyris my betrothed, they drove 
me out thence." ^ And she laid hold of Alexander, and 
tore (^) his garments^ and pulled off from him the 
golden crown of figures,* which was placed on his head, 
and dashed it to the ground, and loft Alexander standing 
naked. And because he loved her, and also because he 
was ashamed of what she had done to him, he went at 
once and made (it) known before the h^gemdn.' And 
when the hSgem6n heard that Thecla had done these 
things, and she confessed what she had done to him, he 
sentenced her and ordered that they should cast her * 
to the beasts; for Alexander was exhibiting spectacles 
to the city.*" And when all the inhabitants of the city 

* Here the text of D. recommences. ^ D. omit4s of the dty. 
® D. I did not belong. ^ CJrom the city ; J), from my city. 

* C. D. qfthejlyure qfOesar. ' D. and made known to the 
hegemon what Tliecla had done. ' C. D. he sentenced her that 
they should cast her. ^ D. omits this clause. 

K 2 



132 THE HISTORY OF THBCLA. 

heard this, thoy wore nstonishod, and cried out in com- 
plaint before the tribunal and said : ^^ Evil is the doom of 
Thecla/^ And Thecla came and stood before the hfige- 
mdn, and made him swear that she should be kept iu 
purity until they threw her to the beasts. And ^thd 
h^gemdn, when he heard this thing, said to Thecla: 
(rdxn) " Go whither thou pleasest, and be in safe keep- 
ing.^^ * And there was there** a rich queen, whose name 
was TryphaBua, whose daughter was dead ; and she came 
and took Thecla, and was keeping her, and it was a 
consolation to her that she saw Thecla.® 

And when the beasts were brought into the theatre, 
(men) came for Thecla, to take her away from the house 
of TrypheBua ; and they led ** her to the . theatre. And 
they brought (her, and) stripped* her, and put a cloth 
round her loins, and made her stand naked, and brought 
in against her a huge lioness. And queen Tryphsena 
was standing beside the door of the theatre, and was 
weeping for her.r And the lioness came (and) drew 
near to. her, and was*^ licking her, whilst Thecla was 
standing (there). And the whole people (.aio) were'* 
astonished at her and at the power ^ which God had 
given her. And they wrote on tablets and showed 
(them) unto all the people who were sitting (there) ; 
^^ Thecla they have called a violator of the temples, 

* D. Oo, he in keeping where thou pleasest, ^ D. omits there, 

° D. omits this clause. * D. and lead, ® C. brought 

Theola and stripped. ' D. omits this clauso. < 1). camOf 

and when it had drawn near to her, it was etc. '^ D. adds much. 

^ D. astonished at the power. 



TUB HISTOBY OF THECLA. 133 

because she cast dowu the crowu of CaBsar* from the 
head of Alexaudor, who wished to do uucleauuess with 
her." And all the people were: crying out there ** with 
their children, and saying: "Thy help, God, (we 
implore) against the wickedness which has been (done) 
in this city/* And again they let loose upon her other'' 
beasts, and again they did not come near her. Then she 
went forth from the theatre, she and these beasts ; and 
straightway came queen TrypheBua and took Thecla; 
because her daughter, who' was dead, had appeared in a 
vision of the night and showed herself to her mother, 
saying: "My mother,'' take in my stead this Thecla, 
the stranger and the persecuted,* that she may pray 
(.\in) for me, that I may pass into the place of the 
righteous." 

And when Tryipheena had taken her, — firstly, because 
sho was grieved ' that to-morrow * thoy woro again going 
to throw her*" to the beasts ;' and next^ .because her soul 
was moved with compassion^ for her daughter who was 
dead, — the queen saith : " A second time, Thecla, there 
is mourning in my house. Pray, and beg of God, that 
he may have mercy on thee and may deliver thee from 
these beasts; and pray and beg of God also^ for my 

* D. oinit4S ofCtBsar, ^ D. were afflicted^ and omits there, 

® D. omits other, ^ D. omits my mother, • D. this 

itranger and persecuted, ' D. had taken her, she was grieved 

for Iter. « 0. omits to-morrow, ^ C. lead her in, 

^ D. the same beasts, i I read r<^2a:k.i (see above, p. 128, 

note f ), not rdStt*i:^ witli D., nor f<l2oi^with C. ^ C. D. 

omit that he may have mercy .... aho. 



134 THE mSTOBY OF THEOLA. 

daughter, that she may live; for thus I saw in my 
dream/' And at that moment Thecla arose, and lifted 
up her voice,* and said : " God, who art in Heaven, the 
Father of the Most High,** grant to queen Tryphssna, 
according to her wish, that her daughter may live for 
ever." And when the queen heard these things, she 
sat in mourning, and. was weeping and saying: ^^This 
beauty of thine, Thecla, to-morrow again the beasts will 
devour it." 

And when it was dawn, Alexander ran "" (and) came 
(.^ia) to lead Thecla away, because he was giving the 
(exhibition of) beasts ^ to the city at the theatre.* And he 
answered and said : ^^ Lo, the h6gem6n is sitting, and the 
whole people are hurrying us ; give us Thecla who is 
(sentenced to be) devoured by the beasts, (and) we will 
carry her o£"' And Tryphsdua cried out' at him 
bitterly ; and at the sound of the cry which she uttered 
at him, he fled. And the queen answered and saith: 
" Thy help, God, (I implore) ; for lo, twice is there 
mourning in my house, and I have no one to help me ; 
for my daughter lives not, who is dead,^ and there is 
none of my kinsmen to stand at my side, and I am a 
widow. Go, Thecla I Thy God will help thee.'* 

And again the hSgem6n sent young men for her to 
fetch her down.' And queen Tryphs^na did not let go 

* D. omits this clause. ^ D. qf Jesus the Messiah. « D. 

omits ran, * D. toas exhibiting the beasts. * D. to the 

peopUy and omits at the theatre. ' D, omits this last clause. 

s D. And Theola was sitting (there). When queen Tryphcena had 
looked upon him, she cried out. ^ D. omits those words. ' D. 
to briny her. 



THB HI8X0BY OF IHECLA. 136 

her hold of Theclai but was taking (coia) her by the 
hand^ and going (with her), and sapng to her: ^^My 
own daughter I accompanied and conveyed to the tomb ; 
and thee, Thecla, lo, I am accompanjdng and leading, 
that the beasts may devour thee/' And Thecla wept 
bitterly and groaned before Gk>d/ and said : ^^ My Lord 
and my God, I believe in Thee, for I took refuge with 
Thee and Thou didst deliver me from the fire ; and now ^ 
grant Thou a recompense to Tryphsana, because her soul 
has had compassion ^ upon Thy handmaiden and she has 
kept mo in purity.^' And at that moment there was a 
great confusion, and the sounds of the cracking of many 
whips, which they were cracking at the beasts, and the 
sound of the outcry of men and women, who were 
saying, ^^ Bring out the violator of the temple of the 
gods." And some of them were saying : " This city will 
be destroyed for the wickedness which it has done ; the 

• 

hSgem6n has ruined us all; for bitter (cuo) is the 
sight which'' we behold here, and evil is the doom of 
Thecla."* 

And the young men came and took' Thecla away 
from the hands of queen Tryphe&na, and led her into the 
thoatro to throw her to tho boasts. And they brought 
(her)^ and made her stand in the midst of the theatre, 
and stripped (her), and took away her clothes,* and put a 
cloth round her loins ; and she was standing naked, and 



* D. btfore the Lord, ^ C. D. omit and now. ® See above, 
p. 133, note j. * G. is thqJt which, • C. D. omits of Thecla, 

' D. to take. s C. adds/ram her. 



136 THE HISIOBt OF TEfECLA. 

said : • " My Lord and my God,, the Father of our Lord ** 
Jesus the Messiah, Thou art the Helper of the persecuted^ 
and Thou art the Companion of the poor ; behold Thy 
handmaiden, for lo, the shame of women is uncovered in 
me^ and I stand in the midst of" all this people. My 
Lord and tny God, remember Thy handmaiden in this 
hour." Then they brought in against her a leopard, 
which was very savage; and again they brought in 
against her a lioness. And Thecla was standing with 
her arms spread out in the form of the Cross. And the 
lioness ran (via) towards her, and when it reached her, 
it came (and) lay down at her feet. And the leopard 
came to her,*^ to attack her, and fell down before her and 
burst. And again they brought in against her a bear,"" 
which was very strong / and it ran at Thecla. And the 
lioness, which was crouching at her feet, arose, and 
sprang upon ^ the bear and rent it. And again (they let 
loose) a lion which was trained to run at men, which 
belonged to Alexander ; and it ran at Thecla. And the 
lioness, which was crouching beside her, arose^ and met 
the lion; and the two sprang upon** one another^ and 
after a little (while) the two killed each other. And 
the women specially (jjas) sat in sorrow^ who were 

* C. D. and Maying. ^ C. D. omit our Lard. ^ C. adds 

the theatre before. ^ D. to the holy one. ^ Q. a large hear. 

' D, against her a savage she-hear. ' I read AioaJ^co in pre- 

ference to AiQd^ilSQ (C) or ^Qa.M:k. (D). Compare in particular the 

Arabic ^^^.^ , to break or crtish, ij^j^\ or ^Uill , the lion, and j«a , to 
ffounoe upon, as a cat upon a mouse. ^ Here both C. and D. have 



filiB UISTOBT OF THEGLA. 137 

« 

sitting there and looking on, and saying:^ ^^The lioness 
too, wliich was helping Thecla, is dead." 

And again, lo, they let in npon her** many beasts. 
And when Theola, standing (there),*" saw that they were 
letting in npon her many beasts, she spread ont her 
hands *' and stood "" praying. And whon she had finished 
her prayer, she turned backwards, and saw a reservoir 
which was full of water.' And Thecla answered and 
saith : ^^Lo then, it is time to wash myself.'' And she 
lifted up her hands and saith : " In the name of Jesus 
the Messiah, lo, to-day, the last day, I am baptised." 
And when the women, who were sitting (there), saw 
(this), and the whole people, they wept and say to her : 
"Do not cast thyself into that water, for evil are the 

• 

beasts that are in it." And the hSgem6n too, when he 
saw her, wept, that the beasts, who were in that water, 
should devour this beauty. {\da) And Thecla leaped, 
and fell into the water. And the beasts, which were 
there, when they saw the flash of light,* died, and floated 
upon the surface of the water. And there was around 
her, and overshadowing her, a cloud of lightning, so 
that Thecla could not be seen (to descry) whether she 
was naked* 

And when the women, who were sitting in the theatre, 
saw that other beasts were being let in at Thecla, which 

* D. and the wotnen, who were seated (there) and looking on, were 
eoffing. ^ D. upon Thecla. ^ D. omits these words. ^ b. 

adds in the form of the Cross, * Here a leaf is wanting in D. 

' C. omits of water, 8 c. offire^ and adds in the midst of the 

water. 



138 THB HISTOBY OF THEGLA. 

were worse than the former, they broke out into wailing 
and say : " Thy help (we implore), God 1 What do 
we see in this oity ?" And theii these women came and 
cast perftimes upon Thecla; there were some who cast 
spikenard, and some sweet-marjoram {amaractis)^ and 
some (arphuscy^ and they were throwing perfumes into 
the midst of the theatre upon Thecla. And the beasts, 
which they had let loose at her, came up to her, and sat 
down around her, behind her and in front of her, and lay 
down and slept; and not one of them harmed Thecla. 
And again (coa) Alexander ran (and) came and said to the 
h6gem6n : "I have two bulls, which are very strong and 
savage ; let us bring them and bind between them this 
(woman who is) doomed to be devoured by beasts, so 
that perchance they may become furious and destroy 
her.'' And the h6gem6n said to Alexander: ^^Go and 
do whatever seems good unto thee.'' And he sent and 
had the bulls fetched; and they brought Thecla from 
among the beasts, and took hold of her, and threw Thecla 
upon her face,** and took hold of her feet and bound her 
between the two bulls. And they brought spits and put 
them in the fire, and made the spits hot with fire, and 
laid them upon the thighs of the bulls, that they might 
become furious and in their anger "^ destroy the captive. 
And the bulls, because of the pain they suffered, sprang 
up suddenly ; but a flash of fire ran and consumed "^ the 

* I cannot translate this word, which is so written in C. The MS. 

A has K^ • • V^ , with the letters CX& erased. . ^ C. omits 

this clause. ^ C. and with their feet, ^ C. sprang up eud- 

denljf and ran ; but aflame offlre consumed. 



THE mSXORY OF THECLA. 139 

ropes which were fastened to the feet of Thecla, and 
Thccla sprang up and stood beside the bulls, as if she had 
no pain and as if she (rdJ^an) had not been bound. And 
when the h^emdn and the whole city saw the great 
marvels which God had wrought with Thecla, they praised 
God for what they had seen." And queen TryphoDua, who 
was standing by the door of the theatre, fainted away ** 
and fell down on the ground^ because she thought that 
Thecla was dead. And when her slaves saw that she 
had fainted and fallen down, they broke out into wailing, 
and rent their garments and say : ^^ The queen is dead." 
And when the h^gemdn heard them say ^^ The queen is 
dead," (he stopped the games,)^ and the whole city 
trembled. And Alexander was afraid, and he ran (and) 
came and said to the h%em6n : ^^ Have pity on me, sir, 
and also on this city, and release this (woman, who was) 
doomed to be devoured by beasts, that she may go away 
from us, so that the city'' too may not perish, lest 
perchance, when Cassar hears of these things which we 
have done, he may destroy the city;* for queen Try- 
phsana is of the family of CeBsar, and lo, she was 
standing beside the door of the theatre, and she is dead." 
Then the hegemdn said : " Bring Thecla before me." 
And the young men ran (,nmn) and brought Thecla 

* C. omits this sentence. ^ ^i:^. from the rad. r^i^ • 

. 

Compare the Arabic \s^ > }^ > ®**^*> ^^^ ^® vf^A r^uTk. , "epilep. 

sio) species" (Castle). ^ I haye supplied these words from the 

Greek, kou hdnj^ 6 Tycfuoi'. The passage is wanting in C. <> C. 

owr c%. • C. (wr c%. 



140 t THB HISTORY OF TUEGLA. 

from the midst of the beasts, and made her stand before 
the h6gem6n on the tribunal. And the h^gemon an- 
swered and said to Thecla: "Who art thou? And who 
was there beside thee, that not one of these beasts came 
nigh unto thee?" And Thecla said: "I am the hand- 
maiden of the living God, and He who ^ was beside me 
is the Son of the living ^ God, in whom I have believed, 
by reason of whom not one of those beasts came nigh 
unto me ; and He is the limit of life ; for He is a com- 
panion to all the persecuted, and to those who have no 
hope. He is hope and life. I tell thee then, hSgemdn, 
and these men who, lo, are standing before thee, that ho 
who does not believe in God — for, lo, ye have seen the great 
things of God, what He hath done'' to His handmaiden, — 
he who does not believe in Him shall die for ever."** 
. And when the h^gemdn heard these words from the 
mouth of Thecla, he ordered them to bring clothes for 
her ; and the hSgemdn said to her : " Thecla, take off the 
cloth that is wrapped (,\gfin) round thy loins, and take 
these garments which I have had brought for thee." 
And Thecla answered and saith to the hSgemdn : " He 
who has clothed me with power amid these beasts, He 
will clothe me * at the Day of Judgment with life." And 
Thecla took off the cloth that was wrapped round her 
loins/ and took the clothes and put them on. And the 
h^gemdn made criers proclaim to' the whole people: 

» C. and what •> C. omits the living. * C. the 

great things which Qod hath done. ^ C. omits this last clause, 

he who, etc. ® We should naturally expect toill clothe thee, hBwrei arc. 

^ 0. omits this clause. s C. And he sent out a orier {to proclaim) to. 



tHE HISTORY OF THECLA. 141 

"Thccla, who is Gbd's, and Thecla, who is righteous/ 1 
have released and given unto you."* And the women, 
who were sitting there in the theatre, shouted out with 
one voice, and offered praise (unto God), and said : 
" God is One, and the God of Thecla is One,** who has 
preserved her alive, and brought her forth from the midst 
of all these beasts." And with the voice of the women 
who shouted the whole city trembled. And straightway 
they ran (and) announced it to queen Tryphesna ; and she 
ran (and) came and met Thecla, and embraced her and 
kissed her and said to her : ^^ My daughter Thecla, now 
I believe that the dead live, and now I believe that my 
daughter lives.*' Come then with me to my house, my 
daughter"* Thecla, (.ifiia) and everything whatsoever 
I have, I will assign to thee by deed.''* And Thecla 
went with her and entered into her house, and rested 
there eight days, and taught queen Tryphfcna all the 
commandments of God. And the queen believed in God, 
and a great many of her handmaidens; and there was 
great joy there. 

And because Paul was dear unto her, Thecla sent and 
was seeking him everywhere. And when they had found 
him, they came and said to her : " Lo, he is in the city 
of Myra."^ And she arose and departed from the house 
of queen Tryphcena, and dressed herself like a man, and 

* 0. Thecla is God's and Thecla is righteous; I have released and 

given her unto gou, ^ C. lias moroly The Ood of Thecla is one. 

^ C. transposes tlicso two clauses. ' C. omits mg daughter^ 

® Tiitcrally, I will torite to thee. . ' I Imvo followed the Qrook, 

cv Mvpoi9. Ill tbc Syriac the word seems to bo Merv (jjm) ! 



142 THB HISTORY OF THEOLA. 

girded her loins like a man/ and took with her many 
persons, and also some of the queen's handmaidens. 
And she went and entered into the city of Myra^ and 
found Paul sitting and teaching the commandments of 
God. And Theda stood beside him. And when Paul 
saw her and the people who were with her, he was asto* 
nished;** for Paul thought that a new trial was come 
upon him."" And Thecla answered and saith to him : ^^ I 
have received baptism;"^ for He who commanded thee 
(oafifta) to preach, commanded me too to wash myself." 
And straightway Paul arose, and took her and all the 
people who were with her,^ and led her to the house of 
Herm86us/ And* Paul and Thecla, and the people who 
were with them, sat down; and she narrated to them'* 
everything that they had done with her ;* and Paul mar- 
velled greatly at the power which was given to Thecla ; 
and all who were standing there and hearing what God^ 
had done with her, were greatly confirmed'' and esta- 
blished. And straightway they all arose, and praised 
God, who works* great things" in every one who be- 
lieves in Him and does'* His commandments. And they 
prayed and besought of God for queen Trypheena, and 
said : ^^ Our Lord and our God, the Father of the Most 

* This clause is wanting in C. ^ Read co^ii . ^ C. 
upon her. * C. my baptism, • C. adds and went 

' Or Hermiaa. 8 Here the text of D. recommences. 

^ C. and Thecla narrated to him. < D. that they had made 

her bear. ^ D. her Ood. ^ D. and many were cor^rmed. 

* Reading with D. 9|SlL.i . » D. miracles. » D. 
ail those who believe in Bm and keep. 



THB mSTOBY OF THEGLA. 143 

High, reward queen TryphaBiia,* who has had oompassion 
upon Thy handmaiden, and kept her in purity." And 
Thecla said to them :** " I am going to the city of Ico- 
nium." (ofias) Paul saith to her : ^^ Go and teach there "" 
the commandments'* of God." And when queetf Tryphsena 
heard that Thecla was going to the city of Iconium, she 
took much clothing and gold, and sent (them) to Thecla. 
And Thecla took the clothing and some of the gold, and 
sent (them) to Paul for the service of the widows and 
for those who were in want of them. 

And Thecla went (and) entered into the house of 
Oncsiphorus, and fell upon her face on the place where 
Paul used to sit and teach the commandments of God ; 
and she was weeping and saying: "0 Lord,' our God 
and* the God of this house, in which light shone upon 
me from Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God, who aided 
me in prison, and deUvered me from the fire, and pre- 
served me from among^ the furious beasts, and helped me 
before the hSgemdn, and gave me my baptism,* (xsan) 
and gave me purity that I might live for ever,^ and 
might go into the glories which are kept for me and for 
those who keep the commandments of God ^ in righteous- 
ness — ^He is one God the Most High, who sitteth upon 

* D. besought qf Ood^ the Father of the Most llig\ and said : *^Our 
Lord and our €h>d, reward Tryphena Thy handmaiden.*^ ^ C. 
to Paul. ® D. omits there. ^ 0. adds and the word. 

• D. omits queen. ' G. D. omit Lord. « C. omits 
and. ^ D. omits among. ' D. gave me "baptism. 

i D. <md granted me thdt I should live for ever; C. and U (viz. 
baptism) was unto me for puriig thatj etc. ^ A. Sis 

commandments. 



144 THE HISTORT OF THECLA. 

the throno of tho cherubim, to whom be praises* for ever, 
Amen and Amen." ** And after these great things which 
God had done with her, she learned "" there in the city of 
Iconium that Thamyris her betrothed was dead, but her 
mother Theocleia alive ; and ^ she sent and called her and 
saith to her : " My mother Theocleia, if thou canst be- 
lieve, believe that there is one God, the Lord* in 
Heaven ; ^ and if thou lovest wealth and gold and silver 
that perish, lo, they are given unto thee from this hour ; 
(jjLfioja) but if thou wilt believe ' that there is one God in 
heaven^ and that there is no other god but He, thou 
shalt be able to live and to observe whatever I say unto 
thee ; for lo, I stand before thee, who have escaped from 
the fire, and have escaped from the furious boasts, and 
have escaped from before the hegemdn,^ for my God and 
my Lord helped me, and gave me power to endure all 
these things." And all these things did she testify unto 
her mother ; and she departed from the city of Iconium, 
and went to Seleucia,^ and there too she enlightened^ 
many persons by the word of God,*" and lay down to sleep 
in a quiet resting-place.* 

^ D. praises be unto His name. ^ C. omits Amen and Amen. 

« C.found, D. heard. ^ D. Then. « C. omits the 

Lard. ^ J), if tlum canst lelieve that there is one Qod the 

Lord in Heaven and in earthy thou shalt live for ever. k D. 

'dAdiBfirom now. ^ D. and have been delivered from thefu/rious 

beasts, and have prevailed over the higem6n. ^ D. Thessalonica. 

i D. adds and taught. ^ C. of the living Qod. ^ C. 

and after a time she lay down to sleep in a quiet resting-place, which 
pleased Qod; D. and after these glorious deeds the blessed Thecla lag 
^down to sleep in a quiet resting-place in the Messiah Jesus our Lord, to 
whom and to His Father and to the holg Spirit, be glorg and honour 



THE raSTORT OP THEOLA. 145 

Peace be with you, servants of Jesus the Messiah, who 
keep His commandments in purity, that the Father may 
recompense you with all that He hath promised unto you 
through His Son, who is our Sang. 

Here ends (the history of) Thecla, the disciple of the 
Apostle Paul.* 

and uoorship, now and at aU times and for ever. Amen. Here ends 
the history of the hofy Thecla^ the disciple qf the Apostle Paul, may 
her prayer help us in both toorlds constantly. Amen. 
* AU this is wanting in C. For the colophon of D. see last note. 



THE ACTS OF 

JUDAS THOMAS (OR THE TWIN), 

THE APOSTLE. 



The (first) act of Judaa Thomas tho Apostle, when He 
sold* him to the merchant Habban, that he might go 
down (and) convert India.** 

And when all the Apostles had been for a time in 
Jerusalem, — Simon Cephas and Andrew, and Jacob 
(James) and John, and Philip and Bartholomew, and 
Thomas and Matthew the publican, and Jacob (James) 
the son of AlphsBus, and Simon the Kananite, and Judas 
the son of Jacob (James),*" — they divided the countries 
among them, in order that each one of them might 
preach in the region which fell to him and in the place 
to which his Lord sent him. And India fell by lot and 
division to Judas Thomas {or the Twin) the Apostle. 
And he was not willing to go, saying: "I have not 
strength enough for this, because I am weak. And I am 
a Hebrew : how can I teach the Indians?'' And whilst 
Judas was reasoning thus, our Lord appeared to him in a 

* Perhaps the word *^^2^ > out Lardy may have been accidentally 

omitted. ^ See p. 1*1^11 of the Sjriac text, and 

Clark's Ante-Nicene Christian Library, vol. xvi., p. 389. 
^ Compare S. Matthew, ch. x. 2^4. 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 147 

vision of the night, and said to him : " Fear not, Thomas, 
because my grace is with thee." But he would not 
be persuaded at all, saying : " Whithersoever Thou wilt, 
our Lord, send me ; only to India I will not go.'' (-^^a) 
And as Judas was reasoning thus, a certain merchant, an 
Indian, happened (to come) into the south country from 

,• whose name was Habban ;** and he was sent 

by the king Gudnaphar,*" that he might bring to him a 
skilful carpenter. And our Lord saw him walking in the 
street, and said to him : ^^ Thou wishest to buy a carpen- 
ter? " He saith to him, "Yes/' Our Lord saith to him : 
" I have a slave, a carpenter, whom I will sell to thee/' 
And he showed hiirt Thomas at a distance, and bargained 
with him for twenty (pieces) of silver (as) his price, and 
wrote a bill of sale thus : " I, Jesus, the son of Joseph 
the carpenter, from the village of Bethlehem, which is in 
Judooa, acknowlcdgo that I have sold my slavo Judas 
Thomas to Habban, the merchant of king Gudnaphar/' 
And when they hod completed his bill of sale, Jesus took 
Judas, and went to Habban the merchant. And Habban 
saw him^ and said to him : " Is this thy master?" Judas 
saith to him : ** Yes, he is my master." Habban the mer- 
chant saith to him : " He has sold thee to me outright." 
And Judas was silent. 

And in the morning ho arose and prayed, and en- 
treated of his Lord, and said to Him : " Lo, our Lord, 
as Thou wilt, let Thy will be (done)." And he went 

*■ The MS. is unfortunately injured at this place, so tliat the name 

is no longer legible. ** Arabic ^jL* , Gr. 'A)3)3an;«. *^ So in 

the MS., Oudnpr or Oudnjr. The Gr. has TowSeu^opos. 

l2 



148 THB ACTS OF JXmAS THOMAS. 

to Habban the merchant, without carrying anything 
with him except that price of his, for our Lord had 
giyen it to him. And Judas went and found Habban 
the merchant (.1^^) carrying his goods on board the ship, 
and he began to carry (them) on board with him. And 
when they had gone on board and sat down, Habban the 
merchant saith to Judas : " What is thy art which thou 
art skilled in practising?" Judas saith to him: "Car- 
pentering and architecture — the business of the carpen- 
ter." Habban the merchant saith to him : " What dost 
thou know to make in wood, and what in hewn stone V^ 
Judas saith to him : " In wood I have learned to make 
ploughs and yokes and ox-goads, and oars for ferry-boats/ 
and masts for ships;** and in stone, tombstones and 
monuments, and temples, and palaces for kings." Hab- 
ban the merchant saith to him : " And I was seeking just 
such an artificer." And they began to sail, because the 
breeze was steady ; and they were sailing along gently, 
until they put in at the town of Sandaruk.*' 

And when they had disembarked on the land, and 
were entering and going into the city, they heard the 



* Pontones. See Du Cange, Gloss, med. et inf. Latinit., t. v., 
p. 348 : ** GoniiB Gallicauoriim naviiim, Oiesari lib. 3. cap. 20. cui 

esedem sunt onerariis Isidoro vero lib. 19. cap. i. dicitur 

Pontanium^ namgiwn fluminaUy tardum, et grofoe^ quod non nUi re-- 
migio progredi poteMt Gloss. iElfrici : Pontoniwn, punt. Alibi, flyte.'* 

^ K'l.i^a • So the MS. here/ but at p. oo&a , 1. 11, 1^.11:^0 • 

The former seems to be correct. I have rendered the words by masts^ 
but it might also mean the large beams or girders of a ship. ® So 

the MS. Sndruh The Greek has ccs *kv^vokiV' 



XHK ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 149 

sound of pipes* and organs^ and much singing. And 
Judas was asking and saying: ^'What is the rejoicing 
that is in this city ?^' They say to him : " Thee too have 
the gods brought that thou mayest be glad in this city ; 
for the king has an only daughter, and he is giving her 
to a man ; and this sound of rejoicing is that of the wed* 
ding-feast And heralds have been permitted by the 
king to proclaim, that every one should come to the 
feast, (ork^) both poor and rich, and slaves and freemen, 
and strangers and citizens. And every one who does not 
come to the feast, is in danger of the anger of the king.'' 
The merchant Habban saith to Judas : ^^ Let us too go, 
that we may not be spoken ill of, especially as we are 
strangers." And when they had stopped at an inn and 
rested a little, they went to attend the feast. And Judas 
reclined in the middle, and they were all looking upon 
him as upon a stranger, who camo from another place. 
And the merchant Habban, his master, was reclining in 
another place. 

And when they ate and drank, Judas was tasting 
nothing at all. Those who were beside him say to him : 
"Why art thou come hither, since thou art not able to 
oat or to drink ?" Judas saith to them : " For something 
that is better than eating or drinking, am I come hither ; 
and for the king's rest, and that I might accomplish 
his will ; and because the heralds were proclaiming, that 
he who hears and does not come, shall receive chastise- 

^ Gr. {rvfA<l>oiVia (dee Daniel, ch. iii. 5, 10, 15). See Du Gauge, 
art. SympTumia. ^ Gr. tS/KivXis* 



150 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

menf And when they had eaten and drunk, both oil 
and dried fruits were brought in to them, and they took 
^thereof). Some were anointing their &ces, others their 
beards, and others other places ; but Judas was praising 
God, and signing the middle of his head (with the Cross) ; 
and he moistened his nostrils with a little (of the oil), 
and put (some) in his ears, and made the sign (of the 
Gross) oyer his heart ; and a garland of myrtle was placed 
on his head, (cxsud) and he took a reed-branch in his 
hand. 

Then the flute-gh*l, who was in the midst of the party, 
was going round to them all; and when she came to 
Judas, she was standing and playing oyer him. And the 
flute player was a Hebrew (woman). 

And when she had stood oyer him a long time, Judas 
did not lift up his face, but was looking all the while on 
the ground. And one of the cupbearers came, (and) 
raised his hand and smote him on his cheek. And Judas 
looked at him and said to him: ^^My God will forgiye 
thee this in the world to come, but in this world He will 
show His wonders on the hand which smote me, and 
I shall see it dragged along by a dog." And Judas began 
to sing this song. 

^^ My Church is the daughter of light ; the splendour of 
kings is hers. Charming and winsome is her aspect, 
fair and adorned with every good work. Her garments 
are like unto flowers, the smell whereof is fragrant and 
pleasant. On her head dwelleth the Xing, and He feed- 
eth those who dwell with Him beneath. Truth is placed 
on her head, joy moyes in her feet. Her mouth is open, 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 151 

and it becometh her, wherewith she uttereth all songs of 
praise. The twelve Apostles of the Son, and the seventy- 
two (disciples) thunder forth (His praises) in her. Her 
tongue is the curtain, which the priest raiseth and entereth 
in. Her neck is the lofty flight of steps,*" which the first 
architect did build. Her hands, both of them, proclaim 
(and point out) the place of life ; and her ten fingers have 
opened the gate of Heaven. Her bridal chamber is lighted 
up, and full of the sweet odour of salvation. A censer 
is ready in its midst, (p^) love and beUef and hope,' 
gladdening all ; within, truth (dwells) in humiKty. 
Her gates are adorned with truth ; her groomsmen sur* 
round her, all whom she hath invited; and her pure 
bridesmaids (go) before her, uttering praise. The living 
are in attendance upon her, and they look to their Bride- 
groom who shall come, and they shall shine with His 
glory, and sliall be with Him in the kingdom which 
never passoth away. And they shall be in the glory to 
which all the just are gathered ; and they shall be in 
the joy"" into which some enter ; and they shall put on 
shining garments, and shall be clothed with the glory of 
their Lord. And they shall praise the living Father, 
whose majestic light they have received, and have been 
enlightened by the splendour of their Lord,* of whose 

» Literally, steps (above) steps or stair (above) stair. ^ Faith, 

hope, and charity. • Or at the festivity, cvoixto* ** I would 

vontnrc to road, for tho sako of tho parallelism, «^ci colic ^ and 

theif shall shine or be enlightened^ were it not that the corresponding 
clanso' in tho Groek is kox ifJMriaOrjGav iv rg Oiq. avrov rov Stairorov 



avrSiV* 



152 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

food they have received, which never hath any excre* 
ment/ and have drunk of the life which makes those 
who drink of it long and thirst (for more) ; and have 
glorified the Father, the Lord of all, and the only- 
(begotten) Son, who is of Him^ and have praised the 
Spirit, His Wisdom." 

And when he had sung this song, all who were beside 
him were looking at him, and were seeing that his aspect 
was changed ; but they could not at all understand what 
he was saying, because he was speaking in Hebrew, and 
they did not know (it). But the flute-player had heard 
everything, because she was a Hebrew (woman), and she 
was looking at him. And when she left him and played 
to the others, she still kept looking at him, and loved 
him as (ai&jo) a countryman of hers; and in his looks 
he was more beautiful than all those who were there. 
And when the flute-player had flnished, she sat down 
opposite to him and did not turn away her eyes from 
him ; but he did not lift up his eyes, and did not look at 
any one, but was ever looking upon the ground, (wait- 
ing) till he might arise and depart from the banquet- 
room. And the cupbearer had gone down to the fountain 
to draw water, and a lion happened to be ** there, and 
rent him and tore him limb from limb. Then the dogs 
were carrying off his limbs singly j and a black dog 

» Not " of which there ie no failing at alV* "* »lo4ix.f^, 

not '* happened," but '^ happened to be/' *' was present/' " met him 
there." Compare 2 Samuel, ch. xx. 1 (Pesh.), S. Luke, ch. xxiii. 48 

(Cureton.), Cureton*s Ana Syr. Docc., p. «\^, 1. 21 ; and see Hoff- 
mann in the Qotting. gel. Anzeigen for 1871| St. 31, pp. 1225 — 8. 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 163 

carried off his right hand, which he had raised against 
Judas, and brought it into the midst of the banquet- 
room. 

And when they all saw it, they were amazed. And 
when they were all asking which of them was lost, the 
hand was found to be that of the cupbearer who had 
smitten Judas. Then the flute-player broke her flutes, 
and came to the feet of the Apostle, (and) sat down, and 
was saying : ^^ This man is either God or the Apostle of 
God ; for I heard him (say) in Hebrew what he said to 
that cupbearer, and immediately it befel him. For he said 
to him, ^ I shall see a dog dragging about the hand that 
smote me ' ; and lo, ye have seen how the dog dragged it 
about." And some of them believed the flute-player, and 
some of them did not believe (her). And the king, when 
he heard this story, came and said to Judas : ^^ Come with 
mo, and pray for my daughter, (\\ n) because she is 
my only one, and to-day I am giving her away in 
marriage."* And he did not wish to go with him, because 
our Lord had not yet manifested Himself to him in that 
place. But the king carried him off by force to the- 
bridal chamber. 

And he began to pray and to say thus : ^* Our Lord, — 
companion of His servants^ and guide and conductor of 
those who believe in Him, and refuge and repose of the 
afflicted, and hope of the poor, and deliverer of the feeble, 
and healer of sick souls, life-giver of the universe, and 

» Literally, preparing her, fitting her out (for her husband), giving 
her lier marriage outfit. 



154 THE ACTS OF JTUDAS THOMAS. 

saviour of (all) creatures, — Thou knowest what things 
are going to happen, and through us Thou accomplishest 
them. Thou art the discloser of hidden secrets, and 
the reyealer of mysterious sayings. Thou art the planter 
of the good tree, and through Q^y hands all acts take 
place. Thou art hidden in all Thy works, and art mani- 
fested* in their acts, Jesus, perfect Son of perfect mercy; 
and Thou didst become the Messiah, and didst put on 
the first man. Thou art the power, and the wisdom^ 
and the knowledge, and the will, and the rest of Thy 
Father, in whom Thou art concealed in glory, and in 
whom Thou art reyealed in Thy creative agency ; and 
Te are one with two names. And Thou didst manifest • 
Thyself as a feeble (being), and those who saw Thee, 
thought of Thee, that Thou wast a man who had need of 
help. And Thou didst show the glory of Thy Godhead 
in Thy longsuffering towards our manhood, when Thou 
didst hurl the evil (one) from (»Sio) his power, and didst 
call with Thy voice to the dead, and they became alive ; 
and to those who were alive and hoping in Thee, Thou 
didst promise an inheritance in Thy kingdom. Thou 
wast the ambassador, and wast sent from the supernal 
heights, because Thou art able to do the living and per- 
fect will of Thy sender. Glorious art Thou, Lord, in 
Thy might ; and Thy renovating administration is in all 
Thy creatures, and in all the works which Thy God- 
head hath established ; and no other is able to annul the 

• 

will of Thy majesty, nor to stand up against Thy nature 

* LitoraUy, known. 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAB. 155 

as Thou art. And Thou didst descend to Sheol, and go 
to its uttermost end ; and didst open its gates^ and bring 
out its prisoners, and didst tread for them the path 
(leading) above by the nature of Thy Godhead. Yea, 
Lord, I ask of Thee on behalf of these young people, 
that whatever Thou knowest to be beneficial for them. 
Thou wilt do for them." And he laid his hand upon 
them, and said to them : " Our Lord be with you"; and 
he left them and went away. 

And the king requested the groomsmen to go out of 
the bridal chamber. And when all the people had gone 
out, and the door of the bridal chamber was closed, the 
bridegroom raised up the curtain, that he might bring 
the bride to himself. And he saw our Lord in the like- 
ness of Judas, who was standing and talking with the 
bride. And the bridegroom said to him: ^^Lo, thou 
didst go out first; how art thou still here?" (rd£^) 
Our Lord saith to him : ^^ I am not Judas, but I am the 
brother of Judas." And our Lord sat down on the bed, 
and let the young people sit down on the chairs, and 
began to say to them : — 

^^ Bemember, my children, what my brother spake with 
you, and know to whom he committed you ; and know 
that as soon as ye preserve yourselves from this filthy 
intercourse, ye become pure temples, and are saved from 
afflictions manifest and hidden, and from the heavy care 
of children, the end of whom is bitter sorrow. And if 
yo have children,* for their sakes ye will become oppres- 



^ Reading, according to the Greek, 



166 THB AOIS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

sors and robbers and smiters of orphans and wrongers 
of widows, and ye will be grievously tortured for their 
injuries. For the greatest part of children are the cause 
of many pains ; for either the king falls upon them, or a 
demon lays hold of them, or paralysis befals them. And 
if they be healthy, they come, to ill either by adultery, 
or theft, or fornication, or oovetousness, or vain-glory; 
and through these wickednesses ye will be tortured by 
them. But if ye will be persuaded by me, and keep 
yourselves purely unto God, (,i^n) ye shall have living 
children, to whom not one of these blemishes and hurts 
Cometh nigh ; and ye shall be witiiout care and with- 
out grief and without sorrow ; and ye shall be hoping 
(for the time) when ye shall see the true wedding- 
feast ; and ye shall be in it praisers (of God), and shall 
be numbered with those who enter into the bridal 
chamber." 

And the young people were persuaded by our Lord, 
and gave up themselves to Him, and were preserved from 
filthy lust, and passed the night in their places. And 
our Lord went forth from beside them, and said to them : 
^^ May the grace of your Lord be with you/^ And in the 
morning, when it was dawn, the king had the table fui*- 
nished early, and brought in before the bridegroom and 
bride. And he found them sitting the one opposite the 
other, and the face of the bride was uncovered and she 
was sitting, and the bridegroom was very cheerful. The 
mother of the bride saith to her : " Why are thou sitting 
thus, and art not ashamed, but (art) as if, lo, thou wert 
(married) a long time aud for many a day?'' And hor 



THB ACrrS OF JUDA8 THOMAS. 157 

father too said : " Because of thy great love for thy hus- 
band dost thou not even veil thyself ?*' 

And the bride answered and saith to her : ^^ Truly, my 
mother^ I am in great love, and I am praying to my Lord 
that I may continue in this love which I have expe- 
rienced this night, and may call for the incorruptible 
Bridegroom who has revealed Uimself to me this night. 
And that I am not veiled, (is) because the veil of corrup- 
tion is taken away from me ; and that I am not (.^^) 
ashamed, (is) because the deed of shame has been re- 
moved far from me ; and that I am not repentant, (is) 
because the repentance, which restores to life, abides in 
me. And that I am cheerful and gay^ (is) because, in 
the day of this transitory joy, I am not agitated by it ; 
and that this deed of corruption is despised by me, and 
the spoils* of this wedding-feast that passes away, (is) 
because I am invited to the true wedding-feast ; and that 
I have not had intercourse with a husband, the end 
whereof is bitter repentance, (is) because I am betrothed 
to the true Husband." And many things which were' 
like imto these was she saying. 

Then too the bridegroom answered and said: ^^I 
praise Thee, (Thou) new God, who by means of a 
stranger hast come hither. I glorify Thee, (Thou) 
God, who hast been preached by means of a Hebrew 
man ; who hast removed me from corruption, and hast 
sown in me life ; who hast delivered me from the disease 

» rdllx. in the literal sense of \h\^ and i\j1 ; or else metaphori- 

T T "^ 

cally ** the gain," " the.joys of this marriage.** 



168 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

that was abiding in me for ever ; who hast revealed to 
us Thyself, and I have perceiyed in what (state) I am ; 
who hast saved me from falling and hast led me on to a 
better state ; who hast rescued me from these transitory 
things, and hast deemed me worthy of those that are 
not transitory ; who hast let Thyself down even to my 
littleness, that Thou mightest bring me unto Thy great- 
ness ; who didst not withhold Thy mercy from me who 
was lost, but didst show me (how) to seek for myself and to 
put away from me the things that are not mine ; who, 
when I did not know Thee, (.i&a) hast sought me Thy- 
self; who, when I did not perceive Thee, hast come 
unto me; whom I have now perceived, and am not 
able to say anything which I do not know; against 
whom I cannot consent that I should say aught with 
boldness, for it is because of Thy love that I am bold." 

And when the king heard these things from the 
bridegroom and from the bride, he rent his garments, 
and said to those who were by him: ^^Go forth in 
haste through the whole city, and go about, (and) bring 
me that sorcerer, whom I introduced with my own 
hands into my house, and bade him pray over my 
unlucky daughter. To the man who shall find him 
and bring him to me, I will give whatever he shall 
ask." And they went (and) were going about looking 
for him, and did not find him, because he had set out. 
And they went to the inn where he had stayed, and 
found the flute-girl sitting and weeping, because he had 
hot taken her with him. And when they told her what 
had happened, she was glad and saith : '^ I have found rest 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS; 159 

here," And she arose (and) went to the young people^ 
and was dwelling with them a long time. And they 
taught the king too^ and collected a number of brethren^ 
until news was heard of the Apostle (being) in the realm 
of India ; and they went to him and were united unto 
him. 

.Here ends the first act. (aa&o) 



The second act, when Thomas the Apostle entered into 
India^ and built a palace for the king in Heaven. 

Akd when Judas had entered into the realm of India 
/ with the merchant Habban, Habban went to salute Gud- 
naphar, the king of India, and he told him of the arti- 
ficer whom he had brought for him. And the king was 
very glad, and ordered Judas to come into his presence. 
And the king said to him : ^^ What art dost thou know 
to practise?" Judas saith to him :" I am a carpenter, 
the servant of a carpenter and architect." He saith to 
him : ^^ What dost thou know to make ? " Judas saith 
to him : ^^ In wood I know (how) to make yokes and 
ploughs and oxgoads, and oars for barges and ferryboats, 
and masts for ships ; and in hewn stone, tombstones and 
monuments and palaces for kings." The king saith to 
Judas : " And I want such an artificer." ^'^The king saith 
to him : *^ Wilt thou build me a palace ?" Judas saith to 
him : " I will build it and finish it, for I am come to 
work at building and carpentering.*' 

And he took him and went outside the gate of the 
city, and was talking with him about the constructing 



160 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

of tho palace^ and about its foundations^ how they should 
be laid. And when ho had reached tho place where tho 
king wished him to build a palace for hiniy he said (oslo) 
to Judas : ^^ Here I wish you to build for me a palace.'' 
Judas saith to him : ^^ (Yes^) for this is a place which is 
suitable for it." Now it was of this sort; it was a 
meadow, and there was plenty of water near it. The 
king saith to him : ^^ Begin to build here.'' Judas saith 
to him : " Now I cannot build, at this time." The king 
saith to him: ^^ And at what time wilt thou be able to 
build ?" Judas saith : " I will begin in Teshri (Oct.- 
Nov.), and I will finish in Nisan (April)." The king 
saith to him : ^^ All buildings are built in summer ; and 
thou buildest in winter I " Judas saith to him : ^^ Thus 
(only) is it possible for the palace to be built." The 
king saith to him : ^' Well then, trace it out for me 
that I may see it, because after a long time I shall 
come hither." '' And Judas came and took a cane, and 
began to measure ; and he left doors towards the east for 
light i and windows towards the west for air ; and (he 
made) the bake-house to the south, and the water-pipes 
for the service (of the house) to the north. The king 
saith to him : ^^ Yerily thou art a good artificer, and art 
worthy to serve a king ;" and he left with him a large 
8um of money, and departed from him. 

And he was sending silver and gold to him from time 
to time. But Judas was going about (iaa) in the vil- 
lages and cities, and was ministering to the poor, and 

* I. o.| beoautd I thall not come hUher for a long time. 



TUB ACTS OF JUDXS THOMAS. IGl 

was making the afflioted comfortable, and was saying: 
^^What is the king's shall be given to the king, and 
many shall have rest/' 

And after a long time, the king despatched messengers 
to Judas, and sent (a message) to him thus : ^^ Send me 
(word) what thou hast done, and what I shall send thee.*' 
And Judas sent him (word) : ^^ The palace is built, but 
the roof is wanting to it.'' Then the king sent to Judas 
silver and gold, and sent him (word) : ^^ Let the palace 
be roofed." And the Apostle was glorifying our Lord 
and saying: "I thank Thee, Lord, who didst die that 
Thou mightest give me life ; and who didst sell me that 
I might be the liberator of many." And he did not 
cease to teach, and to relieve those who were afflicted, 
saying : " May your Lord give you rest, to whom alone 
is the glory ; for He is the nourisher of the orphans and 
the provider of the widows, and He ministers unto all 
those who are afflicted." 

And when the king came to the city, he was asking 
every one of his Mends about the palace which Judas 
had built for him ; but they say unto him : " There is 
no palace built, nor has he done anything else, but he 
was going about the cities and villages, and giving to 
the poor, and teaching (jjl&a) them the new God, and 
also healing the sick, and driving out demons, and doing 
many things ; and we think that he is a sorcerer ; but his 
compassion, and his healing, which was done without 
recompense, and his asceticism, and his piety, make (us) 
think of him either that he is a magus, or an Apostle of 
the new God ; for he &sts much and prays much, and eats 

M ' 



162 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

bread and salt and drinks water, and wears one garment, 
and takes nothing from any man for himself, and whatever 
he has he gives to others." And when the king heard 
these things, he smote his face with his hands, and was 
shaking * his head. 

And he sent (and) called Judas and the merchant who 
had brought him, and said to him : ^^ Hast thou built me 
the palace?" Judas saith to him: ^^I have built thee 
the palace.'^ The king saith to him : ^^ In what time can 
we go (and) look at it ? '' Judas saith to him : *' Thou 
canst not see it now, but when thou hast departed from 
this world.'' Then the king became very furious in his 
anger, and commanded that Thomas' and the merchant 
who had brought him, being bound, should go to prison, 
till he could question him about what he had done — to 
whom he had given it — and then destroy him. But 
Judas went rejoicing, and said to the merchant : ^^ Fear 
not, but only believe, and thou shalt be freed from this 
world, and shalt receive everlasting life in the world 
to come.'* 

And the king (.^^n) was considering by what death 
he should kill Judas and the merchant ; and he took the 
resolution that he would bum him, after being flayed, 
with the merchant his companion. And in that very 
nighty the brother of the king, whose name was Gad, 

* II tti*g| = Kwuv. I have never met with the word but in these 

AotS) where it occurs again, p. ill , line 1 . It is in both cases written 

distinctly in the MS. with nun^ not with jfiid nor 'e. The ordinary 

; Syrioo word would bo ^ 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOKAS. 163 

was taken ill through grief and through the imposition 
which had been practised upon the king. And he sent 
(and) called the king^ and said to him : ^^ My brother, 
I commend unto thee my house and my children, for I 
am grieved and am dying because of the imposition that 
hath been practised upon thee. If thou dost not punish 
that sorcerer, thou wilt not let my soul be at peace in 
Sheol." The king saith to him : " The whole night I 
have been considering, how I should kill him, and I 
have resolved to bum him with fire after he hath been 
flayed." Then the brother of the king said to him: 
^^ And if there be an3rthing else that is worse than this, 
do (it) to him ; and I give thee charge of my house and 
my children.*' 

And when he had said these things, his soul left him. 
And the king was grieved for his brother, because he 
loved him much ; and he wished to bury him in a splendid 
sepulchre. But when the soul of Gkd, the brother of 
the king, had left him, angels took it and bore it up 
to heaven ; and they were showing it each place in suc- 
cession, (and asking it) in which of them it wished 
to be. Then, when they came to the palace which 
Judas had built for the king, his brother saw it, and 
said to the angels : " I beg (-ji) of you, my lords, let 
me dwell in one of the lower chambers of this palace." 
The angels say to him : ^^ Thou canst not dwell in this 
palace." He saith to them : "Wherefore?" They say 
to him : " This palace is the one which the Christian 
hath built for thy brother." Then he said to them : " I 
beg of you, my lords, let me go, that I may go to my 

H 2 



164 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

brother and buy of him this palace ; for my brother hath 
not seen it, and will sell it to me." 

Then the angels let go the soul of Ghid. And as they 
were enshrouding him, his soul came into him, and he 
said to those who were standing before him : ^^ Call my 
brother to me that I may make of him one request." 
Then they sent word to the king, *^ Thy brother is come 
to life." And the king sprang up from his place, and went 
into the house of his brother with a number of people. 
And when he had gone in beside his bed, he was 
astounded and was unable to speak with him. His 
brother saith to him ; ^^ I know, my brother, that if a man 
had asked thee for the half of thy kingdom, thou wouldst 
have given it for me. And now I beg of thee that thou 
wouldst aeU me that at which thou hast laboured.'' The 
king saith to him : ^^ Tell me> what shall I sell thee?" He 
saith to him : " Swear unto me." And he swore unto him 
that he' would grant him whatever he asked of all that he 
had. He saith to him : ^^ Sell me the palace (r^n) which 
thou hast in heaven." The king saith to him : ^^ Who hath 
given me a palace in heaven ?" His brother saith to him : 
^^ (It is) that which the Christian hath built for thee." 
The king saith to him : ^^ That I cannot sell to thee ; but 
I pray and bog of God that I may enter into it and re- 
ceive it, and may be worthy to be among its inhabitants. 
And thou, if thou really wishest to buy thyself a palace, 
this architect will build (one) for thee which will be 
better than that of mine." And he sent (and) brought 
out Judas and the merchant who was imprisoned with 
him, and said to him: ^^Ibeg of thee, as a man who 



THB ACrrS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 166 

begs of a minister of God, that thou wouldst pray for me, 
and beg for me from the God whom thou worshippest, 
that He would forgive me what I have done unto thee ; 
and that He would make me worthy to enter into the 
palace which thou hast built for me; and that I may 
become a worshipper of this God whom thou preachesf 
And his brother camo and foil down before the feet of 
tho Apostle, and said to him : ^^ I beg of thee-— I too 
supplicate before thy God, that I may become worthy to 
be a worshipper of His, and may also receive what He 
hath shown me by the hand of the angels/' 

Judas saith: ^^I praise Thee, our Lord Jesus the Mes- 
siah, who art alone the God of truth, and there is no 
other, and Thou knowest whatever man (•^se^) does not 
know. Thou, whose mercy is upon men, whom Thou 
hast willed and made,— and they have forgotten Thee, 
but Thou hast not neglected them — do Thou receive the 
king and his brother, and unite them to Thy fold, and 
anoint tliom, and purify them from their undcannoss, 
and guard them from wolves, and feed them in Thy 
meadows, and let them drink of Thy fountain, which 
is never turbid and the stream whereof never faileth ; for, 
lo, they beg of Thee and supplicate, and wish to be- 
come servants of Thine, and to be persecuted by Thy 
enemy, and to be hated for Thy sake. Let them 
therefore have boldness in Thee^ and be confirmed by 
Thy glorious mysteries, and receive of the gifts of Thy 
gifts/' 

And they were rejoicing with holy hymns, and were 
cleaving unto the Apostle and not parting from him; 



166 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

and every one who was needy^ was receiving and being 
relieved. And they begged of him that they might 
receive the sign (of baptism^ saying:) "For we have 
heard that all the sheep of that God, whom thou preach- 
est, are known to Him by the sign.'^ Judas saith to them : 
" I too rejoice, and I ask of you to partiEike of the Eucha- 
rist and of the blossing of this Messiah whom I preach." 
And the king gave orders that the bath should be closed 
for seven days, and that no man should bathe in it. And 
when (.i\^a) the seven days were done, on the eighth 
day they three entered into the bath by night that 
Judas might baptise them. And many lamps were lighted 
in the bath.* 

And when they had entered into the bath-house, Judas 
went in before them. And our Lord appeared unto them, 
and said to them : " Peace be with you, my brethren." 
And they heard the voice only, but the form they did 
not see, whose it was, for till now they had not been 
baptised. And Judas went up and stood upon the edge 
of the cistern, and poured oil upon their heads, and 
said : " C!ome^ holy name of the Messiah ; come, power 
of grace, which art from on high ; come, perfect mercy ; 
come, exalted gift; come, sharer of the blossing; come, 
rovealor of hidden mysteries; come, mother of seven 
houses, whose rest was in the eighth house ; come, mes- 
senger of reconciliation, and communicate with the minds 



* The form Klla is actually used for itllla (see Payne Smith's 
Thesaurus, col. 543), but here it is probably only a slip of the pen, 
and the fuller form should be restored in the text 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOICAS. 167 

of these youths ; come^ Spirit of holiness^ and purify 
their reins and their hearts." And he baptised them in 
the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Spirit 
of holiness. And when they had oome np out of the 
water, a youth appeared to them, and he was holding a 
lighted taper; and the light of the lamps became pale 
through its light. And when they had gone forth, he 
became invisible to them ; and the Apostle said : " We 
were not even able to bear Thy lights {^o) because it 
is too great for our vision/' And when it dawned and 
was morning, he broke the Eucharist and let them par- 
take of the table of the Messiah ; and they were glad and 
rejoicing. 

And when many were added and were coming to the . 
refuge of the Messiah, Judas did not cease to preach and 
to say to them : ^^ Men and women and children, youths 
and maidens, shun fornication and covetousness and the 
service of demons;* for under these three heads comes 
all wickedness. For fornication blinds the intellect, and 
darkens the eyes of the soul ; it confuses the steps of the 
body^ and changes its complexion^ and makes it sick. 
And covetousness puts the soul into agitation in the 
midst of the body, so that it takes what does not belong 
to it, and is afraid lest, when it returns the thing to its 
owners, it should be put to shame. And the service of 
the belly makes the soul dwell in care and sorrow, fear- 
ing lest it should come to want, and grasp at things that 
are far from it. For since ye have been delivered from 

» Probably an error of the scribe for the service of the helty. See 
below. 



168 TUB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

thence^ ye are become without care and without grief; 
and there remains with you (the saying) :' * Take no 
care for the morrow, because the mon'ow will take care 
of itself.' And bear in mind the other (saying), which 
is written for you :** ^ Look upon the ravens, and consider 
the fowl of heaven, which sow not nor reap, and God 
feedeth them j how much more then will He have care for 
you, ye lacking in faith?' But expect the coming of 
Jesus, and hope in Him, and believe (co^) in His name, 
because He is the Judge of the dead and of the quick, 
and He shall recompense every man according to his 
works at His last coming. For it will be no excuse for 
one to say, * We did not know.' His heralds are pro- 
claiming in the four quarters of the world : ^ Itepent and 
believe in the new preaching, and receive the pleasant 
yoke and the light burden, and live and die not. Gain 
(these), and perish not. Come forth from the darkness, 
and the light will receive you. Come to the Good, and 
receive for yourselves grace, and plant the Cross in your 
souls.'" 

And when the Apostle had said these things, some of 
them said to him : ^^ It is time for the debtor to be paid." 
He saith to them : ^^ The creditor always seeketh more, but 
let us give him as much as is proper." And ho spake a 
blessing over the bread and the olives^'' and gave unto 
them. And he himself ate, because the Sunday was 
dawning. And when the Apostle was asleep in the 

• S. Matthew, ch. vi. 34. ^ S. Luke, eh. xii. 24. « Or 

perhaps rather, f<0UI , without ribbui, the oUve^Qil, {Xaioi^. 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 169 

night; our Lord came and stood over him and said to 
him : ^^ Thomas^ rise, go forth in the morning after the 
service, and go along the eastern road about two miles, 
and I will show in thee my glory ; for because of this, 
on account of which thou goest out, many shall come to 
my refuge and shall live, and thou shalt reprove the 
power and the nature of the enemy.'' And when he 
awoke from his sleep, he said to the brethren who were . 
beside him: "My children, our Lord will do to-day 
whatsoever He will } but let us pray and beg of Him 
that there be to iis no hindrance towards Him, but, 
(o^) just as at all times when He wisheth to show His 
power in us, (so) now too let His will be accomplished.'' 
And when he had spoken thus, he laid his hand upon 
them, and broke the Eucharist, and gave unto all of 
them, and said to them : " Let this Eucharist be imto 
you for grace and mercy, and not for judgment and ven- 
geance." And they said, " Amen.*' 
Here ends the second Act. 



The third act of Judas, regarding the black snake. 

And the Apostle went forth to go whither our Lord 
had told him. And when he reached (the distance of) 
two miles, he turned aside from the road a little, and 
saw lying there a corpse of a handsome youth, and 
said: "Was it for this trial Thou didst bring me out 
hither, our Lord ? Let it be as Thou wilt." And 
ho began praying and saying : " Our Lord, Lord of the 
dead and of the quick — of the quick, who, lo, are stand- 



170 THB AOIB OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

ing, and of the dead, who, lo, are lying, — O Lord, Lord 
of the souls which abide in the body, and Father of all 
the souls which have gone out of the body, — come. Lord, 
at this moment, for the sake of the dust which Thy holy 
hands have fashioned, and look down from heaven, for I 
call (i^) upon Thee, and show Thy glory in this (man) 
who is lying here." * And he said again : " This deed has 
not taken place without the instigation of the enemy, 
who does these things ; but the enemy, who does these 
things, has not dared (to attempt it) through one who is 
alien to him, but (through one) who is subject to his will." 
And when he had said these things, a black snake 
came forth from a fissure, and was shaking his head 
violently, and beating his tail on the ground. And 
with a loud voice he said to the Apostle : ^^ I will say 
before thee on what account I slew this youth* There 
was a woman fair of face in this village which is over- 
against thee; and as she passed by me, I saw her 
and loved her; and I went after her, and saw this 
youth kissing her, and he also slept with her, and did 
other things with her which are unseemly, — easy for me 
(to say), but to thee I do not dare to utter them, 
because I know that the ocean-flood of the Messiah will 
destroy our nature.** And in order that I might not 

* r^Lj^lr^ for rdJSai » particip. pe*tl ^ The Greek text 

has : '^ for I know that thou art the twin of Christ, who always dost 
annihilate our nature." The Syriac translator seems to have played 

upon the resemblance between t^ijsnof^^ , Thomas, (rdjsnr^'^ , 

turn) and rdJ^oco^ , Dln/j) , See p. 1^ , note 5, and p. 

ail i note. 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOICAS. l71 

alarm her, I did not kill him at that time, but I watched 
him, and in the evening, when he passed by me, I struck 

to do this thing (m^o) on the Sunday." Judas saith to 
him : " Of what seed art thou ? *' 

The snake saith to him :^^I am reptile, the son of 
reptile, and harmer, the son of harmer ; I am the son of 
him, to whom power was given over all creatures, and he 
troubled them. I am the son of him, who makes himself 
like unto God to those who obey him, that they may do 
his wiU. I am the son of him, who is ruler over every- 
thing that is created under heaven. I am the son of 
him, who is outside of the ocean, and whose mouth is 
dosed. I am the kinsman of him^ who spake with Eve, 
and through her made Adam transgress the command- 
ment of God. And I am he who incited Cain to slay his 
brother. And on ray account, — because for this I was 
created, — the earth was cursed and thorns grew up in it. 
I am he who dared, and cast down the just from their 
height, and corrupted them through the lust of women ; 

t 

and they begat* sons large of body, and I worked in 
them my will. And I am he who hardened the heart 
of Pharaoh, that he might slay the children of Israel, 
and keep them down in hard slavery. I am he who led 
the people astray in the desert, when I subdued them so 
that they made for themselves the calf. I am he who 
stirred up Caiaphas and Herod by slander against the 
llightcous Judge. I am ho (\ei3) who caused Judas to 

• The MS. has and I hegtU. 



172 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOHAS. 

take the bribe, when he was made subject to me, that he 
might deliver up the Messiah to death. I am he to 
whom the power of this world was given, and the Son 
of Mary has seized me by force and taken what was His 
from me. I am the kinsman of him, who is to come 
from the east, to whom the power is given.'* 

And when he had finished, the multitude was hearing 
all these things ; and fear with belief settled on all those 
who were there, when they saw and heard these won- 
ders. And they were crying out alike with one voice : 
^^One is the God of this man, who has informed us 
concerning his God, and by his word has commanded 
this fearful beast, and it has disclosed its nature." And 
they were begging of him that, as he had commanded 
it by his word to speak like a man, so too by his word 
he would kill it. 

Then Judas made a sign to them with his hand, and 
raised his voice and said : ^^ Thou art audacious, though 
thy nature is laid bare, and thou shalt be slain. And 
thy insolence,* which has gone so far, ought not to have 
been (such) that thou shouldst tell those things which 
were done by those who were subject to thee ; and thou 
hast not feared that thy end was come. But to thee I 
say, (i) in the name of our Lord Jesus, who struggled 
against thy nature even to the end for His human 
beings, that thou suck out the poison which thou hast 
cast into this youth ; because my God has sent me to 

« Possibly we might read ^iJMO^: it is thy destruction thU 
is came. Thou oughtest not to tell etc 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 173 

kill thee and to raise him up alive before this multitude, 
that they may believe in Ilim, that He is the true God 
and that there is no other.'' And the snake said to 
him: ^^Our destruction is not as yet come, as thou 
hast said. Why compellest thou me to take (back) what I 
have put into this youth ? For were even my father to 
suck out and take (back) what he has oast into the crea- 
tion, it would be his destruction/* The Apostle saith to 
him : " Show, then, the nature of thy father." And the 
snake came, and put his mouth upon the wound of the 
youth, and was sucking the poison from it ; and by little 
and little, as the poison was drawn out, the colour of the 
youth, which had become like purple, became white, and 
the snake was swelling* And when he had drawn out 
the whole of the poison from the youth, he sprang upright, 
and ran to the feet of the Apostle, and fell down and 
worshipped him. Then the snake burst, according to the 
word of Judas ; and a great pit was made in the place 
where the poison of the snake fell. And Judas commanded 
the king and his brother to jB.ll up that place, and lay 
foundations, and make in it houses (as) places of entertain- 
ment (f^i) for strangers. 

And the youth was glorifjring God, through whose 
grace he had come to life by the hand of the Apostle 
Judas, and had been rescued from all his former deeds. 
And he begged of the Apostle that he would aid him in 
prayer to our Lord, being upbraided by his own con- 
science," and was saying : " To Thee be glory, merciful 

* Literally, hy hit own person, by himself. 



174 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOHAS. 

and great and glorious God^ maker and founder of all 
created things. Thou hast set a limit and a measure to all 
Thy creatures whom Thou hast created; and hast appointed 
for them changes that are beneficial to their natures. 
Thou art He who didst make man, as Thy Godhead 
willed, with the fashioning of Thy hands, that he might 
be ruler above ; and didst create for him another crea- 
tion, that he might strive against it with the free-will 
which Thou didst give him. But the free nature of 
man went astray, and he became subject to his fellow ; 
and that (fellow) became an enemy to him, because he 
found that he had been unmindful of his free-will. And 
the enemy rejoiced that he had found an entrance into 
his fellow^ and thought that he would be master over all 
the slaves; but Thou, O Merciful, through Thy great 
mercy, didst spread over us Thy goodness, and didst 
send to our human race Thy Word, the Disposer of all 
created things, through Thy glorious Son. And He, 
through His free-will, which Thou gavest Him, — ^Thy 
goodness aiding Him,-.^me and found us in those 
works which our human nature did from the first day. 
And Thou didst not enter into a reckoning with us for 
our sins, but didst bring me to life (»9i) through Thy 
goodness, and didst show me my remissness, and didst sow 
in me Thy heavenly love ; and didst open my mouth, 
which was shut, that I might speak of my enslaver and 
of Thy abundant grace, which is not angry with me for 
what I say concerning it, about whose great love I am 
speaking.'' 

And Judas strotched out his hand to him, and raised 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 176 

him up, and embraced him, and said to him: ^^.The 
grace of our Lord be with thee and with all those who 
believe in Him/* And the youth said : " Glory to Thee, 
God, — who did not withhold His mercy from me, who 
was lost, but showed me (how) to seek my own soul, and 
informed me concerning thee, that thou art His Apostle, 
and said to thee : ^ I have many things to show through 
thee, and thou hast many works to accomplish through 
Me, for which thou shalt receive their reward ; and thou 
shalt give life to many, and they shall become on high, 
in the light, sons of God. Do thou, therefore, bring to 
life this youth, who has been smitten by his enemy, 
because thou at all times beholdest thy Lord/ Yea, my 
lord. Apostle of God, thou hast done well to come hither, 
and thou hast drawn many unto Him, and He will 
not fail thee. And I am without care and without suf- 
fering, because of His grace which has come upon me 
through thee, and (because) His gift has been poured out 
abundantly upon my weakness. (Aj) And I have been 
freed from evil cares and from deeds of corruption, and 
have been delivered from him, who was alluring me and 
inciting me to do those things in which thou didst find 
me, and have understood Him who was saying to me 
the opposite of them. And I have destroyed him, who, 
through darkness, his kinsman, made me stumble by his 
works ; and I have found the Light, the Lord of the day, 
who had not been seen by me, and I have seen him. 
And I have destroyed him, who was darkening and 
obscuring all those who cleave unto him and obey him, 
so that they cannot see what they are doing and be 



176 T«B ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

ashamed of their deeds and desist from them, and his work 
(thereby) come to an end ; and I have found Him, whose 
doing this is, that those who do His will should never 
repent. I have been delivered from him, whom fraud 
supports, and before whom goes a veil (of darkness), and 
after whom comes shame, and she daring in impudence. 
And I have found Him, who clears away evils, the Lord 
of peace and the Confirmer of truth, who makes the 
enemy pass away from those who turn repenting unto 
Him, and heals their afflictions, and destroys their dis- 
turber. But I beg of thee. Apostle of God, sow in me 
thy word of life, so that I may again hear perfectly the 
voice of Him, who delivered me unto thee and said to 
thee, (.ii) ^ This is (one) of those who shall live through 
thee, and henceforth let him be with thee.^ " 

Judas saith to him : ^^ If thou wilt be delivered from 
these things which thou hast learned, as thou hast said, 
from the doer of evils, and wilt listen to Him, whom 
in the fervour of thy love thou now seekest, thou shalt 
see Him, and shalt be with Him for ever^ and shalt rest 
with Him by His grace, and shalt be with Him in His 
joy. But if thou art negligent of Him, and comest to 
those former deeds of thine, and insultest Him, whom, 
because of (His) beauty and because of the aspect of His 
light, thou now eagerly desirest,* thou shalt not only 
be deprived of that life which thou hast seen^^ but thou 
shalt also lose this in which thou art abiding.'' 

* I have translated according to p. 91 , note 5. Of the text I can 
make nothing. ** I.e., of which thou hast had a glimpse. 



THE ACTS OF JUDiiS THOMAS. 177 

And Judas came to the city, and took the hand of the 
youth, and said to him : ^^ My son, these things which 
thou hast seen are a few out of the many that belong to 
our God ; for He doth not send us tidings concerning 
these things that are seen, but promiseth us better 
things; for as long as we are in the world, we are 
unable (coi) to speak about that which all the believers 
in God are going to receive. For if we say that He 
hath given us light, we mention something which we 
have seen ; and if we say that He hath given us wealth, 
we mention something that is in the world ; and if we 
speak of (fine) clothing, we mention something that nobles 
wear; and if we speak of dainty meats, we mention 
something against which we are warned ; and if we speak 
of (this) temporary rest, a chastisement is appointed for 
it But we speak of God and of our Lord Jesus, and of 
the Angels and the guardian spirits and the saints, and of 
the new world, and of the incorruptible food of the tree 
of life,* and of the draught (of the water) of life; of 
what eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, nor hath it 
entered into the heart of man (to conceive), — ^what God 
hath prepared from of old for those who love Him.** Of 
this we speak, and of this we preach. Believe in Him^ 
therefore, my son, that thou mayest live, and trust in 
Him, that thou mayest not die ; for He will not take a 
bribe, that thou shouldst offer (it) to Him, nor is He 

* f^lAjj.l r^LlJUr^.i r^LAJDodSir^ As^O is equivalent, I imagine, 
to rdksoCiSir^ iu\.i r^^xjin KllJurCi re&iAcifkr<Lba As^o 

io\\ ^n %\\ . See p. 152, note a, ^ I Corinthians, oh. ii. 9 ; 

Isaiah, oh. kiv. 4. 

N 



178 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

pleased with a sacrifice,* that thou shouldest sacrifice it 
(to Him). Look unto Him, and He will not neglect 
thee, and turn unto Him, and He will not forsake thee ; 
for His heauty will incite thee to love Him, and He will 
not suffer thee to turn away from Him." 

And when Judas had said these things to the youth, 
great multitudes joined (them). And the Apostle lifted 
up his eyes, and saw people (oi) raised up upon one 
another that they might see him, and going up to lofty 
places. And the Apostle saith to them : "Ye men, who 
are come to the assembly of the Messiah, men who wish 
to believe in Jesus, take unto yourselves an example 
from this, that, if ye do not raise yourselves up, ye 
cannot see me who am little. Me, who am like your- 
selves, ye are unable to see ; Him, who is on high and 
is found in the depths, how shall ye be able to see, 
unless ye raise yourselves above your former works, and 
above the deeds that profit not, and the pleasures that 
abide not, and the corruptible wealth that remaineth here ; 
and above riches and possessions that perish on the earth, 
and above garments that decay, and above beauty that 
becomes old and is disfigured, and above the body, in 
which all these are included, and which becomes dust, 
and which all these support ? But believe, and trust in 
our Lord Jesus the Messiah, Him whom we preach, in 
order that your hope may be in Him, and that in Him 
ye may live for ever and ever, and that He may be to 
you a guide in the land of error, and may be to you a haven 
in the sea of trouble, and may be to you a fountain of 

* Reading r^Vusi.! , without ribbui. 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 179 

living water in the region of thirst, and may be to you a 
full basket in the plaoe of hunger, and maybe a rest to your 
souls and a healer and giver of life (11) to your bodies.'^ 

Then the multitudes were crying out: "Apostle of 
the living God, and guide in the path of life, and re- 
vealer of the mysteries of the truth, many are the things 
that have been done for us, who are aliens from the 
glorious God whom thou preachest, and until now we do 
not dare to say that we are His, because our works are 
alien from Him and hateful before Him. But if He will 
have compassion upon us, and deliver us from our former 
deeds, and from the evil things that were done by us in 
em,.;.Bd win not enter tato reckoning wiU. n. nor ro- 
member against us our former sins, we will become ser- 
vants of His and accomplish His wilh" Judas saith to 
them : « He wiU not reckon against you your sins which 
yo did in error, but Ho will pardon you your iniquities, 
those former ones which ye did without knowledge." 

Here ends the third Act. 

The fourth Act, of the Ass that spake. 

And whilst the Apostle was standing in his place on the 
road, and speaking with those multitudes concerning the 
kingdom of God, and concerning their conversion and 
repentance unto our Lord, — ^whilst the Apostle was 
standing on the road, and speaking with those multi- 
tudes, (j»i) an ass's colt came and stood before him. 
And Judas said: ^*It is not without the direction of 
God that this colt has come hither. But to thee I say, 
colt, that, by the grace of our Lord, there shall be 

N 2 



180 THE ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 

given to thee speech before these multitudes who are 
standing here ; and do thou say whatsoever thou wilt, that 
they may believe in the God of truth, whom wo preach." 

And the mputh of the colt was opened, and it spake 
like a man by the power of our Lord, and said to him : 
^^ Twin of the Messiah,* and AposUe of the Most High, 
and sharer in the hidden word of the Life-giver, and 
receiver of the secret mysteries of the Son of God; 
freebom, who didst become a slave, to bring many to 
freedom by thy obedience; son of a great family, who 
became bereaved, that by the power of thy Lord thou 
mightest deprive the enemy of many, so that thou 
mightest become the cause of life to the country of the 
Indians ; (thou) who didst come against thy will to men 
who were straying from God, and, lo, by the sight of 
thee and by thy godly words they are turned unto life ; 
mount (and) ride upon me^ and rest until thou enterest 
the city." 

And Judas lifted up his voice and said: ^^0 Jesus, Son 
of perfect mercy ; Thou quiet and silent (One), who 
speakest by animals that have not speech; {\\) 
hidden (One), that art seen in Thy works ; our Nourisher 
and Guardian ; the Giver of life to our bodies and the 
Giver of life to our souls ; sweet spring that never failoth, 
and clear fountain that is never polluted ; Thou who art 
a help to Thy servants in the contest, and crushest the 
enemy before them ; Thou who standest up in contests 

• The MS. has en oyer the ft'of the word casaQaft^<&i • See above, 
p.- 170^ upto h, aiid p. t ^ of the Syriao text. 



THE ACTS OP JXTDAS THOMAS. 181 

for US, and makest us victorious in them all ; our trae 
Athlete, who cannot be hurt, and our holy General, who 
cannot be conquered ; Thou who givest to Thine own joy 
that passeth not away, and rest in which there is no more 
affliction ; Thou good Shepherd, that giveth his life for his 
flock/ who hath overcome the wolf and rescued his lambs ; 
we glorify Thee, and we exalt through Thee Thy exalted 
Father, who is not seen, and the holy Spirit that broodeth 
over all created things." 

And when the Apostle had said these things, all the 
multitudes that were assembled there were looking to see 
what answer he was about to give to the colt. And 
after the Apostle had stood a long time wondering and 
looking up to heaven, he said to the colt: ^^Who art 
thou ? Ajid what is thine errand, that by thy mouth 
wonders are uttered and great things that are more than 
many?'' The colt saith to him: "I am of that stock 
that served Balaam the prophet, and God thy Lord rode 
upon my kin ; and I am sent unto thee to give thee rest, 
and that thereby the faith of these might be confirmed,^ 
(ti) and that that other portion might be. added to me^ 
which I have got to-day in order to serve thee and which 
will be taken away from me when I have served thee/* 
Thomas saith to him: ^^God, who has given thee this 
gift now, is to be relied on to give it hereafter too in full 
to thee and thy kindred ; for I am too little and weak 
for this mystery.*' And he would not ride upon it. 

• S. John, ch. X. 11. ^ Or huiU up; roading itlia^^ instead 

of r^llSi^d^ • 



182 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

And the colt was begging of him and supplicating him 
that it might be blessed by his riding (upon it). And 
ho mounted and rode upon it. And the people were 
going after and before the Apostle, and were running to 
see what would happen to him, and how he would let 
the colt go. And when he reached the gate of the city, 
he dismounted fix)m it, and said to it : " Go, be preserved as 
thou hast been/' And at that moment the colt fell down 
and died. And all who were there were sorry for it, and 
were saying to the Apostle: "Bring it to life again.'' 
The Apostle says to them: "It is not because I am 
unable to bring this colt to life, that I do not bring it 
to life,* for lie who gave it speech was able to make it 
not die ; but this is a benefit to it." And the Apostle 
commanded those who were with him to dig (r^i) a 
place and bury its body ; and they did as he commanded 
them. 

Here ends the fourth Act. 



The fifth Act, of the Demon that dwelt in the Woman. 

And the Apostle went into the city, the multitudes 
accompanying him ; and he was thinking of going to the 
house of the family of the youth whom he had brought 
to life, because he had begged this earnestly of him. 

And a &ir woman cried with a loud voice and said 
to him: "Apostle of the new God, who art come to 
India; servant of the holy God, who by thee is pro- 

* I havo omitted tho words but this in a benefit to it, which occur 
hero too in tho MS. 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 183 

claimed both the Giver of life to the souls of those that 
come unto Him^ and the Healer of the bodies of those 
who are tortured by the enemy; (thou) who art the 
cause of life to the whole people of India ; permit them 
to bring me before thee, that I may tell thee what 
has befallen me, so that perchance I may get hope from 
thee, and these who are standing by may be greatly 
strengthened in the God who is proclaimed by thee. 
And I tell thee, that I am not slightly tormented by the 
enemy, lo, for the space of five years. For I was sitting 
in ease, and peace was around me (»rui) on all sides, and 
I had no concern about anything, because I knew no 
care. And it happened one day, as I was coming out of 
the bath, a man met me, who seemed troubled in his 
aspect, (and) his voice and speech were very weak. 
And he said to me : ^^ I and thou shall be in one love, 
and do thou have intercourse with me as a man and a 
woman have intercourse." And I said to him : "I did 
not yield myself to my betrothed, because I cannot bear 
a man; and to thee, who wishest to have adulterous 
intercourse with me, how can I give myself to thee?" 
And I said to the maiden who was with me : " See the 
impudence of this young man, (who goes) so far as to 
talk licentiously to me." And she said to me : "I saw 
an old man who was talking to thee." And when I had 
gone home and supped, my heart made me afraid of him, 
because he had appeared to me in two forms; and I 
went to sleep thinking of him. And he came in the 
night and had filthy intercourse with me, and by day too 
I saw him and fled from him ; but by night he used to 



184 THE ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 

come in a terrible form, and torture me. And lo, up to 
the present, as thou seest me, lo, for five years he has 
not left mo alone. But because I know (J^i) and 
believe that both devils and spirits and demons are sub- 
ject to thee and dread thy prayer, I beg of thee, my lord, 
that thou wouldst pray over me, and ask of God, and 
drive away from me this affliction, and (that), for tlio 
time that is appointed to me^ I may be free, and may be 
united to my former nature, and receive the gift that is 
given to the penitent." 

Then the Apostle, when he saw the instigation of the 
enemy, lifted up his voice and said : ^^ evil that cannot 
be repressed ! enemy who art never at rest I envious 
one who art never quiet I hideous (one) who strivest 
with the comely, that thou mayest subdue them under 
thee ! O (thou) who hast many hideous shapes^ and ap- 
pearest as thou wilt, but thy black colour never changes, 
because it is thy nature I crafty (one) and disturber of 
good works ! bitter tree, the fruits of which are like 
unto it I lying slanderer, who strivest with those that 
are not thine ! deceit which, coiled up upon itself,* 
rears itself with impudence and dares to assail those who 
are better than itself ! wickedness, that creepeth like a 
serpent, and crawleth, and entercth in, and aimoth at vir- 
tue I But how long do I say these things ? (Keep me not 
waiting,) but show thyself quickly, ^thou] enemy of the 
servants of the Messiah, that these multitudes may see 
that we call them unto the true God/' And when the 

• Literally, upon its head. f<^Sk , HM = ^Sk^ . 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 185. 

Apostle had said these things, the enemy came (.<ui) and 
stood before him, no one seeing him except the Apostle 
and the woman, and cried with a lend voice, whilst all 
those who were there heard him : " What have we to do 
with thee. Apostle of the Most High ? What have we to 
do with thee, servant of Jesus the Messiah ? What have 
we to do with thee, thou sharer in the holy mysteries of 
God ? Why dost thou wish to destroy us, when our time 
is not yet come ? Why dost thou wish to take away the 
power that was given us, when till now we have had 
reliance upon it? What have we to do with thee, that 
thou art come to drive us out? Thou hast power over 
them that obey thee, and we have power over them that 
are subject unto us. Why dost thou wish to use vio- 
lence towards us before our time, when thou enjoinest 
others not to use violence towards any man ? Why dost 
thou covet what is not thine ? For thine own suffice thee 
not Why art thou like unto God thy Lord, who con- 
cealed His majesty and appeared in the flesh, and we 
thought regarding Him that He was mortal, but He 
turned and did us violence? For thou^ namely, art born 
of Him. For when we thought that we could bring 
llim under our power, lie turned and hurled us down 
into the abyss ; for we did not know Him, because He 
deceived us by His humble aspect, and by His need and 
His poverty ; and we thought, when we saw Him, that 
He was one of (01.1) the children of men, and we did not 
know that He was the Giver of life to all mankind. But 
He gave us power not to slacken our hold of our own, so 
long as our time lasts, and we occupy ourselves with our 



186 THE* ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 

• own. But thou, lo, wishest to acquire more than He has 
given unto thee and to afflict us." 

And when the demon had said these things, he wept 
again and said : ^^ I quit thee, my fair wife, whom I 
found a long time ago and was at rest on thee. I quit 
thee, my sister and my heloyed, on whom I hoped to 
abide. What I shall do, I know not, nor on whom I 
shall call for help, that he may aid me. I know what I 
shall do. I shall go to another country, where I shall 
not hear tell of this man ; for thee, my beloved, I shall 
find a substitute."* And he lifted up his voice and said : 
^^Fare thou not well, who hast taken refuge with one 
who is greater than I. I go to wander and seek for 
myself one like thee ; and if I find not (one) for me, I 
will again return unto thee; for I know that now, 
because this man is near unto thee, lo, thou takest 
refuge with him. I then depart hence, and thou be- 
comest as thou wast ; but when night cometh, and thou 
forgettest him, I shall have an opportunity (of getting) 
at thee, for now the name of Him whom this (man) 

* The Greek word corresponding with •aCUii^rt^is dvrovofidfm, Tf 
the reading be correct, I would connect ,nn^ with the Arabic 
i-JtCy V*^ 9 ftnd ^Jbl . Compare the passages cited by De Gooje in 
his glossary to Al-Baladhuri ; e.g., from AlJTauhari, ^ i^,JiJ v^l 
v^JljJ^ >Qlj >W, ike Arab% suhstitute ffor th ; and from Al-Zamakh- 

Bhari, c-ic JIa j^j^U ^>l M^,j Uy jj^. ^s\ gW ^J J,Ji v>j-i Ji 

^^i^ (^^ ^J ^^^ !^!> ^^^ 9 ^^ ^^^ ^^ withdraw every year one 
body of troops and send another in its place. 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 187 

proclaims hath frightened me.""" And when the demon 
had said these things, (cui) at that moment he was 
looked for and was not found {i. e.j disappeared suddenly) , 
hut smoke and fire were seen after him ; and all those 
who were standing there were amazed. 

And when the Apostle saw (this), he said to them: 
'^ The accursed one has shown nothing strange, hut the 
nature hy which he has been consumed; for the fire 
consumes him, and the smoke ascends from him." And 
the Apostle began to say : ^^ Jesus, hidden mystery that 
hath been revealed to me, Thou hast revealed Thy mys- 
teries unto me more than to all my fellows, and hast 
spoken unto me words with which, lo, I am burning, but 
which I am not able to utter. Jesus, bom a man, slain, 
dead ; Jesus, God, Son of God, Life-giver and Restorer 
of the dead to life; Jesus, poor, and catching fish for 
dinner and supper; Jesus, satisfying many thousands 
with a little bread ; Jesus, resting from the fatigue of a 
journey like a man, and walking upon the waves of the 
sea like a God ; Jesus, exalted Yoice that arose from 
perfect mercy. Saviour of all, and Liberator and Admini- 
strator of the world, and Strengthener of the dead; 
Jesus, right hand of the Father, who hast hurled down 
the evil one to the lowest limit, and collected his pos- 
sessions into one blessed place of meeting; Jesus, King 
over all and subduing all ; Jesus, who art in the Father 
and the Father in Thee,'' and Te are one *" (ui) in power 

» I have tried to extract a meaniug from the corrupt Syriac text by 

substituting Kileo for Kllrt' . «> S. John, ch. xiv. 11. 

* S. John, ch. X. 30. 



188 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

an4 in will and in glory and in essence, and for our sake 
Thou wast named with names, and art the Son, and didst 
put on the body ; Jesus, who didst become a Nazir, and 
Thy grace provides for all like God ; Son of God Most 
High, who didst become a man despised and humble; 
Jesus, who dost not neglect us in anything which we 
ask of Thee, who art the cause of life to all mankind ; 
Jesus, who wast called a deceiver * on our account, Thou 
who rescuest from deceit Thy human beings ; I entreat 
of Thee on behalf of these who are standing (here) and 
believing in Thee, and in need of Thy help, and ex- 
pecting Thy gift, and taking refuge with Thy majesty, 
and opening their ears to hear Thy words which are 
spoken by us, — let Thy grace come, and Thy faith abide 
upon them and make them new from their former deeds, 
and may they put off their old man with his deeds and 
put on the new man which is proclaimed unto them by 
me."'^ 

And he laid his hand upon them, and blessed them, 
and said to them : " May the grace of our Lord be upon 
you for ever and ever, Amen.'^ And the woman begged 
of him and saith to him : " Apostle of the Most High, 
give me the seal of my Lord, that the enemy may not 
again come back upon me." And ho went to a river 
which was close by there, and baptized her in the name 
of the Father and the Son and the Spirit (jjui) of 
holiness ; and many were baptized with her. And the 
Apostle ordered his deacon to make ready the Eucharist ; 

* S. Matthow, ch. xxvii. G3. ^ Colossions, ch. iii. 9, 10. 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 189 

and ho brought a bench thither, and spread over it a 
linen cloth; and he brought (and) placed iipon it the 
bread of blessing. And the Apostle came (and) stood 
beside it, and said : ^^ Jesus, who hast deemed us worthy 
to draw nigh unto Thy holy Body and to partake of Thy 
life-giving Blood ; and because of our reliance upon Thee 
we are bold and draw nigh, and invoke Thy holy Name, 
which has been proclaimed by the Prophets as Thy God- 
head willed; and Thou art preached by Thy Apostles 
through the whole world according to Thy grace, and art 
revealed by Thy mercy to the just ; we beg of Thee that 
Thou wouldest come and communicate with us for help 
and for life, and for the conversion of Thy servants unto 
Thee, that they may go under Thy pleasant yoke and 
under Thy victorious power, and that it may be unto 
them for the health of their souls and for the life of their 
bodies in Thy living world." And ho began to say: 
"Come, gift of the Exalted; come, perfect mercy; come, 
holy Spirit; come, revealer of the mysteries of the 
Chosen among the Prophets; come, proclaimer by His 
Apostles of the combats of our victorious Athlete ; come, 
treasure of majesty ; C-^*!) come, beloved of the mercy 
of the Most High ; come, (thou) silent (one), revealer of 
the mysteries of the Exalted ; come, utterer of hidden 
things, and shewer of the works of our God; comQ, giver 
of life in secret, and manifest in thy deeds ; * come, giver 

* The Syriac has: and (giver of) manifest things in her (thy) 
deeds; but as the corresponding Greek words are ri ^vtfk h rats 
Tr/Mifccriv avr^, I suppose that we should read CTLUiViAftia ouA\o. 



190 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

of joy and rest to all who cleave unto theo ; come^ power 
of the Father and wisdom of the Son, for Ye are one in 
all; come and communicate with us in this Eucharist 
which we celebrate/ and in this offering which we offer, 
and in this commemoration which we make." <^ And he 
made the sign of the Cross upon the bread, and began to 
give (it). And he gaye first to the woman, and said to 
her: ^^Let it be unto thee for the remission of trans- 
gressions and sins and for the everlasting resurrection." 
And after her he gave to the persons who were baptized ^ 
with her. Then he gave to every one, and said to 
them : ^^ Let this Eucharist be unto you for life and rest, 
and not for judgment and vengeance;'' and they said, 
" Amen." 
Here ends the fifth Act, 



The sixth Act, of the Young Man who killed the Girl. 

And there was there a young man, who had committed 
(vvi) a very hateful deed; and he came and took the 
Eucharist, and was going to put it into his mouth, but 
both his hands dried up and did not come to his mouth. 
And when those who were with him saw him, they came 
(and) made known to the Apostle what had befallen him. 
And the Apostle called him, and said to him : ^^ Tell me, 
my son, and be not ashamed before me. What hast thou 
done, and art come hither now ? For lo, the gift of our Lord 



, which we are mahing^ rp^ iroiov/xev (^i r<3 Svofiari 
aov), ** Or, wham he liad baptized. 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 191 

hath convicted thee, this (gift) which healeth the many 
who draw nigh unto it in love and in truth and in faith, 
but hath utterly withered thee away. These things have 
not befallen thee without cause." And when the youth 
saw that he was convicted by the Eucharist of our Lord, 
ho came (and) fell down before the feet of the Apostle, 
and was begging of him, and interceding before him, and 
saying to him : " An evil deed have I done. I loved a 
woman (who lived) at an inn without the city, and she 
too loved me ; and because I heard from thee the truth 
which thou speakest, and the faith of the God whom 
thou preachest, and knew in truth that thou art the 
Apostle of God, I too received the sign with those who 
received (it). And thou didst say thus : * Whoever in- 
dulgeth in filthy intercourse, (rd^i) especially in that of 
adultery, hath not life with this God whom I preach.' 
And because I loved her, I begged of her and tried to 
persuade her to live with me a life clean and pure and 
tranquil and chaste and modest, such as thou teachest, 
but she would not ; and when I saw that she would not 
listen to me, I slept with her and killed her, because I 
could not bear to see her while she was having inter- 
course with other men." 

And when the Apostle heard these (things), he said : 
^^ corrupt love, that hath no shame, how it hath incited 
this man to do these things I the companion of cor- 
ruption, how this man has not been able to bear up 
against it ! lascivious intercourse, how it corrupts the 
minds of men (and turns them away) from the purity of 
tlie Messiah! the work of deception, how it rears 



192 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

itself up exceedingly in its own!" And the Apostle 
ordered (them) to bring him water in a basin for wash- 
ing; and they brought him water that ho might pi*ay 
over it. And he glorified (Ood), and blessed (it), and 
said : ^^ Water that was given unto us by the . Living 
Water ; Light that was sent to us by the glorious Self- 
existent; Grace that was sent unto us by Grace; let 
Thy victorious power come, and Thy healing and Thy 
mercy descend and abide upon this water, over which I 
have proclaimed Thy name, Jesus our Life-giver." And 
he said : ^^ May the gift of the Spirit of holiness be per- 
fected in you." And he said to the (•aiSki) youth : "Go, 
wash thy hands in this water." And he went (and) 
washed his hands, and they became as they had been 
before they were dried up. And the Apostle said to 
him: "Dost thou believe then in our Lord, that it is 
possible for Him to do everything?" The youth saith to 
him : " I am not lacking in faith ; yea^ because of this, 
that I believed in God, I did this deed, since I thought 
that I did well ; for I begged of her, as I have said before 
thee, and she was not willing to listen to me (and) keep 
herself in purity and chastity; because of that I did thus." 
Judas saith to him : " Come, let us go to the inn where 
thou didst this deed." And he was going before the 
Apostle, and a great multitude were coming after him. 
And when they arrived at the inn, they went into it, and 
found the woman dead. And when the Apostle saw her, 
he was grieved for her, because she was a girl ; and he 
said that they should take her up and bring her out into 
the midst of the inn. And when they had brought her 



THE ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 193 

and laid her on a conch, Jndas Thomas laid his hand npon 
her, and began to say: *^ Jesus, our Life-giver, who 
never neglectest us at any time when we call upon Thee ; 
Jesus, who comest unto us at all times when we seek 
Thee ; Thou whose ear is inclined to this, that we should 
seek Thee, and Thou givest unto us ; (.I^i) Jesus, who 
hast not only permitted us to ask, but hast also taught 
us how to pray ; Thou who now art not seen by us with 
these bodily eyes of ours, but by means of these eyes of 
our understanding dost not depart from us ; Thou who 
art hidden from us in Thy aspect, and revealed to us in 
Thy grace and the administration of Thy works and Thy 
great deeds ; Thou whom we know so far as we are able, 
according to our measure, but who hast given us Thy 
gift beyond our measure ; Thou who hast said,*" ^ Ask and 
it shall be given to you, seek and ye shall find, knock 
and it shall be opened unto you;' we ask therefore of 
Thee, our Lord, fearing because of our trespasses and 
because of our sins, that Thou wouldst spread over us 
grace by Thy mercy. Not gold, nor silver, nor riches, 
nor possessions, nor goods, nor clothes, nor anything at 
all of these earthly things that are of this world,^ and 
come from it and return to it, do wo sock ; but wo ask 
of Thee and beg of Thy benignity, that Thou wouldst 
raise up by Thy holy name this (woman) who is lying 
before Thee, to Thy great glory, and to the praise of 
Thy Godhead, and to the confirmation'' of Thy faith in 
these who are standing by." 

» S. Matthew, ch. vii. 7. * LiteraUy, that are of time. 

« Beading rC'iicxaAo instead of r^ii^O . 



194 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

And he said to the youth : " Stretch thy mind towards 
our Lord ;" and he signed him with the Cross^ and said 
to him : " Go, take her by the hand, and say to her, * I 
with my hand slew thee with iron, but Jesus with His 
grace (.v^i) raiseth thee up by my faith.' '' And the 
youth went (and) stood oyer her, and said: ^^I have 
in truth believed in Thee, my Lord Jesus the Messiah, 
the gift of Thy Father, that in Thee are all aids, and in 
Thee all dispensations, and in Thee all healings, and in 
Thee life for the repentant, who in truth repent unto 
Thee with all their heart. Yea, my Lord, I beg of Thy 
mercy, come to my help and to my conversion, and give 
life to this (woman) by my hands, since I dare to do 
this.'' And he was looking upon Judas Thomas and 
saying to him : " Pray for me, Apostle of God, that my 
Lord may come to my aid, on whom I call." And he 
laid his hand upon hers, and said: ^^Come, my Lord 
Jesus the Messiah, and give to this (woman) life and to 
me the pledge of Thy faith.'' And as soon as he took 
hold of her hand, she sprang up (and) stood upright, and 
was looking on the great crowd who were standing by. 
And she saw the Apostle of our Lord, who was standing 
opposite to her, and ran and fell down at his feet, and took 
hold of his skirts, and saith to him : ^^ I pmy thee, sir, 
where is the other, who was with thee, who did not let 
me remain in that place which I saw, but gave me over 
to thee, and said to thee, * Take this (woman) away unto 
thee, (ooski) that she may bo made perfect in her lovo 
by faith, and then be gathered unto my place.' " 

Judas saith to her : ^^ Tell me whither thou wentest and 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 195 

what thou didst see?" She saith to him : " Thou, who wast 
with mo, and to whom he gave me over, dost thou ask 
to hear of me?'' And she began to tell him, (saying): 
^' A man, whose aspeot was hideous, and his body blaok, 
and his elothes filthy, took me away and carried ine to 
a place which was full of pits, and a stinking smell too 
was difiused in its midst. And he made me look down 
into each of the pits ; and I saw the first pit, and as it 
were fire was blazing in its midst, and wheels of fire 
were revolving in its midst ; and he said to me : ^ Into 
this torment are destined to come those souls which 
transgress the law, which change the union of intercourse 
that has been appointed by God ; and other (souls) are 
destined to come into this torment, which have not pre- 
served their virginity, and have given themselves up to 
the deed of shame, and they shall come to this affliction, 
because thoy have transgressed the law of God, and shall 
be given over to evil spirits, and shall be for a mockery 
and a derision, and retribution shall be (exacted) from 
them, and they shall go into another torment, which is 
worse than this, and shall be tormented there/ And 
again he showed me another pit, and I looked down into 
it (ofki) and saw dreadful things, to which are destined 
to come the souls that do evil ; and I saw there many- 
tortures which are prepared for men and women and 
youths and maidens. Those men who leave their own 
wives, and have intercourse with the wives of their fel- 
lows ; and women, who go beyond intercourse with their 
own husbands ; and youths, who do not keep their laws, 
but wantonly indulge themselves with harlots in their 

o2 



196 THE ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 

lust, and for whom it is not enough to transgress the law 
among harlots, but they lie in wait for virgins and wan- 
tonly indulge in sin ; and maidens, who have not kept 
their state of virginity, (but), because of their wanton 
lust, have brought shame upon their parents; — (these) 
shall come to this affliction and shall be recompensed, 
each according to his works. And he took me away 
again, and showed me a dark cave, and a stinking smell 
was coming out of it. And he said to me : ^ Look down 
and see, for this is the prison of those souls about which 
I said to thee that, when the chastisement of each of 
them is finished, another cometh in its place ; and there 
are some of them which are utterly consumed, and there 
are some of them which are handed over to other tor- 
tures.' The guardians of those tortures say to the man 
who led me : ^ Give us this (woman), that we may bind 
her in her place, until* she goes to her torture/ The 
man who led me saith to them : (v&i) ^ I will not give her 
to you, because I am afraid of Him who delivered her to 
me, and I was not ordered to leave her here ; but I will 
take her up with me, until I receive an order regarding 
her.' And he took me and brought me out to the place 
where men were ; and he who was like to thee took me 
and delivered me unto thee, and said to thee : ^ Take this 
(woman), because she is one of the sheep that have gone 
astray.' And thou didst take me from him, and lo, I stand 
before thee, and beg of thee that I too may believe 
through thee, and may find grace because of thy prayer, 

* Reading 92^ for JLw , Gr^ lu>$ &r€ Koipds i<l>urraTai K'T*k* 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 197 

... - I ■ 

and that I too may not go to those tortures which I have 
seen." 

Judas Thomas saith to them : ^^ Ye have heard, my 
children, what this woman hath said ; and there are not 
these tortures only, but also others, which are much 
worse than these. Ye too, therefore, unless ye are con- 
verted to this truth which I preach, and restrain your- 
selves from your evil deeds, and from your actions which 
profit you not, and from your thoughts without know- 
ledge, your end will come to these torments. * But do ye, 
therefore, believe in Jesus the Messiah, and He will blot 
out your former actions, and will cleanse you from all 
your earthly thoughts {m^\) that abide on the earth, and 
will purify you from your sins, which, unless ye repent 
of them unto God, will accompany you and go with you 
and be found before you. Put off, therefore, each of you, 
his old man^ and put on the new man,"" that is to say, 
(put off) your old courses and your fleshly works. Let 
those, then, who stole, steal no more, but toil and work and 
live ; ** and let those of you who committed adultery, not 
commit adultery and abandon themselves to the ease of 
the moment, that they may not go to everlasting torment, 
for adultery is hateful beforo God more than all evil 
works; and put away from you lying and oppression 
and drunkenness and slander, and requite not any man 
evil for evil ; for all these things are odious to this God 
whom I preach, and unclean to him; but walk in all 
humility and temperance and purity, and in hope in 

* £phcsiauB, ch. iv. 22 — 24. ^ EphesianB, ch. iv. 28. 



198 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

God; and ye shall become servants of Him, and shall receive 
from Him the gifts which are given to some (only.)" 

And these multitudes believed^ and surrendered them- 
selves to the living Ood and to Jesus the Messiah, and 
were enjojring the blessed works (-^^i) of the Most 
High and His holy service; and were each of them 
bringing much money for the relief of tho widows, who 
were collected by the Apostle in each city, and to all of 
whom he was sending by the hand of his deacons what 
was fitting for them for food and clothing. And he never 
ceased to preach and to speak unto them, and to show 
them that it was Jesus the Messiah of whom the Scrip- 
tures spake, and whose types and mysteries and like* 
nesses the Law and the Prophets showed forth ; who was 
given as a covenant to the people (of Israel), that they 
might be restrained for His sake from the worship of 
idols, and as a light to the peoples (the Gentiles), by 
means of which the grace of God hath dawned upon them, 
and all those who keep His commandments shall find 
rest in His kingdom, and be honoured in glory ; and 
He came, and was crucified, and rose in three days. And 
he was narrating unto them, and expounding, from Moses 
even unto the end of the prophets^ because they all 
preached concerning Him, and He came (and) fulfilled 
(all) in fact. 

And the report of him was heard among men in the 
cities and villages ; and every man who had a sick (per- 
son), or one possessed by a spirit, or a lunatic, or para- 
lytics,*" — some thoy brought on beds and placed them by 

* Litorallj, those whose hahee were vntltered up, ^fuirX^cs. 



THE ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 190 

the road-side, wbithersoovor they learned that he was 
going ; and ho was healing thorn all by the power of 
Jesus his Lord. (Ai) And the sick, who were ill of 
grievous diseases and in hideous torments, were healed, 
and the paralytics, who were standing up quite sound ; 
and thoy were all glorifying (God) with one mouth, and 
sajring: ^^To Thee be glory, Jesus the Messiah, who 
hast given us healing by Thy servant and Thy Apostle 
Judas. For lo, being quite well and seeing,' we pray of 
Thee that we too may become children of Thy fold, and 
may be numbered among the number of Thy sheep. 
Beceive'us, our Lord, and reckon not against us our 
former sins, which we committed in ignorance.'^ 

Then, when Judas Thomas saw them, he lifted up his 
voice and said: "To thee be glory. Living (One) who 
(art) from the Living (One); to Thee be glory. Life-giver 
of many ; to Thoo be glory. Help and Aider of those 
who come to Thy place Of refuge; to Thee bo glory, 
(Thou that art) wakeful from all eternity, and the Awaker 
of men, living and making alive. Thou art God, the 
Son of God, the Saviour and Helper, and Eefuge, and 
Best of all those who are weary in Thy work ; the Giver 
of rost to thoso who, for Thy namo^s sako, havo botnc the 
burden of the whole day at mid-day.** We praise Thee 
for Thy gift unto us, and for Thy aids to our feebleness, 
and for Thy provision for our poverty. Make perfect 



* The Gr. text has ical x<ilpovT€% so that we should probably read 
^:u» , rejoicing^ instead of ^lii . ^ I. c., in tlie scorchifig 

heat. 



200 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

with US Thy grace and Thy mercy unto (rd\i) the end, 
and give us the boldness that is in Thee. Behold^ Lord, 
that Thee alone we love ; and behold. Lord, that we have 
left our homes and the homes of these our kindred, and for 
Thy sake are become strangers without compulsion. Be- 
hold, Lord, that we have left our possessions for Thy sake, 
that we might gain Thee, the possession of life, that 
cannot be taken away. Behold, our Lord, that we have 
left all our kindred for Thy sake, that we might be 
united in kinship to Thee. Behold, our Lord, that we 
have left our fathers and our mothers and our fosterers, 
that we might see Thy exalted Father and be filled with 
His divine nourishment. Behold, our Lord, that we have 
left our fleshly wives and earthly fruits, that we might be 
united in true union with Thee and produce the heavenly 
fruits which (are) from above, which men cannot take 
away from us, but which shall be with us and we shall 
be with them." 
Here ends the sixth Act. 



The seventh Act, how Judas Thomas was called by the 
General of king Mazdai to heal his Wife and Daughter. 

And whilst Judas was preaching throughout all India, 
the general of a king came to him and said to him : ^^ I 
pray (•2A1) thee, servant of God, and the more so that 
thou seest that I myself am come to thee as unto the 
Apostle of God, because thou art sent for the healing of 
men who have need of the aid which is given them by 
thy hands ; and I have heard concerning thee that thou 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 201 

takest no fee from any man, but proyidest for the poor, 
for if thou tookest a fce^ I would have sent thee a large 
sum of money, and I would not have come hither, be- 
cause the king doth naught without me; for I haye 
abundance and am rich, and am a great man throughout 
all India, and I have done no wrong to any man, but this 
thing hath happened to me contrary (to my deserts). I 
have a wife, and by her I had a daughter ; and I love 
her much, as nature too teacheth, and I know no other 
wife along with her. Now there chanced to be a ban- 
quet in our city, and the givers of the entertainment 
were great friends of mine ; and they came (and) asked 
of me, and prepared the feast for her and her daughter. 
And because they were friends of mine, I could not 
make any excuse, but I sent her, though against her 
will, and I sent with her also many of my servants, and 
I made a great display for her and her daughter. And 
when it was time to depart, I sent after her lanterns and 
lamps; and I too was standing in the street and was 
looking (.^i) when she should come, that I might see 
her and receive her and her daughter with her. And 
whilst I was standing there, I heard a sound of lamenta- 
tion and a sound of weeping ; ^ Alas for her^ alas for her,' 
was coming to my ears from all mouths. Then my ser- 
vants came to me, rending their clothes, and made known 
to me what had happened, and say to me : ^ We saw a 
man, and another, a boy, was with him, who was like to 
him. And the man laid his hand upon thy wife, and the 
boy upon thy daughter ; and they shrank with loathing 
from them, and we smote them with swords, but our 



202 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

swords sank to the ground; and at that moment the 
women fell down^ and were gnashing their teeth, and 
dashing their heads on the ground ; and we are come to 
inform thee of what hath happened/ And when I had 
heard these things from my servants, I rent my clothes, 
and was beating my face with my hands, and rumiing 
about in the street like a madman. And I came and 
found them lying in the street; and I took them and 
brought them to my house, and after a long time they 
came to themselves; and I restored (them and) made 
them sit up, and began to ask my wife : ^ What hath hap- 
pened to thee?' And she saith to me : ^ Thou dost not 
know what thou hast done with me ; for I asked of thee 
that I might not go to the feast, because I was not well 
in body ; and as I was going along the street, and had 
come to the pipe that throweth up water, I saw a black 
man (.i\i) standing opposite to me and shaking* his head, 
and another, a boy, who was like to him, standing beside 
him ; and I said to my daughter : ^ Look at these men, 
how hideous (they are)'; and my daughter said to me, ^I 
saw a boy whose teeth were like milk and his lips like 
coals.' And we left them beside the water-pipe and went 
on. And when it was evening, and we quitted the house 
where the entertainment was, and came away with the 
servants, and arrived at the water-pipe, my daughter saw 
them first, and came to me for refuge ; and after her I 
too saw them coming towards us ; and the servants who 
were with me fled ; and they struck me and my daughter, 



« 
ft 



= KLvm, 08 at p. 1G2. 



THE ' ACTS OF JVDiS THOMAS. 203 

and throw us down.' And whilst sho was narrating 
(this) to mc, they came upon them, and cast them down 
again ; and from that hour they are unable to go out any 
more into the street, either to go to the bath, or to the 
house of feasting, or the house of weeping, but they lie 
there night and day, the mother with her daughter, and 
are shut up by me in a room within another, because of 
the laughing-stock that I am become through them, and 
because, when they come upon them, they throw them 
down and disgrace them wherever they find them. I 
beg therefore of thee and entreat thee, help me and have 
mercy upon me, for, lo, for three years no table hath been 
laid in my house, and my wife and daughter have (oAi) 
not sat at it; but specially for my poor daughter's sake, 
who hath had no pleasure (of her life)." 

And when the Apostle had heard these things firom 
the general, ho was vciy sorry for him, and said to 
him : " If thou belie vest in my Lord Jesus the Messiah 
that He can heal them, thou shalt see their recovery.'' 
The general, when he had heard these things, saith to 
him, because he imagined that he was Jesus : ^^ I believe 
that thou canst heal them." The Apostle saith to him : 
^^I am not Jesus, but His servant and His Apostle. 
Commit then thyself to Him, and He will heal them 
and help them." The general saith to him : ^^ Show me 
how I can ask Him and believe in Him." The Apostle 
saith to him : ^^ As far as thou art able, stretch thy mind 
upward, because He is not visible now to these bodily 
eyes, but by faith is recognized in His works and glori- 
fied in llis healings." And the general lifted up his 



204 THB AOIS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

voice and said : ^^ I believe in Thee, Jesus the Messiah^ 
God, that Thou art the Living, the Son of the Living, 
and didst become man, and didst appear (as) a Healer 
and Life-giver and Saviour for all those who in truth 
repent unto Thee. Tea, Lord, I beg of Thee and inter- 
cede before Thee ; help my little faith and my fear, for 
-with Thee I take refuge/' 

And the Apostle commanded his deacon Xanthippus 
to assemble (oli) all the brethren who were there. 
And when he had assembled them, the Apostle came 
and stood in their midst, and said to them : ^^ My sons 
and brethren and sisters in our Lord Jesus, abide in this 
faith^ and trust in our Lord Jesus the Messiah, Him 
whom I preach unto you ; and let your hope be in Him; 
and He will keep you; and fall not away from Him, 
because He will not forsake you. And if it be that ye 
sleep that sleep, which when a man sleeps, he is not. He 
will not sleep, but will be wakeful and preserve you. 
And if ye sit in a ship and on the sea, where no man of 
you is able to help his fellow, He will walk upon the 
waves of the sea and support your ship. Because I 
then am going away from you, and I do not know if I 
shall see you again in the body, be not ye, therefore, 
like to the children of Israel, who stumbled, because 
Moses, their shepherd for a time, departed from them. 
But lo, I leave you in my stead the deacon Xanthippus, 
and he too will preach Jesus the Messiah like me. For 
I too am a man like one of you, and I have no wealth, 
which is found with some, the end of which is that it de- 
stroyoth him who possessoth it, because thoro is no utility 



THE ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 205 

* 
• 

in it, since it leaveth him (iXi) in the earth, from which 
he came, and the transgressions and sins which he com- 
mitted for its sake are with him ; for there are (only) some 
who are rich and charitahle. Neither have I any human 
comeliness, on which all those who place their reliance 
are quickly brought to shame ; for if he who had beauty 
becometh deprived (of it), his beauty availeth him nought, 
but those who loved him because of his beauty, they 
especially shun him with loathing ; for all things which 
aire of the world are loved in their season and hated in 
their season. But let your hope be in Jesus the Messiah, 
the Son of God, and be ye holding fast by us and looking 
to us, as the servants of God, since we too, if we bear 
not the burden that beseemeth this name^ shall receive 
punishment, and it shall be to us for judgment and ven- 
geance/' 

And he prayed with them a long prayer, and com- 
mitted them to our Lord, and said: "Lord of all orders 
of creation,* which await Thee, and God of all spirits, 
which hope in Thee, (Thou) that deliverest from error 
Thy human beings, (and) freest from corruption and from 
slavery those who obey Thee and come to Thy place 
of refuge ; bo Thou with the flock of Xanthippus, and 
anoint his flock with Thy oil of life, and cleanse it of its 
disease,** and guard it from wolves and froiti. robbers, that 
they may not snatch it out of his hapds." And he laid 
his hand upon them, and said to them: "The peace of 
Jesus (j*Xi) be with you, and go with us also." 






206 THE ACTS OP JUDAS THOMAS. 

And the Apostle set out to go on the way ; and all of 
them were accompanying him with weeping, and were 
conjuring him by his Lord to be mindful of them in his 
prayers and not to forget them. And when the Apostle 
had mounted, he sat in the chariot of the general, and all 
the brethren remained behind. The general came and said 
to the driver :* " I am praying that I may be worthy to sit 
beneath the feet of the Son of God, Jesus the Messiah^ and 
to be His driver on this road, which many know, that He 
may be my guide on that road on which some (only) 
ahall go." 

And when he had gone about a mile, Judas Thomas 
begged of the general, and made him get up to sit beside 
him, and ordered the driver to sit in his place. And as 
they were going along the road, and Judas was convers- 
ing with the general, the cattle became tired from their 
having driven them so far, and stood still and would not 
stir. And the general was sorely vexed, and knew not 
what to do ; and he thought of running on foot, and 
bringing other cattle, wherever he could get them, or 
horses, because («^i) his time was becoming short. And 
when the Apostle saw this, he said to him : ^^ Be not 
afraid and be not agitated, but only believe in Jesus, as 
I told thee, and thou shalt see great wonders.'' The 
general saith to him : ^^ I believe in Him, (and) that 
everything is possible for him to do who asketh of Him.'' 

* rc^l i-a > ^*3*35 ) froDa carrum, Koppov, of the form r ^l i^n • 
or perhaps borrowed directly from a word carrariua^ whenoe carraria 
(via). See Du Cango. 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 207 

Now Judas saw a herd of wild asses feeding some 
distance off the highway, and he said to the general : 
" If thou believest in Jesus, go to the herd and say to 
them : ^ Judas, the Apostle of Jesus the Messiah, the Son 
of God, saith, Let four of you come, for I require them/ '* 
And the general went^ fearing greatly, because they were 
many ; and tho more he went on, (the more) they came 
towards him. And when they were close to him, he 
said to them : ^^ Judas Thomas, the Apostle of Jesus the 
Messiah, saith : ^ Let four of you come to me, because I 
require thom.* *' And when they heard this speech, all 
tho asses came to him with a groat rush ; and when they 
came to him, they bowed down unto him by the direction 
of our Lord. 

And Judas Thomas, the Apostle of our Lord, lifted up 
his voice in praise, and said : " Glorious art Thou, God 
of truth and Lord of all natures, for (501) Thou didst will 
with Thy Will, and make all Thy works, and finish all 
Thy creatures, and bring them to the rule of their 
nature, and lay upon them all Thy fear, that they might 
be subject to Thy command. And Thy Will trod the 
path from Thy secresy to manifestation, and was caring 
for every soul that Thou didst make, and was spoken of 
by the mouth of all the prophets, in aU visions and 
soimds and voices ; but Israel did not obey because of 
their evil inclination. And Thou, because Thou art Lord 
of all, hast a care for tho creatures, so that Thou spreadest 
over us Thy mercy in Him who came by Thy will and 
put on the body, Thy creature, which Thou didst will 
and form according to Thy glorious wisdom. He whom 



208 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

Thou didst appoint in Thy secresy and establish in Thy 
manifestation, to Him Thou hast given the name of Son, 
lie who was Thy Will, the Power of Thy thought ; so 
that Te ate by yarious names, the Father and the Son 
and the Spirit, for the sake of the government of Thy 
oreatures, for the nourishing of all natures, and Te are 
one in glory and power and will ; and Ye are divided 
without being separated, and are one though divided ; 
and all subsists in Thee and is subject to Thee, because 
all is Thine. And I rely upon Thee, Lord, and by Thy 
command have subjected these dumb beasts, that Thou 
mightest show Thy ministering power upon us and upon 
them, (r<i»i) because it is needful, and that Thy name 
might be glorified in us and in the beasts that cannot 
speak.^' 

And when he had said these things, he said to the 
wild asses : " Peace be with you, because ye have 
obeyed the Word, the sovereign* of alL Let four of 
you come and be yoked in place of these cattle, which 
have stood still and are not able to go on/' And every 
one of the wild asses crowded round, (striving) which 
of them should be yoked. And there were some there, 
that were stronger than their fellows, and these were 
yoked ; and the rest of them went along after and before 
the Apostle. And when they had proceeded a little way, 
he said to them : ^^ To you I speak, ye inhabitants of the 
desert ; remain behind and go to your pasture ; for if I 



* The Syriao word oi l ?w is fem.^ to agree in gender with 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 209 

• 

had had occasion for you all, ye would all have come. 
Now then go to the place in which ye were." And the 
wild asses were going along gently, until they were out 
of his sight. 

And the Apostle was seated (in the chariot), and the 
general, and the driver ; and the wild asses were going 
along gently and quietly and by little and little, that the 
Apostle of God might not be shaken. And when they 
reached the gate of the city, they (viz. the asses) dis- 
tinguished (the house), and went (and) stood before the 
gate of the court-yard of the general. 
: Then the general was amazed and said: ^^I am not able 
to speak and tell what is happening; (.ani) but let there 
be another wonder, and then I will tell." And the whole 
city was coming, because they saw the wild asses which 
had been yoked in the chariot, and because they heard 
the report of the Apostle's having gone thither. 

The Apostle saith to the general : " Where is thy 
house ? And whither wilt thou conduct us ? " The 
general saith to him: ^^Thou, knowest that thou art 
standing at the door of thy servant, and these (beasts), 
which by thy command are come with thee, know better 
than I." And when the general had spoken thus, ho 
sprang down from the chariot. 

And the Apostle began to say : "Jesus, the knowledge 
of whom is denied in this country ; Jesus, the report of 
whom is strange in this city ; Jesus, a stranger among 
these men ; Jesus, who sendest Thy Apostle on before to 
every country and every city, and art glorified in him 
and made known by him to all those who are worthy of 



*210 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

•it ; JesuSy wlio didst put on the body, and become man, 
and appear to ns all, that we might not part from Thy 
love ; our Lord, who didst give Thyself for us, and buy 
us with Thy blood, and acquire us unto Thyself, a pos- 
session that was dearly bought ; — for what have we that 
we can give to Him for His life ? For He gave His life 
for us. It is not anything that belongs to each one (of 
us), nor does He ask of us anything, save that we should 
ask of Him and live.^ 

And when he had said these things, many were 
coming from every (.^ai) place to see the Apostle of 
the new God, who was come thither. And Judas said : 
" Why stand we here and are idle ? Jesus, what wilt 
Thou ? Command the time, and let the deed be (done)." 
Then the demons were sore upon that woman and her 
daughter, and the servants of the general did not think 
that they would last, for they did not suffer them to eat 
anything, but kept them constantly lying in bed, with- 
out being recognized by any one,^ until the day when 
the Apostle came thither. 

And t^e Apostle said to one of the wild asses which 
were yoked on the right hand: " Go into the court-yard, 
and, standing there, call those demons, and say to them : 
^ Judas the Apostle, the disciple of Jesus the Messiah, 
saith. Come out hither, because on your account I have 
been sent and against your kindred, that I might drive 
you to your own place, ere the time of the consummation 
Cometh and ye go to your pit.' " And the wild ass went 

• 

* Or, as in tho note, without recognizing any one. 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAa 211 

in, a crowd 6f people being with him, and said: "To 
you I speak, ye enemies of mankind ; to you I speak, 
who close your eyes to the light that ye may not see, 
for the nature of evil cannot be with good; to you 
(sJMi) I speak, ofl&pring of Gehenna and Abaddon,' 
children of him who hath never been forced to keep quiet 
untU to-day, of him who produceth afresh evil servants 
that suit his nature ; to you I speak, audacious wretches, 
who are to perish by your own hands. And what I 
should say concerning your end, I know not ; and what 
I should tell, I am unable (to utter) ; for these things are 
too great for hearing and have no limit, for however 
great your bodies may be, they are too small for your 
retributions. To thee I speak, demon, and to thy son, 
who accompanieth thee, for now I am sent hither against 
you. Why do I go on speaking at great length of your 
nature ? For ye know (it) better than I, and are auda- 
cious. But now Judas Thomas, the disciple of Jesus the 
Messiah, this (man) who hath been sent hither with mercy 
and grace, saith : ^Come forth unto this crowd, which, lo, 
is standing here, and tell me of what race ye are.' " 

And at that moment the woman and her daughter 
camo out, lilco to tho dead in appearance, and exposed, 
and disgraced. And when the Apostle saw them, he 
was grieved for them, and said : " No pity hath been 
shown unto you ; on this account ye are scarcely con- 
scious.^ But in the name of Jesus the Messiah depart 

* Or, of Sell and Destruction. •» Or, in yowt semes. 

This is, however, mere guess-work, and I am at a loss how to 
translate the clause. The verb is tnasc. in the text, 

p2 



'212 THB AOTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

ye fSrom them, and stand beside them." And when the 
Apostle had uttered (comi) this speech, the women fell 
down and (to all appearance) died, for there was no 
breath in them, nor did they utter any sound. And the 
demon cried with a loud voice and said: ^^Thou art 
come again, rebuker of our nature ! Thou art come hither 
again, destroyer of our race ! Thou art come hither again, 
efiacer of our footsteps ! And, as I see, thou dost not 
wish to let us remain on earth ; but thou art not able at 
this time to do this to us.'' 

And Judas perceived that it was the demon whom he 
had driven out of that (other) woman.*' And he said to 
him : " I beg of thee, then, give me leave, (and) I will 
go whither thou pleasest (and) dwell (there) ; and I will 
take orders from thee, and not be afraid of him who hath 
authority over me ; for as thou art come to visit (and do 
good), so am I come to destroy ; and as thou, if thou 
dost not accomplish the will of Him who sent thee, art 
reproved, so I too, unless I do the will of him who sent 
me, go before the time unto our nature ; and as thy Lord 



, as if it referred to the demons, not to the women. 

The word ^ft>n>^i can hardly be anything else than tOftiJ^i ^ 

agre^ vix; at least •OftiJ^i does not seem to yield a satisfactory 
^nse, and I do not know the word as a secondary or denominative 

00 Y 

ifonnation from KIiaoCXm . Possibly we might read aifti^anijaoX , 

io restrain yousehea ; but the difficulty as to ^^..^O^Or^ 
would in that case still remain. 
• See above, p. 182. 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 213 

helpeth thee in the things which thou .dost, (so) too my 
father supporteth me in the things which I do ; and as He 
prepareth for thee vessels which are worthy for Him to 
dwell in, so too he maketh me aware of the vessels which 
obey him, that I may do in them his will ; and as He 
nonrisheth and provideth for thee (omi ) and for those 
who obey thee, so also doth He torture me, and torment 
me and those in whom I dwell ; and as to thee He giveth 
the reward of thy work, that is to say life everlasting, 
(so) also to me He giveth the recompense of my deeds, 
everlasting perdition ; and as thou takest pleasure in thy 
prayers, and in thy good works, and in the Eucharist, 
and in His chants of praise and psalms and hymns, so 
I too take pleasure in murder and adultery, and in sacri- 
fices and libations of wine on the altars i and as thou 
tumest men unto everlasting life, so I too turn men unto 
mc, unto everlasting perdition and torment ; and thou 
receivest thy reward, and I mine." 

And when the demon had said these things, the 
Apostle said : ^^ To thee and to thy son Jesus saith by 
me, that ye shall not again enter the habitation of men, 
but go (and) dwell without the entire habitation of 
men/' And the demons say unto him : " Lo, we go, as 
thou hast commanded us ; but what wilt thou do unto 
those who are hidden from thee, and their vessels rejoice 
in them more than in thee, — those whom many worship and 
do their will, sacrificing unto them (v^ni) and pouring 
out unto them wine as a libation, and offering unto them 
offerings ?^^ The Apostle saith : "They too shall perish in 
the end with their worshippers," And the demons were 



214 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

sought and were, not found ;* but the women were lying 
(there) as if dead, without a word ; and the wild asses 
were standing one beside the other, and wore not moving 
away from one another ; but the one to whom speech was 
given by the power of our Lord^ was standing in front of 
his fellows. 

And when all the people were silent and looking on 
him, that they might see what the Apostle would do, the 
wild ass looked on them all, and said to Judas : " Why 
standest thou (there) and art idle. Apostle of the Most 
High ? For lo, the Paraclete is standing beside thee and 
looking that thou shouldest ask him and he would give 
unto thee. Why delayest thou, good Disciple? For lo, 
thy Master wisheth to show great things through thee. 
Why standest thou (there), preacher of the Hidden ? For 
lo, thy Master wisheth to disclose His hidden nature 
through thee unto those who are worthy of Him that 
they may hear these things. Why art thou stilly worker 
of miracles in the name of thy Lord 1 For lo, thy Lord is 
standing by and encouraging thee.^ Fear not ; for He 
will not abandon thee, and His Godhead will not suffer 
thy manhood to be grieved. Begin^ therefore^ to call 
upon Him, and He will answer thee, as He is wont at all 
times. Why (jjlmi) doth amazement seize thee at His 
manifold doings? For these are small things which He 
hath shown through thee ; and if thou wert to tell of the 
number of His gifts, thou wouldest not be able to make 

* I. e., vanished suddenly. ^ Insert a point, which is want- 

ing in the MS., after vA ,m\^o . 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 215 

an end of them. Why art thou astonished concerning these 
His bodily heaLings, (which are) ended by dissolutioni 
when thou rememberest His healing of His possessions, 
which is not ended by dissolution ? *" Why ponderest thou 
upon this temporal life^ when, lo, thou canst reflect 
every day upon the life everlasting? But unto you, I 
say, ye multitudes, who, lo, are standing by and waiting 
to see these arise who, lo, are lying here ; believe on the 
Teacher of verity, and believe on the Shower of truths ; 
believe on the Eevealer of secretis ; believe on the Demon- 
strator of life ; believe on the Apostle of the tried Son, 
Jesus the Messiah, who was bom, that the bom might 
live by His birth ; and was reared, that the perfect 
rearing might be seen in Him ; and went to school that 
through Him perfect wisdom might be known; He 
taught His teacher,** because He was the Teacher of verity 
and the Master of the wise ; he went to the temple and 
ofifered an offering, that they might see that all offerings 
are sanctified in Him. This is the Apostle of Him ; this 
is the Apostle of truth ; this is the doer of the will of 
Him that sent him. But there shall be a time when &lse 
apostles shall come, and lying prophets, whose end shall 
be like their works; who will say unto you, (Y^i) 
^ Beware of sins,' whilst they at all times utter sins ; who 
will put on the clothing of lambs, whilst within they are 
ravening wolves;* who will not take one wife legally, 

* Margin, wldch paeseth not away. ^ Porliaps a reference to 

the Gospel of Tliomas the Israolito, oh. vi. — viii. of Tischendorf's 
(arcok text ; see my Contributions to the Apocryphal Literature of 
the Now Testament, p. 8. ^ S. Matthew, ch. vii. 15. 



216 THB ACI9 OF JTJDAS THOMAS. 

but by iheir words and their deeds will corrupt many 
women; who will not beget children, but will corrupt 
many children, and pay the penalty for them ; who will 
be distressed at the happiness of others, and will take 
pleasure in their distress ; to whom what they possess 
will not suffice, but who will desire that all things should 
serve them, and will boast of thom, and bo esteemed as 
disciples of the Messiah ; in whose mouth is one thing, 
^d in their heart another; who teach that ye should 
shun hateful things, but themselves do not even a single 
good thing ; before whom adultery is hateful, and theft, 
and oppression, and greed, but in themselves secretly 
these are all done, whilst they teach that a man should 
not do them/' 

And when he spake these things, all the wild asses 
were looking at him. And when he was silent, Judas 
said : " What am I to think of Thy servant,* Jesus ? And 
how I am to call Thee, I know not. (Thou) gentle and 
silent and still and speaking I (Thou) Seer, that art in the 
heart, and Searcher, that art in the mind ! Glory to Thee, 
(Thou) gracious (One) ! Glory to Thee, living Word ! 
Glory to Thee, (Thou) hidden (One), who hast many 
forms ! Glory to Thy mercy, ( •jj which hath abounded 
unto us.** Glory to Thy grace, which hath boon upon us ! 
Glory to Thy greatness, which became small for us! 
Glory to Thy exaltation, which was humbled for us! 
Glory to Thy strength, which became feeble for us! 
Glory to Thy Godhead, which for iis put on manhood ! 

■ Or, Thy work (vyiiiik.) ? ** nv ^t rc^:| for axSUL.1 . 



THB ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 217 

Glory to Thy manhood, which was faiade new for us, and 
died for us to give us life I Glory to Thy Besurrection 
from the grave, that we might have a resurrection and a 
raising up ! Glory to Thy Ascension unto Heaven, by 
which Thou didst tread for us the road (leading) up on 
high I And Thou didst promise and swear unto us, that 
we should sit on the right hand and on the left, and 
should be judges with Thee.* Thou art the Word of 
Heaven. Thou art the hidden Light of the understand* 
ing, and the Study of the path of truth, the Dispeller of 
darkness and the Destroyer of error." 

And when the Apostle had said these things, he came 
and stood over those women, who were lying (there), audi 
said : ^' My Lord and my God, Jesus the Messiah, 1 
doubt not regarding Thee, but I call upon Thee, as 
at all times Thou dost aid us and support us and 
encourage us. Thou Giver of freedom of speech and of 
joy unto Thy servant and Apostle, let these (women) bo 
healed ^ and arise, and let them be as they were (r^i) 
before they were smitten by the demons." And when he 
had said these things, the women turned over, and sat up 
healed. And Judas commanded the general that his 

m 

servants should take thom and lead them in and give 
them food, for they had not eaten for many days. And 
when they had taken them and led them in, he said 
to the wild asses, " Follow me." And they went after 
him until he had brought them without the gate. 

" S. Matthew, ch. xix. 28, xx. 23. ^ Or, according to the 

iiotOi and encouragest U8j and givest freedom of speech and joy unto 
Thy servant and Aposth. Let these women^ etc. 



218 THE AOTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

And when they had gone out, he said to them : ^^ Go in 
peace to your pasture." And the wild asses were going 
along gently, and the Apostle was standing and looking 
at them, lest perchance any man should hurt them, until 
they had got out of his sight and werQ no longer visible 
to him. 
Here ends the seyenth Act. 

The eighth Act, of Mygdonia and Karish.* 

And Judas returned from (accompanying) them, and 
went to the house of the general, and a great multitude 
with him. And it happened that a woman, (the wife) of 
a kinsman of the king, whose name (*mi) was Mygdonia^ 
had come to see the new sight of the new God who was 
preached, and the new Apostle who was come to their 
country; and she was sitting in a palanquin,'' and her 
servants were carrying her. And because of the great 
press that there was^ they were unable to bring her near 
to him ; and she sent to her husband, and he sent his 
officers,"" and they were going before her, and pressing 
back the people. And the Apostle saw (this) and said 
to them : *^ Why do ye ill-treat these (people), who are 
coming to hear the word ? And (why are) ye anxious that 

• In pseudo-Abdias (Pabrioius, p. 10^)^ Mygdonia and Oharmus; 
Tischendorf, p. 235, MvySovCa and Xapcb-ios. ^ iPdUA 

or palanquin Beems to be the best equivalent of r^-A-ja^icua^ 
in this passage. « >CDa\i.l , Chald. VT^)^ > TP.I > «RP«- 

ritores^ satellites. The margmal reading >CDai\'i ia footmen, Arab. 
dU^ , a plur. of J^J^ . 



THB ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 219 

they should pass on^ and ye yourselves wish to come 
unto mo, being very far off ? For our Lord said to those 
multitudes who were coming unto him :* ^Ears ye have, and 
ye hear not, and eyes ye have, and ye see not '; and (He also 
said) :^ ^ Come unto me, all ye that are weary and bearing 
burdens, and I will give you rest' " And he looked upon 
those men ^ and said : ^^ Now the blessing that was given 
unto these falleth to the share of you who are carrying ; for 
ye are bearing a heavy burden,"" and she directeth you by 
her command/ Though God (J^i) hath made you men, 
men make you carry a heavy load like beasts ; and those 
who are borne upon you, think in their minds that ye 
ate not men like to them, and do not know that all men 
are equal before God, whether they be slaves or free; 
and righteous is the judgment of God, which shall come 
upon all souls that are on the earth, and no man shall . 
escape from it, neither slaves nor free, nor rich nor 
poor. Those who have, shall not be profited aught 
thereby ; and those who have not, shall not be delivered 
by their poverty from this judgment. For we are not 
commanded to do anything which we are unable to do, 
nor to take up heavy burdens, nor to build buildings, 
which carpenters build for themselves with wisdom, nor 
(to practise) the art of hewing stones, which stone- 
cutters know as their crafb; but (we are commanded 

• S. Mark, ch. viii. 18. «» S. Matthew, ch. xi. 28. « Who 

were carrying Mygdonia. ^ Beading rraiiAiu ruaOdQ ia 

Iho singular. * Or the fern, pronoun may refer grammatically 

to the word ruaCM , burden. 



220 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

to do) something wliich we can do^ — ^to refrain from 
fornication, the head of all evils; and from murder, by 
reason of which the curse came upon Cain; and fr'om 
theft, which brought Judas Iscariot unto hanging; and 
from gluttony, which removed Esau from his birthright ; 
and from covetousness, unto which when one is subject, 
he doth not consider what he doeth ; and from vain-glory, 
and from destroying slander ; and from (.ni) evil actions 
and from deeds of shame, and from hateful intercourse 
and unclean connexion, in which there is eternal con- 
demnation; and this it is that seizeth the uplifted by 
force, and casteth them down to the lowest depth, and 
bringeth them under its power, so that they cannot dis- 
cern what they do, and their works become hidden 
from them. But harken ye to me, and conduct your- 
selves with purity, which is chosen before God more 
than all good things ; and with temperance, for it showeth 
us intercourse with God, and giveth eternal life. And 
also conduct yourselves with humility, for this is weighed 
with every (virtue), and is heavy, and outweigheth(them), 
and gaineth the crown ; and with gentleness, and stretching 
out of the hand to the poor, and supplying the wants of 
the needy ; but especially it behoveth you to conduct 
yourselves with purity, for this is chosen before God, 
and maketh (us) enter into everlasting life, for it is the 
head of all virtues, and by it are done all good works ; 
for he who is not purified, is unable to do anything good, 
because all the virtues are after this of purity. For 
purity is seen of God, and destroyeth evil. Purity is 
pleasing to God; therefore it proceedeth from him. Purity 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 22L 

(call) is the athlete who is not oyercome. Purity is the 
truth that blencheth not. Purity is the tower that falleth 
not. Purity is worthy before God of being to Him a 
familiar handmaiden. Purity is comeUness when it is 
found with many. Purity destroyeth corruption. Purity 
is the messenger of concord, which bringeth the tidings of 
peace. Temperance setteth him who acquireth it free from 
daily cares. Temperance careth for naught but how 
it may be found pleasing to its Lord. Temperance 
holdeth on by hope, awaiting deliverance. Temperance 
sitteth at all times in tranquillity, because it doth nothing 
that is odious. Temperance seeketh a life of rest, and is a 
joy to all who acquire it, and exalte th those who are nigh 
to it. Humility hath subdued Death, and brought him 
under its power. Humility hath conquered enmity. 
Humility is the pleasant yoke, and fatigueth not those 
who bear it. Humility feareth naught, for it is rude to 
none. Humility is concord and peace and joy and rest. 
Acquire purity, and take unto you temperance, and 
strive after humility ; for by these three cardinal virtues 
is typified this Messiah, whom I preach. For purity is the 
temple of God, and every one who guardeth it, guardeth 
IjEis temple, (cai) and the Messiah dwellethin him. And^ 
temperance is the rest of God ; for our Lord fasted forty 
days and forty nights, and tasted nothing; and the> 
Messiah dwelleth in him who observeth it. And humility 
is a mighty power ; for our Lord said unto Simon the 
Apostle : • * lletum thy sword back (to its sheath) ; if I 

« S. Matthew, ch. xxvi.. 52,53. 



222 THB AOTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

am willing to ask strength of my Father, He will give 
me more than twelve legions of angels.' '' 

And when Judas had said these things, all the multi- 
tudes were listening together, and trampUng on one 
another/ And the wife of Xarish, the kinsman of king 
Mazdai,^ sprang up and came out of the palanquin, and 
fell down on the ground before the feet of the Apostle, 
and was begging of him and saying to him : '^ I beg of 
thee, thou Apostle of the new God, who hast come to a 
desert place from the habitation of men — ^for we dwell in 
a desert, because we live like the beasts that have not 
speech, and now, lo, we are being tamed by thy hands, — 
that thou wouldst turn unto mo too, and pray for me, 
that I also may obtain grace from this God whom thou 
preachest, and that I may become a handmaiden of Him, 
and that I too may be united with you in prayer and in 
hope and in thanksgiving, and that I too may become a 
holy temple and He may dwell in me." 

The Apostle saith: "I pray and beg of you, my 
brethren in our Lord and my sisters in the Messiah, 
(ui) that the word of the Messiah may dwell in you all 
and abide in you, because ye are given powe* over your 
own souls/' And he began to say to the woman: 
^^ Mygdonia, arise from the ground, and be mindful of 
thyself, and be not concerned about thy ornaments,'' 

* Viz., in their eagerness to get near him. ^ In pseudo-Abdias, 
p. 705^ Mesdeus ; Tischendorf, p. 235, Mio^cos. "" f<h\Sk^ 

stands here for r<&U3^ , just as we find in MSS. rc^mfikoi:^. for 

f<^oi:k. , Kll^oS^ for KlliuaoS^ , etc. 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS TH0MA8. 223 

whioh pass away, nor about the beauty of thy person, 
which perisheth, nor about thy dress, nor about this 
name and dignity in the world that passeth away ; and 
degrade not thyself to this filthy intercourse, and be 
deprived of the true fellowship. For ornaments perish, 
and beauty becometh old and marred, and clothes decay, 
and power passeth away, (aooompanied) with punishment, 
according as each person hath conducted himself in it, and 
marriage passeth away with much contempt. Jesus alone 
abideth, and those who hope in Him and take refuge 
(with Him), and deliver up themselves unto Him.*^ 
And when he had said these things, he said to the 
woman: ^^Go in peace, and may our Lord make thee 
worthy of His divine mysteries." She saith to him : " I 
am afraid to go, lest thou leave me and depart to another 
place." The Apostle saith to her: "Jesus will not 
abandon thee for His mercy's sake." And she bowed 
down and prostrated herself before him, because she 
thought that he was Jesus; and she went home re- 
joicmg. 

Now Earish, the kinsman of king Mazdai, had taken 
his bath and gone to supper; and he was asking (aui) 
for his wife, where she was, that she had not come to 
meet him from her chamber. And her maidens said to 
him : " She is not inclined (to come)." And he went into 
the chamber^ and saw her lying on the bed with her face 
covered. And he kissed her, and said to her: "Why 
art thou sad to-day and sorrowful ?" She saith to him : 
" I am very tired." He saith to her : " Why didst thou 
not pay proper respect to thy position as a free woman^ 



224 THB ACfTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

^nd stay at home, and not go and hear vain words and 
(see) deeds of witchcraft? But get up, and come out, 
and sup with me, for I cannot sup without thee/' Myg- 
donia saith to him : ^^ To-day I must be excused from 
pupping with thee and from sleeping with thee, for I am 
^uch agitated." And when Xarish heard from Mygdo- 
nia that she spake to him thus, he was unwilling to quit 
(the room) to sleep or to sup,* but ordered his servants 
to bring (food) to him that he might sup in her presence. 

And when they had brought in (food, and) set it 
before him, he asked her to sup, but she would not ; and 
since she would not sup, he supped alone. And Earlsh 
said to her ; " On thy account I excused myself to my 
lord, king Mazdai, from (staying to) supper, and thou 
dost not choose to sup (-^ii) with me I" Mygdonia saith 
to him : ^^ Because I am not inclined." And he stood 
up to go to bed and sleep as was his wont, and she said 
to him : ^^ Did I not tell thee that I must be excused to- 
day, that I may sleep alone?" 

And when he heard this speech, he went and slept in 
another bed. And when he awoke suddenly from his 
sleep, he said to her: "My lady and sister Mygdonia, 
barken unto a dream which I saw this night. I saw 
myself reclining in the presence of my lord king Mazdai, 
and a table was laid before us. And I saw an eagle 
swoop down from heaven, and carry off from before me 
and from before king Mazdai a brace of partridges ; and 
be bore them up to his nest and placed them there, and 

• Pprhaps wo should read C\rariTiJi^\ ore" .■^^T^\ jaftSftV . 



THB AOTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 226 

came again and hovered over us. And king Mazdai 
bade ihem bring him a bow. And the eagle came again, 
and carried off again from before us a pigeon and a 
turtle-dove. And king Mazdai shot an arrow at him, 
and it passed through him from side to side, and did not 
harm him; but ho soared away to his nest. And I 
started (out of my sleep), being agitated, and being 
vexed on account of the partridge which I had tasted, 
and of which he did not let me put any more into my 
mouth, and lo, its taste was in my mouth.'' Mygdonia 
saith to him : ^^ Thy dream is good ; for thou eatest par- 
tridges every day, but perchance a partridge had never 
been tasted by that eagle until now." 

And when it was morning, Karish, the kinsman of 
king Mazdai, arose early (and) dressed, and put his left 
shoe on his right foot, and said (q9i) to Mygdonia: 
^^ What is this action ? Lo, the droam and the action T' 
Mygdonjia saith to him : ^^ This too is not unlucky, but 
good; from an unlucky thing something else good* 
results." And he washed his hands, and went to salute 
king Mazdai. 

But Mygdonia, the wife of Karish, arose early too 
(and) went to salute Judas the Apostle. And she found 
him sitting and conversing with the general and with a 
great multitude ; and he said to them : ^^ My children, 
the woman who yesterday received our Lord into her heart 
and soul, whose wife is she?" The general saith to him : 
^^ She is the wife of Karish, the kinsman of king Mazdai, 

* Road rC'iiiMrC' r^iuXDo . 

a 



226 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

and her husband is a hard man, and all that he biddcth the 
king (do), ho humoureth him in ; and he will not let her 
continue as she hath promisod, because he telleth many fine 
stories about her to the king, and hath said that there is 
none like to her ; and she too loveth him much, and these 
things which thou sayest unto them are alien from 
them.'' Judas saith : " If our Lord hath really risen in 
her soul, and she hath received the seed which was sown 
in her, she will neither make account of this life, nor be 
afraid of death ; nor will Karish be able any more to do 
anything to her, nor to make her suffer, because He 
whom she hath received into her soul is greater than he, 
(rdsoh) if she hath received (Him) once for all with per- 
fect love." 

And when Mygdonia heard these things, she saith to 
Judas : " Of a truth, my lord, through thy prayer I have 
received the living seed of the Word, and fruits which 
are like unto the seed I shall yield in my Lord Jesus." 
Judas saith : ^^ These our souls, which are Thine, 
praise Thee, our Lord. These our spirits^ which 
are Thy true possessions, praise Thee, my Lord. These 
our bodies, which Thou hast made worthy to be the 
dwelling-place of Thy Spirit, that is always to be glori- 
fied, praise Thee, my Lord.'' And the Apostle said to 
all those who were there : " Blessed are the pure, whose 
souls never upbraid them, because they have gained 
them and they are not in doubt regarding themselves. 
Blessed are the spirits of the pure, who have won the 
<^own and gone up from the contest to what is given up 
unto them. Blessed are the bodies of the. pure, which 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS^ 227 

are worthy to become clean templed in which the Messiah 
shall dwell. Blessed are ye, pure, for unto you it is 
allowed to ask and to receive. Blessed are ye, pure, for 
ye are called judges. Blessed are ye, pure, for to you is 
granted power to forgive sins. Blessed are ye, pure, for 
ye have not destroyed what was delivered unto you, but 
ye take it up on high with you, rejoicing. Blessed are ye, 
meek, for God hath deemed you worthy (.aitoi) to inherit 
the kingdom. Blessed are ye, meek^ for it is ye who 
have conquered the evil (one). Blessed are ye, meek, 
for ye are the children of light. Blessed are ye, meek, 
for ye shall see the face of your Lord. Blessed are ye, 
temperate, for ye shall be contented and rejoice in those 
spiritual things which pass not away and are not dis- 
solved, and the eaters of which hunger not. Blessed are 
ye, temperate, for ye are delivered from sin.'* 

And whon tho Apostle had said these things, whilst 
the whole multitudes were listening to him, Mygdonia, 
the wife of Xarish, the friend of king Mazdai, was 
greatly strengthened in purity and temperance and all 
meekness. And whilst they were solacing themselves 
the whole day with the praises and the majesty of the 
Lord, Karish, the friend of king Mazdai, came to dinner, 
and did not find his wife at home ; and he began to ask 
all his servants about her, (saying,) "Whither is your 
mistress gone?" And one of them said to. him: "She 
is gone to the strange man, and there she is." And 
when ho heard thoso things from his servant, ho was 
angry with his other servants that they had not informed 
him of what had happened. And he went (and) bathed 

q2 



228 TH6 AOTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

and oame back whilst it was still light, and was sitting 
and waiting for Mygdonia till she should come. 

And when it was evening, she came, and he mot her 
and said to her: ^^ Where hast thou been till now?" 
And she said to him: ^^I went to the physician's house." 
He saith: ^^That strange conjuror is the physician." 
(•i^i) She saith to him : ^^ Tea, he is the physician^ 
and he is different from all (other) physicians, for all 
(other) physicians heal these bodies which shall be dis- 
solved, but this physician healeth the bodies with the 
souls, which shall never more be dissolved." And when 
Earish, the kinsman of king Mazdai, heard these things, 
he was angry in his mind with Mygdonia and with the 
stranger, but he said nothing to her, — ^because he was 
afraid of her, for she was far superior to him in wealth, 
and also in her understanding, — ^but he went, (and) entered 
into the dining-room, and sat down to supper ; and she 
went again into her ante-chamber.* And he told his 
servants to call her to come out (and) sup with him ; but 
she did not wish (it). And when he heard that she did 
not wish to come out, he went in to her and said to 
her: "Why wilt thou not come out to sup with 
me ? And perhaps too thou dost not wish to sleep with 
me according to thy wont? Of this I am sorely 
afraid, especially as I have heard that that sorcerer and 
deceiver is most anxious about this, that a man should 
not be with his wife; a thing that nature enjoineth, 
and with which the gods too are pleased, he taketh away 
(from us)/' 

• Literally, outer chamber. 



THB ACTS OF JUBA8 THOMAS. 229 

And when Karish had said these things to her, Myg- 
donia was silent^ and he said again to her : ^^ My sister 
and lady and beloved and wife, Mygdonia, be not led 
astray by idle and foolish words (.Tfioi) nor by deeds of 
witchoraft/ which, I have heard, he does in the name of 
his god; for from the day that the world came into 
being, it hath never been heard that a man brought 
the dead to life ; but this man, as I hear, maketh as if ho 
brought the dead to life. And as to his not eating or 
drinking, do not suppose that it is for righteousness' sake 
that he neither eateth nor drinketh, but because he hath not 
got anything. For what shall he eat, who hath not 
even bread for the day ? And that he weareth (only) one 
(garment) is because he hath not another; and that 
he doth not take pay from any man is because he knows 
that he doth not in reality heal any man.'' 

And when Karish had said these things to Mygdonia^ 
she was as silent as a stone, and was praying, and asking 
when it would be morning, and when she; could see 
the Apostle of God. And he left her and went (and) 
supped in sorrowful mood. And when he was thinking 
that, lo, he would sleep with her according to his wont, — 
but sho, at the moment when he went out from hor, 
kneeled down, and was praying and saying: "My Lord, 
and my God, and my Life-giver, the Messiah, do Thou 
give me strength to overcome the daring of Xaiish, 
and do Thou grant me that I may preserve the purity 
in which Thou takest delight, and by which I shall find 
eternal life ;" and when she had prayed, sho covered her 
face and lay down— Kurish, as soon as ho had supped. 



230 TUB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

came and stood oyer her, and took off (01001) his clothes. 
And she perceived him, and saith to him : ^^ There is no 
place for thee beside me, because my Lord Jesus, with 
whom I am united, is better than thou, and He is always 
beside me." And Xarish laughed and said to her: 
^^Thou meekest well that sorcerer, and laughest well 
.at him for saying, ^ Te cannot live before God unless ye 
be pure/ '' And when he had spoken thus, he dared to 
lie down beside her, but she did not endure (it), but cried 
out at him bitterly and said : " Help, Thou new God, who 
through a strange man art come to India I Help^ Lord 
Jesus I Forsake me not, because I take refuge with 
Thee ; for as I have heard that Thou seekest those who 
know Thee not, lo, now that I am seeking Thee and 
have heard tell of Thee and have believed in Thee, come 
to my help, and deliver me from the insolence of Kansh, 
and let not his impurity prevail over me, and let him not 
have a place beside me.'' And she arose, and tied his 
hands,* and fled from beside him, and laid hold of the 
curtain which covered the door of the chamber and wrapped 
herself (therein), and went out (and) went to her nurse, 
and slept beside her for that night. 

But Xarish was in sorrow all that night, and was 
beating his hands against one another, and was wish- 
ing to go during the night (cuaoi) (and) inform king 
Mazdai of the violence that had been done him. And 
he was thinking and saying : ^^ If I go in the great dis- 

* Another Brunhilda ! (Nibelungenlied^ ed. Bartsch^ at. 636, 637.) 
But perhaps tlie word may only mean grasped hu hands or arms 
tigMly. 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 231 

tress which I feel, who will give me admittanoe to king 
Mazdoi ? For I know that, if fate ' had not ruined me, 
and hurled me down from my pride and haughtiness and 
greatness into contempt and abasement, and separated my 
beloved Mygdonia from me, (even) to king Mazdai, had he 
been standing at this hour at my door, I would not have 
gone out and given an answer. But I will wait till 
morning; and I know that, whatever I say to king 
Mazdai, he will humour me therein. And I will tell 
him of the sorcery of the stranger, how he useth violence 
and casteth down the exalted into an abyss ; for I am not 
grieved at being cut off from intercourse with Mygdonia, 
but I am sorry for Mygdonia herself, that her greatness 
hath been degraded, and her freedom brought low, and 
her high spirit humbled, and that a woman, whom none 
of her own servants ever saw in any evil tempers, runneth 
naked out of her chamber,^ and perchance she is gone 
out into the street through the influence of the sorcery 
of the stranger ; but I know not whither she is gone, 
for there was nothing to be seen with her/' And 
when he had said these things, he began to weep and to 
say : " Woe is to me for thy sake, my true wife, (vitoi) 
of whom I am now deprived 1 Woo is to me for thy 
sake, my beloved and my lover, who wast more to me 
than my whole kindi'ed I And neither son nor daughter 
have I from thee, with whom I might rest contented. 
A whole year thou hast not completed with me, and an 



« Literally, time, ^ I have omitted the words and I know 

mt whither she is gone, which appear here ia the Syriac text. 



232 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

(evil) eye hath taken thee from me. Would that the 
' might of death had taken thee by force from me^ — and 
I should (still) have counted myself with kings and 
princes and nobles, — and not this strange man, who is 
perhaps a slave and a fugitive from his owners, and hath 
come hither because of my ill luck I I shall never have 
rest, and never be stopped^ until I destroy him and chas- 
tise him and avenge myself upon him. To-night I will 
not appear before king Mazdai ; but if he doth not 
humour me, and doth not chastise that stranger, I will 
tell him about the general Sif&r ^ too, that he hath been 
the cause of destruction to this (woman) ; for, lo, ho 
sitteth in his house, and many go in and out unto him, and 
he teacheth them the new doctrine of purity^ and teacheth 
and saith that a man cannot live, imless he separateth 
himself from all that belongeth to him, and becometh an 
ascetic and a wandering mendicant like unto himself, and 
lo, he wisheth to make companions for himself." 

And whilst £arish was meditating these things, it 
became morning. And he rose early (and) dressed and 
put on his shoes ; but he put on sorry garments, and his 
countenance was gloomy, and he was very sad ; and ho 
went in to salute king Mazdai. And when king Mazdai 
saw him, he said to him : ^^ What is the matter, that thou 
art come to me in this (jjuq^i) wretched plight ? And why 
is thy aspect sad, and thy countenance changed ?'' Kaiish 
saith to him : ^^ Xing Mazdai, I have a new fact to tell 
thee, and a new calamity, which Sifiii hath brought to 

* In pseudo-Abdias, Sapor, Seforus, Siforus; Tischeudorf, p. 240, 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 233 

India. A Hebrew, a conjuror, is sitting in his house, 
and noYor goeth out from beside him; and many 
go in to him, and he teacheth them the new God and 
giveth them new laws, which have never been heard of 
by us; and he saith: 'Ye cannot be children of this 
everlasting life, which I teach, unless ye sever your- 
selves, a man from his wifo, and a woman from her 
husband.' ITow it chanced that my wretched and 
miserable wife went to see him, and heard his words 
and believed them; and she arose by night and fled 
from beside me, she who could not bear to be away from 
me for a single hour and could not exist without me. 
But send (and) fetch. Sifiir and the conjuror who lays 
snares for him, and chastise them ; and if not, all our 
countrymen will be destroyed by his words.^* 

And when Mazdai heard these things from his kinsman 
Karish, he said to him : " Be not grieved and vexed. 
I will send and fetch him, and chastise him, and thou 
Shalt get back thy wife ; for if I avenge others who 
cannot avenge themselves, thee, lo, («\fl9i) especially 
(must I avenge).'' And he commanded that they should 
summon Sifiir the general (to come) to him ; and they 
went to his house and found him sitting on the right 
hand of Judas, the Apostle of Qod, and Mygdonia was 
sitting at his feet, with a great multitude, and they were 
listening to him. Those who went after Sifiir the gene- 
ral answered and say to him : ^^ Dost thou sit and listen 
to vain words, whilst king Mazdai in his wrath is seek- 
ing to destroy thee, because of this sorcerer and seducer, 
whom thou hast brought into thy house ?" And when 



234 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

Sif&r fhe goncral hoard those things, ho was grioved, not 
because the king was angered with him^ but because 
the king had heard regarding him that he was acquainted 
with Judas the Apostle. And SiMr said to Judas : ^^ I 
am grieved on thy account, for I told thee a day agone 
that that woman was the wife of Karish, the kinsman of 
king Mazdai, and that he would not let her do what she 
promised; and whatever he saith to the king, he humour- 
eth him therein." Judas saith to Sif&r : ^^ Be not afraid, 
but believe in Jesus, who pleadeth for both me and thee, 
and for all those who take refuge with Him and come 
to nis place of assembly/' And when Sif&r the general 
heard these things, he put on his dress and went to 
king Mazdai. 

And Judas was asking Mygdonia, what was the reason 
that (»:^i) her husband was angry with her, and medi- 
tated these things against them. She saith to him: 
^^ Because I did not give myself to corruption with him ; 
for in the evening he wished to make me yield, and to 
subject me to that which he is wont to do ; but He to 
whom I have committed myself delivered me from his 
hands, and I fled naked from beside him, and slept with 
my nurse, and I know not what has come to him that 
he plots these things against you." The Apostle saith to 
her : " These things^ my daughter, harm us not ; but 
believe in Jesus, and He will restrain from thee the lust 
of Karish, and He will deliver thee from corruption and 
wantonness^ and He will be to thee a guide in the path 
of danger, and a conductor to His and His Father's king- 
dom, and Ho will bring thoo into everlasting life, and will 



THB AOrS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 236 

give theo a sovereignty that passeth not away and 
obangcth not." 

And when Sifftr stood before king Mazdai, Mazdai 
asked him and said to him : ^^ What is his story, and 
whence is he, and what doth he teach, the sorcerer who 
plotteth against thee ?'' SifAr saith to him; " Dost thou 
perchance not know, my lord, that I and all my friends 
were in great sorrow about my wife, — ^whom, as thou 
knowest, many held in honour, — and about my daughter, 
in comparison with whom I counted as nought all that I 
possess? And what calamity' and what trial came upon 
them ? And how they became a laughing-stock and an 
imprecation through the whole country ? And I heard 
tell of this man, and went to him, and asked of him, and 
fetched him, and we came (t<i:^i) hither; and I saw 
wonderful miracles whilst I was coming with him on 
the road, and hero too many saw and heard what tho 
wild ass said, and what the demon declared concerning 
him. And he healed my wife and my daughter, and lo, 
they are well, and he asked for no reward except belief 
and purity, that they might be participators in what he 
is doing ; and he saith, ^ Fear one God, the Lord of all, 
and Jesus the Messiah, His Son, and ye shall live for 
ever and ever ' ; and he eateth nothing at all but bread and 
salt from evening to evening, and drinketh water; and he 
prayeth much, and whatever he asketh of God, He giveth 
him ; and he enjoineth (us) too, (saying) that this his 
God is holy and good and benign and gentle and a 

* LitQiBUyf time. 



236 THB AOrS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

giver of life^ and (that) therefore those who believe in 
Him draw nigh unto Him in cleanness and purity and 
love." 

And when king Mazdai heard these things from Sif^r, 
he sent a number of soldiers from his presence to the 
house of Stf^r the general, to fetch Judas Thomas and 
those whom they found with him. And when they wont 
in, they found him sitting and teaching a great many 
people, and Mygdonia too was sitting at his feet. And 
they were afraid, when they saw the great number of 
people that surrounded him ; and they went to tell king 
Mazdai, (saying) : ^^ We did not dare to say aught to 
him, because a great many people were with him, and 
Mygdonia too (•ajw.i) was sitting at his feet and hearing 
his words." And when Mazdai and Karish heard these 
things, Xarish sprang up from before king Mazdai, and 
took vrith him a number of soldiers, and said : *^ I will 
go and fetch him and also Mygdonia, whose senses he 
hath taken away." And he came to the house of Sifiir 
the general in haste, and came and found Judas sitting 
and teaching. And when he went in, he saw Judas, but 
he did not find Mygdonia there, for she had gone home, 
because she knew that they would tell her husband about 
her that she was there. And £arish said to Judas: ^^Qet 
up, wretch and corrupter and enemy ! But what can thy 
witchcraft do to me ? For I will make thy sorceries recoil 
upon thy own head." And when he had spoken thus to 
him, Judas looked upon him and said to him : ^^ Thy 
threats shall recoil upon thee, for me thou canst not hurt 
at all, because my Lord Jesus the Messiah, with whom I 



THB ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 237 

take refuge, is greater than thou and thy king and all 
thy forces.'' And £arish took the turban of one of his 
servants^ and threw it round the Apostle's neck^ and said : 
^^ Drag him off; let me see if Jesus will deliver him from 
my hands." And they were dragging him away (.^.i) 
until (they came) to king Mazdai. 

And when Judas stood before king Mazdai^ he said to 
him : " Tell me what is thy story, by whose power thou 
doest these works ? " And Judas was silent and gave 
him no reply. And king Mazdai commanded the soldiers, 
and they struck him a hundred and fifty lashes ;' and he 
gave orders that they should convey him bound to prison; 
and they bound him and carried him off. And when he 
was gone and had entered into «ie prison, Ma^ai and 
Karish were planning how they might kill him, because 
the whole people were worshipping him as God, and they 
took pains to say (everywhere), **He hath reviled the king, 
and he is a conjuror » 

But Judas, when he went to prison, was glad and re- 
joicing, saying: ^^I thank thee, my Lord Jesus the 
Messiah, that Thou hast deemed me worthy not only to 
believe in Thee, but also to bear many things for Thy 
sako." And ho said: "I thank Thee, my Lord, that Thou 
hast deemed me worthy of these things. I thank Thee, 
my Lord, that Thy providence hath been over me, and 
that Thou hast deemed me worthy to bear many evils for 
Thy sake. I thank thee, my Lord, that for Thy sake, I 

* This is a guess on my part, though I do not see what else the 
word rtoUfikCX^ can mean here. 



238 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

have been a reoluso ^ and an ascetic and a pauper and a 
wandering mendicant. Let me then receive of the bless- 
ing of the poor, and of the rest of the weary, and of the 
blessing of those whom men hate and persecute and revile 
and say of them (.i^i) odious words. Lo, for Thy sake 
I am hated and shunned by many ; for Thy sake they say 
of me I know not what." 

And whilst he was praying, all those who were in the 
prison saw that he was praying and begged of him to 
pray for them too. And when he had prayed and sat 
down, Judas began to chant this hymn. 

The Hymn of Judas Thomas the Apostle in the country 

of the Indians. 

" When I was a little child, and dwelling in my king- 
dom, in my father's house, and was content with the 
wealth and the luxuries of my nourishers, from the East 
our home my parents equipped me (and) sent me forth ; 
and of the wealth of our treasury they took abundantly,^ 
(and) tied up for me a load large and (yet) light, 
which I myself could carry — gold of Beth-'EUaye, and 
silver of Gazak the great,"" and rubies of India, and 
agates "^ from Beth-Kashan ;* and they famished me with 

* Adopting my conjecture r<^Tint» , and taking the word in its 

derivative sensoi and not in the literal one of a prisoner. ^ in&r^ 

for ain&rc' . ^ Beth-Elldya (jne) and Oazah occur as names 

of villages in Assemani's Bibl. Or., the former in t. ii., p. 419, t. iii., 
pars 1, p. 418, the latter in t. i.^ p. 189; but whether these are the 

localities meant here, I cannot say. ' KlAdiaaiSi seems to 

designate hero not striped silks but striped or variegated stones. 

^ Perhaps ^)U»\i ^dshdn, in Persia, N. of Isimlmu. lu Cui-etou's 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 239 

• 

the adamant, which can crush iron. And they took off 
from me the glittering robe,' which in their affection 
they had made for me, and the purple toga, which waii 
measured (and) woven to my stature. And they made 
a compact with me, and wrote it in my heart, that it 
might not be forgotten: ^If* thou goest down into 
Egypt, and bringest*' the one pearl, which is in the midst 
of the sea around the loud-breathing serpent, thou shalt 
put on (02:^.1) thy glittering robe and thy toga, with 
which (thou art) contented,'' and with thy brother, who 
is next to us in authority,'' thou shalt be heir in our 
kingdom.' I quitted the East (and) went down, there 
being with me two guardians, for the way was dangerous 
and difficult, and I was very young to travel it. I passed 
through the borders of Maishan, ' the meeting-place of the 
merchants of the East, and I reached the land of Babel, 
and I entered the walls of Sarbug.*^ I went down into 

Spicil. Syr., p. coa , the ft^ilTn are mentioned as a Bactrian tribe. 
Or we are to think of the striped cloths of Al-Yaman, and compare 

l?'i?l» Gen. XXV. 2, 3 7 * So I venture to translate the abstract 

re'^CUcni , on account of its parallelism with f^^O^ • ^ For 

^PC'O read »^^1 ? ® Read, according to a conjecture of 

Noldeko's, oiAiu^a • The Af 'sl of iuu , hring doum, does not 
suit the context so well. * Or made happy, delighted. I am 

not sure of this clause, however, as the pronoun oil PC' seems to bo 
wanting. ® r^lsuidi , in monkish Greek Scvrepcfpio?. 

' rtim , ^,L^ , the district between al-Ba$ra and W&sif, with a 
cliief to>vn of the same name. « I do not know what place is meant. 

Both •\^Ai2Q , ^u , Manbij or HierapoliSy and •\CiTfio , ^jj^ , 

fiifrrw/, apjKjar to lie too far north, and the latter is the name of a 
district rather than of a town. 



240 THB ACTS dF JUBAS THOMAS. 

£g]rpt| and my oompauions parted from me. I went 
straight to the serpent^ I dwelt around his abode/ (wait- 
ing) till he should slumber and sleep, and I could 
take my pearl from him. And when I was single and 
was alone (and) become strange to my family, one of 
my race, a free-bom man, an Oriental, I saw there, a 
youth fair and loveable, the son of oil-sellers ;^ and he 
came and attached himself to me^ and I made him my 
intimate friend^ an associate with whom I shared my 
merchandise. I warned him against the Egyptians, and 
against consorting with the unclean; and I dressed 
in their dress, that they might not hold me in ahhor- 
rence,'' because I was come from abroad in order to take 
the pearl, and arouse the serpent against me. But in some 
way or other they foimd out that I was not their 
countryman, and they dealt with me treacherously, and 
gave me their food to eat I forgot that I was a son of 
kings, and I served their king ; and I forgot the pearl, 
for which my parents had sent me, and because of the 
burden of their oppressions I lay in a deep sleep. But 
all these things (ojk.i) that befel me my parents per- 
ceived, and were grieved for me; and a proclamation 
was made in our kingdom, that every one should come to 
our gate (i. ^., palace or residence), kings and princes of 



* On v&x.re' see Payne Smith's Thesaurus. ^ 

n^ UT*«I I like rdxia^ ia , tt^ tt n^ ia , etc I cannot say, 

however, whether I have hit the meaning of the original. Why should 
this trade be specially mentioned 1 ® Or perhaps, that they 

might not suspect me, that I woe oome, etc. 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 241 

rarthia, and all the nobles of the East And they wove 
a plan on my behalf, that I might not be left in Egypt ; 
and they wrote to me a letter, and every noble ' signed 
his name to it : ^ From thy father, the king of kings, and 
thy mother^ the mistress of the East, and from thy 
brother, our second (in authority), to thee our son, who 
art in Egypt, greeting 1 Up and arise from thy sleep, 
and listen to the words of our letter I Gall to mind that 
thou art a son of kings ! See the slavery, — whom thou 
servest ! Bemember the pearl, for which thou wast sent 
to Egypt I Think of thy robe, and remember thy splen- 
did toga, which thou shalt wear and (with which) thou 
shalt be adorned, when thy name hath been read out in the 
list of the valiant, and with thy brother, our viceroy,^ thou 
shalt be*' in our kingdom.' My letter is a letter, which 
the king sealed with his own right hand, (to keep it) from 
tho wicked ones, Iho children of Babel, and from the savago 
demons of Sarbug. It flew in the likeness of an eagle, 
tho king of all birds ; it flew and alighted beside me, and 
became all speech/ At its voice and the sound of its 
rustling, I started and arose from my sleep. I took it 
up and kissed it, and I began (and) read it ;*" and accord- 



is evidently wnguloTy despite the ribbOi in the MS. As 
I know no example of this usage, I suppose that we should read 
r^lai . ^ Vieeroff is merely a quid pro quo. I do not know 

the precise meaning of the very rare (Persian, or Armenian t) word 
t«^>l\,-^ , for so it is, no doubt correctly, written in the Theo- 
pliania of Euscbius, cd. Loe, ii. 19. * The text adds tauto- 

logically with him. * Read olA instead of onX . • cbduX , 

denoting simply tho objective it^ is unusual and seems awkward. It 

B 



242 THB AOTP OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

ing to what was traced on my heart were the words of 
my letter written, (i^i) I remembered that I was a sou 
of royal parents, and my noble birth asserted its nature. I 
remembered the pearl, for which I had been sent to 
Egypt, and I began to charm him, the terrible loud- 
breathing serpent. I hushed him to sleep and lulled him 
into slumber, for my father's name I named oyer him, and 
the name of our second (in power), and of my mother, the 
queen of the East ; and I snatched away the pearl, and 
turned to go back to my father's house. And their 
filthy and unclean dress I stripped off, and left it in 
their country ; and I took my way straight to come to 
the light of our home the East. And my letter, my 
awakener, I found before me on the road ; and as with 
its Yoice it had awakened me, (so) too with its light it 
was leading me. It, that dwelt in the palace,"" gave 
light before me with its form, and with its yoice and its 
guidance it also encouraged me to speedy and with its 
lore it drew me on.** I went forth (and) passed by Bar- 
bug ; I left Babel on my left hand ; and I came to the 
great Maishan, to the hayen of merchants, which sitteth 

has been suggested to me to read Cfx-M^uia , and I broke its 9eal^ 
but then we should expect cbdu^VfiO . • The words 

^^^OnilOffti rdftijL.i cause me much perplexity. I have translated 

as if ^^..^nilOffn were ^^^CniiQann . If the original reading of 

the MS., rd^iASLl , be correct, the meaning might be : .«V was direct' 
ing me; because the royal silk (in which the letter was wrapped) shone 
before me, etc. I can hardly imagine the words to signify because the 

dweller (the letter wrapped) in silk (^.^A^n t 1 flf> = sericumi). 
» Read nT^Vii . 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMA& 243 

on the shoro of the sea. And my bright robe, whioh 
I had stripped off, and the toga that was wrapped 
with it, from Eamtha and Eeken(?)' my parents had 
sent thither by the hand of their treasurers, who in 
their truth oould be trusted therewith. And because I 
remembered not its fashion,— for in my childhood I had 
loft it (aiu^i) in my father's house, — on a sudden, 
when I received it, the garment^ seemed to me to be-> 
come like a mirror of myself."" I saw it all in all, and I 
too received all in it, for we were two in distinction and 
yet again one in one likeness. And the treasurers too, who 
brought it to me, I saw in like manner to be two (and yet) 
one Lness, for one sign of tixe king was written on 
them (both), of the hands of him who restored "^ to me 
through them my trust and my wealth, my decorated 
robe, which was adorned with glorious colours, with gold 
and beryls and rubies and agates* and sardonyxes,' 
varied in colour. And it was skilfully worked in its home 

* These are perhaps not real names of places. Ramtha may be 

^'ihe home on high" (like a&snai, p. jjl^i , 1. 10); but what 

then is ^1 r r<lz.cxaA seems to be construed here asfemi" 

nine. If the reading be correct, the author was probably thinking of 

rC'i^a^cni , and therefore used the feminine verb and pronoun. 
« I am not sure that I have hit off the meaning. ** Or per- 

haps^ if we read ill& or ill&rc' instead of >lSkl ^far there was writ- 
ten on them {both) one sign of the king, whose hands restored, etc. 

e f^lfkdiOOiSi here evidently denotes a kind of striped or variegated 
stone. ' Both Payne Smith and Noeldeke suggest ft^o.iHfi90 . 

Tlie word .....OTW© occurs as the name of a gem in Proverbs, ch. 
XXV. 12, Ezckiol, ch. xxviii. 13, according to the Pcshifta. 

R 2 



244 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

on high/ and with diamond clasps** were all its seams 
fastened ; and the image of the king of kings was em- 
broidered ^ and depicted in full all over it, and like ^ the 
stone of the sapphire too its hues were varied. And I 
saw also that all over it the instincts of knowledge 
were working, and I saw too that it was preparing to 
speak. I heard the sound of its tones, which it uttered 

with its ,• (saying) : ^ I am the active in deeds, 

whom they reared for him before my father; and I 
perceived myself, that my stature grew according to his 
labours.' And in its kingly movements it poured itself en- 
tirely over me, and on the hand of its givers it hastened 
that I might take it. And love urged me too to run to 
meet it (-^^i) and receive it ; and I stretched forth and 
took it. With the beauty of its colours I adorned myself, 
and I wrapped myself wholly in my toga of brilliant 
hues. I clothed myself with it, and went up to the gate 
of salutation and prostration ; I bowed my head and wor- 
shipped the majesty of my father who sent me, — ^for I 
had done his commandments, and he too had done what 
he promised, — and at the gate of his 'I mingled 

■ Literally, in its height or elevation. ^ Literally, toiih Hones of 
the adamaSf which I here render by diamond. ^ Literallyi watt 

made go up, was IrouglU up. ** I have ventured to read vycx'o 

instead of .^rcb • « I do not know what the apparently corrupt 

word cnudvMLAM may mean ; perhaps we might read oa»0UA2o , 
whieh it uttered to those who were bringing it down. As to the follow- 
ing clauses I am also in doubt. ' I give up >coaH&ii^l > and 
confess my ignorance of the meaning of >cociSkfl9ai . Might it bo 
corrupted from >coaH-^^-fl911 or >coaH-ci-iaDii , a plural from 
M/llpDI } Vqt^ s^^ , a castle or town on a hill ? 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 245 

with his princes, for he rejoiced in me and received me, 
and I was with him in his kingdom, and with the yoibe 

of ' all his servants praise him. And he promised 

that to the gate too of the king of kings with him I 
should go, and with my offering and my pearl with him 
should present myself to our king." 

The hymn of Judas Thomas the Apostle, which ho 
spake in the prison, is ended. 

The Song of praise of Thomas the Apostle. 

^^ To be glorified are Thou, Lord of all, self-existent, 
unutterable, who art hidden in the brightness of Thy 
glory from all created beings.^ 

"To be praised art Thou, the Son, the first-born of 
life, who art from the exalted Father and the Word of life; 

"To be glorified art Thou, the one Father, who por- 
traycst Thysolf with wisdom in all creatures and in all 
worlds.'' 

" To be praised art Thou, the Son of light, the Wisdom 
and the Power and the Knowledge^ who art in all worlds/ 

"To be glorified art Thou, the Father exalted, who 
didst rise (like the sun) from Thy secresy into manifesta- 
tion by means of all Thy Prophets. 

"To be praised art Thou, Son of mercy, by whom 
(ai) all things were fulfilled** in wisdom and in silence. 

" To be glorified art Thou, the Father supreme, bom of 
Thy First-bom in the silence and tranquillity of meditation. 

* I do not know tho meaning of the word rtlflooi.l . ^ Lite- 

rally, yro«» all worlds; or else, from all eternity, ® In the 

whole universe. ** Or, in all ages. • Or ^ finished. 



246 THB ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 

" To be praised art Thou, the Son adored, who didst 
rise (as the sun) from the Father^ with His aspect,'' in 

peace and in glory. 

" To be glorified art Thou, the good Father, who didst 
reveal the mystery of Thy First-born to the Prophets by 
the Spirit of holiness. 

" To be praised art Thou, the proved ^ Son, who didst 
reveal the glory of the Father to Thy Apostles in all 
nations. 

<< To be glorified art Thou, the Father serene, who didst 
hallow Thy majesty for ever in Thy First-bom, the Giver 
of life to Thy creation. 

^^ To be praised art Thou, the comely Son, who didst 
rise (like the sun) from the splendour of the Father, and 
didst deliver our souls by Thy innocent blood. 

" To be glorified art Thou, Father omnipotent, who 
dwellest in Thy glorious light, and art shrouded in Thy 
glory, and manifested to all in Thy grace. 

^^To be praised art Thou, the perfect Son, who art 
sown in the living earth, and wast before the world with 
Thy holy Father. 

"To be glorified art Thou, the Feeder of all, who 
art in all worlds, on high and in the deep, and there is 
no place that is void of Thee. 

" To be praised art Thou, the Son, the adored Fruit, 
who didst rise (like the sun) upon all in mercy, and 
didst put on our humanity, and whom our adversary 

slew. 
"To be glorified art Thou, the infinite Father, who 

• lu Ills likonoss. ** Or, wett-triedf 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 247 

didst make Thy angels of the overflowings* of Thy Spirit 
and Thy ministers Thy flaming fire."!* 

^^ To be praised art Thou, the Son of light^ who art 
borne*" on the Spirit, and shrouded"^ in the light of the 
Father, on holy clouds, (rtl&i) 

" To be glorified art Thou, the Father giving life to 
all, who didst assemble the worlds for Thy glory by the 
hand of Thy dear (Son), that they might make praise 
to ascend unto Thee. 

^^ To be praised art Thou, Son of life, of whose gift the 
Father giveth in abundance to the holy, and through it 
they set out and arrive in the path of peace. 

" To be glorified art Thou, the Father giving life to 
all, who hast revealed the mysteries of Thy Son by the 
Spirit to His saints, in tranquillity and rest. 

" To be praised art Thou, the Son, the Fruit of the 
Father, who hidest Thy chosen ones under Thy wings, 
and hast fulfilled the will of Thy Father, and redeemed 
Thy dear ones. 

"To be glorified art Thou, the good Father, giving 
Ufe to all creatures by the hand of Thy dear (Son), in 
mercy and in grace, through His death by crucifixion. 

"To bo praised art Thou, the first-bom Son, feed- 
ing created beings * with Thy body, and blotting out our 
sins with the sign of Thy wounds and with the sprinkling 
of Thy blood upon us. 

"To be glorified art Thou, the good Father, who 

» Or, outpourings. *> Hebrews, ch. i. 7 (Psalm civ. 4). 

^ Art mountedy or ridest. ^ Or, clothed. « Literally, 

the worlds. 



248 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

dwellest in the pure heart, in the mind of Thy worship- 
pers, and art hidden from all in Thy aspect, and revealed 
to us in Thy Messiah. 

" To be praised art Thou, the Son, the Word, pro- 
olaiming Thy coming in stillness, who didst put on our 
humanity and deliver us by Thy living and innocent 
blood. 

"To be glorified art Thou, the living Father, who didst 
give (new) life to our deadness, for we had erred from 
Thy way and were dead and perished, but Thy mercy 
was upon us. 

" To be praised art Thou, tho beloved Son, who didst 
give (new) life to our deadness, and didst turn back our 
going astray, and wast to us a medicine of life by Thy life- 
giving body and by the sprinkling of Thy living blood. 

" To be glorified art Thou, the Father exalted by all 
mouths and by all tongues, who hast been reconciled to 
us by Thy Messiah, and whom we have tasted through 
Thy Fruit and have become children of Thy peace. 

"To be praised art Thou, the Son, the Peace-maker, 
who hast healed our wounds, and persuaded our hardness 
(of heart), and collected (.^lai) our wandering, and 
trained us "" in Thy truth, and we have known through 
Thee Thy Father. 

"To be glorified art Thou, the Father omnipotent, 
who hast sent to us Thy living and life-giving Fruit ; and 
He reconciled by the blood of His Cross Thy mercy with 
Thy creatures, 

" To be praised art Thou, the Son, the Word of light, 

* Or, made us walk. 



THiB ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 249 

who didst rise (like the sun) from on high and satisfy 
us with the knowledge of Thee, and didst cleanse out 
impurity, and give (new) life to our deadness by Thy 
sign, the Cross of light. 

" To be glorified art Thou, the Father of all praises, 
and to bo exalted is Thy great Name in all worlds, for 
Thou hast not reckoned against us our sins, but hast 
given us life through Thy Messiah, who is the Life of 
ThywiU. 

" To be praised art Thou, the Son, the Voice conceived 
of knowledge, our holy Priest, who hast made atonement 
for us by Thy pure and holy offering, and hast poured 
out Thy living blood on behalf of sinners. 

^^ To be glorified art Thou, the Father exalted, who art 
hidden from all worlds, and art revealed according to 
Thy will to all Thy worshippers. 

" To be praised art Thou, the Son of life, accomplish- 
ing the will of Thy Father; who hast reconciled Thy 
creatures, so that they worship in Thee Him who sent 
Thee and are become partakers of Thy mysteries. 

"To be glorified art Thou, the Father exalted, by 
every knee, which shall bow to Thee, both in Heaven and 
on earth, through Thy dear (Son). 

"To be praised art Thou, the adored Son of perfect 
mercy, through whom there has come peace and hope for 
the creatures, that they may know the Creator. 

"To be glorified art Thou, the Father giving life to 
all, the riches of whose mercy are never exhausted 
(.:^i) by the abundance of Thy gifts, but at all times 
Thou hast a need of giving unto us. 



250 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

^^ To be praised art Thou, the Son, the Fruity for Thou 
art the Gate of light and the Way of truth, and Thou hast 
made us run in thy footsteps, that we may arrive at the 
house of Thy exalted Father. 

"To be glorified art Thou, the Father benign, who 
hast given us peace by the hand of our Life-giver, and 
hast revealed unto us Thy glorious^ and holy mysteries 
by the hearing of Thy doctrine. 

"To be praised art Thou, the only(-begotten) Son of 
the Father, whose mercy hath been upon us, and Thou 
hast signed us with Thy living and life-giving Cross. 

" All mouths and all tongues glorify the Father and 
worship the Son and praise Thy holy Spirit, the worlds 
and the creatures which are hidden and which are manifest. 

" Thy Angels glorify Thee on high through Thy Mes- 
siah, who became in She5l peace and hope to the dead, 
who came to life and were raised. 

" We beg of Thee, our Lord and our Life-giver, (the 
accomplishment)^ of all that Thou hast said and pro- 
mised. Fulfil with us Thy grace, and raise us up to the 
place of Thy peace ; for Thou art our Life-giver, Thou 
art our Paraclete, Thou art the medicine of our life, Thou 
art our sign of victory. 

" Blessed are we. Lord, who have known Thee. Blessed 
are we, who have believed in Thee. Blessed are we 
through Thy wounds and Thy blood, (sufiEered and shed) 
on our behalf. Blessed are we, for Thou art our great 

* It seems to me, either that the 3 in Ail3 is superfluous, or that 
A word is wanting before it. 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 251 

hope. Blessed are we^ for Thou art our God, and for 
ever and ever, Amen." (.i^i) 

And Earish, the husband of Mygdonia, went to his 
house, rejoicmg greatly, because he thought in his mind 
that henceforth his wife would be with him as formerly, 
before she hoard the word of Judas and believed in our 
Lord Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God. And when 
Karish went, he found his wife sitting, and her looks 
were downcast,'' and her clothes rent, and she was like a 
mad woman, because of Judas. He saith to her : ^* My 
lady and sister Mygdonia, what is this wicked folly that 
hath taken possession of thee ? And why hast thou done 
these things? I am £arish, the husband of thy youth, 
and I am he who from the gods and by the law hath 
power over thee. Why hast thou now acted like a mad 
woman? And why art thou become a laughing-stock 
through this whole country ? But from this moment dis- 
miss the thought of that wizard from thy mind, for I am 
about to take away the sight of him from before thine 
eyes, that thou may est see him no more.'' And when 
she had heard these things from Karish her husband^ she 
was again sorely grieved and afflicted. And he said 
again to her : ^^ What crime, pr'y thoo, hast thou committed 

* The context seems to require the meaning doumcasi or Jixed on 
the ground for ^ i^ >l . Bar BahlOl's gloss is : J^ rdJt^oo^ 

.2^oiicQ , i^l^Vlj S^\j c)>illl reiA^o rdaA.! rt'iiaiA^^ 

^^ V — - 
iL3Uj oiU Jt\oi4ir< oi-J» w» v^rtb ' JS^. luj J^t 



252 THB ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 

against the gods, that they have let thee come to this 
great misery? And what sin hast thou wrought before 
them that they hafve brought thee to this degradation and 
ridicule? I beg of thee, Mygdonia, torture not my 
soul by the sight of thee, and (codki) pain not my heart 
by thy care. I am Karish, the husband of thy youth, 
and I am thy true husband, whom the whole country 
honoureth and whom they fear. What I shall do hence- 
forth, I know not, nor how I shall conduct myself, nor 
what plan I shall devise. Shall I remember in my heart 
thy beauty, and be silent ? Or shall I think of thy chaste 
conduct, and say nothing? Who is there^ from whom 
they (try to) take away a goodly and fair treasure, and he 
letteth go his hold of it ? Am I able to bear (the loss 
of) thy winsome beauties, which are with me at all 
times? Thy sweet fragrance, lo, is in my nostrils; 
and thy fair colour, lo, is before my eyes; my soul, 
which they (are trying to) take away from me; my 
bright eye, with which I saw, and which they are pluck- 
ing out and taking away from me; my fair body, of 
which I was proud, and which they are ill-using and 
taking away from me; my right arm, which they are 
cutting off from me ; my beauty, which is destroyed ; my 
comfort, through which they are distressing me ; my joy, 
which is turned into sorrow ; my rest, which is become 
an affliction to me ; my life, which is changed into death; 
my light, which is dyed with darkness. The members of 
my great house shall not see me (again), for in this 
affliction I have had no help (from them). My noble 
friends shall not see me (again)> who have not saved me 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 263 

from this affliction. I wiU no longer worship the gods 
of the East^ who have brought me to these miseries, nor 
will I pray before them, nor sacrifice (o&i) to them 
again, nor offer to them an offering, because I am de- 
prived of this my true union.' For what (prayer) should 
I again pray to them ? Or what should I beg of them, or 
ask of them to give mo, who have deprived me of that 
which was dearer to me than everythmg which I pos- 
sessed in the world, and with which I was contented ? 
For I have more wealth than I can use, and possessions, 
the amount of which I cannot reckon. A prince too I 
have been made, and I have been named the king's 
deputy; and many fear me, and many are under my 
hand. Would that some one would take away from me 
all these glories and my great wealth, and give me one 
hour of thy past years, Mygdonia 1 Would that some one 
would blind one of my eyes, and that thy eyes would 
look upon me as they were wont 1 Would that some one 
would cut off my right arm, and that I might embrace 
thee with my left arm P' 

Whilst Karish was saying these things and weeping, 
Mygdonia was sitting like one stone-deaf,^ and looked 
not at him, but upon tho ground, and was silent. And 
he came near to her again, and said to her : ^^My daughter 
and my beloved, Mygdonia, remember that thou * didst 

* Or perhaps we should read t^^^^x* , wife. ^ I have 

followed my own conjecture rt'dix-ij* J but ft'ocaij* ^^r< may 
porha^is mean like one under a ban or curse, as the fern, of the adj. 
^IM . <^ Read thsirf. 



254 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

please me above all the women of India, and that I chose 
thee when I might have taken many who were of higher 
rank than thou. But indeed I lie not, Mjgdonia ; no, 
by God, there is not for me another (woman) in all India 
like to thee. What (lai) beauty, and what ornament, and 
what elegance/ and what noble qualities am I losing! 
Woe to me and to the worldi for I shall never hear thee 
speak again ! Although he hath reviled (me), I beg of 
thee, lift up thine eyes and look upon me^ for I am far 
better than that wizard, and am handsomer than he, and 
I have wealth and honour, and every one knoweth that no 
one hath a lineage like to mine. And thou art more to me 
than my kindred and than all that I have ; and lo, they 
are taking thee away from me P' 

And when Xarish had said these things, Mygdonia 
saith to him : ^^ Karish, He whom I love is more than all 
that thou possessest and all that thou hast ; for all that 
thou hast is of the earth and remaineth on the earth ; but 
He whom I love is in Heaven, and He will take me up 
to Heaven unto Himself. For thy wealth passeth away, 
and thy beauty becomes marred, and thy robes become 
old and decay and perish^ and thou (art left) alone 
with thy trespasses and thy sins. If thou art not de- 
livered from them^ they will cleave unto thee. Eemind 
me not of thy former doings with me, which I pray and 
beg of my Lord to blot out for me. Bemind me not of 
thy filthy and unclean pleasures and thy fleshly deeds, 

« rt^iia^lM is explained by Bar Bahlul to mean a^\Sj lilki 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 265 

from which I pray that I may be rescued by the love of 
my Lord. I have forgotten all thy practices, and thy 
familiarities and thy doings are at an end with thyself ; 
but my Lord and my Saviour, Jesus, abideth alone for 
ever, (ja&i) with those souls which have taken refage 
with Him. He with whom I have taken refuge, and in 
whom I have believed, will save me and deliver me from 
all thy deeds of shame, which I used to do with thee, 
when I did not believe." 

And when Karish heard these things, he went and lay 
down to sleep, being grieved. And he said to her:. 
"Eeflect and consider (this) in thy mind to-day, the 
whole night. If thou wilt be with me as thou wast, 
before thou sawest this wizard, I will humour thee in all 
that thou wishest. And if thou wishest, because of the 
love that thou hast had for him, I will lead him forth 
(and) convoy him away, and he shall go to another 
country, and I will not cause thee any distress, for I 
know that thou cleavest unto him. And this did not 
begin with thee, but the like of this thing hath befallen 
many women; but at last they have bethought them- 
selves, and discerned what hath befallen them, and come to 
thomsolvos, and have boon saved from insult and mockery. 
Let not, then, these things, which I have said unto thee, 
seem to thee as nothing, and let them not pass away 
as external (or foreign) to thee; and make me not a 
mockery and a laughing-stock and a proverb in India." 

And when he had said these things to her, he went 
(and) slept. But Mygdonia took twenty zuzcy and went, 
without any one perceiving her, to the prison, to give it 



256 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

to the keepers of the prisoners, that they might let her 
in to Judas. And as she was going, Judas met her^ 
(J^i) coming to her; and she saw him and was afraid^ 
for she thought that it was one of the nohles, because of 
the great light which was coming before him ; and she 
said: ^^Woe to thee^ feeble soul that art perishing! I 
shall never again see Judas, the Apostle of Jesus, the 
living Qod, because I have not yet received the sign 
of baptism from him.'' And she fled, and went into 
another street^ and saith : ^^ It is better for me that 
others, (who are) poor, should take me, for I can per- 
suade them (to let me go), and that this great man 
should not take me, who will not accept a bribe fr*om 
me.'^ 

And whilst Mygdonia was meditating these things, 
Judas came and entered in behind her. And she was 
afraid, and fell down from terror ; and he stood over her, 
and said to her : ^^ Be not afraid, Mygdonia ; Jesus the 
Messiah will not forsake thee, and thy Lord will not 
forsake thee, to whom thou hast committed thy soul; the 
Gracious will not forsake thee, whose mercy is great; 
the Benignant will not forsake thee for His kindness' 
sake ; the Good will not forsake thee for His goodness' 
sake ; the Great will not forsake thee for His greatness' 
sake. Bise from the ground, above which thou once 
wast (raised). Look upon the light of thy Lord, for He 
will not let those that love Him walk in darkness. Behold 
the Companion of His servants, to whom He is a light in 
darkness. Behold the Help of His servants, to whom 
He is a helper in afflictions." 



THE ACrrS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 257 

And Mygdonia arose, and was looking at him and 
saying to him: "Whither wast thou going, my lord? 
And who let thee out of prison (^i) to see the sun ?" 
Judas saith to her: "Our Lord Jesus the Messiah is 
stronger than all powers and kings and rulers; He 
opened the doors and lulled the keepers to sleep." 
Mygdonia saith to him : " Give me the sign of Jesus the 
Messiah, and let me receive His gift from thy hands, 
before thou departest from the world.'' And she took 
him, and went and entered into her house, and awakened 
her nurse, and saith to her: "My mother and nurse 
Narkia,* all thy deeds of help unto me, and thy kind- 
nesses from my childhood until now, thou hast done unto 
me in vain, and my fleeting favour I bestow upon thee 
for them ; but do me this favour which (lasts) for ever, 
and thou shalt be rewarded by Him who gives every- 
thing unto His, and fortune^ cannot deprive them 
(thereof)." I^arkia says to her : " What wantest thou, 
my daughter Mygdonia ? And what comfort canst thou 
have ? For all the former honours, (which) thou didst 
promise to do unto me, the strange man doth not let thee 
(do), and thou hast made me a reproach in this country. 
Now, pr'y thee, what dost thou want to do anew unto me?" 
She saith to her : " Be with me a sharer in the ever- 
lasting life, and let me receive from thee the perfect 
education. Fetch secretly for me a loaf of bread, and 
bring out for me a mingled draught of wine, and have 
pity upon (r^i) mo a freebom woman." Narkia saith 

* In pseudo-Abdias, Narchia; Tisoh., p. 235/Na/)Kia. 

* Literally, time. 

S 



258 THE ACTS OF JTJDAS THOMAS. 

to her : "I will fetch thee hread in plenty and miany 
flagons of wine, and I will do thy pleasure (for thee)." 
Mygdonia saith to her nurse Karkia : ^^ Many flagons are 
of no use to me, but a mingled draught in a cup, and 
one whole loaf, and a little oil, even if (it be) in a lamp, 
bring unto me/' 

And when 19'arkia had brought (them), Mygdonia un- 
covered her head, and was standing before the holy 
Apostle. And he took the oil, and cast (it) on her head, 
and said : '^ Holy oil, which wast given to us for unction, 
and hidden mystery of the Cross, which is seen through 
it — Thou, the straightener of crooked limbs,Thou, our Lord 
Jesus, life and health and remission of sins, — ^let Thy 
power come and abide upon this oil^ and let Thy holiness 
dwell in iV* And he cast (it) upon the head of Myg- 
donia^ and said : ^^ Heal her of her old wounds, and wash 
away from her her sores, and strengthen her weakness." 
And when he had cast the oil on her head, he told 
her nurse to anoint her,*" and to put a cloth round her 
loins ; and he fetched the basin ^ of their conduit. And 
Judas went up (and) stood over it, and baptized Myg- 
donia in the name of the Father and the Son and the 
Spirit of holiness. And when she had come out and put 
on her clothes, he fetched and brake the Eucharist and 
(filled) the cup, and let Mygdonia partake of the table of 
the Messiah and of the cup of the Son of God. And he 
said to her: ^^Now then (*a^i) thou hast received the 

* We should rather expect to undress or strip her^ mmii.Ai.1 . 
^ ^ioft>A^ = ^mfla^ , piscina. 



THS ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 269 

sign, and gained to thyself thy life for ever and ever/* 
And a voice was heard from Heaven, which said, " Yea, 
Amen and Amen,'' And when Karkia heard this voice, 
she was amazed, and she too begged of the Apostle that 
she also might receive the sign ; and he gave (it) to her 
and said : ^^ May the grace of Jesus be with thee as with 
the rest of thy companions.'' And he went to be shut 
up in prison, and found the doors open and the watch- 
men asleep. 

And Judas said: "Who is like unto Thee, God, 
who dost not withhold Thy love and mercy from man ? 
Who is like unto Thee in mercy and grace, save Thy 
Father, who hath delivered His universe* from misery 
and error ? Love that hath conquered desire ; truth that 
hath destroyed falsehood; Thou fair (One) in whom 
nothing odious is seen ; Thou humble (One), who hast 
cast down pride; Thou living (One), who hast de- 
stroyed death; Thou tranquil (One), who hast put an 
end to toil ; — ^glory to the Only (-begotten), who (is) of 
the Father I Glory to the mercy which was sent by 
mercy ! Glory to Thy mercy which is upon us ! " And 
when he had said these things, the watchmen awoke^ 
and foimd all the doors open, but the prisoners asleep ; 
and they said : ^^ We forgot these doors and did not close 
them ; had this been (done) by an adversary, not a man 
would have remained here." 

And Karish went early in the morning to Mygdonia 
and to her nurse, and found her and her nurse (A^i) 

* Literally, worldi. 

s2 



260 THE ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 

praying and saying : " New God, who hast como hither 
through a strange man ; holy God, who art hidden from 
the whole race of the Indians ; God, who hast shown us 
Thy glory through Thy Apostle Thomas ; God, of whom 
we have heard tell and have believed in Thee ; God, to 
whom^ because we perceived that there was life in Thee, 
we have run that Thou mightest give us life ; God, who, 
because of Thy mercy and Thy grace, didst reach down 
to our littleness ; God^ who sought us when we did not 
know Thee ; God, who sittest on high, and nothing that 
is in the depth is concealed from Thee ; — do Thou, Lord, 
keep off from us the hot anger- of Elarish; do Thou stop 
his lying mouth ; and do Thou cast him beneath the feet 
of Thy believers." 

And when Xarish heard these things, he saith to 
Mygdonia : ^^ Well hast thou called me evil and hot and 
odious and bitter, for had I not humoured thee^ this 
wretchedness and bitterness would not have come about 
me, and thou wouldst not be invoking against me the 
witchcraft of that (man). But what thought hast thou 
then conceived, Mygdonia ? And what dost thou wish me 
to do for thee ? Believe me, Mygdonia^ there is no good 
in that wizard^ and he cannot do anything that he pro- 
miseth to any one. But I will show thee before thy eyes 
all that I say unto thee, if thou wilt be persuaded by me 
and listen to my words, and be with me as thou wast 
(.1^1) with me." And he drew near again to her, and 
was begging of her and saying to her : " I shall feel no 
distress, if thou wilt be persuaded by me. Eemember, 
my Bister, thy wedding-day, and the first day on which 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 261 

thoti didst accept me (ad thy husband), and tell me now 
in truth^ who is dearer to thee, I at that time or Jesus at 
this time." Mygdonia saith to him : " Karish, that time 
required its due, and is gone j and this time requireth its 
due. That was the time of the beginning ; this is the 
time of the end. That was the time of the temporal life, 
which passeth away ; this is the time of the life everlasting. 
That was the time of transitory joy ; this is the time of 
the eternal joy, which passeth not away. That was the 
time of day and night; this is the time of day without 
night. That marriage-feast thou seest, how it has passed 
away and is gone; but this marriage-feast shall never 
pass away. That was a marriage-feast of corruption J 
this is a marriage-feast of life everlasting. Those were 
groomsmen and bridesmaids who pass away; these are 
groomsmen and bridesmaids who abide for ever. That 
(union) was founded upon the earth, where there is an 
unceasing press ; this is founded upon the bridge of 
fire, upon which is sprinkled grace. That was a bridal- 
chamber which ' was taken down ;' this is a bridal- 
chamber which remaineth for ever. That was a bed which 
was covered with goodly clothes that decay; this is (co^i) 
a bed which is covered with love and faith and truth. 
Thou art a bridegroom who passeth away and is changed ; 
Jesus is the true bridegroom who endureth for ever, and 

* Literally, loosened or untied. One portion of the wedding Bervice 
is called rcLlcxi^^l!!^ vvios or KLiCLl\^i3^.i f<!fiaii^, 

tha order or benediction of the knotting (or setting up) of the bridal 
chamber. 



262 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOICAS. 

never dieth, and is never subject to corruption. Tlmt 
marriage-gift was money and clothes, which decay and 
pass a^y; this marriJge-gift is U;ing words, which 
never pass away." 

And when Earish had heard these things, he went 
(and) told them to king Mazdai. And king Mazdai said : 
^* Let us fetch (and) destroy him." Karish his friond saith 
to him : ^^ Have patience with him a little, and bring 
him out (of prison), and speak to him, and frighten him ; 
perhaps he will go and persuade Mygdonia to be with me 
as she was.'' 

And king Mazdai sent and fetched Judas Thomas, the 
Apostle of tho Most Iligh. And all tho prisoners wore 
grieved because Judas the Apostle had departed from 
them^ and were looking for him and saying: ^^The 
pleasure which we had they have taken away from us." 
And king Mazdai said to Judas: ^^ Why teachest thou 
a doctrine which gods and men abhor, and in which 
there is nothing pleasing?" Judas saith to him : ^^ What 
do I teach that is bad ?" Mazdai saith to him : ^^ What 
thou sayest, that men cannot live unto God, unless they 
keep themselves purely to the God whom thou preachest.'' 
Judas saith to him : ^^ Yerily thus I say, and I lie not 
(o^i) in what I say. Pr'ythee, can thy servants stand 
before thee in mean garb, or when soiled or dirty? 
Thou, therefore, who art an earthly king, and perishest 
with the earth, requirest of thy servants things fair and 
plean ; as to my Eing, how sayest thou that I speak ill (in 
saying) that His servants should serve Him with holiness 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 263 

and purity and temperance, and should be without care 
and without concern^ and should be free from the heavy 
burden of sons and daughters, and from the great care of 
wealth, and from the trouble and empty pride of riches ? 
For thou hast willed that those who serve thee and obey 
thee should conduct themselves as thou dost ; and if one 
of them transgresseth one of thy commandments, he re- 
ceiveth chastisement from thee. How much more does it 
behove us, who believe in the name of this God of mine, 
to serve Him in purity and in holiness and in temperance 
and in chastity and in modesty, and that all these fleshly 
(lusts) should be strange to us, adultery and theft and 
drunkenness and lavishness and the service of the 
belly and deeds of shame and odious actions ?'' And 
when king Mazdai had heard these things, he said to 
Judas: "Lo, I let thee loose; (%^i) go (and) persuade 
Mygdonia, the wife of Karlsh, not to part from him." 
Judas saith to him : ^^ If thou wishest to do aught unto 
me, delay not ; for, if she hath really received what she 
hath heard, neither iron nor fire, nor anything else that 
is worse than these, will do aught unto her or sever 
Him who hath taken possession of her soul." King 
Mazdai saith to Judas: ^^I have heard that wizards 
can dissolve charms, dnd that the. sting of a viper can 
be healed by an antidote, which is got from another 
creature that is worse than the viper. Now therefore, 
if thou choosest, thou art able to dissolve these former 
charms of thine^ and to make peace and concord between 
the husband and his wife ; and (in so doing) thou wilt 



^64 THE ACTS OF JUDA8 THOMAS. 

have pity upon thyself, for thou art not yet sated of thy 
life. And know that, if thou dost not persuade her, I 
will destroy thee out of this life, which is dear to all 
men." Judas saith to him : ^^ This life is but a loan, 
and this time passeth away and is changed ; but the life 
which I teiEich never passieth away and is never changed. 
This beauty and youth, which is now apparent (in me), 
will not be mine after a little." King Mazdai saith to 
him : " I advised thee what was for thy advantage, but 
thou knowest better than I.'' 

And when Judas Thomas had gone out from before 
king Mazdai, Eiarish came to him and said to him : ^^ I 
ask (j»^i) of thee — I have never done any wrong to 
thee, nor to any (other) man, nor to the gods — ^why hast 
thou brought this calamity upon me ? And why hast thou 
brought this desolation into my house ? And what profit 
accrueth to thee from this ? Bid me, and I will supply it 
to thee without labour. And why dost thou do mischief 
to me, when thou canst not escape from my hands ? For 
know that, if thou dost not persuade her (to return to 
me)^ I will destroy thee, and her too I will destroy out 
of this life, and finally I will destroy myself out of the 
world. And if, as thou sayest, there be life and death, 
and condemnation and acquittal, and judgment and re- 
compense, there I will stand with thee in judgment; 
and if thy God, who teacheth thee, be just, and taketh 
vengeance justly, I shall be recompensed, as I have done 
thee no wrong, but thou hast afilicted me, and I have not 
sinned against thee, but thou hast sinned against me. 
But even hero I can take revenge upon thoo, and do 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS; 265 

unto thee all that thou hast done unto me. Hearken to 
me therefore, and come with me to my house, and speak 
to Mygdonia, and persuade her to be with me as she :was 
before she saw thy face.'^ 

And Judas went with him laughing, and said to him : 
" If men loved (\^i) God as they love their fellows, 
all that they asked of Him He would give them, and 
there would be nothing which would not obey them.'' 
And when he had said these things, Judas entered into 
the house of Earish, and found Mygdonia sitting, and 
Narkia standing before her ; and her hands were placed 
on her cheeks,* and she was saying to her nurse: 
"Would that the days passed swiftly over me, my 
mother, and that all the hours were one, that I might 
go forth from this world, and go (and) see that Beautiful 
(One), of whom I have heard tell, that Living (One) and 
Giver of life to those who believe in Him, where there 
is neither night nor day, and no darkness but light, and 
neither good nor bad, nor rich nor poor, nor male nor 
female, nor slaves nor freemen, nor any who are proud 
and uplifted over those who are humble.'' 

And whilst she was saying these things, Judas came 
in ; and she sprang upright (and) prostrated herself to 
him. Karish saith to him : " See, she feareth thee and 
loveth thee, and whatever thou sayest to her, she will 
gratify thee (therein)." Judas saith to her: "My 
daughter Mygdonia, consent unto what thy brother 
Karish saith unto thee." Mygdonia saith to him: 

. * More freoly, and she tbaa leaning her face. on heir hands* 



266 THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOICAS. 

^^Thou art unable to name the deed, and how canst 
thou persuade me to do it ? For I have heard thee 
say : ^ This temporal life (•4l) is (but) a loan, and this 
rest is (but) temporary, and these possessions abide not.' 
And again thou didst say : ^ Whosoever hateth this life, 
shall go (and) receive life everlasting; and whosoever 
hateth this light of day and nighty shall go (and) receive 
the Ught in which there is no night.' And again thou 
didst say : ^ Whosoever forsaketh these earthly posses- 
sions, shall go (and) find possessions that abide for ever;' 
and other things (similar to these). Because thou art 
afraid, thou say est these things to me (now). Who is 
there that doth a thingandexultethin it, and tumeth round'' 
(and) renounceth it ? And who is there that buildeth a 
tower, andovertumeth (and) rooteth it up from its founda- 
tions ? And who is there that diggeth a well in a parched 
place, and thro weth in stones and filleth it up ? And who is 
there that findeth a goodly treasure, and doth not make 
use of it?" And when Karish, the kinsman of king 
Mazdai, heard these things, he said : ^^ I am not like to 
you, and I wiU not be in haste to destroy you ; but thee 
I will bind, because I have power over thee, and I will 
not let thee go to this wizard and converse with him. 
And if thou yieldest, (good and well); and if not, I know 
what I will do." 

And Judas went out from the house of £arish, and 
went to the house of Sif^ the general, and was dwelling 
there. And Siftir said to Judas, "Prepare for thyself 

* Or should we read f^:i4iMO , and atrayhtwatf renounoeth ii ? 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 267 

an apartment, and be teaching in it ;'' and he did as he 
said to him. And Stf&r the general said to him : (r^^) 
" I and my daughter and my wife will henceforth live 
purely, in one mind and in one love j and we beg that 
we may receive the sign (of baptism) from thy hands^ 
and may become true servants unto our Lord, and may 
be reckoned among the number of His flock and His 
sheep." Judas saith : ^^ I am meditating what to say, 
and am afraid ; and I know what I know, (but) I am not 
able to utter it.'' 

And he began to speak of baptism, and said : ^^ This 
is the baptism of the remission of sins ; this is the bringer 
forth of new men ; this is the restorer of understandings, 
and the mingler of soul and body, and the establisher of 
the new man in the Trinity, and which becometh a par- 
ticipation in the remission of sins. Qlory to thee, (thou) 
hidden power of baptism 1 Glory to thee, (thou) hidden 
power, that dost communicate with us in baptism 1 Glory 
to thee, (thou) power that art visible in baptism 1 Glory 
to you, (ye) new creatures,' who are renewed through 
baptism, who draw nigh to it in love ! " And when he 
had said these things, he cast oil upon their heads and 
said : " Glory to thee, (thou) beloved Fruit 1 Glory to 
thee, (thou) name of the Messiah ! Glory to thee, (thou) 
hidden power that dwellest in the Messiah 1 '' And he 
spake, and they brought a large vat, and he baptized 
them in the name of the Father and the Son and the 
Spirit of holiness. 

* rt^diodi^i^ = rt^^riit ft^TliI^ , just abova 



268 THE ACTS OF JUBAS THOKAS. 

And when they were baptized and had put on their 
clotheS; he brought bread and wine, and placed it on the 
table, and began to bless (.ajk;.) it, and said : ^^ Living 
bread, the eaters of which die not ! Bread, that fillest 
hungry souls with thy blessing I Thou that art worthy 
to receive the gift and to be for the remission of sins, 
that those who eat thee may not die I We name the 
name of the Father over thee; we name the name of 
the Son over thee ; we name the name of the Spirit 
over thee, the exalted name that is hidden from alL" 
And he said : "In Thy name, Jesus, may the power 
of the blessing and the thanksgiving come and abido 
upon this bread, that all the souls, which take of it, 
may be renewed, and their sins may be forgiven them." 
And he brake and gave to Sifur and to his wife and to 
his daughter. 

And king Mazdai, when he had dismissed Judas 
Thomas, went to his house to sup. And he was telling 
his wife what had happened to his kinsman £arish, and 
said to her: "See, my sister, what hath befallen that 
afflicted (man). Thou knowest, my sister Tertia,* that 
a man hath no one like his wife, on whom he relieth. 
Kow it happened that Mygdonia went to see the sorcerer 
of whom she had heard tell and of what ho Avas doing, 
and he bewitched her, and hath parted her from her hus- 
band, I know not (how) ; and he knoweth not what to 
do. And I wished to destroy him, but he woidd not let 



* In pseudo-Abdias Treptia, but elsewhere Tertia (see Fabricius, 
Cod. Apoo. N. T., p. 734, note); Tisch., p. 235, Tc/wia. 



^THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. ^69 

me. But do thou go, and advise her to hearken to her 
husband, (-^) ^^^ ^^ ^o^ ^^^ listen to the vain words 
of that (man).'' 

And in the morning Tertia arose and went to the 
house of £arish, her husband's kinsman, and found 
Mygdonia sitting on the ground, with sackcloth on 
and ashes cast upon her, and begging of her Lord that 
He would forgive her her former sins, and that she 
might be deUvered from ihe world speedUy. And when 
Tertia came in to her, she saith to Mygdonia: ^^My 
sister, and my beloved and close friend, what is this 
folly that hath taken possession of thee ? And why art 
thou become like to a mad woman ? Be mindful of thy- 
self, be mindful of thy family; and bestow a thought 
on thy numerous kindred, and have pity on thy true 
husband Kansh, and do not anything which doth not 
befit thy free birth." 

Mygdonia saith to Tertia : ^^Thou hast not heard the 
tidings of the new life, and hast not tasted the words of 
the preacher of life, and art not freed from the troubles 
of corruption. Thou hast not seen the everlasting life, 
and lo, thou standest in the temporal life. Thou hast 
not become sensible of the true wedlock, and thou art 
afflicted by the wedlock of corruption. Thou art clothed 
with garments that decay, and thou dost not long for the 
garments of eternity. Thou art proud of this beauty of 
thine which is corruptible, and thou carest not about the 
loathsomeness of thy soul. Lo, thou are proud of a 
number of slaves, and thine own soul from slavery (.11.) 
thou hast not set free. Thou art proud of the pomp of 



270 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

many (attendants), and thou art not delivered from the 
judgment of death/' 

And when Tertia had heard these things from Myg- 
donia^ she went in haste to the house of Sif&r the 
general^ that she might see the new Apostle who had 
come thither. And when she came in to him, he began 
to say to her : " What art thou come to see ? A wan- 
derer,* despised and wretched above all men, without 
possessions or wealth ? But he hath a possession which 
kings and princes cannot take away from him, and which 
is incorruptible and cannot be plundered, — Jesus the 
Messiah, the Life-giver of all mankind, the Son of the 
Living God, who giveth life unto all those who believe 
and come to His refdgej and become of the number of 
His sheep/' 

And when Tertia heard these things from him, she 
saith to him : ^^ I too would become a sharer and a hand- 
maiden in this life which thou teachest, and I too would 
become a servant to this God whom thou preachest, and 
I would receive from Him this life which thou promisest, 
which He giveth to those who come to His place of 
assembly/' 

Judas saith to her: "The treasury of the heavenly 
King is open, and every one who is worthy takoth and 
findeth rest ;^ and when he hath found rest,^ he becometh 



» The words of the original are rt'idirt' cai^.i rt'ia^^j a man 
of the whole country. Perhaps something has been omitted (a man 
whom the whole country ••••). The meaning ean hardly be, a man 
fibhaii entirely or merely earth, ^ Or^ contentment. 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 271 

a king. But at first a man cannot come near Him, when 
he is unclean and when his works are evil ; for He knoweth 
what is in the heart (cox.) and in the imagination, and 
no man can deceive Him. Thee too, therefore, if thou 
really believest in Him, He will make worthy of His 
holy mysteries ; and He will exalt thee, and enrich thee, 
and renew thy mind, and make thee an heiress in Hid 
kingdom.'* 

And when Tertia had heard these things, she went 
home rejoicing^ and found Mazdai her husband expect- 
ing her ; and he had not dined. And he said to her : 
^^ Why doth thy coming in from the street seem more 
pleasing to me to-day than on any other day ? And why 
dost thou come on foot, — a thing that is not proper for 
women like thee to do ? " Tertia saith to Mazdai : " I 
owe thee a debt of thanks that thou didst send me to 
Mygdonia. I went, and have heard of the new life, 
and have seen the Apostle of the new God; and I 
believe that he is the Apostle of God, who giveth life 
to every one who believeth in Him and doth His will. 
It is my duty that I too should recompense thee for the 
kindness which thou hast done me ; and I will give thee 
a good counsel, so that thou too shalt become a king and 
a prince in Heaven, if thou wilt be persuaded by me and 
do what I say unto thee. I beseech thee to fear the 
God who hath come hither by means of this stranger, 
and to keep thyself purely unto God; because this 
royalty of thine will pass away, and this rest of thine 
will be changed into trouble. But come, go to that 
man^ and believe in him, and thou shalt live for ever." 



272 ^ l^HE Acts OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

And when (6jl) he heard these things from his wife 
Tertia, he smote his face with his hands, and rent his 
clothes^ and said : ^^ May the soul of Karish have no 
rest, who hath brought this sorrow upon my soul I May 
he have no hope, who hath cut off my hope 1 '' And he 
went out sore troubled, and found* his kinsman Karish 
in the street, and said to him : ^^ Why hast thou taken 
me as thy companion unto Sheol ? Why hast thou 
defrauded me, profiting thyself naught ? Why hast 
thou injured me, doing thyself no good ? Why hast 
thou killed me, not coming thyself to life ? Why hast 
thou done a wickedness unto mo, when thou wast not 
in equity? Why didst thou not let me destroy that 
wizard before he could corrupt my wife by his sor- 
ceries ? '' And he was upbraiding Xarish. Elarish 
saith to Mazdai : ^^ What is this that hath happened ?'' 
Mazdai saith to Karish : ^^ He hath bewitched Tertia 
also." 

And they two went to the house of Sif iir the general, 
and found Judas sitting and teaching. And all the 
people sprang up and stood, but Judas did not stand up 
before them. And king Mazdai knew that it was he 
who was sitting; and he seized a seat, and turned it 
oyer, and took it by the two logs, and boat him on the 
head and smote him. And he seized him and delivered 
him to his attendants, and said to them : ^^ Drag (him) 
off, that I may sit and hear him publicly." And they 
were dragging Judas and going to the place where Maz- 
dai used to give judgment. 
' And when he came to the place, (%x.) he was standing, 



THE AOTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 273 

whilst the attendants of Mazdai held him. And Yizan,* 
the son of king Mazdai, came and said to the attendants : 
"Give him to me, that I may talk with him until the king 
Cometh;" and they gave him to him. And he took Judas, 
and went within to (the place) where the king used to sit 
and judge. Vizan saith to him : " Thou knowest that I 
am the son of king Mazdai, and that I have liberty to 
say to the king all that I wish ; and that, if I tell the 
king, he will let thee live, and if I tell him, he will kill 
thee. Now tell me, who is thy Gtoi ? And by whose 
power dost thou hold fast and glory (in it) ? And if it 
bo witchcraft, teach it to me, and I will speak to the 
king, and he will let thee go." 

Judas saith to Yizan : " Thou art the son of Mazdai, 
this king who passeth away; and I am the servant 
of Jesus, the king who abideth for ever. Thou hast 
power to speak to thy father, and to preserve alive those 
whom thou pleasest in this short life, in which men 
abide not, even when thou hast given it to them; and 
both thou and thy father are mortal. And I beg of my 
Lord and beseech of Him on behalf of men»ajg[d he giveth 
them the new life, which lasteth for ever. nChou gloriest ' 
in men and in slaves^ and in riches and garments and 
attendants, and in concubines, and in meats which pass 
away, and in the bed of imcleanness; and I glory in 
poverty and asceticism and contempt, (aiz.) and in fasting 
and prayer and great thanksgiving, and in the communion 

* 111 psoudo-AbdioB Luaanis or Zuzanes, elsewhere Oazanes (see 
FabriciuSy God. Apoc. N. T., p. 731, note) ; Tisok, p. 236, 'Iov{an^. 

T 



274 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

of the brethren and of the Spirit of holiness, and in the in- 
tercourse of the brethren, who are worthy before God to 
live in everlasting life. Thou takest refuge with a man 
like unto thee, who cannot even deliver his own soul from 
judgment and from death ; and I take refuge with Him, 
who is the Condemnor and the Absolver and the Great, 
and who is the Judge of all men. Tliou and he with 
whom thou takest refuge are to-day and to-morrow, and 
after a time ye are not ; and I take refuge with Him 
who is for ever, and who knoweth all times and seasons. 
Thou too, therefore, my son, if thou wishest to become 
the servant of this God whom I serve, canst become His 
quickly. And thou art seen to be His servant by these 
things which I mention unto thee, — by purity, the chief 
of all good qualities, and the great beginning, and the 
returning to a better state, and the communion of this 
God whom I preach ; and by cleanness and by tem- 
perance, and by love and by faith and by hope in Him, 
and by simplicity of pure life." And the youth Vizan 
was persuaded through our Lord, and was seeking some 
way by which he might rescue Judas. 

And whilst he was considering, the king came. And 
the attendants came and took Thomas, and led him out ; 
and Yizan too went out with him, and was standing 
beside him. And the king took his seat, and sent (and) 
had Judas brought in, with his hands bound behind him. 
And when he stood before him, the king said to him : 
{\l) " Tell me, who art thou, and by whose power dost 
thou these things?" Judas saith to him: ^^I am a 
m^ like.to the0, and J do these, things by the power of 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 276 

Jesus the Messiah^ the Son of God.'' Mazdai saith to 
him : " Speak truly, ere I destroy thee." Judas saith 
to him: "Thou hast not power over me, as thou 
thinkest, and thou canst not make me suffer.'' And 
when Judas had said these things, king Mazdai was 
enraged, and gave orders to heat two plates of iron and 
to make him stand upon them barefooted. And when 
they had made him sit down, they drew off and took 
away his shoes, and he was laughing and saying: " Far 
better is thy wisdom, Jesus, than all the wisdoms of all 
men. Do Thou take counsel against them^ and let Thy 
loving-kindness make preparation against the anger of 
these (men)." And they brought the plates (glowing) like 
fire, and laid hold of Judas to make him step upon them ; 
and suddenly much water rose out of the earth, and the 
plates were immersed in it, and the men let him go and 
fled. 

And when the king saw the abundance of water, he said 
to Judas : "Ask of thy God, and He will deliver us from 
this death by the flood, and we shall not die thus." 
And Judas prayed and said : " Our Lord Jesus, I ask of 
thee, bind this nature (or element) and confine it to one 
place. Thou hast distributed it (»x.) to various places, 
and hast given many wondrous signs through Thy 
servant and Thy Apostle Judas. Thou that makest 
my soul long that I too may receive Thy splendour; 
Giver of the reward of all my labours ; Thou that lettest 
my soul be at rest with its own nature, without any 
intercourse of the harmful (one); Thou that art the 
cause of my life at all times ; do Thou make this flood 

T 2 



276 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

cease, that it may not rear itself proudly and destroy ; 
for there are (some) of these who are standing by, 
who shall believe in Thee and live." And when Judas 
had prayed, there was quiet; and by little and little 
those waters were swallowed up and disappeared/ but 
the place became as if it had been dried up (by 
drought). 

And when king Mazdai saw (this), he said: ^^Drag 
(him) off to prison, till we can consider what we shall 
do with him." And Judas went to be imprisoned, and 
the whole people were coming after him ; and Vizan, the 
son of king Mazdai, was coming at the right hand of 
Judas, and Stfiir the general at his left hand. And 
when Judas had entered the prison, he permitted SifCir 
and Yizan, and the wife of Siffir and his daughter, to sit 
down, because they too had gone in with him, that they 
might hear the word of life, for they knew that king 
Mazdai would destroy him because of his great anger« 

And Thomas began to say : " Thou deliverer of my 
soul from the slavery of many, because I gave myself to 
be sold unto one, now, lo, I am glad and rejoice, (i^Iax.) 
because I know that the times and the seasons, and the 
years and the months and the days, are at an end, and I 
shall come and receive Thee, my giver of rest. Lo, I 
shall be delivered from (the things) of to-day and of 
to-morrow, and it is for to-day that I care. Lo, I shall 
give up hope, and receive truth. Lo, I shall escape 
from the sorrow and the gladness of every day, and put 

* Literally, were not found. 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 27T 

on joy alone. Lo, I shall be without care and without 
sorrow and without distress, and shall dwell in rest for 
ever. Lo, I shall be set fSree from slavery, and shall go 
to the liberty unto which I am called. Lo, I have 
waited upon times and seasons, and (now) I am raised 
above times and seasons. Lo, I shall receive my pay 
jBrom a Paymaster, who doth not enter into a reckoning 
but giveth (freely), because His wealth sufficeth for all 
His gifts. Lo^ I shall take off, and I shall put on and 
not take off any more. Lo, I shall lie down to sleep, 
and I shall arise and not lie down to sleep any more. 
Lo^ I shall die, and I shall live and not die any more. 
Lo, they shall rejoice and look on me, because I shall go 
and be united with their joy, and they shall place flowers 
in their garlands. Lo, I shall be made a king in Thy 
kingdom, Jesus, for from hence have I hoped for it. 
(Lo,) the wicked shall bo put to shamo, who thought to 
subdue me by their powers. Lo, the rebellious shall bo 
destroyed before me, for I have risen above them. Lo, 
I shall have the peace, unto which the great shall be 
assembled." 

And whilst Judas was saying * these things, all those 
who woro there woro listening, and wore thinking (•rui.) 
that his departure from the world would be at that 
moment. 

And again Judas said : ^^ Believe in the Healer of all 
pains, hidden and manifest, and the Giver of life to those 
souls which ask help of Him ; this, the freeborn and 

> Reading TMr^for VMr^. 



i 



278 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

King's sbn, who became a slave and poor; this, the 
healer of His creation, and the sick because of His ser- 
vants; this, the purifier of those who believe in Him, 
and the despised and insulted by those who did not hear 
Him; this, (who) setteth free His possessions from 
slavery and from corruption and from subjection and 
from loss, and is made subject to and insulted by His 
slaves; this, the Father of (Heaven) above, and the 
Lord of all creatures, and the Judge of the world ; this, 
who came from on high, and became visible through 
the Virgin Mary, and was called the son of Joseph 
the carpenter; this, the littleness of whose body we 
have seen with our eyes, and whose majesty we have 
received through faith ; this, whose holy body we have 
felt with our hands, and whose sad aspect we have seen 
witii our eyes, and whose Divine form on the mount we 
were not able to see by ourselves alone ; this, who was 
called an impostor, and who is the True, that deceiveth 
not, and the payer of the tax and the head-money for us 
and for Himself ; this, of whom the enemy, when he saw 
Him, was afraid, and trembled, and asked Him who He 
was and what was said of Him, and He did not make 
known to him the truth, because there is no truth in 
him ;*" this, (who,) though He was the Lord of the world 
and of its pleasures and of its wealth (•^^) and of all 
its delights, put them away from Him, and admonished 
those who hear Him and believe in Him not to make use 
of these (things).'' 

* S. Jolm, ch. viii. 44. 



THB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 279 ! 

And when he had finished saying these things, he 
stood up to pray, and spake thust* " Our Father, who 
(art) in Heaven, hallowed be Thy name ; Thy kingdom 
come; and Thy wilP be (done) on earth as in Heaven;; 
and give us the constant bread of the day ; and forgive 
us our debts and our sins, that we too may forgive our 
debtors; and bring us not into temptation, but deliver 
us from the evil (one).'' My Lord and my God, and my. 
hope and my confidence, and my teacher and my com- 
forter. Thou didst teach us to pray thus. Lo, Thy 
prayer I am praying, and Thy will I am accomplishing. ■: 
Be Thou with me until the end; Thou, who from my 
youth hast sown life in me, and hast guarded me from 
corruption ; Thou, who hast brought me to the poverty of 
the world, and hast prepared me for Thy true wealth ; 
Thou, who hast made me know that I am Thine, and I have 
not como near to woman, that what is desired by Thoo 
might not be found with stain. My mouth sufficeth not 
to praise Thee, nor my understanding to glorify Thy 
goodness which (is) upon me ; Thou who, when I was 
wishing to acquire and become rich, didst show me by 
Thy vision that harm cometh to many from wealth and 
from possessions, and I believed Thy vision, and abode in 
lasting poverty, until Thou, (.-ux.) the true wealth, didst 
manifest Thyself unto me, and didst fill with Thy true 
wealth those who are worthy of Thee, and didst deliver 



» Read VJ^QKb for VJ2Qr<LlQ . See Canon Lightfoot's 
treatise "On a Fresh llevision of the English Now Testament," 
Appendixy p. 217. *» Literally, wishes. ^ See S. Matthew, 

oh. vi. 9 — 13; S. Luke, ch. xL 2 — 4; and compare Lightfoot, loc. cit., 
p. 214 seqq. 



280 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

them from need and from care and from avarice. Lo, 
then, I have fulfilled Thy will and accomplished Thy 
work. I have been poor and needy, and a stranger and 
a slave, and despised and a prisoner, and hungry and 
thirsty, and naked and barefooted and weary for Thy 
sake. Let not my trust fail, nor my hope which (is) in 
Thee be put to shame. Let not my labours be in vain* 
and let not my toils be found fruitless. Let not my 
fastings and my urgent prayers perish, and let not my 
works which (are) in Thee be changed. Let not the 
enemy snatch away Thy wheat-seed from Thy land, and 
let not his tares be found in it ; ^ for Thy land cannot 
receive his tares, and they cannot fall into the garners of 
Thy husbandman." 

And again he was saying : "I have planted Thy vine 
in the land ; may it cast out roots downwards, and may 
its tendrils twine upwards, and may its fruits be seen in 
the land, and may those, who are worthy of Thee and 
whom Thou hast acquired, delight in them. Thy silver, 
which Thou gavest me, I have cast down upon Thy 
table ; try it, and give it to me with its usury, as Thou 
hast promised. With Thy talent I have gained ten ; let 
them be added to what was mine, as Thou hast pro- 
mised.** To my debtors I have remitted tho talent ; lot 
not that which I have remitted,'' be demanded at my 
hand."^ To the supper (eo^x.) I have been invited and 
liave come quickly, and have excused myself from the 

• See S. MattheW; ch. xiii. 25. ^ Compare S. Matthow, ch. xxv. 

H, soqq. ^ Reading AuLaiZ.:! for iuiauL.*! • ^ Compiu*o 

S. Matthew, ch. xviii. 23, seqq. 



TUB ACTS OF JUBAS THOHAS. 281 

field and the plough and the wife ; let me not be cast out 
from it, and let me not eat of it by reason of adjurations/ 
To the wedding-feast I have been invited, and I have 
put on white garments ; may I be worthy of it, and may 
my hands and feet not be bound| nor I be put out into 
outer darkness.** My lamp is bright with"" His light; 
lot its Lord keep it until He leaves the banquet-room 
and I receive it ; (and) may I not see it sputter by reason 
of its oil. Let my eyes receive Thee, and let my heart 
rejoice that I have fulfilled Thy will and accomplished 
Thy commandments. Let me be like to the wise and God- 
fearing servant, who with prudent diligence neglecteth 
nothing. I have wearied myself with watching the 
whole night to protect my house from robbers, that it 
might not be broken into.** My loins are girded with 
truth, and my sandals are bound on my feet; their 
thongs may I not see loosened.' I have put my hand to 
my ploughshare, and have not looked behind me,' that 
my furrows might not be crooked. My fields are white 
and are already fit for reaping;* may I receive my 
reward. The garment that weareth out I have worn 
out, and the work that bringeth unto rest I have accom- 
plished. I have kept my first watch, and second and 
third ; may I receive Thy Face, and worship before Thy 
holy beauty. I have pulled down my bams and des- 
troyed them on earth ; may I take of Thy treasure that 

* Compare S. Luke, ch. xiv. 16, seqq. ^ See S. Matthew, 

ch. xxii. 11, seqq. « Or, rejoiceth in* ^ Compare S. Matthew, 
ch. xxiv. 43. « Compare Isaiah, ch. v. 27. ' Compare 

S. Luke, ch. ix. 62. s Compare S. John, ch. iv. 35. 



282 mK ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

faileth not I have dried up the running spring that 
was in me ; may I lie down by Thy living spring and 
rest beside it, The bound^ whom Thou didst deliver 
to me, I have slain; the unbound, who is in me, do 
Thou set free, and let not my soul be kept baok from its 
trust. The internal (omx) I have made external, and 
the external internal ; let Thy will be fulfilled in all my 
members. I have not turned back, and I have not 
stretched forward ; let me not be a wonder and a sign. 
The dead I have not brought to life, and the living I 
have not put to death, and the deficient I have (not) 
filled up ; let us receive the Crown of victory, the Buler 
of both worlds. Scorn have I received on earth;, a 
recompense do Thou make me in Heaven. The powers 
shall not perceive me, nor the rulers take counsel against 
me; the tax-gatherers shall not see me, nor the collectors 
of tribute oppress me. The low shall not mock at me, 
and the wicked at the brave and the humble ; nor shall 
the slave and the mean and the great, who exalteth 
himself, dare to stand before me, because of Thy vic- 
torious strength^ Jesus, which surroundeth me; for 
they flee and hide themselves from it, because they are 
not able to behold it ; for with treachery and in silence 
do they fall upon those who obey them. The portion of 
my children, lo, crieth out and shineth, and no man is 
hidden from them, because it is the fragrance ' of their 
nature. Wicked men are separated (from them) ; their 
fruit-tree is bitterness ; I will make it pass away to their 



• Or exhalation* I f>iil to catch tho moaning of tho Bontouco. 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 283; 

place in silence, and I will come Unto thee. Let joy 
and peace support me, and I shall stand before Thy glory ; 
and let not the slanderer look upon me, but let his eyes 
be blinded by Thy light, in which I dwell, and let his 
lying mouth be closed, for he hath naught against me." 

And again he began to say to those who were (ux.) 
with him in prison : " Believe, my children, in this God 
whom I proclaim. Belieye in Jesus the Messiah, whom 
I preach. Believe in the Life-giver and Helper of His 
servants. Believe in the Giver of life to those who toil 
at His work; in Him, in whom, lo, my soul now rejoiceth, 
for the time is come that I may go and receive Him. 
Believe in this fair (One), whose beauty inciteth me to 
say concerning Him what He is, though I am unable 
to say it fully. For Thou, my Lord, art the Feeder of 
my poverty, and the Supplier of my want, and the 
Dispenser of my need. Be Thou with me to the end, 
that I may come and receive Thee." 

And the youth Yizan, the son of king Mazdai, was 
asking of him and saying to him : "I beg of thee, holy 
man. Apostle of God, permit me to go, and I will entreat 
the keepers of the prisoners, and they will grant me that 
tJiou mayost go with mo to my houso, and thou shalt 
give me the sign of life, and I too shall become a servant 
of this new God whom thou preachest; because in all |( 
these things which thou sayest I was walking in my 
youth, until my father Mazdai constrained me and gave 
me Manashar * (as) a wife. For I am twenty-one years 

^ In pseudo-Abdias, Manazara (Fabricius, Cod. Apoc. N. T., p.. 718)^ 



284 THE ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 

old to-day, and lo, it is soyon years siaoe I was united in 
marriage to a woman ; for before I took a wife, I knew 
no other woman^ and by my father I was counted as good 
for naught, (mux.) And I have not yet bad son or 
daughter by the woman whom he gave to me, and my 
wife hath lived with me in chastity during these years. 
And to-day, if she were well, and had seen thee or heard 
thy word, I should be at rest and she would lire and 
would receive everlasting life ; for she is in great afflic- 
tion, lo, a long time, through disease. I will therefore 
entreat the keepers of the prisoners, if thou wilt promise 
me to go with me to my house, for I live alone in a 
house by myself, and wilt heal the feeble who is sick." 
And when Judas, the Apostle of the Most High, heard 
these things, the Apostle saith to Vizan: "My son, if 
ihou believest, thou shalt see the wonders of our God, 
how He bringeth to life and hath compassion upon His 
servants." 

And whilst they were speaking, Tertia and Mygdonia 
ai^d Narkia her nurse were standing at the door of the 
prison; and they gave 360 silver zuze to the keepers of 
the prisoners, and they let them in to Judas. And they 
entered and saw Judas and Sif Ar and Yizan, and the 
wife and daughter of Sifilr, and all the prisoners, sitting 
and listening to Judas. And they three stood before 
him, and he said to them: "Who let you come to us? 
And who opened to you the gate that was closed (•^ax.) 
in your faces?" Tertia saith to him: "Didst thou not 
open the door for us and say to us, ^ Come to the prison, 
that we may go and take our brethren who are there, 



TUB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 285 

and then our Lord will show His glory (in dealing) with 
U8?' And when we came to the door (of the prison), 
thou didst disappear from us, and we heard the sound of 
the door which was shut in our faces. And we gave 
(money) to their keepers, and they let us in ; and lo, we 
stand (hero) and bog of thee that thou wouldst do what 
we wish, that we might let thee escape, until the wrath 
of king Mazdai cool towards thee." Judas saith to 
Tertia: "Tell us first how ye were shut up." Tertia 
saith to him : " Thou thyself hast never quitted us, save 
for a moment, and dost thou not know how we were shut 
up ? But if thou wishest to hear, hear. £ing Mazdai 
sent and had me Tertia brought to him, and said to me : 
'That conjuror hath not yet got power over thee, be- 
cause I have heard that he bewitcheth with oil and 
water and bread and wine, and he hath not yet be- 
witched thee. But harken unto me, then, (and hear) 
what I say unto thee, that I will not • torture thee until 
I destroy thee ; for I know, that as long as he hath not 
given to thee water and oil and bread and wine, he 
hath not yet got full power over thee.' And I said to 
him : * Whatever thou wilt, do unto me. (vol) Over 
my body thou hast power to do all that thou wilt ; but 
my soul I will not destroy with thee.' And when he 
had heard these things from me, he shut me up in a 
dark room beneath his dining-room. And his kinsman 
Karish too brought both Mygdonia and Narkia, and shut 
them up with me. And light did not depart from us, 

■ The word not is a later addition in the manuscript. 



286 ' THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

and thou thyself didst bring us out, and lo, we stand 
before thee. But give us the sign, and let the hope of 
Mazdai be cut off from me^ who is plotting these things 
against me.'' 

: And when Judas, the Apostle of our Lord, had heard 
these things whioh she said, he saith: "To Thee be 
glory, Jesus, manifold in form I To Thee bo glory, who 
showest Thyself like to our poor humanity ! To Thee be 
glory, our Strengthener and Encourager and Reprover 
and Gladdener, who standest by us in all our afflictions, 
and strengthenest our weakness, and encouragest our 
fear!" And when he had said these things, the pri- 
soners were encouraged, and the keepers said: "Blow 
out the lamps, that they may not slanderously accuse us 
before king Mazdai." And they blew out all the lamps, 
and went (and) slept. But Judas said to our Lord: 
" Thine now is the speed (to help us), Jesus our Illumi. 
nator, for lo, the children of darkness have made us sit 
in their darkness; but do Thou, our Lord, enlighten 
us with the light of Thy nature." And instantly the 
whole prison was bright as by day ; and all those who 
were shut up there were asleep, and only those who 
believed in our Lord were awake. 

And Judas said to Vizan : " Go before us, and prepare 
for us what is needful for our service." Yizan saith to 
him : (r^^^^) ^^ Who will open for us the doors of the 
prison ? For lo, they have closed them all, and the 
|:eepers are asleep." Judas saith to him: "Believe in 
Jesus, and doubt not, and thou shalt go and find the 
doors open and turned ou their hinges." And when he 



THE ACTS OP JUDAS THOMAS. 287 

had gone out, he went before them, and all (the rest) of 
them were coming after Judas. And when they had 
gone half-way, Mantwhar, the wife of Vizan, met 
them, coming to the prison. And she knew him and 
saith to him: "My brother Vizan?" And he saith to 
her: "Tea, and thou my sister Manashar?" She saith 
to him: "Yea.'' He saith to her: "Whither goest 
thou at this time alone? And how wast thou able to 
arise from the bed?" She saith to him: "This youth 
laid his hand upon me, and I was healed. And I saw in 
my dream, that I should go to the stranger, where he is 
imprisoned, that I might be quite healed." Vizan saith 
to her: ** Where is the youth, who was with thee?" 
And she saith to him : " Dost thou not see him ? For lo, 
he is holding my right hand and supporting me.'' 

And whilst they were talking, Judas came, with Sifftr 
and his wife and daughter, and with Mygdonia and 
Tertia and Narkia, and they came and entered into the 
house of Vizan. And when Manashar, the wife of 
Vizan, saw him, she bowed down and worshipped him, 
and saith to him : " Art thou come, my healer from sore 
disease ? Thou art he whom I saw in my dream, who 
didst give mo this youth, that ho might bring mo unto 
thee to the prison ; and thy kindness did not suffer thee 
(to permit) (,n\T,) that I should become weary, but 
thou thyself art come to me." And when she had said 
these things, she turned round (to look) behind her, and 
the youth was not (there). And she saith to Thomas: 
"I am not able to waUc alone, and the youth, whom 
thou didst give me, is not (here)." Judas saith to her : 



288 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

" Jesus then will be a Supporter unto thee." And she 
was running and coming before them. And when they 
entered into the house of Yizan, the son of king Mazdai, 
the time was night, and our Lord was giving them light 
in abundance. 

And Judas began to pray and to speak thus : ^^ Com- 
panion and Help of the feeble ; Hope and Confidence of 
the poor ; Befuge and Best of the weary ; Yoice that 
came from on high, comforting the hearts of Thy be- 
lievers ; Sesort and Haven of those that go forth into the 
region of darkness; Physician without fee, (who) wast 
crucified among men for many, and for whom no man 
was crucified ; Thou didst descend into Sheol with 
mighty power, and the dead saw Thee and became alive, 
and the lord of death was not able to bear (it) ; and 
Thou didst ascend with great glory, and didst take up 
with Thee all who sought refuge with Thee, and didst 
tread for them the path (leading) up on high, and in 
Thy footsteps all Thy redeemed followed; and Thou 
didst bring them into Thy fold, and mingle them with 
Thy sheep. Son of perfect mercy, who wast sent to us 
with power by the Father, whom His servants praise; 
Son, who wast sent by the supreme and perfect Father- 
hood ; Lord of possessions that cannot be defiled ; wealthy 
(One), who hast filled Thy creation with the treasure of 
Thy wealth ; (>\\t.) needy (One), who bore poverty and 
fasted forty days ; Satisfier of our thirsty souls with Thy 
blessing; be Thou, Lord, with Vizan and with Tertia 
and with Manashar, and gather them into Thy fold, and 
mingle them with Thy number, and be to them a guide 



TIIB ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 289 

(when they are) in the path of error. Be to them a 
healer m the place of sickness ; be to them a strength- 
ener in the weary place ; make them pure in the unclean 
place ; and make them clean of corruption in the place of 
the enemy. Be a physician for their bodies, and give 
lifo to thoir souls, and make them holy shrines and 
temples, and may the holy Spirit dwell in them." 

And when he had prayed thus, he said to Mygdonia : 
"My daughter, strip thy sisters." And she stripped 
them, and put girdles (irepcffo^ra) on them, and brought 
them near to him. And Yizan came near first. And 
Judas took oil, and glorified (God) over it, and said: 
" Fair Fruit, that art worthy to be glowing with the word 
of holiness, that men may put Thee on and conquer 
through Thee their enemies, when they have been 
cleansed from their former works, — ^yea. Lord, come, 
sibido upon this oil, as Thou didst abide upon the treo, 
and they who crucified Thee were not able to bear Thy 
word. Lot Thy gift come, which Thou didst breathe 
upon Thine enemies and they went backward and fell 
upon their faces, and let it abide upon this oil, over 
which we name Thy name." And he cast it upon the 
head of Vizan, and then upon the heads of these (others), 
and said : "In Thy name, Jesus the Messiah, let it be to 
these persons for the remission of offences (.v^ac) and sins, 
and for the destruction of the enemy, and for the 
Jicaling of their souls and bodies." And he commanded 
Mygdonia to anoint them, and he himself anointed 
Vizfiu. And after he had anointed them, he made them 
go down into the water in the name of the Father and 

u 



200 TIIE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

tho Son and the Spirit of holiness. And after tliey had 
been baptized and were come up, he brought bread and 
the mingled cup, and spake a blessing over it and said : 
" Thy holy Body, which was crucified for our sake, we 
eat, and Thy life-giving Blood, which was shed for our 
sake, we drink. Let Thy Body be to us for life, and 
Thy Blood for the remission of sins. For the gall which 
Thou drankest for us, let the bitterness of our enemy be 
taken away from us. And for Thy drinking vinegar for 
our sake, let our weakness be strengthened. And (for) 
the spit which thou didst receive for us, let us receive 
Thy perfect life. And because Thou didst receive tho 
crown of thorns for us, let us receive from Thee the 
crown that withereth not. And because Thou wast 
wrapped in a linen cloth for us, let us be girt with Thy 
mighty strength, which cannot be overcome. And be- 
cause Thou wast buried in a new sepulchre for our 
mortality, let us too receive intercourse with Thee in 
Heaven. And as Thou didst arise, let us be raised, and 
let us stand before Thee at the Judgment of truth." 
And he brake the Eucharist, and gave to Yizan and 
Tertia, and to Manashar and SifAr and Mygdonia, and to 
the wife and daughter of Sifur, and said: "Let this 
Eucharist be to you (com.) for life and rest and joy and 
health, and for the healing of your souls and of your 
bodies." And they said, "Amen"; and a voice was 
heard saying to them, " Yea and Amen." And when 
they heard this voice, they fell on their faces. And 
again the voice was heai*d saying : "Be not afraid, but 
only believe." 



THE ACTS OP JUDAS THOMAS. 291 

And Judas went (back) to be imprisoned, and likewise 
Tcrtia and Mygdonia and Narkia, these too went (back) 
to be imprisoned. And Judas said to them : " My 
daughters and sisters in our Lord, and my companions, 
and handmaidens of Jesus the Messiah, listen unto me on 
tliis the last day that I shall deliver my word unto you, 
for I shall never speak with you again in this world. 
For I shall be lifted up to our Lord Jesus the Messiah ; 
to TTim who sold me ; to Him who humbled His lofty 
sou] to my littleness, and hath brought me to His great- 
ness which passeth not away, and hath deemed me worthy 
of being a servant of Him in verity and in truth. And 
lo, I rejoice that the time is fulfilled and the day come 
that I may go and receive my reward from my Lord. 
For my Pay-master is just, and He knoweth how I ought 
to be recompensed. For He is not wicked nor envious, 
but His gifts abound ; and He doth not count and give, 
for He is confident that His wealth will not fail. Listen, 
my daughters. I am not Jesus, but I am the servant of 
Jesus. I am not (ciskx.) the Messiah, but I am one who 
ministereth before Him. I am not the Son of God, but I 
pray and beg that I may be deemed worthy of God. But 
do ye, my daughters, abide in the faith of Jesus the 
Messiah, and look for the hope of the Son of God. And 
be not weary, my daughters, in persecution, and be not 
in doubt because ye see me treated ignominiously, and 
imprisoned too, and dying, because I am fulfilling tho 
will of my Lord. For if I were to pray that I should 
not die, yc know that I am able (to do so); but this 
which is seen (by us) is not death, but a release from the 

u2 



292 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

world. For this reason I receive it gladly ; and for this 
reason I am delivered, that I may go and receive Ilim 
who is comely, Him whom I love, Ilim who is beloved. 
For much have I toiled in His service, and I have com- 
pleted (my task) because of His grace, which hath sup- 
ported me and hath not forsaken me. Let not therefore 
the enemy enter into you by treachery, and let him not 
agitate your minds with doubt. Let not that perfidious 
disturber find an opportunity (of assailing you), because 
He, whom ye have received, and in whom ye have be- 
lieved, is stronger than he. Look for His coming, for 
He will come and receive you, that is (to say), ye shall 
go and see Him.'' 

And when Judas had finished speaking to them, they 
entered *" into the dark house. And Judas said : ^^ Our 
Life-giver and Bearer of many things for our sake, let 
these doors be as (v^jl) they were, and let them be sealed 
with their seals." And he left them and went himself 
too to be imprisoned ; and they were grieved and were 
weeping, because they knew that king Mazdai would 
kill him. 

m 

The Consummation of Judas Thomas. 

And when he had gone in to bo impiisoned, ho found 
the keepers quarrelling and saying : " What wrong have 
we done to this sorcerer, that he hath opened the doors 
by the art of his charms, and hath wished to let all these 
prisoners escape ? But let us go and make (it) known to 

* I^ for ;i:^ . 



THE ACTS OF JUDAJ3 THOMAS. 293 

king Mazdai, and let us tell him also about his wife 
and his son, who come to him." And whilst the chief 
(keeper) of the prisoners was saying* these things, Judas 
was silent and listening. And they rose early in the 
morning, and went to king Mazdai, and say to him: 
" Our lord the king, cither lot this sorcerer go, or im- 
prison him in another place, for we are unable to guard 
him ; because twice thy good fortune hath guarded the 
prisoners, otherwise they would all have escaped ; for we 
shut the doors and we find them open. And both thy 
wife and thy son, with the rest of the people, never leave 
him." And when king Mazdai heard these things, he 
went to look at the seals which he had placed upon the 
doors ; and he found the seals as they were. And he said 
to the keepers : " Why do ye tell lies, for lo, the seals of 
the houses are as they were sealed? And how say ye (that) 
Tertia and Mygdonia come to him to the prison ?" (jjifiz.) 
The keepers say : " Wo have told theo the truth." 

And king Mazdai went (and) sat in (the hall of) judg- 
ment, and sent and fetched Judas, and stripped him and 
put a girdle round his loins ; and they made him stand 
before Mazdai. And Mazdai said to him : ^^ Art thou a 
slave or a free man ? " Judas saith to him : ^^ I am a 
slave, but thou hast no power whatever over me." Mazdai 
saith to him : " And how didst thou run away (and) come 
to this country?" Judas saith to him : *^I came hither 
that I might give life to many by the word, and by thy 
hands I shall quit the world." Mazdai saith to him: 

Reading rCtocD liorc' . 



294 THE ACTS OF JT7DAS THOMAS. 

" Who is thy master ? And what is his name ? And 
of what country art thou ? '^ Judas saith to him : " My 
Master is thy Master and (the Master) of the whole 
world) and the Lord of Heaven and of earth." Mazdai 
saith to him : ^^ What is his name?'' Judas saith to him : 
^^ Thou art not ahle to hear His true name now at this 
time, but the name that is given to Him is Jesus the 
Messiah." Mazdai saith to him: ^^I have not been in 
haste to destroy thee^ but have had patience with thee ; 
and thou hast added to thy deeds, and thy sorceries are 
spoken of through the whole country. But I will do unto 
thee (so) that they shall accompany thee and go along 
with thee, and that our country shall be relieved of 
them.'' Judas saith to him : " These sorceries, which 
thou say est (-^^z*) shall accompany me, shall never fail 
from this place." 

, And when he had said these things, Mazdai was con- 
sidering, how he should give orders concerning him, that 
he might die, because he was afraid of the groat multi- 
tude which was there ; for many believed in our Lord, 
even (some) of the king's nobles. And Mazdai took 
Judas and went without the city, and there came with 
him a few soldiers witli weapons ; and people were think- 
ing that Mazdai was wishing to learn (something) from 
him, and they were standing and looking at him. And 
when they had gone about half a mile, he delivered him 
to (some) of the soldiers who were with him and to one of 
the princes^ and said to them : ^^ Go up on this mountain 
(and) stab him." And he turned to come (back) to the 
city. 



THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 295 

And people were running after Judas to rescue him ; 
but the soldiers were going on his right hand and on his 
left and were holding spears, and that one of the princes 
was holding him by his hand and supporting him. And 
Judas said : " the hidden mysteries, which even to the 
(hour of) departure (from this world) are fulfilled in me I 
the riches of the grace of Ilim, who doth not let us 
feel the suflferings of the body I How they surround me 
with weapons, and fight with me even unto death 1 But 
to One I am given up, for lo, one chief leadeth me and 
holdeth me by my hand, in order that he may deliver 
me to One, whom I look for (Asl) that I may receive 
Him; and our Lord, because He is of One, suffered 
(blows) at the hand of one." 

And when he had ascended the mountain, the place 
where they were about to stab Judas, he said to those 
who were holding him : " Ilarken unto me now at least, 
when I am on the point of departing from the world, and 
lot not the eyes of your hearts be blinded, nor your ears 
be deafened, that ye too should not hear. Believe in this 
God whom I preach, and walk not in your hardness 
of heart, but walk in all the virtues that beseem the 
freedom and the glory of men and the life that is with 
God." Judas saith to Vizan : " Son of the earthly king 
Mazdai, and servant of Jesus the Messiah, permit the 
attendants to do the will of their king Mazdai ;* I will go 
(and) pray." And Vizan spake to the soldiers, and they 



* Literally, ^' Give to tJie aUcndants^ that the will of their Mng 
Mazdai may he (done) J* 



296 THE ACTS OF JUBAS THOMAS. 

let Judas go. And Judas went and was praying and 
saying thus : — 

" My Lord and my God, and my Hope and my Saviour, 
and my Guide and Conductor in all the lands which 
I have traversed in Thy name, be Thou with all Thy 
servants, and do Thou guide me too that I may come unto 
Thee ; for unto Thee I have committed my soul, and no 
man shall take it from Thy hands. Let not my sins 
hinder me. Lo, Lord, I fulfilled Thy will' and became 
a slave, for the sake of this freedom which I am receiving 
to-day,^ Do Thou, Lord Jesus, (relx.) give (it) to me and 
fulfil it wilii me • for I am in no doubt whatever regarding 
Thy truth and Thy love, but for the sake of these who are 
standing (by) that they may hear, I speak before Thee.'' 

And when Judas had prayed thus, he said to the 
soldiers : " Come, fulfil the will of him who sent you." 
And the soldiers came (and) struck him all together, 
and he fell down and died. And the brethren were 
weeping all together. And they brought goodly garments 
and many linen cloths, and buried Judas in the sepulchre 
in which the ancient kings were buried. 

And Siffir and Vizan would not go down to the city, 
but were sitting there the whole day, and they passed the 
night there also. And Judas appeared unto tliom and 
said to them : ^^ I am not hero. Why are ye sitting and 
watching me?"** I have ascended unto my Lord, and 
have received what I was looking for and hoping for. 
But rise and go down hence, for yet a little while and 

» In tho Syriac, wUthes, ^ 1. o., my lody. 



THE A0T8 OF JUDAS THOICAS. 297 

yo too shall bo gathered unto me." And Mazdai and his 
kinsman Korlsh brought Mygdonia and Tertia^ and 
afflicted them much, but they would not yield to their 
wish. And Judas appeared to them and said to them : 
^^ Forget not, my daughters, Jesus our Light, the Holy 
and the Living (One), and He wiU soon prepare for you 
your rest and your help." And when king Mazdai and 
his kinsman Karish saw that they would not be persuaded 
(»alz.) by them, they left them alone to walk according 
to their own will. And all the brethren who were there 
were assembling together, and praying and ojSeiing the 
(Eucharistic) offering and breaking (bread), because 
' Judas had made Sif(ir a priest and Yizan a deacon, on 
the mountain, when he was going to die. And our Lord 
was helping them with His love and was increasing His 
faitti by their means. 

And it happened after a long time that one of the sons 
of king Mazdai had a devil, and no man was able to bind'' 
him, because he was very violent. And king Mazdai 
thought in his mind and said : ^^ I will go (and) open the 
grave of Judas, and take one of the bones of the Apostle 
of God, and will hang it upon my son, and he will bo 
healed." And Judas appeared to him in a vi^on, and 
«aid to him : " Thou didst not believe in one living ; wilt 
thou believe in one who, lo, is dead ? But fear not My 
Lord the Messiah will have mercy upon thee because of 
His clemency." And he did not find his bones, for one 
of the brethren had taken them away secretly and con- 

> The Greek text has to heal him, •co0UQ9f^.l • 



298 THE ACTS OF JUDAS THOMAS. 

veyed them to the West. And king Mazdai took (some) 
of the dust of that spot where the bones of the Apostle 
had lam, and hung it upon his son, and said : ^^ I believe 
in Thee, my Lord Jesus^ now that he hath left me, who 
always troubleth (.^aL) men that they may not see the 
light." And when he had hung (it) upon his son and 
had believed, he was healed ; and he was united with the 
brethren. And king Mazdai was bowing his head beneath 
the hand of the priest Stfftr, and was entreating and beg- 
ging of all the brethren that they would pray for him, 
that he might find mercy with them before our Lord 
Jesus the Messiah in His kingdom, which is for ever and 
ever. Amen. 

Here end the Acts of Judas Thomas, the Apostle of 
our Lord Jesus the Messiah, who suffered martyrdom in 
the land of India by the hands of king Mazdai. Glory 
to the Father and to the Sou and to the Spirit of holiness, 
now and at all times and for ever and ever. Amen. 



V 



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